Nigeria - Mobile Infrastructure, Operators and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Nigeria - Mobile Infrastructure, Operators and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Nigeria has Africa's largest mobile market, with about 173 million subscribers and a penetration rate of 123%. The number of subscribers fell in 2017 as consumers responded to a poor economic climate and as regulatory measures continued to oblige operators to disconnect unregistered SIM cards, though growth into 2019 was strong. The initial rapid growth in the number of subscribers had led to problems with network congestion and quality of service, prompting the regulator to impose fines and sanctions on network operators. These operators have responded by investing billions of dollars in base stations and fibre transmission infrastructure to support the increasing demand for data. The migration from the CDMA platform to GSM technology is almost complete, and though GSM still dominates the market there is a growing shift to services based on LTE. Although LTE coverage remains relatively low, investment among operators is extending the reach of services and is helping to develop consumer use of mobile data services.

Efforts are also being made to encourage network sharing and to outsource the management of tower infrastructure to third parties. There remains considerable growth potential in rural areas where the provision of network infrastructure and operations is expensive, and consequently where mobile penetration is lower. The government's plan to increase broadband penetration to 70% by 2021 largely depends on mobile infrastructure.

Key developments:

MTN Nigeria launches services based on LTE-A;
SIM card registration policy revised;
Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority suspends planned demolition of 8,800 mobile towers;
Office of the National Security Adviser establishes committees to deal with counterfeit mobile devices;
Visafone completes transfer of CDMA subscribers to GSM;
MTN and Airtel apply for Payment Service Bank licence;
Government commits to increasing mobile broadband penetration to 70% by 2021;
Disagreements emerge among new shareholders of 9Mobile;
Regulator calls for an additional 80,000 mobile base stations;
MTN Nigeria awarded spectrum in the 2.6GHz band for LTE use, extends licenses for spectrum in the 900MHz and 1800MHz bands to August 2021;
New MTRs assigned;
Additional base stations installed under the USPF program;
Report update includes operator data to Q4 2019, regulator's market data updates to December 2019, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

MTN Nigeria, Glo Mobile (Globacom), Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel), 9Mobile (Etisalat Nigeria, EMTS, Mubadala), M-Tel (Nitel), Visafone, Starcomms (Capcom), Multi-Links, Reliance, InterC Network (Intercellular), Megatech Engineering (Zoda Fones), Telkom, Econet Wireless, Vodacom.


  • Synopsis
  • Market analysis
  • Mobile statistics
    • GENERAL STATISTICS
      • Table Growth in the number of active mobile subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2024
      • Table Change in the market share of subscribers by operator (GSM) –2011 – 2019
      • Table Change in the number of prepaid mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2019
    • MOBILE VOICE
      • VoLTE
    • MOBILE DATA
      • SMS
        • Table SMS traffic – 2006 – 2018
      • MMS
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Mobile internet subscribers in Nigeria by operator (GSM) –2012 – 2019
      • Table Growth in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers – 2010 – 2024
  • Regulatory issues
    • GSM LICENCE TERMS
    • SPECTRUM
      • 3.5GHz
      • 800MHz
      • 700MHz
      • 2.3GHz
      • 2.5GHz and 2.6GHz
      • 450MHz
      • 3.5GHz
      • 5.4GHz
      • 2GHz
    • MOBILE TERMNATION RATE (MTR)
    • MOBILE TARIFFS
    • UNIFIED LICENSING REGIME
    • UNIVERSAL SERVICE
    • MOBILE NUMBER PORTABILITY (MNP)
      • Table Change in the number of outgoing mobile number portings – 2013 – 2018
    • QUALITY OF SERVICE
    • SIM CARD REGISTRATION
  • Mobile infrastructure
    • INTERNATIONAL GATEWAYS
    • NATIONAL MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE PLAN
    • TOWER INFRASTRUCTURE
    • ANALOGUE NETWORKS
    • DIGITAL NETWORKS
      • 5G
      • 4G (LTE)
      • 3G/UMTS
      • 2G
        • Table Change in the number of GSM subscribers – 2014 – 2019
    • OTHER INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENTS
      • Satellite mobile
  • Major GSM mobile operators
    • MTN NIGERIA
      • Table Change in the number of MTN Nigeria's mobile subscriber base – 2011 – 2019
      • Table Change in MTN Nigeria's revenue (Rand) –2010 – 2019
      • Table Development of MTN Nigeria revenue by type (Rand) –2015 – 2019
      • Table Development of MTN Nigeria's financial data (NGN) –2017 – 2019
      • Table Decline in MTN Nigeria's mobile ARPU – 2009 – 2019
      • Backbone network
    • AIRTEL NIGERIA
      • Table Growth in the number of Airtel Nigeria's mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2019
      • Backbone network
    • GLOBACOM
      • Table Growth in the number of Globacom's mobile subscriber base – 2011 – 2019
      • Backbone network
    • 9MOBILE (ETISALAT NIGERIA, EMTS, MUBADALA)
      • Table Change in the number of 9mobile's mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2019
    • M-TEL
  • Major CDMA mobile operators
    • Table CDMA subscribers by operator – 2011 – 2019
    • MULTI-LINKS TELKOM
    • RELIANCE TELECOMMUNICATIONS (RELTEL, ZOOM)
    • STARCOMMS (CAPCOM)
      • Merger with Multi-Links and MTS First Wireless
    • INTERC NETWORK (INTERCELLULAR NIGERIA)
    • VISAFONE
      • Table Visafone mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2019
      • Cell Communications (Cellcom)
      • Bourdex Telecommunications
  • Mobile content and applications
    • MOBILE MONEY TRANSFER, M-BANKING
      • Table M-money inter-scheme transactions and value – 2010 – 2019
      • Table M-money inter-scheme transactions and value – 2017 – 2019
    • M-HEALTH
  • Appendix – Historic data
    • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1998 – 2009
    • Table Historic - MTN Nigeria ARPU – 2002 – 2009
  • Related reports

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