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Nepal - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Nepal - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

The fixed broadband market finally gains momentum in Nepal

Over the years, efforts to expand the telecom sector in Nepal have met with many challenges. The fixed line market in Nepal remains underdeveloped. A major reason for this is due to the dominance of the mobile segment.

Nepal Telecom (NT) has begun switching its existing PSTN landline service to an IP-based network in order to provide advanced voice, data and TV services over its upgraded fixed networks.

The market is predicted to increase only slightly further over the next five years to 2023 as the mobile segment continues to grow for both voice and data/broadband usage.

Fixed broadband penetration in Nepal remains very low mainly due to a limited number of fixed lines and the subsequent dominance of the mobile platform. Also, the declining number of fixed lines is restricting more widespread development of fixed broadband. However, the market has grown strongly over the past five years from a very small base. Over the next five years to 2023 strong growth is expected to continue. Fixed broadband penetration is predicted to reach 4.0% by 2023.

The local government has a vision of a digital society, whereby 90% of the population will have access to broadband services by 2020.

Nepal Telecom and China Telecom Global recently interconnected across Nepal's northern border with Tibet via a mix of underground and all-dielectric self-supporting (ADSS) fibre-optic cabling.

Nepal's mobile market is now relatively developed and has experienced extraordinarily strong growth over the last six years. Slower growth is predicted over the next five years to 2023. The market will be constrained from higher growth due to very strong local competition and a fast maturing market.

Nepal has seen a very rapid increase in mobile broadband penetration over the past six years driven by a rising level of 3G and 4G mobile subscribers. However, the mobile broadband market is still at an early stage of development with penetration well below most other Asian countries. Strong growth is predicted over the next five years to 2023.

Key developments:

Nepal has seen a very rapid increase in mobile broadband penetration over the past five years.
Strong growth in mobile broadband is predicted over the next five years to 2022.
Nepal's mobile market is now relatively developed and has experienced extraordinarily strong growth over the last six years.
The local government has a vision of a digital society, whereby 90% of the population will have access to broadband services by 2020.
Nepal Telecom (NT) has begun switching its existing PSTN landline service to an IP-based network

Companies mentioned in this report

Nepal Telecom; NDCL; United Telecom Ltd (UTL); Ncell; TeliaSonera; STM Telecom; Nepal Satellite Telecom Pvt Ltd (NSTPL); Smart Telecom Pvt Ltd (STPL).


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country Statistics, Major Operators and Telco Authorities - 2018 (e)
    • Table Top Level Country Statistics - 2018 (e)
  • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • MARKET OVERVIEW AND ANALYSIS
    • REGIONAL ASIAN MARKET COMPARISON
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
      • Nepal Telecommunication Authority (NTA)
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICY 1999
      • Universal service
      • Rural Telecommunications Development Fund (RTDF)
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICY 2004
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION AND LICENSING
      • Table Licences issued for telecom services - 2018
    • FOREIGN ASSISTANCE
    • COMMISSION FOR INVESTIGATION OF ABUSE OF AUTHORITY (CIAA)
    • PRIVATISATION OF NEPAL TELECOM
    • BROADBAND POLICY
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • MAJOR OPERATORS
      • Table Fixed subscribers by operator - wireline and WLL - 2018
      • Table Historic - Fixed subscribers by operator - wireline and WLL - 2017
      • Table Historic - Fixed subscribers by operator - wireline and WLL - 2016
    • NEPAL TELECOM
      • Table Nepal Telecom's (NDCL) fixed subscribers - wireline and WLL - 2006; 2011 - 2018
    • UNITED TELECOM LTD (UTL)
      • Table UTL's subscribers - limited mobility and WLL - 2011 - 2018
    • NEPAL SATELLITE TELECOM (NSPTL)
    • SMART TELECOM (STPL)
      • Table Smart Telecom's (SPTL) fixed line subscribers - 2011 - 2018
    • STM TELECOM
      • Table STM's subscribers - limited mobility and fixed-line - 2013 - 2018
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • OVERVIEW OF THE NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
    • FIXED LINE STATISTICS AND MARKET FORECAST
      • Table Fixed Line Subscriptions and Penetration - 2007 - 2018
      • Table Historic - fixed-lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2005
      • Table Fixed-line subscribers - wireline and WLL - 2010 - 2018
    • FIBRE NETWORKS
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Overview
      • Proposed satellite
  • FIXED-LINE BROADBAND MARKET
    • BACKGROUND
    • ISP MARKET
    • FIXED BROADBAND STATISTICS AND MARKET FORECAST
      • Table Data and Internet subscribers by technology - 2016 - 2018
      • Table Fixed Broadband (wireless) subscribers by operator- 2018
      • Table DSL broadband subscribers - 2007 - 2018
      • Table Fixed Broadband Subscribers (with Forecast) - 2008 - 2023
      • Table Historic - Internet users and penetration rate - 1997 - 2011
      • Table Internet bandwidth capacity - 2001 - 2018
    • FIXED-LINE BROADBAND TECHNOLOGIES
      • Wi-Fi
      • WiMAX
  • MOBILE MARKET
    • MOBILE STATISTICS AND MARKET FORECAST
      • Table Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) - 2008 - 2023
      • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers, annual change and penetration rate - 1999 - 2011
    • MOBILE BROADBAND AND MARKET FORECAST
      • Table Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) - 2011 - 2023
    • MOBILE REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Spectrum
      • Pricing
  • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
    • OPERATORS
      • Table Mobile operators and systems
      • Table Mobile operators and market share - 2018
      • Table Mobile broadband subscribers by operator, 3G 4G and EVDO - 2018
      • Table Historic - Mobile operators and market share - 2017
      • Table Historic - Mobile operators and market share - 2016
    • NEPAL TELECOM (NT)
      • Table Nepal Telecom (NDCL) - mobile subscribers - 2006 - 2018
    • NCELL
      • Table Ncell's mobile subscribers - 2006 - 2018
    • SMART TELECOM (SPTL)
      • Table Smart Telecom- mobile subscribers - 2016 - 2018
    • NEPAL SATELLITE TELECOM (NSPTL)
      • Table Nepal Satellite Telecom (NSPTL)- mobile subscribers - 2018
  • MNVOS
  • DIGITAL ECONOMY
    • E-GOVERNMENT
  • DIGITAL MEDIA
    • INTERNET PROTOCOL TV (IPTV)
    • VOICE OVER INTERNET PROTOCOL (VOIP)
  • RELATED REPORTS

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