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Mozambique - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses


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Mozambique - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Mozambique progresses with plans to merge TdM with mCel

Although delayed by the long civil war which ended in 1992, Mozambique was one of the first countries in the region to embark upon telecom reform. As a result, some sectors have been opened to competition. The mobile segment in particular has shown strong growth since the introduction of competition in 2003 between Vodacom Mozambique and mCel, the incumbent mobile subsidiary of the national telco Telecomunicações de Moçambique (TdM). Mobile penetration remains far below the average for the region. Given that the country has relatively low fixed-line penetration there is considerable room for further growth in coming years. This has been stimulated by the launch of commercial services from the third operator Movitel, which is backed by Vietnam's Viettel.

In recent years the government has drafted legislation aimed at enforcing the registration of SIM cards. At the end of 2016 almost five million unregistered SIM cards were deactivated. Measures aimed at sharing network infrastructure have helped reduce operational and investment costs, and enabled players to provide converged voice, data and TV services over single networks.

The poor fixed-line infrastructure has largely held back the market for fixed-line internet services, and as a result mobile internet accounts for most connections. The high cost of international bandwidth had long hampered internet use, though the landing of two international submarine cables (SEACOM and EASSy) has reduced the cost of bandwidth and so led to drastic reductions in broadband retail prices.

There is some cross-platform competition, with DSL, cable broadband, WiMAX, 3G and limited fibre broadband available. Further improvements can be expected from the ongoing rollout of a national fibre backbone networks by TdM and the mobile operators.

Key developments:

Regulator imposes MTR cuts through to 2020;
Almost five million unregistered SIM cards deactivated;
Government proceeds with plan to merge struggling TdM with mCel;
TdM contracts Intelsat for satellite broadband and backhaul services;
Liquid Sea and Africa-1 submarine cable systems to improve bandwidth into 2018;
Mozambique joins the Alliance for Affordable Internet, aiming to provide broadband at less than 5% of average monthly income;
Report update includes the regulator's market data for 2016, operator data updates to Q4 2017, ITU market data updates, Telecom Maturity Index tables, charts and analyses, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telecomunicações De Moçambique (TdM); Vodacom Mozambique; mCel (TdM); Movitel (Viettel); Teledata (TdM); TV Cabo; Intra; Tropical Web, SEACOM.


1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Market analysis
5. Regional African Market Comparison
5.1 Mobile and mobile broadband
5.2 Fixed and mobile broadband
5.3 TMI vs GDP
6. Regulatory environment
6.1 Telecommunications Law 1992
6.2 Basic Telecommunications Act 2004
6.3 Amended Telecommunications Act 2016
6.4 Regulatory authority
6.5 National Commission on Information
6.6 Telecom sector liberalisation
6.7 Privatisation
6.8 Interconnection
6.9 Universal service
6.10 Spectrum monitoring
7. Fixed network operator
8. Telecommunications infrastructure
8.1 Overview of the national telecom network
8.2 National fibre backbone
8.3 Data centres
8.4 International infrastructure
8.4.1 Satellite
8.4.2 Terrestrial microwave and fibre
8.4.3 Submarine fibre
9. Fixed-line broadband market
9.1 Introduction and statistical overview
9.2 Broadband statistics
9.3 Public internet access locations
9.4 Mozambique Internet Exchange Point (MOZ-IX)
9.5 Fixed-line broadband technologies
9.5.1 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
9.5.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
9.5.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
9.5.4 Fixed wireless (Wi-Fi and WiMAX)
10. Digital economy
10.1 E-government
10.2 e-learning
11. Mobile market
11.1 Market analysis
11.2 Mobile statistics
11.2.1 General statistics
11.3 Mobile broadband
11.4 Forecasts mobile subscribers 2018; 2020; 2022
11.5 Regulatory issues
11.5.1 Third mobile licence
11.5.2 Spectrum auction
11.5.3 Roaming
11.5.4 SIM card registration
11.6 Mobile infrastructure
11.6.1 Digital networks
11.7 Major mobile operators
11.7.1 mCel
11.7.2 Vodacom Mozambique
11.7.3 Movitel
11.8 Mobile content and applications
11.8.1 m-money
12. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics Mozambique 2017 (e)
Table 2 Fixed-line network statistics 2017 (e)
Table 3 Internet provider statistics 2017
Table 4 Internet and social media user statistics 2017 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2017 (e)
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Telecom market investment by operator 2008 - 2015
Table 8 Telecom market revenue by sector 2004 - 2015
Table 9 Historic - TdM financial results 2006 - 2011
Table 10 TdM fixed lines 2015 - 2016
Table 11 Mobile on-net and fixed-line national voice traffic 2009 - 2015
Table 12 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1995 - 2009
Table 13 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2010 - 2018
Table 14 International bandwidth 2001 - 2016
Table 15 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate 1996 2009
Table 16 Internet users and penetration rate 2010 2018
Table 17 Fixed-line broadband subscribers 2007 - 2018
Table 18 Cable broadband subscribers 2011 -2017
Table 19 DSL broadband subscribers 2006 - 2017
Table 20 Mobile market revenue 2012 - 2016
Table 21 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1997 - 2009
Table 22 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2010 - 2018
Table 23 Active mobile broadband subscribers 2010 - 2018
Table 24 Forecast mobile subscribers 2018; 2020; 2022
Table 25 2G mobile base stations by operator 2015 - 2016
Table 26 3G mobile base stations by operator 2015 - 2016
Table 27 mCel mobile subscribers 2012 - 2017
Table 28 Historical - Vodacom Mozambique financial results (ZAR) 2007 - 2010
Table 29 Vodacom Mozambique financial data (MZM) 2016 - 2018
Table 30 Vodacom Mozambique subscribers 2008 - 2017
Table 31 Vodacom Mozambique data subscribers 2013 - 2017
Table 32 Vodacom Mozambique ARPU 2008 - 2017
Table 33 Movitel mobile subscribers 2012 - 2017
Chart 1 Africa Telecoms Maturity Index Market Leaders (top tier)
Chart 2 East Africa Telecoms Maturity Index by country
Chart 3 East Africa mobile subscriber penetration versus mobile broadband penetration
Chart 4 East Africa fixed and mobile penetration rates
Chart 5 Overall Africa view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
Chart 6 East Africa - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
Chart 7 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 2018
Chart 8 Internet users and penetration rate 2005 2018
Chart 9 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005 - 2018
Exhibit 1 Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
Exhibit 2 East Africa - Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country

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