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2007 Middle Eastern - Telecoms Statistics and Market Overview

This annual report offers a wealth of information on the regulatory background and fixed-line markets in the Middle East. Subjects covered include:

  • Key statistics for all telecom sectors;
  • Brief overviews of all telecoms markets;
  • Government policies and regulatory issues;
  • National telecom networks and infrastructure;
  • International infrastructure and submarine cables;
  • Brief overviews of all major fixed-line telecom operators.
Countries covered:

Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen


This Middle East market report gives an overview of the telecoms markets of the region. It also details the regulatory developments and fixed-line segments in each of the following countries: Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, UAE and Yemen. The region’s markets include:

Bahrain

From 1 July 2004 all sectors of the Bahraini communications market were liberalised. New entrants into the market are regulated through licensing. The TRA has defined nine operating sectors and is issuing licences in eight of these sectors. Several of the new alternative operators have launched pre-paid VoIP-based calling cards, often as a first step to providing further services. The large impact of calling cards on the market (and on Batelco’s international call revenues) has been particularly driven by the large expat population. For the country overview, see chapter 2, page 4.

Israel

Despite the opening of the market to competition, incumbent Bezeq still has the vast majority of the domestic fixed-line voice market, with HOT Telecom and the VoIP operators having only small shares as yet. The international fixed-line voice market is another matter. Since 2004 there have been six competitors but mergers are in process which will leave four competitors in the market: Bezeq International, the Barak - Netvision Group, the Internet Gold - Golden Lines Group and Xfone. Bezeq estimated its market share at around 32% at end-2006, up from 29% at end-2005. Golden Lines estimated its market share at 30% at end-2006. Barak is the other market leader.

The MoC published a policy in early 2007 for regulating and licensing the provision of VoIP. The domestic fixed-line market was officially opened to further competition via VoIP. The international carriers and the mobile operators are expected to begin providing services to compete against Bezeq and HOT. The new policy document confirmed the previous ruling that Bezeq and its subsidiaries will be permitted to provide VoIP services only after Bezeq’s market share in fixed-line domestic telephony in a particular segment (business or private) falls below 85%. For the country overview, see chapter 6, page 26.

Jordan

Jordan has one of the most open telecommunications markets in the Middle East and an independent regulator. The fixed-line market was liberalised on 1 January 2005 with the market open to full competition. Incumbent operator Jordan Telecom has been fully privatised. Faced with the unavoidable prospect of losing voice market share to alternative operators, Jordan Telecom has increased its focus on broadband services. Alternative operators mostly offer VoIP services and compete in the long-distance voice markets. For the country overview, see chapter 7, page 34.

Saudi Arabia

Recent liberalisation of the Saudi telecoms market has extended to the fixed-line sector. Regulator CITC originally planned to award a second fixed-line licence in 2008 to compete with incumbent STC but this was brought forward to 2007. The final three applicants - Batelco/Atheeb, US consortia MCI International/Verizon and Hong Kong-based PCCW - were all awarded fixed-line licences. Questions have been raised over the potential level of demand for services. Licences to provide data communications services in competition with STC were awarded in 2004 to two Saudi companies. They are making substantial investments in infrastructure, as is STC. For the country overview, see chapter 12, page 51.

For those needing high level strategic information and objective analysis on the regulatory structure and fixed-line markets in the Middle East, this report is essential reading and gives further information on:

  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • The increasing market liberalisation and the privatisation of incumbent operators;
  • The regulatory status and use of VoIP;
  • Developments and investment in fixed-line infrastructure.

1. TELECOMMUNICATIONS OVERVIEW
1.1 Market overview
1.2 Telecommunications infrastructure
1.2.1 National networks
1.2.2 New developments
1.2.3 International submarine cable networks
2. BAHRAIN
2.1 Overview of Bahrain’s telecom market
2.2 Fixed network operators in Bahrain
2.2.1 Bahrain telecommunications company (Batelco)
2.2.2 Alternative operators
2.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.3.1 National telecom network
2.3.2 International infrastructure
3. EGYPT
3.1 Overview of Egypt’s telecom market
3.2 Fixed network operators in Egypt
3.2.1 Telecom Egypt
3.2.2 Orascom Telecom
3.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
3.3.1 National telecom network
3.3.2 International infrastructure
3.3.3 Fixed voice market
3.4 Data market
3.4.1 Data service operators
3.4.2 VSAT networks
3.4.3 Data centres
4. IRAN
4.1 Overview of Iran’s telecom market
4.2 Fixed network operator in Iran
4.2.1 Telecommunication Company of Iran (TCI)
4.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
4.3.1 National telecom network
4.3.2 International infrastructure
5. IRAQ
5.1 Overview of Iraq’s telecom market
5.2 Fixed network operator in Iraq
5.2.1 Iraqi Telephone and Postal Company (ITPC)
5.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
5.3.1 National telephone network
5.3.2 International infrastructure
6. ISRAEL
6.1 Overview of Israel’s telecom market
6.1.1 Analysis 2007
6.2 Fixed network operators in Israel
6.2.1 Overview of operators
6.2.2 Bezeq
6.2.3 HOT Telecom
6.2.4 Bezeq International
6.2.5 Internet Gold - Golden Lines / Smile Communications
6.2.6 Barak - Netvision
6.2.7 Xfone 018
6.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
6.3.1 National telecom network
6.3.2 International infrastructure
6.3.3 Infrastructure developments
6.4 Wholesaling
6.4.1 Overview
7. JORDAN
7.1 Overview of Jordan’s telecom market
7.2 Fixed network operators in Jordan
7.2.1 Jordan Telecom
7.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
7.3.1 National telecom network
7.3.2 International infrastructure
7.4 Wholesaling
7.4.1 Access
7.4.2 Jordan Telecom
8. KUWAIT
8.1 Overview of Kuwait’s telecom market
8.2 Fixed network operator in Kuwait
8.2.1 Ministry of Communications
8.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
8.3.1 National telecom network
8.3.2 International infrastructure
8.3.3 Infrastructure developments
9. LEBANON
9.1 Overview of Lebanon’s telecom market
9.1.1 InvestCom
9.1.2 Saudi Oger / Oger Telecom
9.2 Fixed network operator in Lebanon
9.2.1 Ogero Telecom
9.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
9.3.1 National telecom network
9.3.2 International infrastructure
10. OMAN
10.1 Overview of Oman’s telecom market
10.2 Fixed network operator in Oman
10.2.1 Oman Telecommunications Company (Omantel)
10.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
10.3.1 National telecom network
10.3.2 International infrastructure
11. QATAR
11.1 Overview of Qatar’s telecom market
11.2 Fixed network operator in Qatar
11.2.1 Qtel
11.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
11.3.1 National telecom network
11.3.2 International infrastructure
12. SAUDI ARABIA
12.1 Overview of Saudi Arabia’s telecom market
12.2 Fixed network operators in Saudi Arabia
12.2.1 Saudi Telecom Company (STC)
12.2.2 ITC
12.2.3 Bayanat Al-Oula
12.2.4 Saudi Oger
12.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
12.3.1 National telecom network
12.3.2 International infrastructure
13. SYRIA
13.1 Overview of Syria’s telecom market
13.2 Fixed network operator in Syria
13.2.1 Syrian Telecommunication Establishment (STE)
13.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
13.3.1 National telecom network
13.3.2 International infrastructure
14. TURKEY
14.1 Overview of Turkey’s telecom market
14.2 Fixed network operators in Turkey
14.2.1 Turk Telekom
14.2.2 Turksat
14.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
14.3.1 National telecom network
14.3.2 International infrastructure
15. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
15.1 Overview of UAE’s telecom market
15.1.1 Market analysis - 2007
15.2 Telecom operators in UAE
15.2.1 Emirates Telecommunications Corporation (Etisalat)
15.2.2 Emirates Integrated Telecommunications Company / du
15.2.3 TECOM Investments / Dubai Holding
15.2.4 Mubadala Development Company
15.2.5 UAE investment companies owning telcos outside the UAE
15.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
15.3.1 National telecom networks
15.3.2 Infrastructure developments
15.3.3 International infrastructure
16. YEMEN
16.1 Overview of Yemen’s telecom market
16.2 Fixed network operators in Yemen
16.2.1 TeleYemen / Yemen International Telecommunication Company
16.2.2 Public Telecommunications Corporation (PTC)
16.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
16.3.1 National telecom network
16.3.2 International infrastructure
17. GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS


List of Exhibits


Exhibit 1 - National and regional fibre networks in Egypt
Exhibit 2 - Data service provider licences in Egypt with year of issue


List of Tables


Table 1 - Middle East economic statistics - 2006
Table 2 - Fixed-line teledensity by country - 2001; 2007
Table 3 - Telephone network statistics Bahrain - October 2006
Table 4 - Batelco revenue, profit and group mobile subscribers - 2005 - 2006
Table 5 - Batelco revenue by division - 2005 - 2006
Table 6 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Bahrain - 1995 - 2006
Table 7 - Telephone network statistics Egypt - March 2007
Table 8 - Telecom Egypt key performance indicators - 2003 - 2006
Table 9 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Egypt - 1995 - 2007
Table 10 - Public payphones per operator in Egypt - 2002 - 2007
Table 11 - Telephone network statistics Iran - February 2007
Table 12 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Iran - 1995 - 2007
Table 13 - Telephone network statistics Iraq - 2006
Table 14 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Iraq - 1990 - 2006
Table 15 - Telephone network statistics Israel - 2006
Table 16 - Bezeq divisional revenues - 2005 - 2006
Table 17 - Active Bezeq subscriber lines, MoU and monthly ARPL - 2003 - 2006
Table 18 - HOT Telecom voice subscribers - 2005 - 2006
Table 19 - Fixed-lines in service and teledensity in Israel - 1995 - 2006
Table 20 - Telephone network statistics Jordan - 2005
Table 21 - Jordan Telecom revenue and profit - 2004 - 2006
Table 22 - Jordan Telecom divisional subscribers - 2005 - 2007
Table 23 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Jordan - 1995 - 2005
Table 24 - Telephone network statistics Kuwait - 2006
Table 25 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Kuwait - 1995 - 2006
Table 26 - Telephone network statistics Lebanon - 2006
Table 27 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Lebanon - 1996 - 2006
Table 28 - Telephone network statistics Oman - March 2007
Table 29 - Omantel revenue, expenditure and fixed-line ARPU - 2003 - 2006
Table 30 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Oman - 1995 - 2007
Table 31 - Telephone network statistics Qatar - 2006
Table 32 - Qtel revenue and net profit - 2005 - 2006
Table 33 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Qatar - 1995 - 2006
Table 34 - Fixed-line household penetration in Qatar - 2001 - 2006
Table 35 - Telephone network statistics o Saudi Arabia - 2006
Table 36 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Saudi Arabia - 1994 - 2006
Table 37 - Telephone network statistics Syria - 2006
Table 38 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Syria - 1995 - 2006
Table 39 - Telecoms revenue by service type in Turkey - 2000 - 2005
Table 40 - Telecoms investment by service type in Turkey - 2000 - 2005
Table 41 - Telephone network statistics Turkey - 2005
Table 42 - Turk Telekom tariffs relative to 2002 levels - 2003 - 2006
Table 43 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Turkey - 1995 - 2005
Table 44 - Telephone network statistics UAE - 2006
Table 45 - Etisalat revenues and divisional representation - 2005 - 2006
Table 46 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in UAE - 1995 - 2006
Table 47 - Telephone network statistics Yemen - 2006
Table 48 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Yemen - 1995 - 2006

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