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Middle Eastern Mobile Voice and Operators Market

This Middle East market report covers the mobile telephony and mobile data markets in each of the following countries: Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates and Yemen


The Middle East mobile market is characterised by some very high penetration rates and continuing healthy subscriber growth rates in most countries. This is putting strain on ARPU rates, which are falling as subscriber numbers increase.

The six countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) all have penetration rates well in excess of 100%, with the UAE, Bahrain and Qatar nearer 200%. This is due to intense competition and to multi-SIM ownership as subscribers aim to maximise special offers and different deals. The large and transient expatriate populations in the Gulf countries are also a factor in encouraging competition, and thus growth and penetration rates - with a fluid population new operators stand a better chance of gaining market share. Inevitably there must also be a significant number of inactive prepaid SIM-cards.

Growth rates are also high in the less developed markets of Iraq, Iran and Lebanon. Amongst the lower growth countries, Turkey was hit hard by the Global Financial Crisis, leading to a recession and a fall in mobile penetration. Israel has also seen low growth rates, partly due to much a much lesser economic slowdown and partly to saturated markets and perhaps distraction due to considerable industry structural changes.

The region is home to some very large international players. Etisalat of the UAE and Zain of Kuwait have been particularly aggressive buyers of both new licences and existing operators in Africa, the Middle East and Asia. Qtel of Qatar, STC of Saudi Arabia and Batelco of Bahrain have also taken this route for growth.

In the more developed Gulf countries and Israel, operators are pinning their growth hopes on persuading their mobile subscribers to take up data and broadband services. Customers want the latest in high-end handsets and have the income to pay for them. 3G services in these countries are well established, together with HSPA. Outside the Gulf countries, Israel and Turkey, no operator has launched 3G or HSPA although Jordan issued a licence to Orange in August 2009.

Market highlights:Iran

The Iranian market grew very strongly during 2008 and 2009 due to the continued affects of the competition from second operator MTN Irancell and the introduction of prepaid services. A question hangs over the market however after a troubled tender for a third licence in 2009, echoing the problems of the second mobile licence tender. The licence was first awarded to a consortium led by Etisalat of the UAE, with local company Tamin Telecom as its partner, and then withdrawn. It was then awarded to a consortium led by Zain of Kuwait but then again withdrawn. After various other rumours, the saga appeared to conclude in October 2009 with the news that Tamin Telecom had won back the licence in its own right and was looking for an experienced international telecommunications consultancy partner. Tamin plans to launch the third mobile operator by end-2010. In a further development, incumbent telco TCI, together with its mobile division, was privatised in late September 2009 with sale of a 50% plus one share stake to a consortium of three privately owned companies reported as being affiliated to the Iranian Revolutionary Guard.

Israel

The Israeli market has been stable for some time but the Israeli government is moving to create a wholesale market in all sectors of communications. Considerable merger and acquisition activity is taking place as the major fixed-line, mobile, Internet and pay TV players all aim to consolidate or improve positions across all sectors. 3G subscribers make up at least a third of the total and revenue from mobile data has grown steadily.

Kuwait

Kuwait has been the odd one out amongst the small, rich GCC countries, with mobile penetration rates on a par with those of very much poorer Jordan. Unlike in similar countries in the region, multiple SIM usage was not common. Major operators Zain and Wataniya enjoyed a very comfortable duopoly. All this is changing since the launch of the third operator and penetration rates are rising rapidly. The increased competition is causing ARPU rates to fall rapidly but from very high levels - Zain’s Kuwaiti ARPU is twice that of its subsidiary in Bahrain.

Lebanon

The mobile market in Lebanon has been transformed by the regulatory reforms of April 2009, reducing tariffs and improving products. Lebanon has two government-owned networks operated by private companies in return for a management fee, with all revenue going to the government. The government controls all tariffs. This led to a stagnant market and subscriber levels below those of much-poorer Syria but the lifting of constraints has had a startling affect with annual growth levels of over 60%. The privatisation of the networks has been imminent for many years.

Qatar

Competition finally came to the Qatari mobile market in July 2009 with the launch of services by Vodafone. Vodafone has had mixed success in the Middle East to date, with poor results in Turkey but faring much better in Egypt. Qtel has responded competitively, claiming growth rates over 40%. As Vodafone also acquired a market share well over 10% in its first six months, growth rates in the already highly penetrated market have been astonishing.

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia is the only market where the region’s three largest operators - Etisalat of the UAE, Zain of Kuwait and STC on its home turf - go head to head. In addition, Qtel, also an aspirant to join the international big league of players, owns a smaller iDEN operator. Competition in the market is very fierce and growth high.

Mobile subscribers, annual change and penetration rates in the Middle East - June 2009


Country | Mobile subscribers (million) | Annual change | Mobile penetration |
Bahrain | 1.4 | 12% | 177% |
Iran | 56.2 | 39% | 76% |
Iraq | 20.1 | 37% | 65% |
Israel | 9.2 | 3% | 128% |
Jordan | 5.6 | 12% | 88% |
Kuwait | 3.7 | 25% | 107% |
Lebanon | 2 | 57% | 52% |
Oman | 3.5 | 18% | 126% |
Qatar | 1.9 | 32% | 165% |
Saudi Arabia | 32.8 | 30% | 130% |
Syria | 7.5 | 9% | 37% |
Turkey | 63.7 | 0% | 91% |
UAE | 10.2 | 17% | 210% |
Yemen | 7.3 | 31% | 31% |
(Source: BuddeComm based on Global Mobile data)  Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

1. Bahrain
1.1 Overview of the mobile market in Bahrain
1.1.1 Mobile statistics
1.2 Regulatory issues
1.2.1 Second mobile licence
1.2.2 Third mobile licence
1.2.3 Prepaid subscriber registration
1.3 Mobile technologies
1.3.1 Analogue
1.3.2 Digital
1.3.3 Third Generation (3G)
1.4 Major mobile operators
1.4.1 Batelco
1.4.2 Zain Bahrain (formerly MTC Vodafone)
1.5 Mobile voice services
1.5.1 Prepaid
2. Iran
2.1 Overview of the mobile market in Iran
2.1.1 Mobile statistics
2.2 Mobile subscriber forecasts
2.2.1 Scenario 1 - higher growth
2.2.2 Scenario 2 - lower growth
2.3 Regulatory issues
2.3.1 Third GSM licence
2.3.2 Second GSM licence
2.4 Mobile technologies
2.4.1 Local handset manufacture
2.5 Major mobile operators
2.5.1 Mobile Communications Iran (MCI)
2.5.2 MTN Irancell
2.5.3 Taliya/Rafsanjan Industrial Complex Islamic Cooperative Company (RIC)
2.5.4 Mobile Telecommunications Company of Isfahan (MTCE)
2.5.5 Telecommunications Kish Company (TKC)
2.6 Mobile voice services
2.6.1 Prepaid
2.6.2 Satellite mobile
3. Iraq
3.1 Overview of the mobile market in Iraq
3.1.1 Mobile statistics
3.1.2 Average revenue per user (ARPU)
3.2 Mobile subscriber forecasts
3.2.1 Scenario 1 - higher growth
3.2.2 Scenario 2 - lower growth
3.3 Regulatory issues
3.3.1 Temporary mobile licences
3.3.2 Permanent licences
3.3.3 Penalty fines and debts
3.4 Mobile technologies
3.5 Major mobile operators
3.5.1 Asiacell Communications
3.5.2 Zain Iraq (formerly MTC Atheer)
3.5.3 Korek Telecom
3.5.4 Orascom Telecom Iraq Corporation/Iraqna
3.5.5 Sanatel
3.6 Mobile voice services
3.6.1 Prepaid
3.6.2 Satellite mobile
4. Israel
4.1 Overview of the mobile market in Israel
4.1.1 Mobile statistics
4.2 Regulatory issues
4.2.1 Award of 3G mobile licences
4.2.2 Connection charges
4.2.3 Mobile Number Portability
4.2.4 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
4.3 Mobile technologies
4.3.1 Analogue
4.3.2 Digital
4.3.3 integrated Digital Enhanced Network (iDEN)
4.3.4 3G
4.3.5 High-Speed Packet Access (HSPA)
4.4 Major mobile operators
4.4.1 Pelephone Communications Ltd
4.4.2 Cellcom
4.4.3 Partner Communications Company Ltd (Orange)
4.4.4 MIRS Communications Ltd
4.5 Mobile voice services
4.5.1 Prepaid
5. Jordan
5.1 Overview of the mobile market in Jordan
5.1.1 Mobile statistics
5.2 Mobile subscriber forecasts
5.2.1 Scenario 1 - higher growth
5.2.2 Scenario 2 - lower growth
5.3 Regulatory issues
5.3.1 Third GSM licence
5.3.2 MVNOs
5.3.3 3G licence
5.3.4 SIM card registration
5.4 Mobile technologies
5.4.1 GSM
5.4.2 Integrated Digital Enhanced Network (iDEN)
5.4.3 3G
5.5 Major mobile operators
5.5.1 Jordan Mobile Telephone Services / Zain Jordan
5.5.2 Orange
5.5.3 XPress Telecommunications
5.5.4 Umniah
5.5.5 MVNOs
5.6 Mobile voice services
5.6.1 Prepaid
5.6.2 Satellite mobile
6. Kuwait
6.1 Overview of the mobile market in Kuwait
6.1.1 Mobile statistics
6.2 Mobile subscriber forecasts
6.2.1 Scenario 1 - higher growth
6.2.2 Scenario 1 - lower growth
6.3 Regulatory issues
6.3.1 Third mobile operator
6.4 Mobile technologies
6.4.1 Analogue
6.4.2 Digital
6.4.3 3G
6.4.4 HSPA
6.5 Major mobile operators
6.5.1 Mobile Telecommunications Co (MTC) / Zain
6.5.2 National Mobile Telecommunication Co (NMT)/Wataniya Telecom
6.5.3 Kuwait Telecom Company (KTC)/Viva
6.6 Mobile voice services
6.6.1 Prepaid
6.6.2 Satellite mobile
7. Lebanon
7.1 Overview of the mobile market in Lebanon
7.1.1 Distribution system problems
7.1.2 Mobile statistics
7.2 Mobile subscriber forecasts
7.2.1 Scenario 1 - higher growth
7.2.2 Scenario 2 - lower growth
7.3 Regulatory issues
7.3.1 Overview
7.3.2 Lebanon’s current mobile contracts
7.3.3 2007 sale plans
7.3.4 2004 management contracts
7.3.5 Background - original BOT contracts
7.4 Mobile technologies
7.4.1 GSM
7.4.2 3G
7.5 Major mobile operators
7.5.1 MTC Touch/Zain
7.5.2 Alfa Telecom
7.6 Mobile voice services
7.6.1 Prepaid
7.6.2 Satellite mobile
8. Oman
8.1 Overview of the mobile market in Oman
8.1.1 Mobile statistics
8.2 Regulatory issues
8.2.1 Second mobile licence
8.2.2 Reseller/MVNO licences
8.3 Mobile technologies
8.3.1 Analogue
8.3.2 Digital
8.3.3 Third generation (3G)
8.4 Major mobile operators
8.4.1 Oman Mobile Telecommunications (OMTC)
8.4.2 -Nawras Telecom (Omani-Qatari Telecommunications Company)
8.5 MVNO operators
8.5.1 Connect Arabia/FRiENDi Teleco/Halafoni
8.5.2 Majan Telecom/Renna
8.6 Mobile voice services
8.6.1 Prepaid
8.6.2 Satellite mobile
9. Qatar
9.1 Overview of the mobile market in Qatar
9.1.1 Mobile statistics
9.2 Regulatory issues
9.2.1 Second mobile licence
9.3 Mobile technologies
9.3.1 Analogue
9.3.2 Digital
9.3.3 Third generation (3G) mobile
9.3.4 HSPA
9.4 Major mobile operators
9.4.1 Qtel
9.4.2 Vodafone Qatar
9.5 Mobile voice services
9.5.1 Prepaid
9.5.2 Satellite mobile
10. Saudi Arabia
10.1 Overview of the mobile market in Saudi Arabia
10.1.1 Mobile statistics
10.2 Regulatory issues
10.2.1 Award of second GSM mobile licence
10.2.2 iDEN contract awarded
10.2.3 Award of Third Generation (3G) licences
10.2.4 Award of third mobile licence
10.2.5 SPAM controls
10.3 Mobile technologies
10.3.1 Analogue
10.3.2 Digital
10.3.3 3G
10.4 Major mobile operators
10.4.1 Saudi Telecom Company (STC)/Al Jawal
10.4.2 Ettihad Etisalat (Mobily)
10.4.3 Public Telecommunications Company (Bravo)
10.4.4 Zain Saudi Arabia
10.5 Mobile voice services
10.5.1 Prepaid
10.5.2 Satellite mobile
11. Syria
11.1 Overview of the mobile market in Syria
11.1.1 Mobile statistics
11.2 Mobile subscriber forecasts
11.2.1 Scenario 1 - higher growth
11.2.2 Scenario 2 - lower growth
11.3 Regulatory issues
11.3.1 Third mobile licence
11.3.2 Current BOT contracts
11.4 Mobile technologies
11.4.1 3G
11.5 Major mobile operators
11.5.1 Syriatel
11.5.2 MTN Syria
11.6 Mobile voice services
11.6.1 Prepaid
11.6.2 Satellite mobile
12. Turkey
12.1 Overview of the mobile market in Turkey
12.1.1 Mobile statistics
12.2 Mobile subscriber forecasts
12.2.1 Scenario 1 - higher growth
12.2.2 Scenario 2 - lower growth
12.3 Regulatory issues
12.3.1 Third Generation (3G) licences
12.3.2 Third and fourth GSM licences
12.3.3 Significant market power (SMP)
12.3.4 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
12.3.5 Telsim privatisation
12.4 Mobile technologies
12.4.1 Analogue
12.4.2 Digital
12.4.3 3G
12.5 Major mobile operators
12.5.1 Turkcell
12.5.2 Vodafone (Telsim)
12.5.3 Avea
12.6 Mobile voice services
12.6.1 Prepaid
12.6.2 Satellite mobile
13. United Arab Emirates
13.1 Overview of the mobile market in United Arab Emirates
13.1.1 Mobile statistics
13.2 Regulatory issues
13.2.1 Overview
13.2.2 Number portability
13.3 Mobile technologies
13.3.1 Analogue and digital
13.3.2 Third generation mobile
13.4 Major mobile operators
13.4.1 Etisalat
13.4.2 Emirates Integrated Telecommunications Company / du
13.5 Mobile voice services
13.5.1 Prepaid
13.5.2 Satellite mobile
14. Yemen
14.1 Overview of the mobile market in Yemen
14.1.1 Mobile statistics
14.2 Mobile subscriber forecasts
14.2.1 Scenario 1 - higher growth
14.2.2 Scenario 2 - lower growth
14.3 Regulatory issues
14.3.1 GSM licences awarded
14.3.2 Third GSM licence
14.4 Major mobile operators
14.4.1 TeleYemen/Yemen Mobile
14.4.2 SabaFon
14.4.3 MTN Yemen
14.4.4 HiTS Unitel
14.5 Mobile voice services
14.5.1 Prepaid
14.5.2 Satellite mobile
15. Glossary of Abbreviations
Table 1 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Bahrain - 1995 - 2011
Table 2 - Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change in Bahrain - September 2009
Table 3 - Mobile operators’ market share in Bahrain - 2004 - 2009
Table 4 - Mobile monthly ARPU in Bahrain - 2007 - 2008
Table 5 - Zain Bahrain: Revenue, ARPU - 2005 - 2009
Table 6 - Prepaid mobile subscribers in Bahrain - 1999 - 2008
Table 7 - Zain Bahrain prepaid subscribers - 2004 - 2009
Table 8 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Iran - 1995 - 2011
Table 9 - Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change in Iran - June 2009
Table 10 - Major mobile operators market shares in Iran - 2006 - 2009
Table 11 - Forecast mobile subscribers in Iran - higher growth scenario - 2013; 2018
Table 12 - Forecast mobile subscribers in Iran - lower growth scenario - 2013; 2018
Table 13 - MTN Irancell - Subscribers, revenue, ARPU and MOU - 2006 - 2009
Table 14 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Iraq - 2003 - 2011
Table 15 - Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change in Iraq - September 2009
Table 16 - Mobile operator market shares in Iraq - 2004 - 2009
Table 17 - Major mobile operators ARPU in Iraq - 2004 - 2009
Table 18 - Forecast mobile penetration in Iraq - higher growth scenario - 2013; 2018
Table 19 - Forecast mobile penetration in Iraq - lower growth scenario - 2013; 2018
Table 20 - Asiacell Revenue and subscribers - 2006 - 2009
Table 21 - Zain Iraq - revenue, net income and subscribers - 2006 - 2009
Table 22 - Zain Iraq - prepaid subscribers - 2006 - 2009
Table 23 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Israel - 1995 - 2011
Table 24 - Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change in Israel - September 2009
Table 25 - Mobile operators’ subscribers, 3G subscribers and market share in Israel - Sep 2009
Table 26 - Mobile operators - MOU and ARPU in Israel - Q3 2009
Table 27 - Pelephone: revenue, profit, monthly MOU and monthly ARPU - 2003 - 2009
Table 28 - Cellcom - revenue, profit, monthly MOU, churn, and monthly ARPU - 2005 - 2009
Table 29 - Partner Communications - revenue, profit, monthly MOU, churn, monthly ARPU - 2002 - 2009
Table 30 - Partner - prepaid, postpaid and business subscribers - 2004 - 2008
Table 31 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Jordan - 1995 - 2011
Table 32 - Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change in Jordan - September 2009
Table 33 - Mobile operators’ market share in Jordan - 2004 - 2009
Table 34 - Forecast mobile subscribers in Jordan - higher growth scenario - 2013; 2018
Table 35 - Forecast mobile subscribers in Jordan - lower growth scenario - 2013; 2018
Table 36 - Zain Jordan - ARPU, Revenue, EBITDA and CAPEX - 2005 - 2009
Table 37 - Orange prepaid and postpaid subscribers - 2002 - 2008
Table 38 - Zain Jordan prepaid and postpaid subscribers - 2005 - 2009
Table 39 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rates in Kuwait - 1994 - 2011
Table 40 - Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change in Kuwait - March 2009
Table 41 - Mobile operators’ subscribers and market share in Kuwait - 2005 - 2009
Table 42 - Forecast mobile subscribers in Kuwait - higher growth scenario - 2013; 2018
Table 43 - Forecast mobile subscriber in Kuwait - lower growth scenario - 2013; 2018
Table 44 - 3G subscribers as a percentage of total subscribers in Kuwait - 2007 - 2009
Table 45 - Zain Group subscribers, revenue and profit - 2002 - 2009
Table 46 - Zain Kuwait revenue and ARPU - 2005 - 2009
Table 47 - Wataniya Group subscribers, revenue and profit - 2005 - 2009
Table 48 - Wataniya Kuwait subscribers and revenue - 2006 - 2009
Table 49 - Wataniya Kuwait monthly pre and postpaid ARPU - 2005 - 2009
Table 50 - Zain pre and postpaid subscribers - 2005 - 2009
Table 51 - Wataniya pre and postpaid subscribers - 2005 - 2009
Table 52 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Lebanon - 1995 - 2011
Table 53 - Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change in Lebanon - September 2009
Table 54 - Forecast mobile subscribers in Lebanon - higher growth scenario - 2013; 2018
Table 55 - Forecast mobile subscribers in Lebanon - lower growth scenario - 2013; 2018
Table 56 - Zain prepaid and postpaid subscribers - 2005 - 2009
Table 57 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Oman - 1994 - 2011
Table 58 - Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change in Oman - September 2009
Table 59 - Subscribers and market share by mobile operator in Oman - 2005 - 2009
Table 60 - Mobile sector total revenues and ARPU in Oman - 2005 - 2009
Table 61 - Omantel mobile ARPU - 2002 - 2003; 2005 - 2008
Table 62 - Nawras pre and postpaid ARPU and annual revenue - 2007 - 2009
Table 63 - Total prepaid and postpaid subscribers in Oman - 2005 - 2009
Table 64 - Nawras prepaid and postpaid subscribers - 2007 - 2009
Table 65 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Qatar - 1995 - 2011
Table 66 - Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change in Qatar - September 2009
Table 67 - Qtel mobile postpaid and prepaid revenue and ARPU - 2007 - 2009
Table 68 - Qtel prepaid subscribers - 2000 - 2009
Table 69 - Mobile ARPU in Saudi Arabia - 2002; 2004 - 2007
Table 70 - Mobile subscribers and penetration in Saudi Arabia - 1995 - 2011
Table 71 - Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change in Saudi Arabia - September 2009
Table 72 - Major mobile operators’ market shares in Saudi Arabia - 2008 - 2009
Table 73 - Mobily revenue and profit - 2006 - 2009
Table 74 - Bravo revenue, profit, subscribers and ARPU - 2007 - 2009
Table 75 - Zain revenue, profit, subscribers and ARPU - 2008 - 2009
Table 76 - Prepaid subscribers in Saudi Arabia - 2002 - 2009
Table 77 - Zain prepaid subscribers - 2008 - 2009
Table 78 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Syria - 1999 - 2011
Table 79 - Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change in Syria - March 2009
Table 80 - Forecast mobile subscribers in Syria - higher growth scenario - 2013; 2018
Table 81 - Forecast mobile subscribers in Syria - lower growth scenario - 2013; 2018
Table 82 - MTN Syria: outgoing MOU - 2006 - 2008; ARPU - 2003 - 2009
Table 83 - MTN market share of pre and postpaid subscribers - 2007 - 2008
Table 84 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Turkey - 1995 - 2011
Table 85 - Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change - September 2009
Table 86 - Mobile subscribers by operator in Turkey - 2007 - 2009
Table 87 - Mobile operators’ market share in Turkey - 2007 - 2009
Table 88 - Forecast mobile subscribers in Turkey - higher growth scenario - 2013; 2018
Table 89 - Forecast mobile subscribers in Turkey - lower growth scenario - 2013; 2018
Table 90 - Turkcell group financial data - 2005 - 2009
Table 91 - Turkcell Turkey average monthly ARPU - pre and postpaid - 2001 - 2009
Table 92 - Turkcell Turkey average monthly MOU and churn - 2001 - 2009
Table 93 - Vodafone pre and postpaid ARPU - 2006 - 2009
Table 94 - Vodafone revenue - 2007 - 2008
Table 95 - Avea revenue and EBITDA - 2007 - 2009
Table 96 - Avea prepaid, postpaid and blended ARPU and blended MOU - 2007 - 2009
Table 97 - Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers in Turkey - 2000 - 2009
Table 98 - Turkcell prepaid subscribers - 2001 - 2009
Table 99 - Vodafone prepaid subscribers - 2006 - 2009
Table 100 - Avea prepaid subscribers - 2007 - 2009
Table 101 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in United Arab Emirates - 1995 - 2011
Table 102 - Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change in United Arab Emirates - 2009
Table 103 - Mobile operators’ market share in United Arab Emirates - 2007 - 2009
Table 104 - Etisalat group revenues and divisional representation - 2005 - 2009
Table 105 - du revenue and profit / loss - 2006 - 2009
Table 106 - Prepaid subscribers in United Arab Emirates - 2005 - 2009
Table 107 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Yemen - 1998 - 2011
Table 108 - Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change in Yemen - March 2009
Table 109 - Forecast mobile subscribers in Yemen - higher growth scenario - 2013; 2018
Table 110 - Forecast mobile subscribers in Yemen - lower growth scenario - 2013; 2018
Table 111 - SabaFon subscribers and market share - 2004 - 2008
Table 112 - MTN Yemen/Spacetel subscribers and market share - 2004 - 2009

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