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Mali - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses


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Mali - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Mali grants its first LTE licence

Mali has a challenging geography for the provision of telecommunication services, with large tracks of the country being sparsely populated desert. Many settlements are hard to reach, making them difficult and expensive to service with effective backhaul infrastructure. Security issues have also been a concern, leading to delays in the national backbone network being built by Huawei.

Compounding these difficulties is the fact that underinvestment in fixed-line networks has meant that telecom infrastructure is barely adequate to serve consumer needs in most towns, and is largely absent in many areas of the country. In addition, a combination of poverty, high illiteracy and low PC use has led to a very low take-up of fixed-line internet services. In common with many other countries in the region, Mali has taken to mobile networks for voice and data services.

Orange Mali entered the market as the second mobile and fixed-line operator in 2003 and soon became the dominant provider. The duopoly with national telco, Sotelma, continues though Alpha Telecom is expected to launch mobile services after many years of delay. A fourth mobile licence is also being considered by the government in a bid to improve market competition.

Mobile penetration in Mali is relatively high, and given the sparse nature of the fixed-line infrastructure there is considerable potential for mobile broadband services. Nevertheless, Mali's landlocked location makes it dependent on neighbouring countries for international bandwidth, which has kept prices high. Improvements in this sector can be expected from the recent arrival of several new competitive international submarine fibre optic cables in the region, while the government in late 2017 set in motion plans for a local Internet Exchange Point.

Key developments:

Orange Mali pays XOF100 million for renewed 15-year concession;

Alpha Telecom Mali expecting commercial mobile services to start by end-2017;

Government considers awarding a fourth mobile licence;

Huawei granted extension to complete the national fibre backbone network;

Vodafone Wholesale completes its second fibre-optic network connecting Ghana to Mali and Niger;

Orange Mali and Ecobank develop m-banking service;

Sonatel begins project to upgrade its network infrastructure;

Report update includes the regulator's market data for 2016, telcos' operating data to Q3 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Société des Télécommunications du Mali (Sotelma, Maroc Telecom, Vivendi), Orange Mali (Ikatel, Orange Group), Monaco Telecom, Planor Afrique, Afribone, CEFIB, Datatech.


1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Historical overview
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Historical overview
5.2 Regulatory authority
5.3 Telecom sector liberalisation
5.4 Privatisation
6. Fixed network operators
6.1 Sotelma
6.2 Orange Mali
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
8. International infrastructure
8.1 Terrestrial/submarine fibre
8.2 Satellite
9. Fixed-line broadband market
9.1 Introduction and statistical overview
9.2 Broadband statistics
9.3 Fixed-line broadband technologies
9.3.1 Other fixed broadband services
10. Digital economy
10.1 e-health
11. Mobile market
11.1 Market analysis
11.2 Mobile statistics
11.2.1 General statistics
11.3 Mobile data
11.3.1 SMS
11.4 Mobile broadband
11.5 Regulatory issues
11.5.1 Third mobile licence
11.5.2 Fourth mobile licence
11.5.3 Roaming
11.6 Mobile infrastructure
11.7 Major mobile operators
11.7.1 Malitel
11.7.2 Orange Mali (formerly Ikatel)
11.7.3 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
11.8 Mobile content and applications
11.8.1 m-payments and m-banking
12. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics Mali 2017 (e)
Table 2 Fixed-line network statistics 2017 (e)
Table 3 Internet user statistics 2017 (e)
Table 4 Mobile statistics 2017 (e)
Table 5 National telecommunications authority
Table 6 Telcom market investments 2005 - 2014
Table 7 Telcom market investments by operator 2006 - 2014
Table 8 Telcom market revenue by sector 2005 - 2014
Table 9 Sotelma revenue (XOF) 2005 - 2014
Table 10 Orange Mali fixed-line statistics 2005 - 2014
Table 11 Sotelma fixed-line statistics 2005 - 2017
Table 12 Historic - Fixed-lines in service and teledensity in Mali 1999 - 2009
Table 13 Fixed-lines in service and teledensity in Mali 2010 - 2018
Table 14 International bandwidth 2001 - 2016
Table 15 Internet bandwidth by operator 2006 - 2014
Table 16 Orange Mali broadband fixed-internet subscribers 2008 - 2016
Table 17 Sotelma internet subscribers 2008 - 2017
Table 18 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Mali 1999 - 2009
Table 19 Internet users and penetration rate in Mali 2010 - 2018
Table 20 Fixed-line internet and broadband subscribers 2011 - 2018
Table 21 DSL subscribers 2006 - 2017
Table 22 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Mali 2000 - 2009
Table 23 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Mali 2010 - 2018
Table 24 Prepaid and contract mobile subscribers 2005 - 2014
Table 25 SMS traffic 2006 - 2017
Table 26 Mobile internet subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2018
Table 27 Malitel mobile subscribers 2005 - 2017
Table 28 Malitel mobile revenue 2012 - 2014
Table 29 Orange Mali mobile subscribers 2007 - 2017
Table 30 Orange Mali revenue () 2007 - 2017
Table 31 Orange Mali revenue (XOF) 2005 - 2014
Table 32 Orange Mali ARPU () 2005 - 2016
Chart 1 Telcom market revenue by sector 2005 2014
Chart 2 Fixed-lines in service and teledensity in Mali 2005 2018
Chart 3 Internet users and penetration rate in Mali 2005 2018
Chart 4 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Mali 2005 - 2018
Exhibit 1 Map of Mali

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