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Major Telecommunications Operators - India

India - Major Telecommunications Operators

The dynamic Indian telecommunications market has one particularly compelling feature the large number of significant operators. As the market constantly adjusts to the changing pressures and demands, takeovers and mergers ensure that some level of equilibrium is maintained. In the meantime, we have seen significant shifts in market share among the players. Of course it is the country's booming mobile segment in which the major battles are being fought. Three major private players Bharti, Reliance and Vodafone - with a formidable 54% share of the market between them, lead a large field of mobile operators. State-owned enterprises BSNL and MTNL have also been making their presence felt with a combined market share of 12%. (It should be noted though that BSNL and MTNL have major financial issues to address.) Although the fixed-line telephony market in India has seen little growth of late (and is in fact shrinking), it remains an important segment of the overall market; the two state-owned operators deliver the overwhelming majority of fixed-line services. This report provides details of the many players in India's telecommunications market. The information offered includes comprehensive set of statistics covering the key areas in which the various telcos operate.

Key developments:

despite strong competition, the leading mobile operators have managed to hold market share and rankings;
in the aftermath of the 2G scandal a number of operators exited the market;
licence cancellations and other issues in 2012/2013 effectively reduced India's 15-strong mobile sector to around seven main players;
further rationalisation of the market is anticipated;
the regulators held a successful re-auction of 2G spectrum in early 2014, after two unsuccessful attempts;
a large drop in mobile subscribers occurred in the second half of 2012, as operators removed inactive subscribers from their databases;
the government agreed to conciliation talks with Vodafone in their ongoing tax dispute;
however, by early 2014 Vodafone was moving to seek international arbitration on the dispute;
a group of ministers was appointed to look at assistance for struggling operators BSNL and MTNL;
Uninor contracted Alcatel-Lucent to provide managed services for its relaunch as Telewings Communications;
new player Reliance Jio Infocomm (RJI) was set for the launch of its 4G service in late 2014;
Aircel became the first of India's mobile operators to receive approval to use spectrum as collateral for local and overseas loans.

Companies covered in this report include:

Aircel/Dishnet, Bharti Airtel, Loop Mobile (BPL Mobile), Quadrant (HFCL), Idea/Spice, Reliance Communications, Tata Teleservices, Vodafone Essar, Telewings (Uninor), Videocon, S Tel, Bharti Telenet, Reliance Infocomm, Reliance Jio Infocomm (RJI), Tata Teleservices, Sistema (Shyam Telelink), Swan Telecom, Videsh Sanchar Nigam Ltd (VSNL), Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL), Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Ltd (MTNL), Data Access, Hughes Telecom, Videocon, AT&T, France Telecom, Tulip Telecom, SingTel, Hathway Cable, Datacom.


1. Synopsis
2. Major operators in India
2.1 Market overview
2.2 Unified Access Service Licences (UASL)
2.3 Mergers and acquisitions
2.4 BSNL/MTNL
3. Operator and market statistics
3.1 Mobile market
3.2 Fixed-line market
4. Aircel
4.1.1 Overview
4.1.2 Corporate structure
4.1.3 Background
4.1.4 3G development
5. Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL)
5.2 Overview
5.3 Mobile business
5.3.1 Overview
5.3.2 Background
5.3.3 Network development
5.3.4 3G development
5.4 Fixed-line business
5.4.1 Overview
5.4.2 Network development
5.4.3 Operational development
5.5 Broadband business
5.5.1 Wireless broadband
6. Bharti Airtel
6.1 Overview
6.2 Financials
6.3 Corporate structure
6.4 Mobile business
6.4.1 Overview
6.4.2 Background
6.4.3 3G development
6.4.4 4G / Long Term Evolution (TD-LTE)
6.5 Fixed-line and broadband businesses
6.5.1 Background
6.6 International businesses
6.6.1 Submarine cable operations
6.6.2 Mobile operations
7. Data Access
8. Hughes Telecom
9. Idea Cellular
9.1 Overview
9.2 Financials
9.3 Background
9.4 Corporate structure
9.5 3G development
10. Loop Mobile (formerly BPL Mobile)
10.1 Overview
10.2 Background
11. Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)
11.1 Overview
11.2 Corporate structure
11.3 Mobile business
11.3.1 Overview
11.3.2 Background
11.3.3 3G development
11.4 Fixed-line and broadband business
12. Quadrant
13. Reliance Communications
13.1 Overview
13.2 Financials
13.3 Corporate structure
13.4 Mobile business
13.4.1 Overview
13.4.2 Background
13.4.3 Strategic development
13.4.4 3G development
13.5 Fixed-line business
13.6 International business
14. Reliance Jio Infocomm
15. Sistema
15.1 Overview
15.2 Mobile business
15.3 Fixed-line business
16. Tata Teleservices
16.1 Overview
16.2 Corporate structure
16.3 Mobile business
16.3.1 Overview and statistics
16.3.2 Background
16.3.3 3G plans
16.4 Fixed-line business
16.4.1 Overview
16.4.2 Network development
16.5 International business: Tata Communications
16.5.1 Overview
16.5.2 Strategic development
16.5.3 Operational development
17. Telewings (formerly Uninor)
17.1 Overview
17.2 Problems following 2G licence cancellation
18. Videocon
19. Vodafone
19.1 Overview
19.2 Corporate structure
19.3 Tax dispute
19.4 Background
19.5 Strategic development
19.6 3G plans
20. Other operators and service providers
20.1 Mobile operators
20.1.1 Virgin Mobile
20.2 Fixed network operators
20.2.1 AT&T
20.2.2 France Telecom
20.2.3 Tulip Telecom
20.2.4 SingTel
20.3 Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
20.3.1 Major ISPs
20.3.2 Internet telephony licences
20.4 Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT)
21. Former operators
21.1 Etisalat DB Telecom (Swan Telecom)
21.2 Spice Telecom
21.2.1 Overview
21.2.2 Corporate structure
21.2.3 Historical development
21.3 S Tel
21.3.1 Overview
21.3.2 3G plans
22. Related reports
Table 1 Mobile operators and subscribers 2013
Table 2 Mobile operators and subscribers 2012
Table 3 Total mobile subscribers (GSM / CDMA) by operator and market share 2013
Table 4 GSM mobile operators, subscribers and market share 2013
Table 5 CDMA mobile operators, subscribers and market share 2013
Table 6 Overall mobile ARPU 2005 - 2012
Table 7 Mobile ARPU by technology, prepaid/postpaid/blended 2012
Table 8 Mobile ARPU by technology, prepaid/postpaid/blended 2013
Table 9 Mobile ARPU (blended) for selected operators March 2013
Table 10 Fixed-line subscribers by operator 2009 - 2013
Table 11 Aircel mobile subscribers 2004 - 2014
Table 12 BSNL mobile subscribers 2002 - 2014
Table 13 BSNL fixed-line subscribers 2002; 2012 - 2013
Table 14 Bharti Airtel mobile subscribers 2002 - 2014
Table 15 Bharti Airtel mobile ARPU 2004 - 2005; 2007 - 2014
Table 16 Bharti fixed-line subscribers 2002 - 2013
Table 17 Idea Cellular mobile subscribers 2002 - 2014
Table 18 Idea Cellular 3G mobile subscribers 2013
Table 19 Idea Cellular mobile ARPU 2007 2011; 2013
Table 20 Loop Mobile (BPL) mobile subscribers 2002 - 2014
Table 21 MTNL mobile subscribers 2002 - 2014
Table 22 MTNL fixed-line subscribers 2004; 2007; 2010 - 2013
Table 23 Quadrant mobile subscribers 2012 - 2013
Table 24 Quadrant fixed-line subscribers 2012 - 2013
Table 25 Reliance mobile subscribers 2002 - 2013
Table 26 Reliance mobile ARPU 2007 - 2013
Table 27 Reliance fixed-line subscribers 2005 - 2013
Table 28 Sistema mobile subscribers 2008 - 2013
Table 29 Sistema fixed-line subscribers 2010 - 2013
Table 30 Tata Teleservices mobile subscribers 2002 - 2013
Table 31 Tata fixed-line subscribers 2011 - 2013
Table 32 Telewings (formerly Uninor) mobile subscribers 2009 - 2014
Table 33 Videocon mobile subscribers 2010 - 2014
Table 34 Vodafone Essar mobile subscribers 2002 2014
Table 35 Vodafone Essar mobile ARPU 2008 - 2013
Table 36 Number of licensed ISPs 2002 2003; 2005; 2008 - 2013
Table 37 ISP market leading operators, subscribers and market share 2012
Table 38 ISP market top 10 operators, subscribers and market share 2013
Table 39 VSAT service providers, subscribers and market share 2013
Table 40 Etisalat mobile subscribers 2010 - 2012
Table 41 Spice Telecom mobile subscribers 2002 - 2008
Table 42 S Tel mobile subscribers 2009 - 2012
Chart 1 - Mobile operators and subscribers - 2013
Chart 2 - Mobile operators' market share by subscribers 2013
Chart 3 Market share of fixed-line basic services by operator 2013
Chart 4 - ISP market - leading operators, subscribers and market share - 2013
Exhibit 1 Fixed-line basic services by operator 2013
Exhibit 2 Major shareholders in Bharti Airtel April 2012
Exhibit 3 Bharti Airtel mobile operations - key statistics
Exhibit 4 Idea Cellular mobile operations - key statistics
Exhibit 5 Reliance Communications linked with Reliance Industries Ltd 2013
Exhibit 6 Reliance Communications mobile operations - key statistics
Exhibit 7 Tata Teleservices mobile operations - key statistics
Exhibit 8 Vodafone Essar mobile operations - key statistics

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