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Madagascar - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses


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Madagascar - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Madagascar cracks down on SIM card fraud

Madagascar's economy has shown steady growth in recent years, benefiting from a revived tourist sector. The Plans to exploit and export crude oil, gas and other natural resources may also deliver a boost to the economy in future, despite the falling price of these commodities on international markets.

This period of strengthening economic output is helping to increase consumer spend on telecom services. These services are becoming cheaper as a result of intensifying competition between the main operators, including Orange Madagascar, Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain) and the incumbent telco Telma. A fourth mobile operator, Blueline, now operates its own network having been an MVNO since 2010.

Positive developments in the internet and broadband sector are also materialising following the arrival of the first international submarine fibre optic cables, LION and EASSy on the island in 2009 and 2010. This ended the country's dependency on satellites for international connections, bringing down the cost of international bandwidth and making internet access more affordable to a wider part of the population. The IOX cable is expected to be ready for service in early 2019, which will provide additional capacity to support the fast growing mobile data market. In addition, the METISS submarine cable will provide another link to the African mainland and other international cable systems.

A national fibre backbone is being implemented connecting the major cities, and Telma expects to invest an additional $250 million to expand the backbone network from 5,000km to 11,000km by 2019. Wireless broadband access networks are being rolled out, enabling converged voice, data and entertainment services. The launch of 3G and LTE mobile broadband services has enabled the mobile operators to reverse their rapidly declining average revenue per user (ARPU).

The fixed-line sector has been undergoing a revolution following the privatisation of Telma. Upgraded DSL services have been introduced and the decline in fixed-line revenue has been reversed. Despite these positive developments, the national telco is considering various divestiture options.

Penetration rates in all market sectors are still below African averages, and so there remains excellent growth potential.

Key developments:

Orange Madagascar launches LTE services;
Madagascar opens its own internet exchange point;
Government and regulator work on SIM card registration scheme;
Regulator bans sale of devices without an IMEI code;
Telecom service tax raised to 10% in 2016 Finance Act;
Airtel extends mobile license for a further ten years, launches LTE services;
Orange secures mobile licence renewal;
New international fibre cables anticipated;
National fibre rollout continues;
Report update includes the regulator's market data updates for 2016, market data report for 2016, telcos operating data, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telecom Malagasy (Telma); Bharti Airtel (Zain, Celtel); Orange Madagascar; Madamobil; Gulfsat Madagascar; Blueline; Datacom; Data Telecom Services (DTS, Moov)


1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Market analysis
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Telecommunications reform
5.2 National ICT Policy
5.3 Regulatory authority
5.3.1 ARTEC
5.4 Universal Service Fund
6. Fixed network operators
6.1 Telecom Malagasy (Telma)
6.1.1 Privatisation
6.2 Gulfsat Madagascar
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 Network infrastructure
7.2 National fibre optic backbone
8. International infrastructure
9. Broadband market
9.1 Introduction and statistical overview
9.2 Market analysis
9.3 Broadband statistics
9.4 Public internet access locations
9.5 Data licensees
9.6 Broadband infrastructure
9.6.1 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Networks
9.6.2 Other fixed-line broadband services
10. Mobile market
10.1 Market analysis
10.2 Mobile statistics
10.2.1 General statistics
10.2.2 Mobile broadband
10.2.3 Forecasts mobile subscribers 2019; 2021; 2023
10.3 Regulatory measures
10.3.1 Spectrum licenses
10.3.2 SIM card registration
10.4 Mobile infrastructure
10.4.1 GPRS/EDGE
10.4.2 Third generation (3G)
10.4.3 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
10.4.4 Satellite mobile
10.5 Major mobile operators
10.5.1 Bharti Airtel (formerly Madacom, Zain/Celtel)
10.5.2 Orange Madagascar (formerly SMM)
10.5.3 Telma Mobile
10.5.4 Madamobil
10.5.5 Blueline
10.6 Mobile handsets
10.7 Mobile content and applications
10.7.1 Mobile money transfer, m-banking
11. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics Madagascar 2017 (e)
Table 2 Fixed-line network statistics 2017 (e)
Table 3 Internet provider statistics 2018
Table 4 Internet user statistics 2017 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2017 (e)
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Telecom market revenue by service 2006 - 2016
Table 8 Fixed-line voice and data revenue 2014 - 2016
Table 9 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2000 - 2018
Table 10 Fixed-line traffic 2006 - 2016
Table 11 International internet bandwidth and traffic 2000 - 2016
Table 12 Fixed-line internet users and penetration rate 2000 - 2018
Table 13 Fixed-line broadband subscribers 2006 - 2018
Table 14 DSL broadband subscribers 2010 - 2016
Table 15 Mobile network coverage by technology and operator 2016
Table 16 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2000 - 2018
Table 17 Mobile network traffic 2006 - 2016
Table 18 SMS traffic 2008 - 2017
Table 19 Active mobile broadband subscribers 2010 - 2017
Table 20 Mobile internet traffic 2007 - 2016
Table 21 Forecast mobile subscribers 2019; 2021; 2023
Table 22 Zain Madagascar financial data before takeover 2006 - 2009
Table 23 Airtel Madagascar mobile subscribers 2013 - 2017
Table 24 Orange Madagascar subscribers and ARPU 2007 - 2017
Table 25 Orange Madagascar revenue 2007 - 2014
Table 26 Telma Mobile mobile subscribers 2013 - 2017
Chart 1 Telecom market revenue by service 2006 2016
Chart 2 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 2018
Chart 3 Internet users and penetration rate 2000 2018
Chart 4 Mobile subscribers in Madagascar 2000 - 2018

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