Macedonia - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses
Makedonski Telekom merges with T-Mobile Macedonia
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (Macedonia) has been a European Union (EU) candidate country since 2005. As part of the EU pre-accession process, the country has built closer economic ties with the Union: the EU accounts for 60% of Macedonia's exports and about half of its imports. Closer regulatory and administrative ties with European Commission (EC) institutions have done much to develop the telecom sector and prepare the market for the competitive environment encouraged in the EU.
As part of EU integration legislation has implemented the principles of the EU's regulatory framework for communications, established an independent regulator and set out a number of provisions to provide for a competitive telecom market, including wholesale access to the incumbent's fixed-line network. Although the fixed telephony market has been liberalised, the incumbent continues to dominate the sector. Broadband services are widely available, with effective competition between DSL and cable platforms complemented by wireless broadband and a nascent FttX sector.
Broadband services are available via DSL, fibre, cable and wireless and the incumbent has launched IPTV services in competition with well-established cable TV operators.
Macedonia's mobile market is served by a triopoly of mobile network operators, two of which benefit from the technical know-how and financial resources of parent companies Deutsche Telekom and Telekom Austria. Mobile data services are also available and this market is also expected to become increasingly important as new subscriber additions fade in the maturing mobile voice market. With WCDMA/HSPA networks in place, the focus for mobile data has shifted to mobile broadband offerings.
Regulator holds public consultation on Project Madrid' aimed at encouraging market competition and investments in NGNs; VIP Mobile merges with ONE; Makedonski Telekom completes PSTN migration to an All-IP network; Makedonski Telekom merged with T-Mobile Macedonia as of July 2015; Market for fixed-line telephony continues to fall; Regulator auctions 4G licences in the 800MHz and 1800MHz bands; Telecom market accounting for 7% of GDP, well above the EU average; Blizoo acquired by Telekom Austria, enabling the operator to offer quad-play services; Report update includes the regulator's market data updates to Q4 2014, telcos' operating and financial data to Q2 2015, recent market developments.
Key telecom penetration for services 2015 (e) Subscriber penetration rate: | Penetration Fixed-broadband | 23% Internet users | 63% Fixed-line telephony | 18% Mobile | 108% (Source: BuddeComm)