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Macedonia - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

The Macedonia - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts report includes all BuddeComm research data and analysis on this country. Covering trends and developments in telecommunications, mobile, internet, broadband, infrastructure and regulation.


Executive summary

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (Macedonia) has been a European Union (EU) candidacy country since 2005. As part of the EU pre-accession process, the country has built closer economic ties with the Union: the EU accounts for 60% of Macedonia’s exports and about half of its imports. Closer regulatory and administrative ties with European Commission (EC) institutions have done much to develop the telecom sector and prepare the market for the competitive environment encouraged in the EU.

As part of EU integration legislation has implemented the principles of the EU’s regulatory framework for communications, established an independent regulator and set out a number of provisions to establish a competitive telecom market, including wholesale access to the incumbent’s fixed-line network. Although the fixed telephony market has been liberalised, the incumbent continues to dominate the sector. Broadband services are widely available, with effective competition between DSL and cable platforms complemented by wireless broadband and a nascent FttX sector.

Broadband services are available via DSL, fibre, cable and wireless and the incumbent has launched IPTV services in competition with well-established cable TV operators.

Macedonia’s mobile market is served by a triopoly of mobile network operators, two of which benefit from the know-how and clout of parent companies Deutsche Telekom and Telekom Austria. Mobile data services are also available and this market is also expected to become increasingly important as new subscriber additions fade in the maturing mobile voice market. With WCDMA/HSPA networks in place, the focus for mobile data has shifted to mobile broadband offerings.

Key telecom parameters - 2010; 2012
Sector20102012 (e)

Subscribers to telecoms services (thousand):

Fixed-broadband257325
Fixed-line telephony413370
Mobile telephony2,1532,400

Subscriber penetration rate:

Fixed-broadband11%15%
Fixed-line telephony20%19%
Mobile SIM105%117%
(Source: BuddeComm)

Market highlights:

Competitors are making inroads into the fixed telephony market, with alternative operators representing almost a fifth of fixed lines. Market prospects for competitors have improved as a result of recent regulatory measures.

Broadband uptake growth is expected to maintain momentum during the next few years, with the incumbent placing greater emphasis in FttX networks.

Digital TV is widely available via satellite, digital terrestrial TV and broadband TV. The incumbent’s IPTV subscriber base has grown steadily in the wake of upgraded network capabilities, which has contributed to fewer customers to satellite services.

Competition is intensifying in the mobile market. Mobile number portability has grown rapidly following a reduction in fees. Mobile voice penetration is on a par with the EU average, while high-end mobile data services represent a considerable growth area for MNOs in coming years.Henry Lancaster

October 2011

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Macedonia’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the mobile, broadband, digital TV and converging media sectors.

Subjects include:

Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
Facts, figures and statistics;
Industry and regulatory issues;
Infrastructure;
Major players, revenues, subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
Internet, VoIP, IPTV;
Mobile voice and data markets;
Broadband (FttH, DSL, cable TV, wireless);
Convergence and digital media;
Broadband market forecasts for selective years to 2020.

Key developments:

Telekom Slovenije merges Macedonian subsidiaries into ONE; market for fixed-line telephony falls 24% in 2010 to MKD1.997 billion; regulator prepares for 4G licence auction in 800MHz band; telecoms market accounting for 7% of GDP, well above the EU average; regulator market data for 2010 and market updates to September 2011; operator data to June 2011.

Companies covered in this report include:

Makedonski Telekom, ONE, VIP, Cabeltel,

1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
3. Telecommunications market
3.1 Overview of Macedonia’s telecom market
4. Regulatory environment
4.1 History
4.2 Regulatory authority
4.2.1 Agency for Electronic Communications (AEC)
4.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Macedonia
4.3.1 Privatisation
4.3.2 Interconnect
4.3.3 Access
4.3.4 Carrier selection (CS) and Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
4.3.5 Number portability (NP
5. Fixed network operators in Macedonia
5.1 Overview of operators
5.2 Makedonski Telekom
5.3 ONE
6. Telecommunications infrastructure
7. Internet market
7.1 Overview
7.2 Internet statistics
7.3 Macedonia’s emerging internet society
8. Fixed broadband market
8.1 Overview
8.1.1 Broadband statistics
8.2 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
8.3 Cable broadband
8.4 Fixed wireless broadband
8.5 Wireless broadband
8.5.1 WiFi
8.5.2 WiMAX
9. Digital media
9.1 Overview of broadcasting market
9.2 Digital TV
9.2.1 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
9.2.2 Broadband TV (IPTV)
9.2.3 Cable TV
9.2.4 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
10. Mobile communications
10.1 Overview of Macedonia’s mobile market
10.1.1 Mobile statistics
10.2 Regulatory issues
10.2.1 Third GSM licence
10.2.2 3G licence
10.2.3 4G licence
10.2.4 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
10.3 Mobile technologies
10.4 Mobile operators
10.4.1 Overview of operators
10.4.2 T-Mobile
10.4.3 ONE
10.4.4 VIP
10.4.5 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
10.5 Mobile voice services
10.5.1 Prepaid
10.6 Mobile data services
10.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS)/Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
10.6.2 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
10.6.3 High-Speed Packet Access (HSPA)
10.6.4 Mobile broadband
10.7 Mobile content and applications
11. Forecasts - fixed broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2013; 2020
11.1 Scenario 1 - higher broadband subscriber growth
11.2 Scenario 2 - lower broadband subscriber growth
11.3 Notes on scenario forecasts
12. Related reports
List of Tables, Charts and Exhibits
Table 1 - Country statistics Macedonia - 2011 (e)
Table 2 - Telephone network statistics - 2011 (e)
Table 3 - Internet user statistics - 2011 (e)
Table 4 - Broadband subscribers - 2011 (e)
Table 5 - Mobile statistics - 2011 (e)
Table 6 - National telecommunications authority
Table 7 - Telecom market revenue by sector - 2008 - 2012
Table 8 - Share of telecom market revenue by sector - 2008 - 2010
Table 9 - Call termination on Makedonski Telekom’s fixed network - 2009
Table 10 - Cost of LLU and shared access lines - 2010
Table 11 - Access lines by type - 2010
Table 12 - Fixed-lines ported -2008 - 2011
Table 13 - Fixed-line market share by operator -2009 - 2010
Table 14 - Makedonski Telekom financial data (HUF) - 2009 - 2011
Table 15 - Makedonski Telekom financial data (MKD) - 2009 - 2011
Table 16 - Makedonski Telekom fixed-voice lines in service - 2010 - 2011
Table 17 - ONE revenue breakdown - 2009
Table 18 - ONE subscribers - 2009 - 2010
Table 19 - Telephony-lines by type -2009 - 2010
Table 20 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2012
Table 21 - Internet market revenue - 2008 - 2011
Table 22 - Internet users, subscribers and penetration rates - 1999 - 2011
Table 23 - Online purchases by individuals - 2006 - 2011
Table 24 - Uptake of e-government services by individuals - 2008 - 2011
Table 25 - E-education usage by individuals - 2008 - 2010
Table 26 - Household penetration of internet by technology: urban/rural - Sep 2011
Table 27 - Household penetration of broadband services by type - Sep 2011
Table 28 - Proportion of households with computer/internet use - 2010 - 2011
Table 29 - Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate - 2005 - 2012
Table 30 - Internet subscribers by access type: dial-up, mobile, other - 2009 - 2012
Table 31 - Makedonski Telekom retail and wholesale DSL subscribers - 2008 - 2011
Table 32 - ADSL broadband subscribers - 2008 - 2012
Table 33 - Cable broadband subscribers - 2008 - 2012
Table 34 - WiMAX voice lines - 2009 - 2010
Table 35 - Market share of TV subscribers by platform - 2010
Table 36 - Market share of TV subscribers by operator - 2010
Table 37 - DVB-T subscribers - 2010
Table 38 - Makedonski Telekom IPTV subscribers - 2008 - 2010
Table 39 - Cable TV revenue - 2008 - 2009
Table 40 - Cable TV subscribers - 2009 - 2010
Table 41 - Satellite TV subscribers - 2009 - 2010
Table 42 - Household penetration of mobile broadband services by type - Sep 2011
Table 43 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2000 - 2012
Table 44 - Mobile network operator market share by subscribers - 2007 - 2010
Table 45 - Mobile termination rates - 2009
Table 46 - Mobile market revenue - 2008 - 2012
Table 47 - Mobile traffic - 2009 - 2012
Table 48 - Mobile-lines ported -2008 - 2011
Table 49 - T-Mobile subscribers - 2004 - 2011
Table 50 - T-Mobile MOU and ARPU - 2004 - 2011
Table 51 - ONE mobile subscribers - 2009 - 2010
Table 52 - VIP financial data - 2007 - 2011
Table 53 - VIP Mobile subscribers - 2007 - 2011
Table 54 - Ratio of prepaid to contract subscribers - 2005 - 2012
Table 55 - T-Mobile prepaid subscribers- 2004 - 2011
Table 56 - SMS messages sent - 2005 - 2012
Table 57 - MMS messages sent - 2009 - 2012
Table 58 - Total mobile broadband capable subscribers - 2008 - 2012
Table 59 - Forecast broadband subscribers - higher growth scenario - 2010 - 2013; 2020
Table 60 - Forecast broadband subscribers - lower growth scenario - 2010 - 2013; 2020
Chart 1 - Maktel financial data - 2009 - 2011
Chart 2 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2000 - 2012
Chart 3 - Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate - 2005 - 2012
Chart 4 - Makedonski Telekom retail and wholesale DSL subscribers - 2008 - 2011
Chart 5 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2000 - 2012
Chart 6 - VIP financial data - 2007 - 2011
Chart 7 - Total mobile broadband capable subscribers - 2008 - 2012
Exhibit 1 - Frequency bands and allocations
Exhibit 2 - Frequency bands - expressions of interest - 2007

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