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Lebanon - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Forecasts


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

Lebanon holds a unique position in the Middle East telecoms industry given the continued high level of government ownership. While most fixed line incumbents in the region are government owned, Lebanese government ownership extends to the country’s two mobile operators. Market liberalisation and privatisation is a contentious issue as revenue from the telecoms industry contributes a significant proportion of the government’s budget.

Fixed line services are offered by telecoms incumbent Ogero, which has focused recently on network capacity upgrade and deployment activities to support delivery of broadband services; international capacity is expected to increase four fold following an agreement signed in early 2013 to acquire additional capacity.

Broadband availability is improving, with access available via DSL, fibre, WiMAX, WiFi, iBurst and 3G/LTE platforms. Despite the challenges of relatively poor infrastructure, Lebanon is home to a growing technology sector, complete with local startup incubators, designed to provide seed funding and mentoring to technology entrepreneurs. To address the infrastructure issue a number of start up hosting locations have emerged with the support of the government, in recognition of the importance of nurturing a local digital economy to contribute to overall economic development.

Mobile services are offered by the two government-owned operators, managed by Orascom Telecom of Egypt and Zain of Kuwait in return for a management fee. Not long after launching 3G services, both operators have now launched LTE services, underpinning a drive into mobile broadband and presenting a strong alternative to existing fixed offerings.

Key telecom parameters – 2010; 2013
Sector | 2010 | 2013

Subscribers to telecoms services (million):

Fixed Broadband | 0.20 | 0.30
Fixed-line telephony | 0.89 | 0.91
Mobile phone | 2.87 | 4.31
(Source: BuddeComm)

Companies covered in this report include:

Ogero Telecom, Cable One (Wigo Lebanon), Cedarcom, GlobalCom Data Services (GDS), Pesco Telecom, Sodetel, IDM (Netlink), Cyberia, TerraNet, LYNX/Fiberlink Networks, MTC Touch, Alfa Telecom, Cinemoz.

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Jordan’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the mobile, Internet, broadband, digital TV and converging media sectors.

Subjects include:

Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
Facts, figures and statistics;
Industry and regulatory issues;
Infrastructure;
Major players, revenues, subscribers, ARPU
Digital economy
Mobile voice and data markets;
Broadband (FttH, DSL, wireless);
Convergence and digital media;
Broadband subscriber forecasts to 2020;


1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
2.1 Country overview
3. Telecommunications market
3.1 Overview of Lebanon’s telecom market
4. Regulatory environment
4.1 Background
4.2 Regulatory authority
4.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Lebanon
4.4 Privatisation
4.4.1 Ogero Telecom
4.4.2 Mobile operators
4.5 Interconnect
5. Fixed network operator in Lebanon
5.1 Ogero Telecom
6. Telecommunications infrastructure
6.1 National telecom network
6.2 International infrastructure
6.2.1 Submarine cable networks
7. Broadband access market
7.1 Overview
7.1.1 Internet and broadband statistics
7.2 Broadband subscriber forecasts
7.2.1 Scenario 1 – higher growth
7.2.2 Scenario 2 – lower growth
7.3 Data service providers
7.3.1 Overview
7.3.2 Cable One (Wigo Lebanon)
7.3.3 Cedarcom
7.3.4 GlobalCom Data Services
7.3.5 Pesco Telcom
7.3.6 Sodetel
7.4 ISP market
7.4.1 IDM (Netlink)
7.4.2 Cyberia
7.4.3 TerraNet
7.4.4 LYNX/Fiberlink Networks
7.5 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
7.6 Fibre to the Home (FttH)
7.7 Wireless broadband
7.7.1 WiFi
7.7.2 WiMAX
7.7.3 iBurst
7.7.4 Internet via satellite (Ku band services)
8. Digital economy/digital media
8.1 Overview
8.2 E-commerce
8.3 E-government
8.4 E-education
8.4.1 PC and Internet penetration
8.5 E-health
9. Digital media
10. Digital broadcasting
10.1 Overview
10.2 Broadcasting regulation
10.3 Free-to-Air (FTA) and satellite TV
10.4 Video-on-Demand (VoD)
10.5 Pay TV
10.5.1 World Cup 2006 – the practicalities of illegal cable TV
11. Mobile communications
11.1 Overview of Lebanon’s mobile market
11.1.1 Mobile statistics
11.2 Regulatory issues
11.2.1 Overview
11.2.2 Lebanon’s current mobile contracts
11.2.3 2007 sale plans
11.2.4 2004 management contracts
11.2.5 Background – original BOT contracts
11.3 Mobile technologies
11.3.1 GSM
11.3.2 3G
11.3.3 Long Term Evolution (LTE)
11.4 Major mobile operators
11.4.1 Touch (MTC Touch)
11.4.2 Alfa
11.5 Mobile voice services
11.5.1 Prepaid
11.5.2 Satellite mobile
11.6 Mobile messaging
11.6.1 Mobiles at war
11.7 Mobile data
11.7.1 Mobile Broadband
11.8 Mobile content and applications
12. Related reports
Table 1 – Country statistics Lebanon – 2013
Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – 2013
Table 3 – Internet user statistics – 2013
Table 4 – Fixed broadband statistics – 2013
Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2013
Table 6 – National telecommunications authority
Table 7 – GDP growth and inflation – 2005 - 2014
Table 8 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1996 - 2014
Table 9 – Internet user and penetration estimates – 1995 - 2014
Table 10 – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration – 2002 - 2013
Table 11 – Household PC penetration – 2002 - 2014
Table 12 – International Internet bandwidth – 2003 - 2011
Table 13 – Forecast broadband subscribers – higher growth scenario – 2013, 2015; 2020
Table 14 – Forecast broadband subscribers – lower growth scenario – 2013, 2015; 2020
Table 15 – Advertising spend in Lebanon – 2012
Table 16 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 – 2013
Table 17 – Zain – Active Subscribers – 2006 - 2013
Table 18 – Zain prepaid and postpaid subscribers – 2005 - 2013
Table 19 – Touch’s consumer market mobile broadband offerings – July 2013
Table 20 – – Alfa’s consumer market mobile broadband offerings – July 2013
Chart 1 – Lebanon fixed-line and mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2014

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