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2007 Latin America Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Overview


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

This annual report offers a wealth of information on the trends and developments in telecommunications, mobile, Internet, broadband, digital TV, and converging media including VoIP and IPTV developments. Subjects include:

  • Key Statistics and forecasts;
  • Market and industry overviews;
  • Government policies and regulatory issues;
  • Historical information;
  • Major players (fixed-line, mobile, broadband, and pay TV);
  • Telecom infrastructure (national and international, fixed and wireless);
  • Mobile voice and data markets;
  • Internet market and VoIP;
  • Broadband (DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Convergence, pay TV, and developments in digital TV.


BuddeComm’s latest Latin America Annual Publication, 2007 Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband in Latin America - Overview, profiles Mexico, the Caribbean, and the countries of Central and South America. The Latin American region has been making giant strides in the field of telecommunications since it recovered from the 1999-2003 economic recession. There are wide differences among the various nations, and indeed within each nation, due to the pronounced inequalities between rich and poor, and between urban and rural areas.

This report presents a concise overview of sector liberalisation and privatisation in Latin America, government initiatives and regulations in the telecom industry, the development of product offerings for both mobile and broadband technologies, essential country statistics in all telecom sectors, and the emergence of new technologies such as VoIP, WiMAX, convergence, and triple play.

The Latin American economy grew by 5.0% in 2006. Forecasts for 2007/08 show a slowing down of economic growth, to 4.3% and 3.9% respectively.

Despite a low 17% average teledensity, fixed-line growth in Latin America continues to stagnate.

There is a marked trend towards the use of alternative systems in fixed-line telephony, especially WLL and VoIP.

Broadband grew at an annual rate of around 54% in 2006, making Latin America one of the world’s fastest growing regions in terms of broadband uptake. But broadband penetration at end-2006 was only 2.5%, considerably less than the global average of 5.4%. With its level of GDP per capita, Latin America should in principle have ended 2006 with a broadband penetration of 3.5%.

By early 2007, broadband subscribers exceeded dial-up accounts in all of Latin America’s major markets.

ADSL continues to be the prevalent broadband technology in Latin America, retaining a 73% share of the broadband market.

The Latin American broadband leaders are Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, and Chile. In early 2007, these four countries accounted for around 80% of all broadband subscribers in the region.

Latin America is at the forefront of global WiMAX deployment. WiMAX Forum certified networks have been launched in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, and Venezuela, while pre-WiMAX systems are operating in Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Mexico, Peru, Puerto Rico, and Uruguay.

Several companies are planning to launch IPTV, but some must wait for regulatory reforms because in a few countries (eg, Argentina) telcos are not allowed to offer pay TV services. Telefónica, in particular, is hoping to launch IPTV in Chile, Argentina, and Brazil, where it could replicate the service it already offers in Spain under the brand name Imagenio. Other companies with plans to launch IPTV include UNE-EPM and ETB in Colombia, and Telemar and Brasil Telecom in Brazil.

TV companies in Mexico began to offer Latin America’s first HDTV services in 2005 and 2006, following the government’s formal approval of the ATSC standard for DTTV in July 2004.

In June 2006, the Brazilian government officially adopted the Japanese digital TV standard, known as Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting (ISDB).

Honduras was the third country in Latin America and the first in Central America to elect a standard for digital terrestrial TV. It officially adopted the ATSC digital TV standard in January 2007.

There has been much disagreement in Latin America on the issue of DTT standards, since there is a strong lobby that favours the ATSC system, while supporters of Europe’s Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) are also active, and of course, Brazil is exerting pressure on its neighbours to adopt the ISDB standard.

Mobile telephony is one of the most dynamic industries in Latin America, growing 37% in 2005 and 28% in 2006. Subscriber additions were slowing down towards the end of 2006, however, which could be an indication that the region’s largest markets are nearing maturity.

Mobile phones have overtaken fixed-lines in service in every Latin American country except Cuba. In early 2007, there were 308 million mobile subscribers in Latin America compared with 96 million fixed-lines. Paraguay leads the trend, with ten mobile phones for every fixed line in service.

By early 2007, mobile penetration in the region had surpassed the 50% milestone, but there are considerable variations from country to country. Apart from a few small Caribbean islands with mobile penetration is over 100%, the highest rates are found in Chile, Jamaica, and Argentina, with 80.5%, 80.4%, and 74.8% penetration respectively. Cuba continues to stagnate at 1.4% mobile penetration, while Haiti shot up by 323.1% in 2006 to 19.8% penetration, thanks to the launch in May 2006 of Digicel’s low-priced GSM phones.

Seven countries - Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Colombia, Venezuela, Chile, and Peru - claim around 84% of the region’s mobile subscribers. Brazil and Mexico together account for 51% of all mobile subscribers in Latin America.

GSM is the preferred technology by far, with a market share of around 69%, CDMA continues to increase sluggishly, and TDMA is on its way out. Every country in Latin America and the Caribbean (including, since 2006, Haiti) enjoys GSM-based mobile services.

3G spectrum auctions are expected to begin in Brazil and in Chile before the end of 2007. Differently from Europe and Japan, Latin American countries do not anticipate expensive 3G licences.

Mobile Average Revenue per User (ARPU) in Latin America has stabilised at around US$17, increasing slightly during 2006 in some of the major markets.

América Móvil and Telefónica Móviles (jointly with Portugal Telecom in Brazil) compete with each other in all of Latin America’s major economies. Between them, they serve around 65% of the region’s mobile subscribers.

Verizon pulled out of the Dominican Republic in December 2006 and out of Puerto Rico in March 2007. It sold both Verizon Dominicana and Telecomunicaciones de Puerto Rico to América Móvil.

In April 2006, Verizon had also agreed to sell Venezuela incumbent CANTV to América Móvil and Telmex, but in February 2007, the Venezuelan government moved to re-nationalise the operator, and offered approximately US$572 million for Verizon’s 28.5% stake in CANTV.

Telecom Italia had been toying with the idea of selling its 50% stake in Entel, Bolivia’s long-distance incumbent operator, since 2004. But in April 2007, the Bolivian government issued a presidential decree setting a 30-day deadline to negotiate Entel’s re-nationalisation.

Mossel’s Digicel continued its expansion, adding new operations in Martinique, Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago, Haiti, and Turks & Caicos. By early 2007, it was active in about 20 Caribbean markets. It entered El Salvador in October 2006 - this being Digicel’s first incursion into the mobile market of Central America.

Top 10 mobile markets - subscribers, annual change and penetration - 2006

Country Subscribers (million) Annual change Penetration Brazil 101.03 53.4% +17.9%
Mexico 56.77 52.5% +21.8%
Argentina 30.02 74.8% +40.1%
Colombia 29.76 67.7% +36.2%
Venezuela 18.78 72.4% +48.2%
Chile 13.06 80.5% +15.9%
Peru 8.77 30.8% +57.1%
Ecuador 8.44 61.8% +35.2%
Guatemala 6.18 49.7% +54.2%
Dominican Republic 4.48 48.3% +31.1%

(Source: BuddeComm based on Global Mobile)

For those needing high-level strategic information and objective analysis on this region, this 91+ page report is essential reading and gives further information on:

Regulatory developments;
Fixed-line developments, including the adoption of alternative technologies such as VoIP;
Mobile telephony growth, and the up-take of mobile data services;
Broadband growth and the incursion into wireless technologies such as WiMAX;
Convergence and triple play developments.

1. TELECOMS, MOBILE, & BROADBAND OVERVIEW & ANALYSIS 2007
1.1 Telecom market overview
1.2 Regulatory environment
1.2.1 Privatisation
1.2.2 Liberalisation
1.2.3 Re-nationalisation
1.3 Infrastructure
1.3.1 VoIP
1.4 Major telecom players
1.5 Internet
1.6 Broadband
1.6.1 WiMAX
1.7 Convergence
1.7.1 Triple play models
1.7.2 Pay TV
1.7.3 Broadband TV (IPTV)
1.7.4 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
1.8 Mobile communications
1.8.1 Major mobile companies
1.8.2 Mobile technologies
1.8.3 Third Generation (3G) mobile
1.8.4 Mobile data services
2. TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
2.1 Overview of Latin America’s telecom market
2.2 Telecommunications growth
3. REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
3.1 Background
3.2 Universal access
3.3 Foreign operators
3.4 Types of licensing
3.5 Privatisation and liberalisation
3.6 Settlement rates with the USA
4. MAJOR FIXED-LINE OPERATORS
4.1 Overview
4.2 Major Latin American fixed-line operators
4.2.1 Telmex (Mexican operations)
4.2.2 Telemar
4.2.3 Telesp
4.2.4 Brasil Telecom
4.2.5 Embratel
4.3 Major international companies
4.3.1 Telefónica
4.3.2 Telmex (international operations)
4.3.3 Telecom Italia
5. TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
5.1 Overview
5.2 International
5.2.1 Submarine cable systems
5.2.2 International satellite systems
5.3 Infrastructure developments
5.3.1 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
5.3.2 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
6. INTERNET MARKET
6.1 Overview
6.1.1 Internet statistics
6.2 Latin America’s ISP market
7. BROADBAND MARKET
7.1 Overview
7.1.1 Broadband statistics
7.2 Cable modems
7.3 Asynchronous Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
7.4 Wireless broadband
7.4.1 WiFi
7.4.2 Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX)
7.5 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
8. CONVERGENCE
8.1 Overview of media convergence
8.2 Triple play models
8.2.1 Regulatory issues
8.3 Pay TV
8.3.1 Cable TV
8.3.2 Multichannel Multipoint Distribution Service (MMDS)
8.3.3 Satellite TV
8.4 Broadband TV (IPTV)
8.5 Digital terrestrial TV (DTTV)
9. MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
9.1 Overview of Latin America’s mobile market
9.1.1 Mobile statistics
9.2 Mobile technologies
9.2.1 GSM
9.2.2 Third Generation (3G) mobile
9.3 Major mobile operators in Latin America
9.3.1 América Móvil
9.3.2 Telefónica SA
9.3.3 Telecom Italia
9.3.4 Millicom International Cellular
9.3.5 Digicel
9.4 Mobile voice services
9.4.1 Prepaid
9.4.2 Satellite mobile
9.5 Mobile data services
9.5.1 Short message service (SMS)
9.5.2 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
9.5.3 High capacity mobile voice/data services (1xRTT)
9.5.4 Broadband wireless data service (1x EV-DO)
10. GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS
Exhibit 1 - Regulatory status of VoIP in selected Latin American countries - 2007
Exhibit 2 - Telmex at a glance
Exhibit 3 - Telemar Norte Leste (Telemar) at a glance
Exhibit 4 - Telesp at a glance
Exhibit 5 - Brasil Telecom at a glance
Exhibit 6 - Embratel Participações at a glance
Exhibit 7 - Major submarine cable networks in Latin America
Exhibit 8 - Regulatory status of VoIP in selected Latin American countries - 2007
Exhibit 9 - EDGE deployments in Latin America - March 2007


Table 1 - Top 10 mobile markets - subscribers, annual change and penetration - 2006
Table 2 - Top 10 Latin American countries for fixed lines in service, annual change and teledensity - 2005 - 2006
Table 3 - Top ten fixed-line operators and annual change by revenue - 2006
Table 4 - Top ten fixed-line operators and annual change by lines in service - 2005 - 2006
Table 5 - Internet users, annual change and penetration - top 12 countries for users - 2006
Table 6 - Internet users, annual change and penetration - top 12 countries for penetration - 2006
Table 7 - Broadband subscribers, annual change, penetration - major countries - 2005 - 2006
Table 8 - Cable TV subscribers, annual change, penetration - major countries - 2005 - 2006
Table 9 - Top 10 mobile markets - subscribers, annual change and penetration - 2006
Table 10 - International mobile operators - subscribers, annual change and market share - 2006
Table 11 - Mobile subscribers and annual change by digital technology - 2003 - 2006
Table 12 - Total GDP and GDP growth by country (estimates) - 2006
Table 13 - GDP per capita by country and variation from regional average - 2005 - 2006
Table 14 - International mobile operators - subscribers, annual change and market share - 2006
Table 15 - Top ten fixed-line operators and annual change by revenue - 2006
Table 16 - Top ten fixed-line operators and annual change by lines in service - 2005 - 2006
Table 17 - Telefónica Latinoamérica subsidiaries - 2006
Table 18 - Telmex acquisitions - 2004 - 2007
Table 19 - Fixed lines in service, annual change and teledensity in Latin America- 1995 - 2006
Table 20 - Fixed lines in service, annual change and teledensity by country - 2003 - 2006
Table 21 - Internet users, annual change and user penetration - 2000 - 2006
Table 22 - Internet users, annual change and penetration - top 12 countries for users - 2006
Table 23 - Internet users, annual change and penetration - top 12 countries for penetration - 2006
Table 24 - Internet users, growth, and penetration worldwide by region - 2000; 2007
Table 25 - Broadband subscribers, annual change and penetration - 2001 - 2006
Table 26 - Broadband subscribers, annual change, penetration - major countries - 2005 - 2006
Table 27 - Broadband lines and annual change worldwide by region - 2003 - 2006
Table 28 - DSL versus cable modem worldwide - 2005 - 2006
Table 29 - Broadband subscriber ratios by technology - major countries - 2006
Table 30 - Top 12 broadband service providers, technology used and total subscribers - 2006
Table 31 - Cable modem lines, annual change and penetration - 2001 - 2006
Table 32 - Cable modem lines, annual change and penetration - major countries - 2005 - 2006
Table 33 - DSL lines, annual change, and penetration - 2001 - 2006
Table 34 - DSL subscribers, annual change and penetration - major countries - 2005 - 2006
Table 35 - Cable TV subscribers, annual change and penetration - 2000 - 2006
Table 36 - Cable TV subscribers, annual change and penetration - major countries - 2005 - 2006
Table 37 - International operators - subscribers, annual change and market share - 2005 - 2006
Table 38 - Mobile subscribers, annual change and penetration in Latin America - 1998 - 2006
Table 39 - Countries ranked by subscriber numbers, and regional market share - 2006
Table 40 - Countries ranked by mobile penetration, and variation from regional average - 2006
Table 41 - Countries ranked by net additions, and annual growth - 2006
Table 42 - Top 10 mobile operators and annual change ranked by subscriber numbers - 2006
Table 43 - Mobile subscribers by digital technology and annual change - 2003 - 2006
Table 44 - América Móvil subscribers by subsidiary and annual change - 2005 - 2006
Table 45 - Telefónica mobile subscribers and annual change by subsidiary - 2005 - 2006
Table 46 - Telecom Italia and TIM subscribers and annual change by subsidiary - 2005 - 2006
Table 47 - Millicom mobile subscribers and annual change by subsidiary - 2005 - 2006

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