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2006 Latin America Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband in Mercosur, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

This report provides information on The Mercosur Countries (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay) and Guyana, Suriname and Venezuela. Each country has its own chapter and covers the following subjects.

Key Statistics
Market Overview
Regulatory Environment
Fixed Network Operators
Telecom Infrastructure
Internet Market
Broadband Market
Convergence
Mobile Market
Mobile Operators
Mobile data services


The Southern Cone Common Market (Mercado Común del Sur -Mercosur) was established in March 1991 by Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay. These four countries form a block that covers most of Eastern South America. The purpose of Mercosur is to promote free trade and movement of goods and peoples, skills and money, among South American countries. A few other countries - Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela - have associate member status. In December 2004, Mercosur merged with the Andean Community trade bloc - Comunidad Andina de Naciones (CAN) - to form the South American Community of Nations, patterned after the European Union.

Argentina: The country has made a full turn-around from its terrible recession, and the telecom sector has been growing apace. Fixed-line teledensity is 22.4%, similar to Brazil and Chile, and about 4% higher than the Latin American average, but there remains a marked discrepancy between urban and rural areas. While fixed lines have stagnated, mobile telephony has boomed, and Argentina’s mobile phones outnumber fixed line in service by more than 2.5. Mobile penetration is on a par with Brazil’s, higher than most other South America countries, but still a long way behind Chile. Three mobile companies operate in the country: Movistar, CTI Móvil, and Telecom Personal. Following the merger of Unifón and Movicom BellSouth in January 2005, the merged entity, Movistar, accumulated surplus spectrum which it must relinquish in stages, between 2005 and 2008. Three companies are vying to secure Movistar’s returned spectrum: cooperative start-up Comarcoop, CTI Móvil, and Hutchison. Argentina’s Internet market is the third largest in Latin America, and penetration is among the highest in the region. Traditionally, cable modem was the more popular medium of broadband access, but ADSL has consolidated its leadership in the country’s broadband market. Convergence strategies offer promising prospects in Argentina, and several companies are investing in triple play services. Digital terrestrial TV is under discussion: Argentina is likely to adopt the same system as Brazil, and the introduction of digital TV is expected to take place in September 2006.

Brazil: Since mid-2003, the Brazilian telecom market has enjoyed a period of outstanding growth, led by mobile telephony and broadband. But while the mobile and broadband sectors continue to boom, local fixed-line telephony stagnates. Brazil’s teledensity is about average for Latin America, and is on a par with neighbouring Argentina and Chile. As in most other Latin American countries and despite government efforts, Brazil’s fixed lines are still dominated by the incumbents in their respective regions. Fixed-line operators had to renew their contract licences in December 2005. The conditions of the new contracts include a new interconnection tariff regulation, and the obligation to bill local traffic in minutes instead of pulses, although the implementation of the pulses-to-minutes conversion has been delayed. A public consultation on number portability is being conducted in 2006. Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) services are growing ever more popular, accounting for around 36% of Brazil’s international calls, and causing incumbent operators to lose revenues. In terms of Internet user numbers, Brazil is the 10th largest market in the world, and the undisputed leader in Latin America. But in terms of Internet penetration, it lags behind Chile, Uruguay, and Argentina. While virtually all cable TV companies offer cable modem services, ADSL is the access technology of choice. Convergence strategies are gaining popularity in Brazil, and several companies have adopted the triple play strategy, combining VoIP, broadband and pay TV services. Fixed-line incumbents Telemar and Brasil Telecom plan to launch broadband TV (IPTV) in 2006, while the government is preparing to introduce digital terrestrial TV. In terms of mobile subscribers, Brazil is the fifth largest market in the world, behind China, the USA, Japan, and Russia. Yet, although Brazil holds more than one third of all the mobile users in Latin America, its mobile penetration trails Chile, Argentina, Suriname, and most of the Caribbean. Brazil’s mobile phone market is highly competitive, and one of the fastest growing in the world. There are eight mobile operators, of which four hold over 90% of the market.

Guyana: The fixed-line telecom market in Guyana is still a monopoly, despite numerous attempts at liberalisation. Guyana Telephone and Telegraph (GT&T), controlled by Atlantic Tele-Network, is the country’s only fixed-line operator, and dominates the mobile market. A competing mobile player, Cel*Star, launched services in November 2004, and had managed to corner about 13% of the market by early 2006. The government announced, in February 2006, that it intended to issue a new mobile licence, to Digicel. While fixed-line teledensity and mobile penetration in Guyana are both below the regional average, the country has a surprisingly large number of Internet users, much greater than one would expect from its level of GDP per capita, which is amongst the lowest in Latin America. This phenomenon could be attributed to the fact that the ISP market was the first telecom sector open to competition. A few ISPs and most Internet cafés also offer VoIP services - a controversial practice, which has led to heated complaints by GT&T, since Internet telephony is a grey area in Guyana.

Paraguay: With the lowest fixed-line teledensity and also the lowest Internet user penetration in South America, Paraguay has a fixed-line market that is still neither privatised nor liberalised. Privatisation attempts have met with strikes and violent demonstrations. The state-owned incumbent, Copaco, is known as being inefficient and overstaffed. The mobile and Internet sectors have been open to competition since 1995, and mobile phones outnumber fixed lines in service by around five to one. All four mobile operators provide GSM/GPRS services. The government is working on plans to privatise and liberalise the telecom market, which has considerable expansion potential, judging by Paraguay’s GDP, which although low, warrants greater telecom development.

Suriname: Despite economic and legislative problems, Suriname’s telecom infrastructure is reasonable compared with the rest of Latin America. Fixed-line teledensity is about average for the region, while mobile penetration is considerably higher than average, second only to Chile and the more developed Caribbean islands. State-owned Telesur is the exclusive provider of fixed-line and mobile telecom services. It operates a GSM mobile system, which it launched in September 2002. Internet access is the only market sector open to competition, but only one company, CQ-Link, offers any challenge to Telesur’s dominant ISP. Following WTO recommendations, Suriname has agreed to liberalise the telecom sector and has been developing suitable legislation to this end. The Surinamese government has expressed hopes of opening telecommunications to competition during 2006, but that the market is too small for more than two additional companies to compete with Telesur.

Uruguay: The long-distance and international telephone sectors in Uruguay have been liberalised since February 2001, but state-owned Antel retains a monopoly over local telephony. Yet the country leads Latin America in many key indicators (teledensity, computer and Internet penetration), and has the region’s highest literacy rate. Despite Antel’s stranglehold over basic telecom services, the country has one of Latin America’s highest fixed-line teledensity rates. Other segments of the telecom market have been liberalised, including mobile telephony, Internet, and value-added services. In September 2005, Antel began the first 3G (UMTS) trial in Latin America, with a select group of customers. Antel’s subsidiary Ancel is the mobile market leader, but since 2005, it has two strong competitors: Telefónica Móviles, operating as Movistar, and América Móvil, operating as CTI Móvil. In the broadband market, Antel offers ADSL, wireless GSM/GPRS, and satellite technologies. Several other ISPs offer ADSL services. In fact, most Uruguayan ISPs offer some form of broadband access.

Venezuela: The telecom sector is the second-most important business in Venezuela after the oil industry. Although open to competition since 2000, the incumbent CANTV still holds 82% of the country’s fixed lines in service. Teledensity is lower than average for the region, lagging behind most of the larger Latin American economies. In contrast, Venezuela’s mobile penetration is on a par with Brazil’s and Mexico’s, and appreciably higher than average for Latin America. In early 2006, there were 3.5 mobile phones for every fixed line in service. The two leading mobile operators, Telefónica’s Movistar and CANTV’s Movilnet, operate nationwide CDMA networks, offering CDMA 2000 1x and 1xEV-DO services. Three companies with regional rural telephony licences, Digitel, Infonet, and Digicel, offer GSM services. In early 2006, Venezuelan businessman Cisneros announced that he planned to buy Digitel from TIM, and merge it with Infonet and Digicel to form a single nationwide GSM operator. Internet penetration in Venezuela is lower than the South American average, but is growing rapidly. The two largest cable TV companies, NetUno and Intercable, both offer triple play service, combining cable TV, broadband, and telephony. Under a UNDP-sponsored Wireless Internet Project, the Venezuelan government is using WiFi technology as a means of expanding Internet access nationwide; the first step involved the deployment of free WiFi access in Caracas, where the residents of six districts enjoy wireless broadband without payment or password.

  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • ARGENTINA
    • KEY STATISTICS
      • Table Country statistics Argentina - 2005
      • Table Telephone network statistics - 2005
      • Table Internet provider statistics - 2005
      • Table Internet user statistics - 2005
      • Table Broadband statistics - 2005
      • Table Mobile statistics - 2005
      • Table National telecommunications authorities
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
      • Overview of Argentina's telecom market
      • Historical - the recession of 2000 - 2002
      • Market analysis - 2004 - 2005
    • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
      • Background
      • Regulatory authorities
      • Privatisation of Entel
      • Telecom sector liberalisation in Argentina
      • Universal Service Fund
      • Multicarrier system
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS IN ARGENTINA
      • Overview of operators
      • Telefónica de Argentina (TASA)
        • Table TASA at a glance
        • Table TASA fixed lines in service and annual change - 2001 - 2005
      • Telecom Argentina
        • Table Telecom Argentina at a glance
        • Table Telecom Argentina fixed lines in service and annual change; and public phones statistics - 2000 - 2005
      • Telmex Argentina
      • Comsat Argentina
      • Impsat
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service, annual change and teledensity - 1996 - 2005
        • Table Public payphones in service and annual change - 1996 - 2004
      • International infrastructure
        • Table Major submarine cable networks landing in Argentina
        • Table Authorisations for geostationary satellites for the provisions of fixed services include:
      • Infrastructure developments
    • INTERNET MARKET
      • Overview
        • Table Internet users and user penetration - 1999 - 2005
        • Table Residential dial-up subscribers and free ISP customers - 2001 - 2005
        • Table Internet host computers and annual change - 1993 - 2004
    • BROADBAND MARKET
      • Overview
        • Table Residential and corporate broadband subscribers and penetration - 2001 - 2005
      • Cable modems
        • Table Cable broadband subscribers and penetration - 2001 - 2005
        • Table FiberTel - cable modem subscribers and annual change - 2000 - 2005
      • Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
        • Table ADSL subscribers and penetration - 2001 - 2005
        • Table TASA - ADSL subscribers and annual change - 2001 - 2005
        • Table Telecom - ADSL subscribers and annual change - 2001 - 2005
      • Wireless broadband
    • CONVERGENCE
      • Overview of media convergence
      • Triple play models
      • Regulatory issues
      • Pay TV
        • Table Cable TV subscribers and penetration based on INDEC data - 1997 - 2004
        • Table Cable TV subscribers and penetration based on ITU and ATVC data - 1998 - 2004
        • Table CableVisión - cable TV subscribers and annual change - 1999 - 2005
        • Table Multicanal - cable TV subscribers and annual change - 2000 - 2005
      • Digital Terrestrial TV
    • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
      • Overview of Argentina's mobile market
        • Table Mobile subscribers by operator and technology - September 2005
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration - 1996 - 2005
        • Table Operator market share - 2003 - 2005
      • Regulatory issues
        • Table PCS auctions 1999
      • Mobile technologies
      • Mobile operators
        • Table Movistar (former TCP and Movicom) - mobile subscribers and annual change - 1999 - 2005
        • Table CTI Móvil - mobile subscribers and annual change - 1999 - 2005
        • Table Telecom Personal - mobile subscribers and annual change - 1999 - 2005
      • Mobile voice services in Argentina
        • Table Prepaid/postpaid ratio - 1999 - 2005
      • Mobile data services
  • BRAZIL
    • KEY STATISTICS
      • Table Country statistics Brazil - 2005
      • Table Telephone network statistics - 2005
      • Table Internet provider statistics - 2005
      • Table Internet user statistics - 2005
      • Table Broadband statistics - 2005
      • Table Mobile statistics - February 2006
      • Table National telecommunications authorities
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
      • Overview of Brazil's telecom market
    • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
      • History
        • Table Subdivision of Brazil into regions and areas
      • Regulatory authority
      • Privatisation of Telebrás
        • Table Privatisation of Telebrás
      • Mirror companies
        • Table Fixed-line incumbents and mirror companies by region
      • Telecom sector liberalisation in Brazil
      • Universalisation goals
      • Universal service fund
      • Foreign investment
      • Number portability
      • Access
      • Interconnect
      • Fixed-line contract renewal - January 2006
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS IN BRAZIL
      • Overview of fixed network market
        • Table Regions of Brazil
      • Telemar
        • Table Telemar Norte Leste (Telemar) at a glance
        • Table Telemar fixed lines in service and annual change and digitisation - 1998 - 2005
      • Brasil Telecom
        • Table Brasil Telecom at a glance
        • Table Brasil Telecom fixed lines in service and annual change and digitisation - 1998 - 2005
      • Telesp
        • Table Telesp at a glance
        • Table Telesp fixed lines in service; annual change and digitisation - 1999 - 2005
      • Embratel
        • Table Embratel Participaçõ es at a glance
        • Table Principal subsidiaries of Embratel Participaçõ es - 2005
      • Global Village Telecom (GVT)
      • Intelig Telecom
      • CTBC Telecom
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom networks
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1998 - 2005
        • Table Public payphones and annual change - 1998 - 2005
      • International infrastructure
        • Table Major submarine cable networks landing in Brazil
        • Table Geostationary satellites operating in Brazil
      • Infrastructure developments
    • INTERNET MARKET
      • Overview of the Internet in Brazil
        • Table Internet users and user penetration - 1996 - 2005
        • Table Active residential dial-up users and annual change - 2000 - 2006
        • Table Internet host computers and annual change - 1994 - 2005
      • Brazil's ISP market
    • BROADBAND MARKET
      • Overview
        • Table Broadband subscribers and penetration/annual change - 2001 - 2005
      • Cable modems
        • Table Cable modem subscribers and penetration/annual change - 2001 - 2005
        • Table Virtua active subscribers and annual change - 2002 - 2005
      • ADSL
        • Table ADSL subscribers and penetration/annual change - 2001 - 2005
        • Table ADSL - operators' market share - 2002 - 2005
        • Table Telesp - ADSL subscribers and annual change - 2000 - 2005
        • Table Brasil Telecom - ADSL subscribers and annual change - 2001 - 2005
        • Table Telemar - ADSL subscribers and annual change - 2001 - 2005
      • Broadband Powerline (BPL)
      • Wireless broadband
    • CONVERGENCE
      • Overview of media convergence
      • Triple play models
      • Pay TV
        • Table Pay TV concessions - 2005
        • Table Pay TV subscribers and penetration/annual change - 1999 - 2005
        • Table Pay TV subscriber ratio by technology - 2000 - 2005
        • Table Cable TV subscribers and penetration/annual change - 2000 - 2005
        • Table MMDS subscribers and annual change - 2000 - 2005
        • Table DTH subscribers - 2000 - 2005
        • Table Major pay TV companies market share - 1998; 2003 - 2005
        • Table Net Serviços pay TV subscribers and annual change - 2000 - 2005
        • Table TVA subscribers: Pay TV and Broadband and annual change - 2003 - 2005
        • Table Sky Brasil subscribers and annual change - 1998 - 2005
      • Broadband TV (IPTV)
      • Digital terrestrial TV
    • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
      • Overview
        • Table Mobile subscribers by operator - September 2005
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration/annual change - 1996 - 2006
        • Table Operator's market share - 2003 - 2005
      • Privatisation of Telebrás
      • Mobile regulations and issues
        • Table Subdivision of Brazil into regions and areas
      • Frequency bands
        • Table Band A, B, D and E subscribers - 2000 - 2005
        • Table Band A, B, D and E ratio - 1998 - 2005
        • Table Band-A mobile operators and technologies used
        • Table Band-B mobile operators and technologies used
        • Table Band-D mobile operators and technologies used
        • Table Band-E mobile operators and technologies used
      • Mobile technologies
        • Table Mobile subscribers by technology - 2002 - 2005
        • Table Market share by technology - 2002 - 2005
        • Table Annual change by technology - 2003 - 2005
      • Mobile voice services
        • Table Prepaid mobile subscribers and proportion of total - 2002 - 2005
      • Mobile data services
      • Mobile operators in Brazil
        • Table Operator's market share - 2003 - 2005
        • Table Subdivision of Brazil into regions and areas
        • Table Vivo subscribers - 2002 - 2005
        • Table Telesp Celular - postpaid and prepaid subscribers and annual change - 2002 - 2005
        • Table Global Telecom - postpaid and prepaid subscribers and annual change - 2002 - 2005
        • Table Tele Centro Oeste - postpaid and prepaid subscribers and annual change - 2002 - 2005
        • Table Tele Leste Celular - postpaid and prepaid subscribers and annual change - 2002 - 2005
        • Table Tele Sudeste Celular - postpaid and prepaid subscribers and annual change - 2002 - 2005
        • Table CRT subscribers - postpaid and prepaid subscribers and annual change - 2002 - 2005
        • Table TIM subscribers and annual change - 2002 - 2005
        • Table Claro subscribers: postpaid and prepaid and annual change - 2002 - 2005
        • Table Oi subscribers: postpaid and prepaid and annual change - 2002 - 2005
        • Table Amazônia Celular subscribers: postpaid and prepaid and annual change - 2002 - 2005
        • Table Telemig Celular subscribers: postpaid and prepaid and annual change - 2002 - 2005
        • Table Brasil Telecom - postpaid and prepaid mobile subscribers and annual change - 2004 - 2005
  • GUYANA
    • KEY STATISTICS
      • Table Country statistics Guyana - 2005
      • Table Telephone network statistics - 2004
      • Table Internet provider statistics - 2004
      • Table Internet user statistics - 2004
      • Table Mobile statistics - September 2005
      • Table National telecommunications authorities
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
      • Overview of Guyana's telecom market
    • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
      • Background
      • Regulatory authority
      • Privatisation
      • Telecom sector liberalisation in Guyana
      • Settlement rates
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR IN GUYANA
      • Guyana Telephone and Telegraph Co Ltd
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity/annual change - 1996 - 2005
      • International
    • INTERNET MARKET
      • Overview
        • Table Internet users and user penetration/annual change - 1996 - 2004
        • Table Internet host computers and annual change - 1996 - 2004
    • BROADBAND MARKET
      • Overview
    • CONVERGENCE
      • Overview of media convergence
    • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
      • Overview of Guyana's mobile market
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration/annual change - 1998 - 2005
      • Mobile technologies
      • Major mobile operators
      • Mobile voice services
  • PARAGUAY
    • KEY STATISTICS
      • Table Country statistics Paraguay - 2005
      • Table Telephone network statistics - 2004
      • Table Internet provider statistics - 2004
      • Table Internet user statistics - 2004
      • Table Mobile statistics - September 2005
      • Table National telecommunications authorities
    • TELECOMMUNICATION MARKET
      • Overview of Paraguay's telecom market
    • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
      • Background
      • Regulatory authority
      • Privatisation of Copaco
      • Telecom sector liberalisation in Paraguay
      • Foreign investment
      • Interconnect
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR IN PARAGUAY
      • Copaco
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity/annual change - 1996 - 2004
      • International infrastructure
      • Infrastructure developments
    • INTERNET MARKET
      • Overview
        • Table Internet users and user penetration/annual change - 1996 - 2004
        • Table Internet host computers and annual change - 1996 - 2004
    • BROADBAND MARKET
      • Overview
        • Table Major ISPs and broadband companies - 2005
      • Wireless broadband
    • CONVERGENCE
      • Overview of media convergence
      • Pay TV
        • Table Multicanal cable TV subscribers and annual change - 2001 - 2005
    • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
      • Overview of Paraguay's mobile market
        • Table Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change - September 2005
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration/annual change - 1998 - 2005
        • Table Mobile operators market share - 2003 - 2005
      • Mobile technologies
      • Major mobile operators
        • Table Licensed mobile companies
      • Mobile voice services in Paraguay
      • Mobile data services
  • SURINAME
    • KEY STATISTICS
      • Table Country statistics Suriname - 2005
      • Table Telephone network statistics - 2004
      • Table Internet provider statistics - 2004
      • Table Internet user statistics - 2004
      • Table Mobile statistics - June 2005
      • Table National telecommunications authorities
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
      • Overview of Suriname's telecom market
    • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
      • Background
      • Regulatory authority
      • Telecom sector liberalisation in Suriname
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR IN SURINAME
      • Telesur
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity/annual change - 1996 - 2004
      • International infrastructure
      • Infrastructure developments
    • INTERNET AND BROADBAND MARKET
      • Overview
        • Table Internet users and user penetration/annual change - 1996 - 2004
        • Table Internet host computers and annual change - 1996 - 2004
    • CONVERGENCE
      • Overview of media convergence
      • Pay TV
    • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
      • Overview of Suriname's mobile market
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration/annual change - 1996 - 2005
      • Major mobile operators
      • Mobile voice services
  • URUGUAY
    • KEY STATISTICS
      • Table Country statistics Uruguay - 2005
      • Table Telephone network statistics - 2004
      • Table Internet provider statistics - 2004
      • Table Internet user statistics - 2004
      • Table Mobile statistics - September 2005
      • Table National telecommunications authorities
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
      • Overview of Uruguay's telecom market
    • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
      • Regulatory authority
      • Telecom sector liberalisation in Uruguay
      • Privatisation of Antel
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATOR IN URUGUAY
      • Overview
        • Table Licensed ILD operators in Uruguay - February 2006
      • Antel
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity/annual change - 1996 - 2004
      • International infrastructure
    • INTERNET MARKET
      • Overview
        • Table Internet users and user penetration/annual change - 1996 - 2004
        • Table Internet host computers and annual change - 1996 - 2004
    • BROADBAND MARKET
      • Overview
      • Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
      • Wireless broadband
    • CONVERGENCE
      • Overview of media convergence
      • Pay TV
        • Table Multicanal cable TV subscribers and annual change - 2001 - 2005
    • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
      • Overview of Uruguay's mobile market
        • Table Mobile subscribers by operator - September 2005
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration/annual change - 1996 - 2005
        • Table Mobile operators' market share - 2003 - 2005
      • Mobile technologies
      • Major mobile operators
        • Table Ancel subscribers and annual change - 1999 - 2005
        • Table Movistar subscribers and annual change - 1999 - 2005
        • Table CTI Móvil subscribers and annual change - 2004 - 2005
      • Mobile voice services
      • Mobile data services
  • VENEZUELA
    • KEY STATISTICS
      • Table Country statistics Venezuela - 2005
      • Table Telecom revenue and investment statistics - 2005
      • Table Telephone network statistics - 2005
      • Table Internet provider statistics - 2005
      • Table Internet user statistics - 2005
      • Table Mobile statistics - 2005
      • Table National telecommunications authorities
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
      • Overview of Venezuela's telecom market
    • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
      • Background
      • Regulatory authority
      • Privatisation of CANTV
      • Telecom sector liberalisation in Venezuela
      • Interconnection
    • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS IN VENEZUELA
      • Overview of operators
        • Table Operators' fixed line market share - 2003 - 2005
      • CANTV
        • Table CANTV at a glance
        • Table CANTV - fixed-lines, annual change and market share - 1998 - 2005
      • Movistar (Telefónica)
        • Table Movistar - WLL lines and annual change - 2004 - 2005
      • Digitel
      • NetUno (previously Veninfotel)
      • New Global Telecom Venezuela (NGTV)
      • CVG Telecom
      • Impsat Venezuela
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • National telecom network
        • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity/annual change - 1996 - 2005
        • Table Public payphones and annual change - 1997 - 2005
      • International infrastructure
        • Table Major submarine cable networks landing in Venezuela
      • Infrastructure developments
    • INTERNET MARKET
      • Overview
        • Table Internet users and user penetration/annual change - 1998 - 2005
        • Table Internet subscribers by access type - 2000 - 2005
        • Table Internet host computers and annual change - 1996 - 2004
    • BROADBAND MARKET
      • Overview
      • Cable modems
      • Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
        • Table CANTV - ADSL subscribers and annual change - 2000 - 2005
      • Wireless broadband
    • CONVERGENCE
      • Overview of media convergence
      • Triple play models
      • Pay TV
        • Table Pay TV subscribers and penetration/annual change - 1997 - 2005
      • Cable TV
      • Satellite TV
      • Interactive TV
      • Digital Terrestrial TV
    • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
      • Overview of Venezuela's mobile market
        • Table Mobile telephony in Venezuela - historical overview
        • Table Mobile telephony in Venezuela - licensing regions
        • Table Mobile subscribers by operator and technology - September 2005
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration/annual change - 1997 - 2005
        • Table Operators' mobile market share - 2003 - 2005
      • Mobile technologies
      • Major mobile operators
        • Table Movistar - mobile subscribers and annual change - 2000 - 2005
        • Table Movilnet - mobile subscribers and annual change - 2000 - 2005
        • Table Digitel - mobile subscribers and annual change - 2000 - 2005
        • Table Infonet - mobile subscribers and annual change - 2000 - 2005
        • Table Digicel - mobile subscribers and annual change - 2001 - 2005
      • Mobile voice services in Venezuela
        • Table Prepaid/postpaid ratio - 1997 - 2005
      • Mobile data services
  • GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS

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