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Latin America - Mobile Network Operators and MVNOs

Latin America - Mobile Network Operators and MVNOs

Latin America includes markets ranging from the smaller countries such as Belize, Panama and Uruguay to the more populous ones including Brazil and Mexico, with about 208 million and 123 million people respectively. This wide range is mirrored in GDP and GDP per capita, two metrics which have had a bearing on the capacity of governments to fund investments in telecom infrastructure and in telcos to generate revenue from services.

The region hosts a small number of operators which have a presence in several countries. These include Telefónica and América Móvil, as well as Millicom International which provides services under the Tigo brand. These operators are also active in the fixed-line segment, and as such have been able to develop bundled offerings including fixed-voice and fixed broadband as well as mobile voice and broadband services. The scale of their operations has also facilitated investment in technologies including LTE-A and FttP, and they are at the forefront of 5G developments in the region. Although they are the dominant players in their respective markets, the region supports a good number of smaller operators and MVNOs.

Most countries in Latin America have poor fixed-line infrastructure, particularly outside the main urban centres, and over the years this has led to mobile infrastructure being the principal platform for voice and data connectivity. Governments and regulators alike have recognised the importance of mobile services within their telecom infrastructure plans, and as such they continue to make available spectrum to enable operators to widen the reach and capability of service offerings and in this way meet national targets for broadband penetration.

Although services based on 5G are much anticipated, most countries are likely to delay launching services until 2021 or 2022, partly due to considerations including the need for a compelling business case to warrant investment in 5G while there remains strong potential for LTE, as also the affordability and availability of 5G-compatible smartphones, and the availability of sufficient spectrum assigned for 5G. However, developments have continued: in April 2019 ANTEL in Uruguay deployed a limited 5G network while in El Salvador a 5G launch is expected before the end of 2019. Operators in Brazil, Argentina and Chile also likely to launch services in 2020. Key operators such as Telefonica, though, are relying on upgraded LTE network infrastructure for the short term, and while working on 5G from a technological standpoint the company does not intend to commercialise 5G widely until 2022.


  • Executive Summary
  • Regional Overview
    • Table Latin America - major mobile operators – subscribers – 2013 – 2018
    • Table América Móvil subscribers – 2014 – 2019
    • Table Telefónica LA subscribers – 2014 – 2019
    • Table Millicom International subscribers – 2014 – 2019
    • TMI OVERVIEW
    • LATIN AMERICA TELECOM MATURITY INDEX BY TIER
      • Top-tier – Market Leaders
      • Middle-tier – Market Challengers
      • Bottom-tier – Market Emergents
      • South America Telecom Maturity Index
      • Central America Telecom Maturity Index
      • Caribbean Telecom Maturity Index
    • TMI VERSUS GDP
      • Latin America
      • Caribbean
    • MOBILE AND MOBILE BROADBAND PENETRATION
      • South America
      • Central America
      • Caribbean
    • FIXED AND MOBILE BROADBAND PENETRATION
      • Latin America
      • Caribbean
  • Argentina
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Argentina - Historic - Mobile operators' market share – 1999 – 2009
      • Table Argentina - Mobile operators' market share – 2010 – 2017
    • CLARO (PREVIOUSLY CTI MÓVIL)
      • Table Argentina - Historic - Claro – mobile subscribers – 1999 – 2009
      • Table Argentina - Claro – mobile subscribers – 2010 – 2019
      • Table Argentina - Claro – wireless revenue – 2012 – 2019
    • TELECOM PERSONAL
      • Table Argentina - Telecom Personal – mobile subscribers, annual change – 1999 – 2018
      • Table Argentina - Personal – prepaid, contract, mobile broadband subscribers – 2013 – 2018
      • Table Argentina - Personal – mobile ARPU – 2012 – 2018
      • Table Argentina - Personal – mobile service revenue – 2012 – 2018
      • Table Argentina - Personal – mobile data and voice usage per month– 2013 – 2018
    • MOVISTAR
      • Table Argentina - Historic - Movistar – mobile subscribers – 1999 – 2009
      • Table Argentina - Movistar – mobile subscribers – 2010 – 2018
      • Table Argentina - Movistar – mobile revenue – 2009 – 2018
      • Table Argentina - Movistar – blended mobile ARPU – 2008 – 2018
    • NEXTEL ARGENTINA
      • Table Argentina - Historic - Nextel mobile revenue – 2012 – 2015
      • Table Argentina - Historic - Nextel mobile ARPU – 2012 – 2015
      • Table Argentina - Historic - Nextel – mobile subscribers – 2002 – 2015
    • MOBILE VIRTUAL NETWORK OPERATORS (MVNOS)
  • Belize
    • INTRODUCTION
    • DIGI (DIGICELL)
    • SPEEDNET (SMART)
  • Boliva
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Boliva - Market share of mobile operators – 2001 – 2017
    • ENTEL MOVIL
      • Table Boliva - Historic - Entel – mobile subscribers – 2000 – 2013
    • TIGO (TELECEL)
      • Table Boliva - Tigo mobile subscribers – 2003 - 2019
      • Table Boliva - Tigo financial data – 2014 – 2019
    • VIVA (NUEVATEL)
      • Table Boliva - Viva mobile subscribers – 2015 – 2019
      • Table Boliva - Viva mobile LTE subscribers – 2015 – 2019
      • Table Boliva - Viva financial data – 2017 – 2019
      • Table Boliva - Viva mobile revenue – 2015 – 2019
      • Table Boliva - Viva mobile ARPU – 2017 – 2019
    • MOBILE VIRTUAL NETWORK OPERATORS (MVNOS)
  • Brazil
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Brazil - Mobile operators' market share of subscribers – 2002 – 2019
      • Table Evolution of mobile ARPU in Brazil – major operators – 2009 – 2017
    • VIVO (TELEFÓNICA BRASIL)
      • Table Brazil - Vivo mobile subscribers – 2002 – 2018
      • Table Brazil - Vivo financial data (€) –2013 – 2018
    • TIM BRASIL
      • Table TIM Brasil – mobile financial data – 2009 – 2018
      • Table TIM Brasil – mobile financial data (€) –2014 – 2018
      • Table TIM Brasil – mobile subscribers – 2002 – 2018
    • CLARO BRAZIL
      • Table Claro Brazil mobile revenue – 2010 – 2019
      • Table Claro Brazil – mobile subscribers – 2002 – 2019
    • OI
      • Table Brazil - Oi – mobile subscribers – 2002 – 2018
      • Table Brazil - Oi mobile revenue – 2012 – 2018
    • NEXTEL BRASIL
      • Table Brazil - Nextel revenue ($)–2010 – 2018
      • Table Nextel Brazil financial data (R$) – 2017 – 2018
      • Table Nextel Brazil ARPU – 2017 – 2018
      • Table Nextel Brazil – mobile subscribers by type – 2015 – 2018
      • Table Nextel Brazil – mobile subscribers – 2002 – 2018
    • CTBC/ALGAR TELECOM
      • Table Brazil - Algar Telecom mobile revenue – 2009 – 2018
      • Table Brazil - Algar Telecom financial data – 2017 – 2018
      • Table Brazil - Algar Telecom mobile subscribers – 2003 – 2018
    • SERCOMTEL CELULAR
      • Table Brazil - Sercomtel – mobile subscribers – 2003 – 2019
    • UNICEL/AEIOU (DEFUNCT)
    • MOBILE VIRTUAL NETWORK OPERATORS (MVNOS)
      • Table Brazil - MVNO subscribers – 2012 – 2019
      • Porto Seguro
        • Table Brazil - Port Seguro mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2019
      • ARQIA (Vodafone Brazil, Datora Telecom)
        • Table Brazil - ARQIA mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2019
      • Virgin Mobile
      • Correios
  • Chile
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Chile - Mobile market share of subscribers by major operators – 2000 – 2018
    • ENTEL PCS
      • Table Chile - Entel PCS – mobile subscribers – 2000 – 2018
      • Table Chile - Entel PCS – mobile broadband subscribers – 2012 – 2018
      • Table Chile - Entel PCS mobile revenue – 2017 – 2019
    • MOVISTAR (TELEFÓNICA MÓVILES CHILE)
      • Table Chile - Movistar – mobile subscribers – 2000 – 2018
      • Table Movistar Chile mobile revenue – 2012 – 2018
      • Table Movistar Chile traffic by type – 2013 – 2018
      • Table Movistar Chile ARPU – 2013 – 2018
    • CLARO CHILE (AMÉRICA MÓVIL)
      • Table Chile - Claro – mobile subscribers – 2000 – 2018
      • Table Chile - Claro mobile revenue – 2012 – 2018
    • WOM (NEXTEL CHILE)
      • Table Chile - WOM – mobile subscribers – 2008 – 2018
    • VTR
      • Table Chile - VTR – mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2018
    • MOBILE VIRTUAL NETWORK OPERATORS (MVNOS)
      • Table Chile - MVNO subscribers by operator – 2011 – 2018
      • GTD Móvil
      • Virgin Mobile Chile
        • Table Chile - Virgin Mobile mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2018
      • Falabella Móvil
        • Table Chile - Falabella Móvil mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2018
  • Colombia
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Colombia - Market share of mobile operators – 2001 – 2018
    • CLARO (COMCEL/AMÉRICA MÓVIL)
      • Table Claro Colombia subscribers – 2001 – 2019
      • Table Claro Colombia service revenue – 2011 – 2019
      • Table Claro Colombia financial data – 2011 – 2019
    • MOVISTAR (TELEFÓNICA/COLOMBIA TELECOMUNICACIONES)
      • Table Colombia - Movistar subscribers – 2001 – 2019
      • Table Movistar Colombia mobile financial data – 2013 – 2019
    • TIGO COLOMBIA (COLOMBIA MÓVIL/MILLICOM, EPM, ETB)
      • Table Colombia - TigoUne subscribers – 2003 – 2019
      • Table Colombia - TigoUne subscribers (MinTIC data) –2016 – 2018
      • Table Colombia - TigoUne financial data – 2010 – 2019
    • AVANTEL
      • Table Colombia - Avantel mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2018
    • UNE-EPM
      • Table Colombia - Historic - UNE-EPM mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2017
    • MOBILE VIRTUAL NETWORK OPERATORS
      • Market analysis
      • Uff! Móvil
        • Table Colombia - Uff! mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2018
      • ETB
        • Table Colombia - ETB mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2018
      • Metrotel
      • Emcali
      • Virgin Mobile
        • Table Colombia - Virgin Mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2018
        • Table Colombia - Virgin Mobile market share of subscribers – 2013 – 2018
      • Móvil Éxito
        • Table Colombia - Móvil Exito subscribers – 2013 – 2018
  • Costa Rica
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Costa Rica - Mobile market share by operator - 2011 – 2017
    • ICE (KÖLBI, ICE CELLULAR)
      • Table Costa Rica - ICE mobile subscribers - 2012 – 2017
    • CLARO (AMÉRICA MÓVIL)
      • Table Costa Rica - Claro mobile subscribers - 2012 – 2017
    • MOVISTAR (TELEFÓNICA COSTA RICA)
      • Table Costa Rica - Movistar mobile subscribers - 2012 – 2018
    • MOBILE VIRTUAL NETWORK OPERATORS (MVNOS)
      • Table Costa Rica - MVNO mobile subscribers by provider - 2011 – 2017
  • Cuba
    • INTRODUCTION
    • ETECSA
  • Dominican Republic
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • CLARO DOMINICANA (CODETEL)
      • Table Dominican Republic - Codetel mobile subscribers – 2015 – 2018
    • ALTICE DOMINICANA
      • Table Dominican Republic - Altice Dominicana mobile subscribers – 2008 – 2018
      • Table Altice Dominicana revenue – 2008 – 2018
      • Table Altice Dominicana financial data – 2014 – 2018
      • Table Altice Dominicana revenue by sector – 2014 – 2018
    • TRICOM
      • Table Dominican Republic - Tricom mobile subscribers – 2015 – 2018
    • TRILOGY DOMINICANA (VIVA)
      • Table Dominican Republic - Viva mobile subscribers – 2015 – 2018
  • Ecuador
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Ecuador - Historic - Mobile operators' market share – 1997 – 2009
      • Table Ecuador - Mobile operators' market share of subscribers – 2005 – 2018
    • CLARO (CONECEL)
      • Table Historic - Claro Ecuador mobile subscribers – 1997 – 2009
      • Table Claro Ecuador mobile subscribers – 2010 – 2019
      • Table Claro Ecuador financial data – 2011 – 2019
      • Table Claro Ecuador revenue by type – 2011 – 2019
    • MOVISTAR (OTECEL)
      • Table Ecuador - Historic - Movistar – mobile subscribers – 1997 – 2009
      • Table Ecuador - Movistar – mobile subscribers – 2010 – 2018
    • CNT
      • Table Ecuador - CNT – mobile subscribers – 2003 – 2018
    • MOBILE VIRTUAL NETWORK OPERATORS (MVNOS)
  • El Salvador
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • TIGO (MILLICOM)
      • Table El Salvador - Tigo – mobile subscribers – 1997 – 2019
      • Table El Salvador - Tigo mobile financial data – 2015 – 2019
    • CLARO (AMÉRICA MÓVIL)
    • MOVISTAR (TELEFÓNICA MÓVILES)
    • DIGICEL
    • INTELFON
  • Guatemala
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Guatemala - Mobile subscribers by operator (regulator data) –2003 – 2018
      • Table Guatemala - Market share by mobile operator – 2000 – 2018
      • Table Guatemala - Mobile traffic by operator – 2014 – 2018
      • Table Guatemala - Mobile traffic market share by operator – 2014 – 2018
    • TIGO GUATEMALA
      • Table Tigo Guatemala mobile subscribers – 2000 – 2019
      • Table Tigo Guatemala financial data – 2015 – 2019
    • CLARO (AMÉRICA MÓVIL)
      • Table Guatemala - Claro – mobile subscribers – 2000 – 2018
    • MOVISTAR (TELEFÓNICA)
      • Table Movistar Guatemala mobile subscribers – 2003 – 2018
    • RED (INTELFON)
  • Guyana
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Guyana - Historic - Mobile operators' market share – 2003 – 2011
    • CELLINK (GTT)
      • Table Guyana - GTT mobile subscribers – 1999 – 2014
    • DIGICEL GUYANA
      • Table Digicel Guyana revenue – 2013 – 2015
  • Haiti
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • INTRODUCTION
    • DIGICEL
      • Table Haiti - Digicel financial data – 2012; 2014 – 2015
      • Table Haiti - Digicel mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2015
      • Digicel Foundation
    • COMCEL (VOILÀ)
    • HAITI TELECOMMUNICATIONS INTERNATIONAL (HAITEL)
    • NATCOM
    • RECTEL (TELECO)
  • Honduras
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • TIGO HONDURAS
      • Table Honduras - Tigo financial data – 2015 – 2019
      • Table Honduras - Tigo mobile subscribers – 2000 – 2019
    • CLARO HONDURAS
    • HONDUTEL MOVIL
    • DIGICEL
  • Jamaica
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Jamaica - Mobile market share by operator - 2003 – 2015
    • INTRODUCTION
    • DIGICEL
      • Table Digicel Jamaica financial results – 2013 - 2015
    • FLOW JAMAICA
      • Table Flow Jamaica revenue (old style)– 2015 – 2017
      • Table Flow Jamaica revenue (new style)– 2016 – 2017
      • Table Flow Jamaica mobile subscribers – 2016 – 2018
    • MVNOS
  • Mexico
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Mexico - Mobile market share of subscribers by major operator – 2001 – 2018
    • INTRODUCTION
    • TELCEL
      • Table Mexico - Telcel subscribers and annual change – 2000 – 2019
      • Table Mexico - Telcel churn, monthly minutes of use and ARPU – 2008 – 2019
      • Table Mexico - Telcel wireless revenue – 2010 – 2019
    • MOVISTAR
      • Table Mexico - Movistar subscribers – 2001 – 2019
      • Table Mexico - Movistar minutes of use and ARPU – 2008 – 2019
      • Table Mexico - Movistar financial data – 2008 – 2019
    • AT&T MEXICO
      • Table AT&T Mexico revenue – 2015 – 2019
      • Table AT&T Mexico ARPU – 2018 – 2019
      • Table AT&T Mexico subscribers – 2000 – 2019
      • Grupo Iusacell
      • Unefón
      • Nextel de México
    • MOBILE VIRTUAL NETWORK OPERATORS (MVNOS)
  • Nicaragua
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Nicaragua - Mobile market share by operator – 2002 - 2013
    • CLARO (AMÉRICA MÓVIL)
      • Table Nicaragua - Historic - Claro mobile subscribers – 2003 - 2008
    • MOVISTAR (TELEFÓNICA)
      • Table Nicaragua - Historic - Movistar mobile subscribers – 2000 – 2008
    • XINWEI NICARAGUA (COOTEL)
  • Panama
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • +MÓVIL (C&WP)
      • Table Panama - C&WP – mobile subscribers – 2005 – 2018
    • MOVISTAR (TELEFÓNICA)
    • DIGICEL PANAMÁ
    • CLARO PANAMÁ (AMÉRICA MÓVIL)
    • TIGO PANAMA
      • Table Tigo Panama mobile subscribers – 2018 – 2019
      • Table Tigo Panama financial data – 2018 – 2019
  • Paraguay
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Table Paraguay - Mobile and mobile internet coverage by technology – 2017
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Paraguay - Mobile operators' market share – 2002 – 2016
    • TIGO (MILLICOM INTERNATIONAL CELLULAR)
      • Table Paraguay - Tigo mobile subscribers (regulator data) –2002 – 2017
      • Table Paraguay - Tigo mobile subscribers (company data) –2016 – 2019
      • Table Paraguay - Tigo revenue – 2015 – 2019
    • PERSONAL (NÚCLEO/TELECOM ARGENTINA)
      • Table Paraguay - Personal - mobile ARPU and churn – 2017 - 2019
      • Table Paraguay - Personal - mobile subscribers – 2009 - 2019
      • Table Paraguay - Personal mobile revenue – 2011 - 2019
    • CLARO (AMÉRICA MÓVIL)
      • Table Paraguay - Claro mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2017
    • VOX (HOLA PARAGUAY/COPACO)
      • Table Paraguay - Vox mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2017
  • Peru
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Peru - Mobile market share by operator – 2009 – 2018
    • MOVISTAR PERÚ (TELEFÓNICA MÓVILES PERÚ)
      • Table Movistar Peru – mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2019
      • Table Movistar Peru mobile revenue – 2001 – 2019
    • CLARO PERÚ (AMÉRICA MÓVIL)
      • Table Claro Peru mobile revenue – 2009 – 2019
      • Table Claro Peru – mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2019
    • ENTEL PERÚ
      • Table Entel Peru mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2019
      • Table Entel Peru revenue (ChS/.) – 2013 – 2019
      • Table Entel Peru revenue ($)–2013 – 2019
      • Table Entel Peru mobile ARPU (US$) and churn – 2015 – 2019
    • VIETTEL PERU (BITEL)
      • Table Viettel Peru mobile subscribers – 2014 – 2018
    • MOBILE VIRTUAL NETWORK OPERATORS (MVNOS)
      • Table Virgin Mobile Peru mobile subscribers – 2016 – 2018
  • Puerto Rico
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • AT&T MOBILITY
    • CLARO (AMÉRICA MÓVIL)
    • T-MOBILE US
    • SPRINT PCS
    • OPEN MOBILE
  • Suriname
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • TELEG (TELESUR)
    • DIGICEL SURINAME
    • UNIQA
    • MOBILE VIRTUAL NETWORK OPERATORS (MVNOS)
  • Uruguay
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Uruguay - Mobile operators' market share of mobile voice subscribers – 2009 – 2018
    • ANTEL
      • Table Uruguay - Antel – mobile subscribers – 2002 – 2017
    • MOVISTAR
      • Table Movistar Uruguay mobile revenue and financial data- 2012 – 2019
      • Table Movistar Uruguay – mobile subscribers - 2002 – 2017
    • CLARO
      • Table Uruguay - Claro – mobile subscribers – 2004 – 2017
  • Venezuela
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Venezuela - Market share of mobile subscribers by operator – 2009 - 2018
    • MOVILNET (CANTV)
    • MOVISTAR (TELEFÓNICA)
      • Table Venezuela - Historic - Movistar mobile service revenue – 2015 – 2017
      • Table Venezuela - Historic - Movistar subscribers – 2001 – 2016
    • DIGITEL

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