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Latin America - Mobile Network Operators and MVNOs

Latin America - Mobile Network Operators and MVNOs

Latin American MNOs extending partnerships on path to 5G

The extensive Latin American region provides a diverse range of markers for the telecoms industry. It includes some smaller countries by population, such as Belize, Panama and Uruguay, as well as some of the largest globally, in Brazil and Mexico with about 206 million and 122 million people respectively. This wide range is mirrored in GDP and GDP per capita, two metrics which have had a bearing on the capacity of governments to fund investments in telecom infrastructure and in telcos to generate revenue from services.

While there are a number of operators in the region there are a few pan-regional players such as Telefónica and América Móvil which operate in many markets. As such they are able to capitalise on scale as well as on applying the experiences gained in one market to benefit services in another. This increasingly applies to new and emerging technical areas including the deployment of FttP and LTE-A services and the trial of 5G technologies. These regional operators have responded to competition by expanding their multi-sector offerings, incorporating mobile and fixed-line services as well as digital media.

In general terms, most countries in Latin America have poor fixed-line infrastructure: although it can be sufficiently effective in the major cities, in many semi-urban and rural areas it is woefully inadequate. This state of play has helped the development of mobile voice and broadband services. There have been considerable advances made thus far in the deployment of LTE, even though the platform remains unavailable in many of the less populated or remote areas of the region.

With regards to 5G the principal operators are unlikely to introduce services until 2021 or 2022. Countries in the region have generally been a step behind the US and key European markets in adopting new mobile technologies. To an extent, these latter markets serve as test beds for later deployments in Latin America. Factors which will influence operators’ decisions on timing the launch of 5G within Latin American markets include the success or otherwise of earlier deployments anticipated in the US and Europe, a compelling business case to warrant investment in 5G (while there remains strong potential for LTE), the affordability and availability of 5G-compatible smartphones, and the availability of sufficient spectrum assigned for 5G.

This report provides an overview of the mobile network operators and MVNOs in Latin America. It includes a range of performance indicators (operating and financial data) as well as analyses on recent regulatory developments and issues relating to market competition and to spectrum auctions and refarming.


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • REGIONAL OVERVIEW
    • Table Latin America - major mobile operators – subscribers – 2012 – 2017
    • Table América Móvil subscribers – 2012 – 2017
    • Table Telefónica LA subscribers – 2012 – 2017
    • Table Millicom International subscribers – 2012 – 2017
    • LATIN AMERICA TELECOMS MATURITY INDEX
      • Latin America Telecoms Maturity Index by tier
      • TMI versus GDP
  • ARGENTINA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Argentina - Historic - Mobile operators' market share – 1999 - 2009
      • Table Argentina - Mobile operators' market share – 2010 – 2016
    • CLARO (PREVIOUSLY CTI MÓVIL)
      • Table Argentina - Historic - Claro – mobile subscribers – 1999 - 2009
      • Table Argentina - Claro – mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2017
      • Table Argentina - Claro – wireless revenue – 2012 - 2017
    • TELECOM PERSONAL
      • Table Argentina - Telecom Personal – mobile subscribers, annual change – 1999 - 2017
      • Table Argentina - Personal – prepaid, contract, mobile broadband subscribers – 2012 - 2017
      • Table Argentina - Personal – mobile ARPU – 2012 - 2017
      • Table Argentina - Personal – mobile service revenue – 2012 - 2017
      • Table Argentina - Personal – mobile data and voice usage per month– 2013 - 2017
    • MOVISTAR
      • Table Argentina - Historic - Movistar – mobile subscribers – 1999 - 2009
      • Table Argentina - Movistar – mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2017
      • Table Argentina - Movistar – mobile revenue – 2009 - 2017
      • Table Argentina - Movistar – blended mobile ARPU – 2008 - 2017
    • NEXTEL ARGENTINA
      • Table Argentina - Nextel mobile revenue – 2012 - 2015
      • Table Argentina - Nextel mobile ARPU – 2012 - 2015
      • Table Argentina - Nextel – mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2015
    • MVNOS
  • BELIZE
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • BTL (DIGICELL)
    • SPEEDNET (SMART)
  • BOLIVA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Bolivia - Market share of mobile operators – 2001 - 2017
    • ENTEL MOVIL
      • Table Bolivia - Historic - Entel – mobile subscribers – 2000 - 2013
      • Table Bolivia - Historic - Entel – 4G mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2013
    • TIGO (TELECEL)
      • Table Bolivia - Tigo mobile subscribers – 2003 - 2017
      • Table Bolivia - Tigo financial data – 2014 - 2017
    • VIVA (NUEVATEL)
      • Table Bolivia - Viva mobile subscribers – 2016 - 2017
      • Table Bolivia - Viva mobile LTE subscribers – 2015 - 2017
      • Table Bolivia - Viva mobile revenue – 2016 - 2017
    • MVNOS
  • BRAZIL
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Brazil - Mobile operators' market share – 2002 - 2017
      • Table Brazil - LTE subscriber market share by operator – 2014 – 2017
    • VIVO (TELEFÓNICA BRASIL)
      • Table Brazil - Vivo mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2017
      • Table Brazil - Vivo/Telemig– mobile subscribers (historic) – 2002 - 2007
      • Table Brazil - Vivo mobile revenue (R$) – 2010 - 2015
      • Table Brazil - Vivo financial data (€) – 2013 - 2017
    • TIM BRASIL
      • Table TIM Brasil – mobile financial data – 2010 - 2017
      • Table TIM Brasil – mobile financial data (€) – 2014 - 2017
      • Table TIM Brasil – mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2017
    • CLARO BRAZIL
      • Table Claro Brazil mobile revenue – 2010 - 2017
      • Table Claro Brazil – mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2017
    • OI
      • Table Brazil - Oi mobile revenue – 2012 - 2017
      • Table Brazil - Oi – mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2017
      • Table Brazil - Oi/Amazônia/BrT – mobile subscribers –2002 - 2008 (historic)
    • NEXTEL BRASIL
      • Table Brazil - NII Holdings mobile revenue (R$) – 2012 - 2015
      • Table Nextel Brazil revenue ($) – 2010 - 2017
      • Table Nextel Brazil – mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2017
      • Table Nextel Brazil – mobile subscribers by type – 2015 - 2017
    • CTBC/ALGAR TELECOM
      • Table Brazil - Algar Telecom mobile revenue – 2009 - 2017
      • Table Brazil - Algar Telecom mobile subscribers – 2003 - 2017
    • SERCOMTEL CELULAR
      • Table Brazil - Sercomtel – mobile subscribers – 2003 - 2017
    • UNICEL/AEIOU (DEFUNCT)
    • MVNOS
      • Table Brazil - MVNO subscribers – 2012 - 2017
    • PORTO SEGURO
      • Table Brazil - Port Seguro mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2017
    • VODAFONE BRAZIL (DATORA)
      • Table Brazil - Datora mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2017
    • VIRGIN MOBILE
    • CORREIOS
  • CHILE
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Chile - Mobile market share by major operators – 2000 - 2017
    • ENTEL PCS
      • Table Chile - Entel PCS – mobile subscribers – 2000 - 2017
      • Table Chile - Entel PCS – mobile broadband subscribers – 2012 - 2017
    • MOVISTAR (TELEFÓNICA MÓVILES CHILE)
      • Table Chile - Movistar – mobile subscribers – 2000 - 2017
      • Table Movistar Chile mobile revenue – 2012 - 2017
      • Table Movistar Chile traffic by type – 2013 - 2017
      • Table Movistar Chile ARPU – 2013 - 2017
    • CLARO CHILE (AMÉRICA MÓVIL)
      • Table Chile - Claro – mobile subscribers – 2000 - 2017
      • Table Chile - Claro mobile revenue – 2012 - 2017
    • WOM (NEXTEL CHILE)
      • Table Chile - WOM – mobile subscribers – 2008 - 2017
    • VTR
      • Table Chile - VTR – mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2017
    • MVNOS
      • Table Chile - MVNO subscribers by operator – 2011 - 2017
      • GTD Móvil
      • Virgin Mobile Chile
        • Table Chile - Virgin Mobile mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2017
      • Falabella Móvil
        • Table Chile - Falabella Móvil mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2017
  • COLOMBIA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Colombia - Market share of mobile operators – 2001 - 2017
    • CLARO (COMCEL/AMÉRICA MÓVIL)
      • Table Claro Colombia subscribers – 2001 - 2017
      • Table Claro Colombia service revenue – 2013 - 2017
      • Table Claro Colombia mobile revenue – 2016 - 2017
    • MOVISTAR (TELEFÓNICA/COLOMBIA TELECOMUNICACIONES)
      • Table Colombia - Movistar subscribers – 2001 - 2017
      • Table Movistar Colombia financial data – 2013 - 2017
    • TIGO COLOMBIA (COLOMBIA MÓVIL/MILLICOM, EPM, ETB)
      • Table Tigo Colombia subscribers – 2003 – 2017
      • Table Tigo Colombia subscribers (MinTIC data) – 2015 – 2017
      • Table Tigo Colombia financial data (historic) – 2010 - 2013
    • AVANTEL
      • Table Colombia - Avantel mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2017
    • UNE-EPM
      • Table Colombia - UNE-EPM mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2017
    • MVNOS
      • Market analysis
      • Uff! Móvil
        • Table Colombia - Uff! mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2017
      • ETB
        • Table Colombia - ETB mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2017
      • Metrotel
      • Emcali
      • Virgin Mobile
        • Table Colombia - Virgin Mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2017
        • Table Colombia - Virgin Mobile market share of subscribers – 2013 – 2017
      • Móvil Éxito
        • Table Colombia - Móvil Exito subscribers – 2013 – 2017
  • COSTA RICA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Table Costa Rica - Average traffic per mobile subscriber - 2011 - 2016
      • Table Costa Rica - Mobile market share by operator - 2011 - 2016
      • Table Costa Rica - Mobile market traffic - 2011 - 2016
      • Table Costa Rica - Mobile revenue by service - 2012 - 2016
      • Table Costa Rica - Proportion of mobile service revenue by type - 2011 - 2016
    • ICE (KÖLBI, ICE CELLULAR)
      • Table Costa Rica - ICE mobile subscribers - 2012 - 2016
    • CLARO (AMÉRICA MÓVIL)
      • Table Costa Rica - Claro mobile subscribers - 2012 - 2016
    • MOVISTAR (TELEFÓNICA COSTA RICA)
      • Table Costa Rica - Movistar mobile subscribers - 2012 - 2016
      • Rollout delays
    • MVNOS
      • Table Costa Rica - MVNO mobile subscribers by provider - 2011 - 2016
  • CUBA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • ETECSA
  • DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • CLARO DOMINICANA (CODETEL)
      • Table Dominican Republic - Codetel mobile subscribers – 2015 - 2017
    • ALTICE DOMINICANA
      • Table Altice Dominicana mobile subscribers – 2008 - 2017
      • Table Altice Dominicana revenue – 2008 - 2017
      • Table Altice Dominicana financial data – 2014 - 2017
      • Table Altice Dominicana revenue by sector – 2014 - 2015
    • TRICOM
      • Table Dominican Republic - Tricom mobile subscribers – 2015 - 2017
    • TRILOGY DOMINICANA (VIVA)
      • Table Dominican Republic - Viva mobile subscribers – 2015 - 2017
  • ECUADOR
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Ecuador - Historic - Mobile operators' market share – 1997 - 2009
      • Table Ecuador - Mobile operators' market share of subscribers – 2005 - 2018
    • CLARO (CONECEL)
      • Table Ecuador - Historic - Claro – mobile subscribers – 1997 - 2009
      • Table Ecuador - Claro – mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2018
    • MOVISTAR (OTECEL)
      • Table Ecuador - Historic - Movistar – mobile subscribers – 1997 - 2009
      • Table Ecuador - Movistar – mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2018
    • CNT
      • Table Ecuador - CNT – mobile subscribers – 2003 - 2018
    • MVNOS
  • EL SALVADOR
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table El Salvador - Mobile operators' market share – 2003 - 2012
    • TIGO (MILLICOM)
      • Table El Salvador - Tigo – mobile subscribers – 1997 – 2017
      • Table El Salvador - Tigo mobile financial data – 1997 – 2017
    • CLARO (AMÉRICA MÓVIL)
      • Table El Salvador - Historic - Claro – mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2008
    • MOVISTAR (TELEFÓNICA MÓVILES)
      • Table El Salvador - Historic - Movistar – mobile subscribers – 2000 - 2008
    • DIGICEL
      • Table El Salvador - Digicel – mobile subscribers – 2003 – 2008; 2014 - 2015
      • Table El Salvador - Digicel revenue – 2012; 2014 - 2015
    • INTELFON
      • Table El Salvador - Historic - RED – mobile subscribers – 2005 - 2008
  • GUATEMALA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Guatemala - Mobile subscribers by operator (regulator data) – 2003 - 2017
      • Table Guatemala - Market share by mobile operator – 2000 - 2017
      • Table Guatemala - Mobile traffic by operator – 2014 - 2016
      • Table Guatemala - Mobile traffic market share by operator – 2014 - 2016
    • TIGO GUATEMALA
      • Table Guatemala - Tigo mobile subscribers – 2000 - 2017
      • Table Guatemala - Tigo financial data – 2015 - 2017
    • CLARO (AMÉRICA MÓVIL)
      • Table Guatemala - Claro – mobile subscribers – 2000 - 2016
    • MOVISTAR (TELEFÓNICA)
      • Table Movistar Guatemala mobile subscribers – 2003 - 2016
    • RED (INTELFON)
  • GUYANA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Guyana - Historic - Mobile operators' market share – 2003 - 2011
    • CELLINK (GTT)
      • Table Guyana - GTT mobile subscribers – 1999 - 2014
    • DIGICEL GUYANA
      • Table Digicel Guyana revenue – 2013 - 2015
  • HAITI
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • DIGICEL
      • Table Haiti - Digicel financial data – 2012; 2014 - 2015
      • Table Haiti - Digicel mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2015
      • Digicel Foundation
    • COMCEL (VOILÀ)
    • HAITI TELECOMMUNICATIONS INTERNATIONAL (HAITEL)
    • NATCOM
    • RECTEL (TELECO)
  • HONDURAS
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • TIGO HONDURAS
      • Table Honduras - Tigo mobile subscribers – 2000 - 2017
      • Table Honduras - Tigo mobile revenue – 2015 - 2017
    • CLARO HONDURAS
      • Table Honduras - Historic - Claro – mobile subscribers – 2003 - 2008
    • HONDUTEL MOVIL
    • DIGICEL
  • JAMAICA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Jamaica - Mobile market share by operator - 2003 - 2015
    • DIGICEL
      • Table Digicel Jamaica financial results – 2013 - 2015
    • FLOW
      • Table CW Jamaica revenue – 2015 - 2017
    • MVNOS
  • MEXICO
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Mexico - Mobile market share by major operator – 2001 - 2017
    • TELCEL
      • Table Mexico - Telcel subscribers and annual change – 2000 - 2017
      • Table Mexico - Telcel churn, monthly minutes of use and ARPU – 2008 - 2017
      • Table Mexico - Telcel wireless revenue – 2010 - 2017
    • MOVISTAR
      • Table Mexico - Movistar subscribers – 2001 - 2017
      • Table Mexico - Movistar minutes of use and ARPU – 2008 - 2017
      • Table Mexico - Movistar financial data – 2008 - 2017
    • AT&T MEXICO
      • Table AT&T Mexico financial data – 2015 – 2017
      • Table AT&T Mexico subscribers – 2000 – 2017
      • Grupo Iusacell
        • Table Mexico - Iusacell financial data (historic) – 2012 – 2013
      • Unefón
        • Table Mexico - Unefón subscribers and annual change (historic) – 2000 - 2007
      • Nextel de México
        • Table Nextel Mexico financial data (historic) – 2012 - 2014
    • MVNOS
  • NICARAGUA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Nicaragua - Mobile market share by operator – 2002 - 2013
    • CLARO (AMÉRICA MÓVIL)
      • Table Nicaragua - Historic - Claro mobile subscribers – 2003 - 2008
    • MOVISTAR (TELEFÓNICA)
      • Table Nicaragua - Historic - Movistar mobile subscribers – 2000 – 2008
    • XINWEI NICARAGUA (COOTEL)
  • PANAMA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • +MÓVIL (C&WP)
      • Table Panama - C&WP – mobile subscribers – 2005 – 2017
    • MOVISTAR (TELEFÓNICA)
    • DIGICEL PANAMÁ
    • CLARO PANAMÁ (AMÉRICA MÓVIL)
  • PARAGUAY
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Paraguay - Mobile operators' market share – 2002 - 2016
    • TIGO (MILLICOM INTERNATIONAL CELLULAR)
      • Table Paraguay - Tigo mobile subscribers – 2002 – 2017
      • Table Paraguay - Tigo revenue – 2015 – 2017
    • PERSONAL (NÚCLEO/TELECOM ARGENTINA)
      • Table Paraguay - Personal - mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2017
      • Table Paraguay - Personal ARPU – 2010 - 2015
      • Table Paraguay - Personal mobile revenue – 2011 - 2017
    • CLARO (AMÉRICA MÓVIL)
      • Table Paraguay - Claro mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2016
    • VOX (HOLA PARAGUAY/COPACO)
      • Table Paraguay - Vox mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2016
  • PERU
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Peru - Mobile market share by operator – 2001 - 2017
    • MOVISTAR PERÚ (TELEFÓNICA MÓVILES PERÚ)
      • Table Movistar Peru – mobile subscribers – 2001 - 2017
      • Table Movistar Peru mobile revenue – 2001 - 2017
    • CLARO PERÚ (AMÉRICA MÓVIL)
      • Table Claro Peru mobile revenue – 2009 - 2017
      • Table Claro Peru – mobile subscribers – 2001 - 2017
    • ENTEL PERÚ
      • Table Entel Peru mobile subscribers – 2001 - 2017
      • Table Entel Peru revenue (ChS/.) – 2013 – 2017
      • Table Entel Peru revenue ($) – 2013 – 2017
    • VIETTEL PERU (BITEL)
      • Table Viettel Peru mobile subscribers – 2014 - 2017
    • MVNOS
      • Table Virgin Mobile Peru mobile subscribers – 2016 - 2017
  • PUERTO RICO
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • AT&T MOBILITY
    • CLARO (AMÉRICA MÓVIL)
    • T-MOBILE US
    • SPRINT PCS
    • OPEN MOBILE
  • SURINAME
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • TELEG (TELESUR)
    • DIGICEL SURINAME
    • UNIQA
    • MVNOS
  • URUGUAY
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Uruguay - Mobile operators' market share – 2002 - 2016
    • ANTEL
      • Table Uruguay - Antel – mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2016
    • MOVISTAR
      • Table Movistar Uruguay – mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2016
      • Table Movistar Uruguay mobile revenue - 2012 - 2017
    • CLARO
      • Table Uruguay - Claro – mobile subscribers – 2004 - 2016
  • VENEZUELA
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • OPERATOR STATISTICS
      • Table Venezuela - Market share of mobile subscribers by operator – 2001 - 2015
    • MOVILNET (CANTV)
      • Table Venezuela - Historic - Movilnet – mobile subscribers – 2001 - 2013
    • MOVISTAR (TELEFÓNICA)
      • Table Venezuela - Movistar mobile service revenue – 2015 - 2017
      • Table Venezuela - Movistar subscribers – 2001 - 2017
    • DIGITEL

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