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Kenya - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses


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Kenya - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Kenya's telecommunications market continues to undergo considerable changes in the wake of increased competition, improved international connectivity, and rapid developments in the mobile market. The landing of four fibre-optic international submarine cables in recent years dramatically reduced the cost of phone calls and internet access, allowing internet services to be affordable to a far greater proportion of the population. In parallel, the sector's regulator has reduced interconnection tariffs and implemented a range of regulations aimed at developing further competition.

The incumbent fixed-line telco, Telkom Kenya, which was managed by Orange Group from 2007 until it was sold to Helios in November 2015, has struggled to make headway in the competitive market.

A simplified and converged licensing regime introduced in 2008 has lowered the barriers to market entry and increased competition by allowing operators to offer any kind of service in a technology- and service-neutral regulatory framework. Numerous competitors are rolling out national and metropolitan fibre backbone networks and wireless access networks to deliver services to population centres across the country. Several fibre infrastructure sharing agreements have been forged, and as a result the number of fibre broadband connections increased 18% in 2016, year-on-year.

Key developments:

Government cuts back on scale of second phase national broadband network project; Universal Service Fund extends mobile coverage to underserved northern regions; telecom regulator loses certain powers to the Competition Authority of Kenya; Orange Group sells its holding in Telkom Kenya to Helios; merger and acquisition activity continuing among second-tier telcos; mobile operators enter the fibre market; report update includes the regulator's market data to December 2016, operator data to Q4 2016, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telkom Kenya (Orange Kenya, Kenya Data Networks (KDN), Jamii Telecom, Access Kenya (Dimension Data), Kenya Power and Lighting Company (KPLC), Kenya Pipeline Corporation (KPC), Wananchi, Safaricom, Bharti Airtel, MTN, Liquid Telecom.


1. Synopsis
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Overview of Kenya's telecom market
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Kenya Communications Act 1998
5.2 Regulatory authority
5.3 Revised Telecommunications Market Structure 2004
5.4 Kenya Communications Amendment Act 2009
5.5 Licence fees
5.6 Universal Service Fund (USF)
5.7 Tariff regulation
5.8 Interconnection
5.9 Number portability
5.10 Spectrum auctions
5.11 Foreign ownership
5.12 Dominant market player designation
6. Telecom sector liberalisation
6.1 Privatisation of Telkom
6.1.1 First attempt fails in 2001
6.1.2 Pre-privatisation financial position
6.1.3 Privatisation - 2007
6.2 Regional telecom licences
6.3 Second national operator (SNO) licensing
6.3.1 First attempt fails in 2004
6.3.2 Second attempt fails in 2007
6.4 International gateway licences
6.5 VoIP telephony
6.6 Unified licensing regime
7. Fixed network operators
7.1 Telkom Kenya
7.1.1 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
7.1.2 Tariffs
7.2 Fixed-wireless operators
7.3 Liquid Telecom Kenya (KDN)
7.4 Jamii Telecom
7.5 AccessKenya
8. Telecommunications infrastructure
8.1 Overview of the national telecom network
8.2 National Optic Fibre Backbone Infrastructure (NOFBI)
8.3 Liquid Telecom
8.4 Kenya Power and Lighting Company (KPLC)
8.5 Kenya Pipeline Corporation (KPC)
8.6 Safaricom
8.7 MTN
8.8 Fibre infrastructure sharing
8.9 Data centres
9. International infrastructure
9.1 Satellite
9.2 Terrestrial fibre
9.3 Submarine fibre
9.3.1 EASSy
9.3.2 TEAMS
9.3.3 SeaCom
9.3.4 LION-2
9.3.5 DARE
9.3.6 Other projects
10. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics Kenya 2016 (e)
Table 2 Fixed-line statistics 2016
Table 3 Internet provider statistics 2017
Table 4 Internet user statistics 2016
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2016
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Telecom sector revenue in Kenya 2007 - 2016
Table 8 Telkom fixed-line subscribers 2008 - 2016
Table 9 Fixed-wireless subscriptions in Kenya 2007 - 2016
Table 10 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Kenya 1999 - 2009
Table 11 Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Kenya 2010 - 2018
Table 12 International bandwidth in Kenya 2000 - 2016
Table 13 International bandwidth capacity by platform 2013 - 2016
Table 14 International bandwidth used 2013 - 2016
Chart 1 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 - 2018

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