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Kenya - Mobile Infrastructure, Operators and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Kenya - Mobile Infrastructure, Operators and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Kenya's mobile market has continued to grow steadily, supported by a mobile subscriber base of about 39 8 million by early 2017. Some market consolidation occurred following the acquisition by Airtel and Safaricom of Essar Telecom's yuMobile business. While all operators have invested in mobile technologies and infrastructure upgrades to support mobile data services, competition has nevertheless presented challenges to the profitability of network operators, with uneven revenue growth reported in recent years. Orange Group is the principal casualty of tis intense competition, leading it to sell its entire 70% holding in Telkom Kenya to Helios. By contrast, Safaricom, controlling two-thirds of the subscriber market, has seen very strong growth on the back of its popular M-PESA payment platform. This market dominance, however, has encouraged the government to consider recommendations from a report commissioned by the regulator in late 2016 that Safaricom split off its M-PESA business.

To encourage the development of LTE services the government has pursued an open-access approach. Disputes centered on licence fees delayed the launch of LTE services by MNOs, though they continued to invest in infrastructure and technology upgrades using trial licences.

A number of MVNO licences awarded since 2014 have added to the competitive mix, with Equitel establishing a market share of about 3.8% by early 2017.

Key developments:

Airtel begins trialling LTE; Treasury launches its M-Akiba platform to buy and sell government bonds; M-Tiba mobile health payment platform launched; regulator proposes limit of ten SIM cards per subscriber; Orange Money platform to be revamped and relaunched by end-2017; Safaricom contracts Nokia Networks to develop LTE-A network, shares capacity on its LTE infrastructure, launches Hello Doctor m-medicine service; Orange Kenya closes CDMA network; One Network Area initiative expands to include mobile data and mobile money services; regulator reviews framework for QoS surveys; report update includes the regulator's market data to December 2016, telcos' operating and financial data to Q4 2016, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Safaricom (Vodafone); Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel); Essar Telecom Kenya (yuMobile, formerly Econet); Telkom Kenya (Orange, France Telecom); Huawei Technologies; ZTE; Alcatel-Lucent; Nokia Networks.


  • SYNOPSIS
  • OVERVIEW OF KENYA'S MOBILE MARKET
    • GENERAL STATISTICS
      • Table Prepaid and contract mobile subscribers - 2014- 2016
      • Table Mobile services revenue and investments - 2008- 2015
      • Table Mobile traffic share by operator - 2014 - 2016
      • Table Mobile subscriber market share by operator - 2012 - 2016
      • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Kenya - 1999 - 2009
      • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Kenya - 2010 - 2018
    • MOBILE VOICE
      • VoIP/VoLTE
    • MOBILE DATA
      • SMS
        • Table SMS traffic - 2012 - 2016
      • MMS
        • Table MMS traffic - 2012 - 2015
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Mobile internet subscribers by provider - 2013 - 2015
      • Table Mobile internet market share by provider - 2014 - 2016
      • Table Active mobile broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2015
      • Table Mobile data subscribers - 2015 - 2016
    • FORECASTS - MOBILE SUBSCRIBERS - 2018; 2020; 2022
      • Table Forecast mobile subscribers - 2018; 2020; 2022
      • Notes on scenario forecasts
  • REGULATORY ISSUES
    • ROAMING
    • MOBILE TERMINATION RATES (MTRS)
    • INTERNATIONAL GATEWAYS
    • SPECTRUM
    • MOBILE NUMBER PORTABILITY (MNP)
      • Table Mobile number portings - 2013- 2016
    • NETWORK SHARING
    • QUALITY OF SERVICE (QOS) CONTROL
    • SIM CARD REGISTRATION
    • TAXES
    • TARIFF REGULATION
  • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
    • ANALOGUE NETWORKS
    • DIGITAL NETWORKS
      • Global System for Mobiles (GSM)
      • UMTS (3G)
        • Table 2G Mobile base stations by operator - 2012- 2016
        • Table 3G Mobile base stations by operator - 2012- 2016
      • Long-term Evolution (LTE)
    • OTHER INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENTS
      • Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA)
      • GPRS, EDGE, HSPA
    • SATELLITE MOBILE
  • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
    • MOBILE MARKET SHARES
      • Table Market share of subscribers by operator - 2010 – 2016
    • SAFARICOM
      • Privatisation and IPO
        • Table Safaricom subscribers - 2010 – 2016
        • Table Safaricom revenue - 2011 – 2017
        • Table Safaricom revenue by sector - 2010 - 2017
        • Table Safaricom - proportion of revenue by sector - 2014 – 2017
      • Network development and operations
        • Table Safaricom base stations by technology - 2013 – 2016
    • BHARTI AIRTEL KENYA (FORMERLY ZAIN, CELTEL, KENCELL)
      • Equity transactions 2004-2010
        • Table Airtel Kenya subscribers - 2010 – 2016
      • Network development and operations
    • ESSAR TELECOM KENYA (YUMOBILE, FORMERLY ECONET)
      • Six years of licence disputes
        • Table Historic - Essar Telecom subscribers - 2010 – 2014
      • Network development and operations
      • Shutdown and sale
    • TELKOM KENYA (ORANGE KENYA)
      • Table Orange Kenya revenue - 2010 – 2014
      • Table Orange Kenya mobile subscribers - 2011 – 2016
    • MOBILE VIRTUAL NETWORK OPERATORS (MVNOS)
      • Table Equitel mobile subscribers - 2014 – 2016
  • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
    • MOBILE MONEY TRANSFER, M-BANKING
      • Table Mobile money transfer statistics - 2011 - 2016
      • M-PESA (Safaricom)
        • Table Safaricom - M-PESA revenue - 2008 – 2017
        • Table Safaricom - active M-PESA customers - 2012 – 2016
        • Table Safaricom -M-PESA transactions value by type - 2011 – 2017
      • Airtel Money (ZAP)
      • yuCash (Essar)
      • Orange Money
    • PESALINK
      • Other services
    • MOBILE TV
    • M-MEDICINE
    • SATELLITE MOBILE
  • HANDSETS
  • RELATED REPORTS

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