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Kenya - Fixed Broadband, Digital Economy and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Kenya - Fixed Broadband, Digital Economy and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Kenya's broadband market has been transformed by a combination of increased investments in network upgrades among the key providers as well as the landing of four fibre-optic submarine cables. This international connectivity ended the country's dependence on limited and expensive satellite services, while vastly increased bandwidth has led to wholesale prices tumbling to a fraction of the former rate. The development has helped make broadband services affordable for the mass market, while also providing the key backhaul network for the burgeoning mobile broadband sector.

A number of companies including AccessKenya, Kenya Data Networks and Wananchi have become second-tier telcos by rolling out national and metropolitan fibre backbones and wireless broadband access networks. The cost of this work and the lower pricing which has resulted from competition has led to some merger activity in the market.

A number of major WiMAX deployments and Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) rollouts have been undertaken, which have pushed fast broadband connectivity to a greater number of subscribers. The number of FttP connections broached 100,000 by September 2015. Most broadband subscribers are via 3G mobile networks, and increasingly via Long-term Evolution (LTE) technology. A range of services including video streaming, e-commerce, e-learning and e-government are evolving rapidly on the back of this improved infrastructure.

Key developments:

Government commits KES300 to its free Wi-Fi project; Vodafone Foundation launches Instant Schools for Africa initiative; government announces free Wi-Fi access plans; Kenya Power trials fibre access on its electricity network; AccessKenya completes metropolitan fibre network rollout in Nairobi and Nakuru; government starts KES17 billion school laptops project; rural internet access rollout begins using TV white space spectrum; DTTV reaches 60% population coverage; Liquid Telecom expands its FttP infrastructure, provides free Wi-Fi service to select cities; Akamai Technologies contracted to supply cloud services for the KIXP; Internet.org launches in Kenya to provide limited free internet access; further takeovers in the second-tier telco sector; international internet bandwidth continues to rise; government progresses with national broadband strategy; report update includes the regulator's market data to December 2015, operator data to Q4 2015, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telkom Kenya (Orange Kenya); Kenya Data Networks (KDN); Jamii Telecom; SimbaNet; Africa Online (Telkom); Access Kenya (Dimension Data); Wananchi Online; MTN Business Kenya (UUNet); Swift Global; Internet Solutions Kenya (InterConnect); Safaricom (IGO Wireless, OneCom); Gilat Satellite Networks; Afsat Communications; Inmarsat; Indigo Telecom (Thuraya); Nation TV (NTV); KenTV; Liquid Telecom.


1. Synopsis
2. Introduction and statistical overview
2.1 Market analysis
2.2 Internet backbone infrastructure
2.2.1 Telkom Kenya, JamboNet
2.2.2 Alternative data carriers
2.2.3 Public data network operators (PDNO)
2.3 Broadband statistics
3. Forecasts broadband subscribers 2016; 2018; 2021
3.1 Notes on scenario forecasts
3.1.1 Facebook and LinkedIn
3.2 Public internet access locations
3.2.1 Digital Villages
3.2.2 Internet for Schools
4. Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
4.1 Internet Exchange Points (IXP)
4.2 Kenya Network Information Centre (KENIC)
4.3 National broadband strategy
4.4 TV white space
4.5 ISP market
4.5.1 Africa Online Kenya
4.5.2 AccessKenya (Dimension Data)
4.5.3 Wananchi Online
4.5.4 MTN Business Kenya (formerly UUNet)
4.5.5 Swift Global (KDN)
4.5.6 InterConnect, Internet Solutions Kenya
4.5.7 Telkom Kenya
5. Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
6. Other fixed broadband services
6.1 Wireless broadband
6.1.1 Wi-Fi
6.1.2 WiMAX
6.2 Broadband via satellite
6.3 Leased lines
7. Digital economy
7.1 E-learning
7.1.1 National research and education network (NREN)
7.2 E-commerce
7.3 E-government
8. Digital media
8.1 Communications: VoIP
8.1.1 New VoIP guidelines 2005
8.1.2 VoIP licences
8.2 Video streaming
8.3 Social media
8.3.1 Blogs
8.3.2 Facebook
8.4 Digital TV
9. Related reports
Table 1 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Kenya 1999 - 2009
Table 2 Internet users and penetration rate in Kenya 2010 - 2016
Table 3 Internet subscriptions in Kenya 2010 - 2016
Table 4 Wireless internet subscriptions in Kenya by access technology 2010 - 2015
Table 5 Fixed-line broadband subscriptions in Kenya by access technology 2010 2015
Table 6 Broadband subscriptions 2014 2016
Table 7 Internet services revenue and investments 2009 - 2014
Table 8 Forecast fixed broadband subscribers 2016; 2018; 2021
Table 9 Fixed-line internet subscribers in Kenya by operator 2013 - 2014
Table 10 AccessKenya corporate leased-line customers 2006 2012
Table 11 Fibre broadband subscribers 2011 - 2015
Table 12 Zuku TV (Kenya) triple-play pricing 2016
Chart 1 - Internet users and penetration rate in Kenya 2005 - 2016
Exhibit 1 Definitions - video streaming and IPTV

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