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Kazakhstan - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Kazakhstan - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Mobile Broadband services continue to grow strongly in Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan is one of the most advanced telecoms sectors in Central Asia. It has an extensive 4G network. Compared to other Asian nations, Kazakhstan has low fixed line and fixed-broadband penetration, moderate mobile broadband penetration and high mobile penetration.

The fixed broadband market in Kazakhstan remains relatively underdeveloped, due to the dominance of the mobile broadband, which is in turn driven by the mobile sector. The number of fixed telephone lines in Kazakhstan is slowly declining due to the dominance of the mobile segment.

The Digital Kazakhstan program between 2017 and 2021 aims to strengthen the national digital infrastructure and drive economic growth and competitiveness. Kazakhtelecom recently completed the first stage of its multi-platform M2M/IoT network.

Moderate growth is predicted over the next five years to 2023 in the fixed broadband market as mobile broadband will continue to dominate the broadband segment.

Mobile subscriber growth was slow in Kazakhstan during 2017-8 in highly mature and saturated market. Kazakhstan has an extensive 4G network compared to a number of other Asian countries in the region. Further slow growth is also predicted over the next five years to 2023.

Kazakhstan has seen a strong increase in mobile broadband penetration over the past five years. Market penetration increased rapidly up to 2013. Since then the market stabilised and has been growing at a more moderate rate due to saturation in the mobile subscriber segment.

Moderate growth is predicted over the next five years to 2023. The mobile broadband market will be driven by increasingly faster speeds offered by the mobile operators as they roll out their 4G and 5G networks and improving tariffs due to strong competition.

Key developments:

Kazakhstan's mobile market has reached saturation point. Slow growth predicted through to 2023.
Fixed telephone penetration continues declining as the mobile segment continues to expand.
All major mobile operators now offer 4G LTE services. 5G services will be launched in the coming years.
Mobile broadband is growing strongly driven by a mature mobile market.
Beeline Kazakhstan announced successful NB-IoT tests.
Kar-Tel to install smart gas meters in the city of Kostanay.


1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Market Overview and Analysis
4.2 Regional Market Comparison
4.3 Overall Market Revenues
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Regulatory authority
5.2 Market liberalisation
5.3 Privatisation
5.3.1 Overview
5.3.2 Background
5.4 Spectrum
5.5 Number Portability (NP)
6. Fixed network operators
6.1 Kazakhtelecom
6.2 Next Generation Network (NGN) development
6.2.1 Fibre Optic Network
6.3 Astel
6.4 Ducat (formerly Kazintel)
6.5 KazInformTelecom (KIT)
6.6 Transtelecom
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
7.1.1 Background
7.2 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
7.3 Fibre networks
7.4 International infrastructure
7.4.1 Overview
7.4.2 Satellite networks
7.4.3 KazSat satellite series
7.4.4 Submarine
7.5 Specific IT developments
7.5.1 Cloud Computing
8. Smart Infrastructure
8.1 Internet of Things (IoT)
8.2 Smart Meters
9. Fixed-line broadband market
9.1 Overview
9.2 Internet statistics
9.3 Fixed-Broadband Statistics and Forecast
9.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies
9.4.1 FttB
9.4.2 Fixed wireless (WiMAX)
9.4.3 Wi-Fi
9.5 ISP market
9.5.1 Nursat
10. Mobile market
10.1 Background
10.2 Mobile Statistics and Forecast
10.3 Mobile broadband statistics and Forecast
10.4 Mobile Regulatory issues
10.4.1 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
11. Mobile infrastructure
11.1.1 5G
11.1.2 4G / Long Term Evolution (LTE)
11.1.3 3G
12. Major mobile operators
12.2 Statistics
12.3 Beeline Kazakhstan
12.4 Kcell (GSM-Kazakhstan)
12.5 Tele2 / Altel
12.5.1 Merger
12.5.2 Altel
12.5.3 Tele 2 Kazakhstan
13. Digital Media
13.1 Videostreaming
14. Digital economy
14.1 Government Digital Program Investment
14.2 e-Government
15. Related reports
Table 1 Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities 2018 (e)
Table 2 Key Metrics - Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) - 2018 - 2023
Table 3 Fixed Line Subscriptions and Penetration 2000 - 2018
Table 4 Historic - Fixed-line subscribers in urban areas 2009 2013
Table 5 Fixed Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2003 - 2023
Table 6 International Internet bandwidth capacity 2001 - 2018
Table 7 Lit/Equipped International Bandwidth Capacity 2013 - 2018
Table 8 Historic - DSL subscribers 2007 - 2014
Table 9 Historic - Cable modem subscribers 2007; 2010 - 2014
Table 10 Historic - FttP subscribers 2012 - 2014
Table 11 Historic - Fibre-based internet subscribers 2008 - 2015
Table 12 Internet Users and Penetration 2007 - 2018
Table 13 Historic - Internet users and penetration 1996 - 2007
Table 14 Proportion of households with Internet access 1996 - 2018
Table 15 Proportion of households with a computer 1996 - 2018
Table 16 Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2008 - 2023
Table 17 Historic - Mobile subscribers and annual change 1996 - 2007
Table 18 Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2010 - 2023
Table 19 Percentage of Population Covered by Type of Mobile Network
Table 20 Mobile operators subscribers and market share 2018
Table 21 Kar-Tel (Beeline) - mobile subscribers 2006 - 2018
Table 22 Kar-Tel (Beeline) - mobile ARPU (historical) 2006 - 2014
Table 23 Kar-Tel (Beeline) fixed broadband subscribers (historical) 2008 - 2013
Table 24 Kcell's mobile subscribers - 2006 - 2018
Table 25 Kcell's mobile subscribers (historical) postpaid v. prepaid - 2012 2014
Table 26 Tele2 Kazakhstan / Altel mobile subscribers 2010 - 2018
Table 27 Altel's mobile subscribers (historical) 2009 - 2013
Table 28 Altel's mobile ARPU (historical) 2010 - 2014
Chart 1 Mobile, Mobile Broadband & Fixed Broadband Penetration 2018; 2023
Chart 2 Asian Telecoms Maturity Index by Market Category
Chart 3 Asian Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
Chart 4 Telecoms Maturity Index Central Asia
Chart 5 Fixed Line Subscriptions and Penetration 2007 - 2018
Chart 6 Fixed Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2008 - 2023
Chart 7 Internet Users and Penetration 2007 - 2018
Chart 8 Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2008 - 2023
Exhibit 1 Key Market Characteristics by Market Segment
Exhibit 2 Central Asia -Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country
Exhibit 3 Historic - Kazakhtelecom's modernisation program for telecommunications

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