India - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

India - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

The mobile market continues to be the main focus of India's telecom sector, securing the bulk of operator capex. There is also considerable government investment in national infrastructure, including the BharatNet project which aims to connect 250,000 villages to broadband networks, of which 100,000 are expected to be connected with FttP services by the end of 2020.
Although there is continuing major expansion of operator network infrastructure, the main MNOs have been under financial stress caused by competitive pressure on pricing as well as the high Adjusted Gross Revenue charges. This has obliged the operators to raise revenue from outside investors, while Vodafone Idea has had to be bailed out by its two main shareholders to avoid bankruptcy. By mid-2020 the huge investments made by a number of private equity funds, as well as global operators including Facebook and Google, had dramatically demonstrated confidence in the world's second largest market.
The recent financial difficulties of the main MNOs caused the government to delay the multi-spectrum auction, which is now expected to be held by late 2020. This will have knock-on effects on the availability and reach of 5G services in coming years. Compounding difficulties for the MNOs is government disapproval of the MNOs relying too heavily on Chinese vendors, a result of recent political disagreements exacerbated by border disputes in the far north.
India's fixed-line and fixed broadband sectors remain highly under-developed, largely due to the dominance of the mobile platform and the relatively limited extent of fixed infrastructure.
BuddeComm notes that the outbreak of the Coronavirus in 2020 is having a significant impact on production and supply chains globally. During the coming year the telecoms sector to various degrees is likely to experience a downturn in mobile device production, while it may also be difficult for network operators to manage workflows when maintaining and upgrading existing infrastructure. Overall progress towards 5G may be postponed or slowed down in some countries.
On the consumer side, spending on telecoms services and devices is under pressure from the financial effect of large-scale job losses and the consequent restriction on disposable incomes. However, the crucial nature of telecom services, both for general communication as well as a tool for home-working, will offset such pressures. In many markets the net effect should be a steady though reduced increased in subscriber growth.
Although it is challenging to predict and interpret the long-term impacts of the crisis as it develops, these have been acknowledged in the industry forecasts contained in this report.
The report also covers the responses of the telecom operators as well as government agencies and regulators as they react to the crisis to ensure that citizens can continue to make optimum use of telecom services. This can be reflected in subsidy schemes and the promotion of tele-health and tele-education, among other solutions.

Key Developments

India takes additional steps towards the delayed 5G spectrum auction;
BSNL partners with Ciena to trial 5G;
Submarine cable linking mainland to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands expected to be completed by end-2020;
Report update includes the regulator's market data to March 2020, telcos' operating and financial results to Q1 2020, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, assessment of the global impact of COVID-19 on the telecoms sector, recent market developments.

Key companies mentioned in this report:

Aircel, Bharti Airtel, Loop Mobile (BPL Mobile), Vodafone Idea, Reliance Communications, Tata Teleservices, Videocon, S Tel, Bharti Telenet, Reliance Infocomm, Tata Teleservices, Sistema (Shyam Telelink), Swan Telecom, Videsh Sanchar Nigam (VSNL), Bharat Sanchar Nigam (BSNL), Mahanagar Telephone Nigam (MTNL), Spectra, Reliance Jio Infocomm (RJI), Sistema


  • Executive Summary
  • Key statistics
    • Table Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities – India – 2020 (e)
  • Regional Asian Market Comparison
  • COVID-19 and its impact on the telecom sector
    • ECONOMIC CONSIDERATIONS AND RESPONSES
    • MOBILE DEVICES
    • SUBSCRIBERS
    • INFRASTRUCTURE
  • Telecommunications market
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
  • Regulatory environment
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITIES
      • Ministry for Communications (MoC)
      • Department of Telecommunications (DoT)
      • Telecom Commission
      • Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)
      • Telecom Dispute Settlement & Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT)
      • Communications Commission of India (CCI)
      • Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY)
    • FIXED-LINE DEVELOPMENTS
      • Licensing circles
      • Licensing – VNOs
      • Net Neutrality
      • Fibre access
      • Interconnect
    • MOBILE NETWORK DEVELOPMENTS
      • Spectrum
      • Mobile subscriber verification
      • Interconnection
      • Roaming
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Cumulative mobile number portings – 2012 - 2020
  • Mobile market
    • Geographic segments
      • Rural expansion
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • Table Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration – 2010 – 2025
      • Table Growth in the number of mobile subscribers in urban and rural areas – 2011 – 2020
      • Table Change in mobile penetration in urban and rural areas – 2010 – 2020
      • Table Decline in mobile ARPU (contract, prepaid, blended) –2017 – 2019
      • Table Change in mobile ARPU (GSM and CDMA) –2014 – 2018
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • 5G
      • 4G/LTE
      • CDMA
      • Other infrastructure developments
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Growth in the number of mobile broadband subscribers, penetration – 2011 - 2025
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Table Change in the mobile market share of subscribers (major MNOs) –2010 - 2020
      • Bharat Sanchar Nigam (BSNL)
        • Table Growth in the number of BSNL's mobile subscribers – 2010 – 2020
      • Bharti Airtel
        • Table Growth in the number of Bharti Airtel's mobile subscribers – 2010 – 2020
        • Table Change in Bharti Airtel's mobile ARPU – 2009 – 2020
      • Vodafone Idea
        • Table Growth in the number of Vodafone Idea's mobile subscribers – 2010 – 2020
        • Table Change in Vodafone Idea mobile ARPU – 2007 – 2011; 2013 – 2020
      • Mahanagar Telephone Nigam (MTNL)
        • Table Change in the number of MTNL's mobile subscribers – 2010 – 2020
      • Quadrant
      • Reliance Communications (RCOM)
        • Table Change in the number of RCOM's mobile subscribers – 2010 – 2020
      • Aircel
      • Reliance Jio Infocomm (Jio)
        • Table Growth in the number of Reliance Jio's mobile subscribers – 2016 – 2020
        • Table Reliance mobile ARPU – 2017 - 2019
      • Tata Teleservices
        • Table Decline in the number of Tata Teleservices' mobile subscribers – 2010 – 2018
      • Reach Mobile
      • MVNOs
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • M-Commerce
  • Fixed-line broadband market
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • BROADBAND STATISTICS
      • Table Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration – 2010 – 2025
      • Table Development of internet penetration – 2008 – 2020
      • National Broadband Plan
    • FIXED BROADBAND ISPS
      • Bharat Sanchar Nigam (BSNL)
      • Bharti Airtel
      • Hughes Telecom
      • Mahanagar Telephone Nigam (MTNL)
      • Atria Convergence Technologies (ACT)
      • Vodafone Idea
      • Reliance Jio
    • HYBRID FIBRE COAX (HFC) NETWORKS
      • Table Growth in the number of cable modem subscribers – 2010 – 2017
    • DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL) NETWORKS
      • Table Change in the number of DSL subscribers – 2010 – 2017
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISES (FTTP) NETWORKS
      • Table Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers – 2010 – 2017
    • OTHER FIXED BROADBAND SERVICES
      • WiMAX
      • Wi-Fi
      • Project Loon
  • Digital economy
    • OVERVIEW
    • E-PAYMENTS
    • E-EDUCATION
    • SMART METERS
  • Fixed network operators
    • Table Fixed-line subscribers (millions) by operator – 2012 – 2014; 2016 – 2020
    • Table Market share of fixed-lines in service by main provider – 2013 - 2020
    • BSNL
      • Table Decline in the number of BSNL's fixed-line subscribers – 2012 – 2020
    • BHARTI AIRTEL
      • Table Growth in the number of Bharti Airtel's fixed-line subscribers – 2008 – 2020
    • MTNL
      • Table Decline in the number of MTNL's fixed-line subscribers – 2010 – 2020
    • QUADRANT
      • Table Change in the number of Quadrant's fixed-line subscribers – 2010 – 2020
    • RELIANCE COMMUNICATIONS
      • Table Decline in the number of Reliance's fixed-line subscribers – 2010 - 2020
      • SSTL (Sistema)
    • TATA TELESERVICES
      • Table Growth in the number of Tata's fixed-line subscribers – 2010 – 2020
    • VIDEOCON
    • VODAFONE IDEA
      • Table Growth in the number of Vodafone Idea's fixed-line subscribers – 2011 – 2020
      • Table Development of Vodafone Idea's financial data – 2018 – 2020
  • Telecommunications infrastructure
    • OVERVIEW OF THE NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Change in the number of fixed-line subscribers and penetration – 2010 – 2025
    • RURAL AND REGIONAL NETWORKS
      • Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF)
      • Public Call Offices (PCOs)
        • Table Decline in the number of PCOs in operation – 2008 – 2019
    • BHARATNET / NATIONAL OPTICAL FIBRE NETWORK (NOFN)
    • NEXT GENERATION NETWORKS (NGN)
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Table Growth in international internet bandwidth – 2010 – 2018
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
    • DATA CENTRES
      • Major providers
    • SMART INFRASTRUCTURE
      • IoT
      • Smart cities
      • Artificial Intelligence
  • Appendix – Historic data
    • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers (GSM and CDMA) –2002 – 2018
    • Table Historic - Vodafone Idea - mobile subscribers – 2002 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Vodafone - mobile ARPU – 2008 – 2018
    • Table Historic - Vodafone mobile subscribers – 2002 – 2018
    • Table Historic - Reliance mobile subscribers – 2002 – 2009
    • Table Historic - MTNL mobile subscribers – 2002 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Bharti Airtel mobile subscribers – 2002 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Tata Teleservices mobile subscribers – 2002 – 2009
    • Table Historic - BSNL mobile subscribers – 2002 – 2009
    • Table Historic - MTNL mobile subscribers – 2002 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Vodafone mobile subscribers – 2010 – 2017
    • Table Bharti Airtel mobile ARPU – 2005 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Quadrant mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2017
    • Table Historic - Sistema mobile subscribers – 2008 – 2017
    • Table Historic - Telenor mobile subscribers – 2009 - 2017
    • Table Historic - Aircel mobile subscribers – 2004 – 2018
    • Table Historic - Reliance mobile ARPU – 2007 – 2017
    • Table Historic - Mobile ARPU (GSM and CDMA) –2005 – 2013
    • Table Historic - Fixed broadband subscribers - market share by access type – 2014
    • Table Historic - Dial-up internet subscribers – 2007 – 2012
    • Table Historic - International internet bandwidth – 2000 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Number of licensed ISPs – 2002 – 2003; 2005; 2008 – 2013
    • Table Historic - Cable modem subscribers – 2001 – 2009
    • Table Historic - DSL subscribers – 2001 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Reliance fixed-line subscribers – 2005 - 2009
    • Table Historic - Sistema fixed-line subscribers – 2010 – 2017
    • Table Historic - Videocon mobile subscribers – 2010 – 2015
    • Table Historic - Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity – 1995 – 2005
  • Glossary of abbreviations
  • Related reports

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