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India - Broadcasting and Digital Media

Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

India has long had a fascination with television. After years of steady growth, the country has emerged as one of the largest TV markets in the world in terms of viewers. In the last decade the television programming landscape has been totally transformed. India now has one of the largest broadcasting networks in terms of infrastructure. Doordarshan, the Indian National Television Network, reaches more than 90% of the population. But there remains much work to be done as India still has a significant component of the market that is analogue (an estimated 95 million analogue households by 2011). Transitioning the mass market to digital is a major challenge. There are already rapidly expanding digital segments in the TV market, notably IPTV/Broadband TV and with some digitalisation of the traditional platforms proceeding at a good pace. The type of expansion being witnessed in digital media is expected to continue at an increased rate.

Key developments:

Transitioning the mass market to digital continues to be a major challenge for India; regulation of the pay TV market remains a problem as there many unlicensed operators; the government had set 2013 as the target year for completing the conversion to digital; however pressure was building to extend the deadline to 2014.

Companies covered in this report include:

Doordarshan, Bharti Airtel, Reliance Communications, Tata Sky, Aksh Optifibre, Viacom, Network18, Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL), Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Ltd (MTNL).

1. Synopsis
2. Broadcasting Market
2.1 Overview
2.2 Digital media
2.3 Market statistics
2.4 Regulatory issues
2.4.1 Background
2.4.2 Cable Television Networks (Amendment) Bill
2.4.3 Convergence Bill 2001
2.4.4 Foreign investment
2.4.5 Conditional Access System (CAS)
2.4.6 Viacom – Network18 joint venture
3. TV and the transition to digital
3.1 Overview
3.2 Internet Protocol TV (IPTV)
3.2.1 Operational development
3.2.2 IPTV broadcasters
3.3 Pay TV
3.4 Cable TV
3.4.1 Market overview
3.4.2 Cable TV regulatory environment
3.4.3 Digitalisation of Cable TV
3.5 Satellite TV
3.5.1 Direct-to-Home (DTH) TV
3.6 Major cable and pay TV operators
3.6.1 Doordarshan
3.6.2 Asianet Communications
3.6.3 Hinduja Group (InCableNet)
3.6.4 Star TV
3.6.5 Zee Telefilms Limited (SitiCable)
3.7 Free-to-Air TV
3.7.1 Doordarshan
4. Related reports
List of Tables, Charts and Exhibits
Table 1 - Broadcasting market overview - 2011
Table 2 – Cable and TV households – 1995 - 2011
Table 3 – Total TV industry revenue – 2000 - 2011
Table 4 – Pay TV subscribers by technology – 2002 - 2011
Table 5 – Number of channels carried by cable operators – 2009 - 2011
Table 6 – DTH subscribers – 2008 - 2012
Chart 1 – Cable and TV households and TV industry revenue: 2000 - 2010
Exhibit 1 – Broadcasting Standard and major broadcasters
Exhibit 2 – Information on FTA turned Pay and New Pay Channels
Exhibit 3 – Overview of major channels available to consumers in India
Exhibit 4 – Operators issued DTH licences – March 2012

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