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India - Broadband Market, Internet Services and Forecasts


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

While India initially embraced the internet with a degree of ambivalence, there was tremendous enthusiasm among dial-up users and an estimated 60% of internet users were still regularly accessing the internet via the country’s more than 10,000 cybercafes. When it came to high-speed broadband access, however, there was a reluctance to adopt what was on offer, especially within the corporate sector, and the growth of broadband remained relatively slow for some time. By mid-2012 there were around 14 million fixed broadband subscribers – a lowly penetration (by population) of slightly more than 1%. In the meantime, mobile broadband technologies were starting to attract considerable interest in India. Having paid large licence fees on the back of the government’s spectrum auction in 2010, the operators were keenly promoting their mobile data services. Significant network rollouts had been completed and there was no doubt that this was accelerating the adoption of broadband. This report looks at the stage the development of broadband internet has reached in India and includes relevant statistics.

Key developments:

The broadband market was growing at an annual rate of 20% in early 2012; fixed broadband penetration (population) was a little over 1%; wireless broadband was starting to grow; the government continues to promote growth strategies and has prepared a National Broadband Plan; growth in broadband services continues to fall short of government targets; the government has placed a major emphasis on getting broadband into the rural areas.

Companies covered in this report include:

Aircel/Dishnet, Bharti Airtel, Idea/Spice, Reliance Communications, Tata Teleservices, Vodafone Essar, Bharti Telenet, Reliance Infocomm, Tata Teleservices, Videsh Sanchar Nigam Ltd (VSNL), Tata Indicom, Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL), Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Ltd (MTNL), Augere.


1. Synopsis
2. Broadband networks and services
2.1 Overview
2.1.1 Broadband statistics
2.2 National Broadband Policy
2.2.1 Implementation of National Broadband Policy
2.3 National Broadband Plan
2.4 Broadband technologies
2.4.1 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
2.4.2 Cable modem
2.4.3 Wireless broadband
2.4.4 WiMAX
2.4.5 WiMAX spectrum auctions
2.4.6 LTE
2.4.7 Mobile wireless
2.5 Satellite
3. Internet market
3.1 Overview
3.1.1 Internet statistics
3.1.2 Threat of action against Twitter
3.1.3 E-medicine
3.1.4 IPv4/IPv6
3.2 Forecasts- internet services – 2015; 2020
3.2.1 Growth issues
3.3 Regulatory issues
3.3.1 Foreign Exchange transactions
3.3.2 Censorship of social media sites
3.3.3 Internet policy: background
3.3.4 Internet policy: development
3.3.5 National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI)
3.3.6 Control of the internet in India
3.3.7 International connectivity
4. Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
5. Notes on forecasting
6. Related reports
List of Tables and Charts
Table 1 – Fixed broadband subscribers – 2001 - 2012
Table 2 – Fixed broadband subscribers - market share by access type – March 2012
Table 3 – Broadband subscribers and households – March 2012
Table 4 – Internet subscribers by access type – March 2012
Table 5 – India - Broadband and internet subscriber targets – 2005; 2007; 2010
Table 6 – DSL subscribers – 2001 - 2012
Table 7 – Cable modem subscribers – 2001 - 2012
Table 8 – Wireless broadband subscribers – 2003; 2006 - 2012
Table 9 – Internet users – 1995 - 2012
Table 10 – Internet subscribers – 1995 - 2012
Table 11 – Dial-up internet subscribers – 2007 - 2012
Table 12 – Internet (dial-up) ARPU – 2005; 2007 - 2009
Table 13 – International internet bandwidth – 2000 - 2012
Table 14 – Forecast internet subscribers – 2015; 2020
Chart 1 – Internet subscribers and market share by access type – September 2011
Chart 2 - Internet subscribers and growth – 2001 - 2012

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