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2007 Global Wireless Broadband - Focus Shifts to Mobile Sector

This report provides detailed information and analysis on worldwide wireless broadband developments including regional information for North America, Latin America, Europe, Africa, Middle East and Asia Pacific. Included is detailed information on WiMAX and analysis of its potential in both the fixed and wireless sectors, taking into account competing technologies, such as HSPA. Statistics and forecasts for WiFi and WiMAX are also provided, along with information on the progress of the wireless networking technologies of Bluetooth and UWB.

Subjects covered include:

  • WiMAX;
  • WiFi/WLANs;
  • Bluetooth & Ultra-Wideband (UWB);
  • Mobile Data analysis;
  • HSDPA & IP Multimedia systems (IMS);
  • 3G analysis;
  • Regional Overview including North America, Latin America, Europe, Africa, Middle East, Asia and the Pacific region.


The focus of wireless broadband, and in particular WiMAX has now shifted towards the area of mobility, although there will still be some opportunities in the fixed broadband markets. WiMAX is well suited to the mobile sector as the future of wireless/mobile rests very much with ‘personal broadband’ - where broadband is delivered to individual personal devices which are enabled for mobility.

In terms of developments, after years of waiting, the WiMAX standard was finally ratified in late 2005 and by early 2006 the first certified products entered the market. However, it will not be until 2009 that more commercial viable services will become available. In the fixed broadband market, niche opportunities will reside in metropolitan areas where WiMAX can deliver premium broadband services. WiMAX may also be of use in some regional markets where it is uneconomical to use fixed networks. In the developing markets such as China and India, WiMAX will certainly be able to tap into the fixed broadband market, simply because there are no fixed networks available at all. For more information, see chapter 2.3, page 21.

It is however becoming more and more apparent that wireless broadband is much better suited for the delivery of mobile data and this infrastructure also has better potential for the delivery of VoIP. These are two reasons why wireless broadband could start challenging 3G in the next decade. 3G is obsolete in terms of being able to deliver a business model that offers affordable mass market wireless broadband services - and all roads will eventually lead to IP based 4G. Both WiMAX and 3G HSPA (the latter one through the LTE technology) can be used to move towards 4G, somewhere around 2012. For more information, see chapter 1, page 1.

While WiMAX is still trying to get a foothold in the market, the mobile operators are moving forward and employing HSPA for 3G networks; the latest addition in the long list of mobile data technologies. While the capabilities are impressive, the high user charges of the services on offer are inhibiting its business potential. Interestingly however, under the pressure of capped mobile prices there is a significant increase in data traffic both over 2G and 3G networks, indicating that the key to mobile data and wireless broadband is ‘communications’, rather than portals or PSMS. Under these newly emerging business models users are mainly using these services for email and Internet access. For more information, see chapter5.2, page 61.

Meshed wireless broadband services for city centres and major suburbs are also being developed, and together with WiMAX, WiFi is set to continue to play a key role. Hotspots can be easily connected to create a mesh-network and we are also beginning to see WiMAX technologies being used for the backbone, making WiFi more and more independent of incumbent networks. Some interesting developments are certainly happening in the USA along these lines (funded by advertising). These networks could put further pressure both on fixed broadband and mobile networks to increase their network speeds at more affordable prices. For more information, see chapter 3.1, page 27.

While Bluetooth arguably predates WiFi, it has been the latter technology that has monopolised the limelight in recent years, while Bluetooth has ended up with an image of never having been able to deliver on its promises. Nevertheless Bluetooth has, in the meantime, become seamlessly integrated into billions of products; in 2007 it is estimated that the number of Bluetooth device users has passed the 1 billion mark. In this process the technology has become more of an enabling technique than a stand-alone development. However the technologies of Bluetooth/UWB conceptually, at least, will have a strong influence of future developments of WiMAX. For more information, see chapter 4, page 43.

This report provides detailed information and analysis on worldwide wireless broadband developments including regional information for North America, Latin America, Europe, Africa, Middle East and Asia Pacific. Included is detailed information on WiMAX and analysis of its potential in both the fixed and wireless sectors, taking into account competing technologies, such as HSPA. Statistics and forecasts for WiFi and WiMAX are also provided, along with information on the progress of the wireless networking technologies of Bluetooth and UWB.

Key Highlights: The first certified WiMAX products are now entering the market and if WiMAX proves able to deliver, BuddeComm predicts a wireless revolution between 2008 and 2010.
We predict that by 2015 close to 100% of mobile revenues will come from wireless broadband.

Global wireless broadband market subscribers - 2003 - 2008

Year Wireless broadband* Satellite broadband
Subscribers (millions)
2003 1 1
2004 1.5 2
2005 4 4
2006 7.5 6
2007 (e) 15 9
2008 (e) 27 13

(Source: BuddeComm 2007)
Note: *Table excludes 3G

There are now over 100 HSPA networks commercially launched in over 50 countries around the world, including Europe, Africa, the Middle East, Asia, North and South America, and Asia-Pacific. For more information, see chapter5.2.1, page 61.
The US and Europe are currently home to the majority of WiFi hotspots; however growth is predicted ahead in the Asia-Pacific region, particularly for China. While the number of hotspots may be growing, concerns exist regarding the actual usage of these hotspots, particularly by the general public.
In the US, 3G deployments are soon to be overshadowed by the nationwide WiMAX networks planned by Sprint Nextel in partnership with Clearwire. The partnership aims to provide coverage to approximately 185 million people in Sprint Nextel’s footprint and 100 million in Clearwire’s with roaming between the two networks. For more information, see chapter 6.1, page 82.
Wireless solutions are ideal for Latin America, as they avoid the need to lay cables in regions of rugged landscapes and remote rural communities. Also, the lower costs involved in deploying fixed-wireless broadband systems has enabled smaller competitors to enter the market. For more information, see chapter 6.2, page 83.
Malaysia’s regulator awarded the country’s first WiMAX licences to four ‘non-telco’ companies in early 2007. For more information, see chapter 6.5.11, page 119.

1. WIRELESS BROADBAND
1.1 Wireless broadband overview and analyses
1.1.1 Introduction: infrastructure options
1.1.2 Bypassing the fixed network bottleneck
1.1.3 The concept of Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
1.1.4 Applications
1.1.5 Personal wireless broadband
1.1.6 From WiMAX and 3G to 4G mobile
1.1.7 Spectrum developments
1.1.8 Key years for wireless broadband: 2007/2008
1.1.9 Who the vendors are
1.1.10 Statistics and forecasts
2. WIMAX MARKET
2.1 WiMAX overview and statistics
2.1.1 Introduction
2.1.2 Industry consortia
2.1.3 WiMAX statistics and forecasts
2.2 WiMAX mobility analysis
2.2.1 Introduction
2.2.2 From 3G to WiMAX or 4G mobile
2.2.3 Super 3G versus WiMAX
2.3 WiMAX fixed wireless analysis
2.3.1 Introduction
2.3.2 Key years for wireless broadband: 2007/2008
2.3.3 The promises of fixed wireless
2.3.4 The problems of fixed wireless
2.3.5 Repositioning
2.3.6 WiMAX and BPL
3. WIFI AND WLANS
3.1 WiFi market overview
3.1.1 WLAN/WiFi hotspots
3.1.2 Early developments
3.1.3 Market analyses - 2007
3.1.4 Other developments
3.1.5 Dual mode handsets
3.1.6 Industry consortia
3.1.7 Technology - wireless - broadband
3.2 WiFi statistics and forecasts
3.2.1 WiFi hotspot statistics
3.2.2 Business user statistics
3.2.3 WiFi equipment and devices
3.2.4 Municipal WiFi statistics
3.2.5 WiFi revenue statistics and forecasts
3.2.6 Other statistics
4. BLUETOOTH AND ULTRA WIDEBAND (UWB)
4.1 Introduction
4.1.1 Early developments
4.1.2 Bluetooth today
4.2 Bluetooth and other technologies
4.2.1 Wibree
4.2.2 UWB (Ultra-Wideband)
4.3 Bluetooth-UWB merger
4.3.1 The future: Wireless Personal Area Networks
4.3.2 WiFi/WiMAX versus Bluetooth/UWB
4.3.3 UWB potentially superior
4.3.4 Advantages for Bluetooth wireless technology
4.3.5 Advantages and issues for UWB
4.4 Bluetooth statistics & forecasts
4.4.1 2007 - growth begins to slow
4.4.2 2006 - another successful year
4.4.3 2005 - demand begins to grows
4.5 Bluetooth technology
4.5.1 Bluetooth 1.2
4.5.2 Bluetooth 2.0
4.6 Application examples
4.7 Bluetooth security
5. MOBILE DATA
5.1 Mobile data overview and analysis
5.1.1 Introduction
5.1.2 From WiMAX and 3G to 4G mobile
5.1.3 Overview of market developments
5.1.4 Analysis - moving into 2007
5.2 HSDPA and IMS
5.2.1 HSPA, HSDPA, HSUPA
5.2.2 Will HSPA break through into the broadband market?
5.2.3 HSDPA statistics 2006 - 2007
5.2.4 Analysis - will HSDPA dethrone WiMAX?
5.2.5 IP Multimedia systems (IMS)
5.2.6 IMS statistics and trials
5.3 3G
5.3.1 The future of 3G
5.3.2 The time for 3G has arrived, but no cheering from the operators
5.3.3 The hard realities of the mobile market
5.3.4 Slow start so far
5.3.5 Will 3G survive as a separate business model?
5.3.6 Don’t believe the mobile hype
6. REGIONAL OVERVIEW
6.1 North America
6.1.1 USA
6.1.2 Canada
6.2 Latin America
6.2.1 WiFi
6.2.2 WiMAX
6.2.3 Third Generation mobile
6.3 Europe
6.3.1 Western Europe
6.3.2 Eastern Europe
6.4 Africa / Middle East
6.4.1 Africa
6.4.2 Middle East
6.5 Asia
6.5.1 Overview
6.5.2 WiFi
6.5.3 WiMAX
6.5.4 Interview: how WiMAX forum views WiMAX - December 2006
6.5.5 Taiwan
6.5.6 Japan
6.5.7 South Korea
6.5.8 China
6.5.9 Hong Kong
6.5.10 Singapore
6.5.11 Malaysia
6.6 Pacific Region
6.6.1 Australia
6.6.2 New Zealand
6.6.3 South Pacific
7. GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS


List of Exhibits


Exhibit 1 - Personal broadband definition
Exhibit 2 - Vendors offering products with EV-DO or HSPA wireless broadband - 2007
Exhibit 3 - WiMAX
Exhibit 4 - Leading companies in WLAN equipment sector* - 2006
Exhibit 5 - What the numbers mean at IEEE 801.11
Exhibit 6 - Bluetooth - Top 3 applications - 2006
Exhibit 7 - Ericsson and HSPA
Exhibit 8 - HSPA, HSDPA, HSUPA
Exhibit 9 - Countries/territories where HSDPA is commercially available - March 2007
Exhibit 10 - Countries/territories where HSDPA is planned, in deployment or commercially available - Year end 2006
Exhibit 11 - What is IMS?
Exhibit 12 - IMS in context with NGN, FttH
Exhibit 13 - Vendors involved in GMI 2006
Exhibit 14 - Broadband availability by access type - 2007


List of Tables


Table 1 - Global wireless broadband market subscribers - 2003 - 2008
Table 2 - Wireless broadband market share by region - 2005
Table 3 - Worldwide wireless broadband service revenue - 2012
Table 4 - Worldwide market share of wireless broadband subscribers by technology - 2010
Table 5 - Worldwide wireless broadband subscribers by technology - 2011
Table 6 - No. of WiMAX subscribers worldwide - Q1 2007
Table 7 - Share of WiMAX deployments by region - Q1 2007
Table 8 - PMP for WiMAX spectrum by region - 2007
Table 9 - Worldwide WiMAX subscribers - 2006; 2010
Table 10 - Regional share of WiMAX CPE sales - Q1 2006
Table 11 - WiMAX ARPU - residential and business users - 2006
Table 12 - Number of WiFi Hotspots worldwide - 2005 - 2007
Table 13 - Percentage of broadband households with WiFi - selected regions - mid-2006
Table 14 - Number of WiFi-enabled devices shipped worldwide - 2006; 2011
Table 15 - Number of WiFi Access Points shipped - 2006 - 2007
Table 16 - Worldwide equipment sales for WLAN and outdoor mesh equipment - Q3 2006
Table 17 - Worldwide WLAN technology revenue and growth - 2005 - 2006; 2010
Table 18 - Worldwide WiFi hotspot revenue - 2005; 2009; 2012
Table 19 - US wireless ARPU and EBITDA projections - 2005; 2008
Table 20 - Worldwide revenue and growth from WiFi phone sales - 2005 - 2006; 2009
Table 21 - Installed base of Bluetooth devices worldwide - 2005; 2007; 2012
Table 22 - Mobile data revenues - leading operators - Q1 2006
Table 23 - Global wireless broadband subscribers by technology - 2011
Table 24 - Mobile data as a % of operators revenue in selected regions - 2005
Table 25 - Mobile data (non SMS) as a % of operators revenue - 2005
Table 26 - Number of countries with HSDPA network commitments by region - December 2006
Table 27 - Hutchison’s top 3G markets by subscribers
Table 28 - Middle East 3G subscribers and operators - 2006
Table 29 - WiFi hotspots in Asia - selected markets - July 2007

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