Global - Infrastructure - National Broadband Network Insights (NBN)
Around the world, national broadband networks (NBN) have been accepted as the way of the future for the majority of countries. Around 140 countries have developed NBN policies and plans and Asia Pacific is the leading region in terms of fixed broadband market share. This report explores some of the key considerations surrounding NBN deployment as well as providing valuable case studies on some interesting deployments in Australia, Singapore, Kenya and South Korea. It discusses the role of the NBN infrastructure company, government leadership and a trans-sector approach.
Australia's NBN had a long gestation, and since being implemented in 2012 it has undergone significant changes in its business plan and architecture. These changes were wrought by the change of government following the election in September 2013. The December 2013 strategic review of the NBN and the company responsible for building the network, established a new framework. Instead of 93% of the population being covered by FttP, the new architecture has called for a hybrid network incorporating FttP and FttN, utilising existing DSL and HFC plant.
Singapore has earned the title of the intelligent island' after years of hard work, achieving high world rankings in most categories of technical advancement. The government's vision for this began with its Singapore One' project, in what was the world's first nationwide broadband network. This was carried through into the future with the progressive implementation of another government initiative, the iN2015' Master Plan.
Kenya's broadband market has been transformed in recent years as the result of the landing of four fibre-optic international submarine cables coupled with increased investments in network upgrades among the key providers. The international cable connectivity ended the country's dependence on limited and expensive satellite services, and with increased bandwidth wholesale prices for broadband have fallen by more than 90%. This has helped make broadband services affordable for the mass market. Companies that started out as ISPs such as AccessKenya, Kenya Data Networks and Wananchi have transformed themselves into second-tier telcos by rolling out national and metropolitan fibre backbones and wireless broadband access networks.
South Korea has the world's highest number of broadband services per capita. Korea's policy emphasis has been to establish an Ultra Broadband convergence Network (UBcN) with 1Gb/s speeds on fixed lines and 10Mb/s on wireless.
For further global statistics on fixed broadband, please also see separate report: Global - Broadband and FttP - Key Statistics and Insights.
As of mid 2014 there were 140 countries worldwide with a developed broadband policy in place, recognising that such infrastructure is critical to their development. There were also 13 countries planning on developing a policy and 43 countries with no plans at all.