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Ghana - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Ghana - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Ghana's telecom market has benefited from the privatisation of the incumbent telco Ghana Telecom and its rebranding as Vodafone Ghana. The company is the principal fixed-line provider and also the third largest player in the mobile services sector, after MTN and the recently merged AirtelTigo. It remains a key investor in telecom infrastructure, supported by various government-funded schemes to extend the reach of telecom services nationally. Recent upgrades have included an extension to the Eastern Corridor as well as a new cable connecting to Burkina Faso operated by Vodafone Wholesale.

The launch of LTE services by Vodafone Ghana in March 2019 and the extension of LTE-A services by MTN Ghana, have greatly improved the quality of mobile data services for end-users. This has been reflected in a number of areas, including the strong m-commerce and m-banking sectors. The vibrant mobile market has retained steady subscriber growth.

Ghana has a highly competitive internet market, and though there is a large number of licensed ISPs most subscribers are customers of only a few operators. In common with other markets in the region, the vast majority of internet accesses are via mobile networks.

Key developments:

Eastern Corridor project completed;
Facebook and Vodafone Ghana launch Express Wi-Fi program
Ghana Investment Fund sets out national telecom coverage goals;
Vodafone Ghana secures block of 800MHz spectrum for $30 million, launches LTE services;
MTN Ghana lists on the Ghanaian stock exchange;
Government to set up an additional 600 towers to provide basic mobile services;
M-money interoperability launched;
Merger of networks of Tigo Ghana and Airtel Ghana nears completion;
Regulator's fines on MNOs for QoS issues stimulate additional investments
Report update includes the regulator's market data to September 2018, telcos' operating data to Q4 2018, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Vodafone Ghana (Ghana Telecom, OneTouch), Capital Telecom, Globacom, MainOne, VoltaCom, Phase3 Telecom, Suburban Telecom, AirtelTigo (Tigo Ghana, Airtel Ghana), MTN Ghana, Expresso Telecom (Sudatel, Kasapa), Globacom (Glo Mobile), Thuraya, Network Computer Systems (NCS), InternetGhana, Africa Online, Busy Internet, Linkserve, IDN, Infinite Stream Ghana, Electricity Corporation of Ghana (ECG), Cactel Communications, O3b Networks, Internet Solutions.


  • Executive Summary
  • Key statistics
    • Table Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities – Ghana – 2018
    • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
  • Telecommunications market
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • REGIONAL AFRICA MARKET COMPARISON
      • TMI vs GDP
      • Mobile and mobile broadband
      • Fixed and mobile broadband
  • Regulatory environment
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    • WEST AFRICAN COMMON REGULATORY FRAMEWORK 2005
    • COMPETITION FRAMEWORK 2006
    • ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS ACT
    • ELECTRONIC TRANSACTION ACT
    • UNIVERSAL SERVICE
    • GHANA INVESTMENT FUND FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS (GIFTEL)
      • The eCARE project
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION
    • FIXED-LINE LICENCE CONDITIONS
  • Fixed network operators
    • VODAFONE GHANA
      • Table Fixed-line subscribers by operator – 2011 – 2018
      • Privatisation
      • Network infrastructure
    • AIRTEL GHANA (ZAIN, WESTEL)
      • Nationalisation 2006
      • Re-privatisation 2007
    • CAPITAL TELECOM (DEFUNCT)
  • Telecommunications infrastructure
    • OVERVIEW OF THE NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1999 – 2009
      • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 – 2018
    • FIBRE BACKBONE INFRASTRUCTURE
    • INTERNET EXCHANGE POINTS (IXPS)
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Table International bandwidth – 2001 – 2016
      • Submarine fibre optic cables
      • Satellite services
    • DATA CENTRES
  • Broadband market
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
    • BROADBAND STATISTICS
      • Table Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 2000 – 2009
      • Table Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 – 2022
      • Table Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2005 – 2018
      • Forecasts – fixed broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
        • Table Forecast fixed broadband subscribers in Ghana – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • PUBLIC INTERNET ACCESS VENUES (PAVS)
    • SHARED ACCESS CENTRES
    • MOBILE TELECENTRE TO-GO
      • Ghana Internet Service Providers Association (GISPA)
      • Ghana Internet Exchange Point (GIX)
    • DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL) NETWORKS
      • Table Vodafone Ghana broadband subscribers – 2012 – 2018
      • Table DSL subscribers – 2005 – 2016
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISES (FTTP)
    • OTHER FIXED BROADBAND SERVICES
      • Fixed wireless broadband
        • Table Broadband wireless access subscribers by operator – 2016 – 2017
        • Table Broadband wireless access market share by operator– 2005 – 2017
      • Powerline Communication (PLC)
      • Satellite broadband
      • O3b
    • DOMESTIC BACKBONE NETWORK INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Ghana National Public Data Network (DataNet)
      • FastNet
      • VoltaCom
      • Internet Solutions (IS)
      • Phase3 Telecom
      • Electronic Data Interchange
  • Digital economy
    • E-COMMERCE
    • E-GOVERNMENT, E-GHANA PROJECT
    • E-LEARNING
    • E-HEALTH
  • Mobile communications
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
        • Table Mobile voice subscribers – 2010 – 2018
        • Table Mobile voice subscribers by operator – 2011 – 2018
        • Table Mobile voice subscriber market share by operator – 2011 – 2018
        • Table Overview of mobile network launch dates
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Mobile broadband subscribers by operator – 2013 – 2018
        • Table Mobile broadband subscriber share by operator – 2015 – 2018
        • Table Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2018
      • SMS
      • Forecasts – mobile subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
        • Table Forecast mobile subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Quality of Service (QoS)
      • Licensing
      • Spectrum
      • Roaming
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • Network sharing
      • Taxation
      • SIM card registration
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Analogue networks
      • Digital networks
        • Table LTE subscribers by operator – 2016 – 2018
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Vodafone Ghana (Ghana Telecom, OneTouch)
        • Table Vodafone Ghana subscribers – 2008 – 2018
      • MTN Ghana (formerly ScanCom, Spacefon Areeba)
        • Table MTN Ghana financial data – 2011 – 2018
        • Table MTN Ghana revenue by type – 2015 – 2018
        • Table MTN Ghana mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2018
        • Table MTN Ghana ARPU – 2002 – 2018
      • Tigo Ghana (Millicom Ghana, Mobitel)
        • Table Tigo Ghana mobile subscribers (regulator data) –2013 – 2017
        • Table Tigo Ghana mobile subscribers (company data) –2010 – 2017
      • Expresso
        • Table Espresso Ghana mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2017
      • Airtel Ghana (Zain/Celtel, Westel)
        • Table Airtel Ghana (Airtel Tigo) mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2018
      • Glo Mobile
        • Table Glo Mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2018
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
      • M2M
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • M-banking
      • M-health

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