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Ghana - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Ghana - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Ghana’s mobile market consolidates with Tigo and Airtel to merge Ghana was one of the first countries in Africa to liberalise and deregulate its telecommunications sector. Following the privatisation of Ghana Telecom in 1996 there was very rapid growth in market competition across the mobile, internet and fixed-line sectors, with a number of new players being licensed to offer services. Ghana Telecom was acquired by the Vodafone Group in 2009 and rebranded as Vodafone Ghana. It is the principal fixed-line provider and also the second largest player in the mobile services sector. The country has one of the most vibrant mobile markets on the continent, with six competing operators including the regional heavyweights MTN Ghana, Vodafone Ghana, Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain) and Millicom (Tigo). In March 2017 the owners of Tigo Ghana and Airtel Ghana agreed on terms for the merger of these local units, creating the second largest operator in the country by subscribers. Although mobile subscriber growth has remained strong in recent years competition has resulted in lower ARPU and consequently operators have seen stagnant revenue growth. While growth in the voice market has slowed, there is enormous potential in mobile broadband services, both in terms of subscriber additions and in mobile data ARPU. Mobile broadband already accounts for the vast majority of internet connections in the country. The launch of LTE services by MTN Ghana in mid-2016 has added to the vibrancy of this sector. Ghana also has a highly competitive internet market, with more than 140 licensed ISPs although only about a quarter of these are active. The arrival of two submarine fibre optic cables in 2012 and 2013 significantly increased international bandwidth and led to a reduction in the cost of broadband access. These developments, combined with the roll out of national fibre backbone networks by a number of players, are continuing to revolutionise the country’s broadband market and pave the way for the convergence of technologies and services. Key developments: Accra Digital Centre is opened; Google builds out 1,200km of metro-net fibre as part of its Project Link program; Government planning launch of the Ghanasat 1 satellite in 2020; Ghana Information Communication Technology Council to be set up to guide the ICT sector; Tigo Ghana and Airtel Ghana agree merger terms; Tigo doubles data rates deploying sing HSPA+ technology; MTN Ghana launches LTE using 800MHz licence; Expresso considers sale of tower assets; Surfline Communications and Blu Telecoms launch LTE services; Vodafone launches FttP-based broadband services; Report update includes the regulator’s market data to February 2017, operator data to Q4 2016, recent market developments. Companies mentioned in this report: Vodafone Ghana (Ghana Telecom; OneTouch), Telkom Malaysia, Telenor, Bharti Airtel (Zain/Celtel, Westel), Capital Telecom, Globacom (Glo Mobile), Main One, VoltaCom, Phase3 Telecom, Suburban Telecom, MTN Ghana; Millicom Ghana (Tigo), Expresso Telecom (Sudatel, Kasapa), Thuraya, Network Computer Systems (NCS), InternetGhana, Africa Online, Busy Internet, Linkserve, IDN, Infinite Stream Ghana, Electricity Corporation of Ghana (ECG), Cactel Communications, O3b Networks, VoltaCom, Internet Solutions


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics - 2016 (e)
    • Table Fixed-line network statistics - 2016
    • Table Internet provider statistics - 2017
    • Table Internet, broadband and social media user statistics - 2016
    • Table Mobile statistics - 2016
    • Table National telecommunications authority
    • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
      • Table Fixed-line and mobile services revenue - 2010 - 2012
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    • WEST AFRICAN COMMON REGULATORY FRAMEWORK 2005
    • NEW COMPETITION FRAMEWORK 2006
    • ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS ACT
    • ELECTRONIC TRANSACTION ACT
    • UNIVERSAL SERVICE
    • GHANA INVESTMENT FUND FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS (GIFTEL)
      • The eCARE project
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION
    • FIXED-LINE LICENCE CONDITIONS
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • VODAFONE GHANA (FORMERLY GHANA TELECOM)
      • Table Fixed-line subscribers by operator - 2011 - 2017
      • First privatisation 1997-2007
      • The Telenor period, 2003-2005
      • Second privatisation 2008
      • Services
      • Network infrastructure
      • Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
      • National fibre backbone
    • BHARTI AIRTEL (ZAIN, WESTEL)
      • Nationalisation 2006
      • Re-privatisation 2007
    • CAPITAL TELECOM (DEFUNCT)
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • OVERVIEW OF THE NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1999 - 2009
      • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2010 - 2018
    • PUBLIC PAYPHONES
    • FIBRE BACKBONE INFRASTRUCTURE
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Table International bandwidth - 2001 - 2015
      • Submarine fibre optic cables
      • Satellite services
    • DATA CENTRES
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
    • BROADBAND STATISTICS
      • Table Historic - Internet users and penetration rate - 2000 - 2009
      • Table Internet users and penetration rate - 2010 - 2018
      • Table Fixed-line internet subscribers - 2009 - 2016
      • Table Fixed-line broadband subscribers - 2004 - 2018
    • PC PENETRATION, AFFORDABLE COMPUTER PROGRAMS
    • PUBLIC INTERNET ACCESS VENUES (PAVS)
    • SHARED ACCESS CENTRES
    • MOBILE TELECENTRE TO-GO
      • Ghana Internet Service Providers Association (GISPA)
      • Ghana Internet Exchange Point (GIX)
    • DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL) NETWORKS
      • Table Vodafone Ghana broadband subscribers - 2012 - 2016
      • Table DSL subscribers - 2005 - 2016
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISES (FTTP) NETWORKS
    • OTHER FIXED BROADBAND SERVICES
      • Fixed wireless broadband
        • Table Broadband wireless access subscribers by operator - 2016 - 2017
        • Table Broadband wireless access market share by operator- 2005 - 2017
      • Powerline Communication (PLC)
      • Internet via satellite
      • O3b
    • DOMESTIC BACKBONE NETWORK INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Ghana National Public Data Network (DataNet)
      • FastNet
      • VoltaCom
      • Internet Solutions (IS)
      • Phase3 Telecom
      • Electronic Data Interchange
      • VSAT networks
  • DIGITAL MEDIA
    • VIDEOSTREAMING
    • COMMUNICATIONS: VOIP
  • DIGITAL ECONOMY
    • E-COMMERCE
    • E-GOVERNMENT, E-GHANA PROJECT
    • E-LEARNING
    • E-HEALTH
    • FACEBOOK
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1999 - 2009
        • Table Total mobile voice subscribers - 2010 - 2018
        • Table Mobile voice subscribers by operator - 2011 - 2017
        • Table Mobile voice subscriber market share by operator - 2011 - 2017
        • Table Overview of mobile network launch dates
      • Mobile broadband/data
        • Table Mobile broadband subscribers by operator - 2013 - 2017
        • Table Mobile broadband subscriber share by operator - 2015 - 2017
        • Table Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration - 2009 - 2017
      • Forecasts - mobile subscribers - 2018; 2020; 2022
        • Table Forecast mobile subscribers - 2018; 2020; 2022
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Licensing
      • Spectrum
      • Roaming
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Cumulative mobile number portings - 2011 - 2015
      • Network sharing
      • Taxation
      • Registration of subscriber details
      • Billing
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Analogue networks
      • Digital networks
        • Table LTE subscribers by operator - 2016 - 2017
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • SATELLITE MOBILE
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Vodafone Ghana (Ghana Telecom, OneTouch)
        • Table Vodafone Ghana subscribers - 2008 - 2017
      • MTN Ghana (formerly ScanCom, Spacefon Areeba)
        • Table MTN Ghana financial data - 2010 - 2016
        • Table MTN Ghana revenue by type - 2015 - 2016
        • Table MTN Ghana mobile subscribers (regulator data) - 2012 - 2017
        • Table MTN Ghana ARPU - 2002 - 2016
      • Tigo (Millicom Ghana, Mobitel)
        • Table Tigo Ghana mobile subscribers (regulator data) - 2013 - 2017
        • Table Tigo Ghana mobile subscribers (company data) - 2010 - 2016
      • Expresso
        • Table Espresso Ghana mobile subscribers - 2013 - 2017
      • Bharti Airtel (Zain/Celtel, Westel)
        • Table Espresso Ghana mobile subscribers - 2013 - 2017
      • Glo Mobile
        • Table Glo Mobile subscribers - 2013 - 2017
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
      • M2M
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • M-banking
      • Mobile video streaming
      • M-health
      • M-TV
    • MOBILE HANDSETS

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