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Ghana - Mobile Infrastructure, Operators and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Ghana - Mobile Infrastructure, Operators and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Ghana has one of the most vibrant mobile markets in Africa, with competing operators including the regional heavyweights MTN Ghana, Vodafone Ghana and AirtelTigo, formed from the merger of Airtel Ghana and Tigo Ghana. Although subscriber growth has remained strong in recent years, with the exception of a dip in 2017 resulting from a redefinition of active subscribers from one of the operators, competition has resulted in lower Average Revenue Per User (ARPU) and pressure on revenue. The country ranks high in BuddeComm's Telecom Maturity Index, a testament to ongoing developments in network upgrades among operators as well as efforts by the government and regulator to expand services to underserved rural areas.

There remains enormous potential in mobile broadband services, both in terms of subscriber additions and in mobile data ARPU. Mobile internet connections already account for the vast majority of all internet accesses in the country. The launch of LTE services by MTN Ghana in mid-2016 and by Vodafone Ghana in March 2019 has added to the vibrancy of this sector. The regulator has encouraged other operators to refarm 2G spectrum for 3G use in a bid to improve internet access in rural and remote areas.

Key developments:

Vodafone Ghana secures block of 800MHz spectrum for $30 million, launches LTE services;
MTN Ghana lists on the Ghanaian stock exchange;
Government to set up an additional 600 towers to provide basic mobile services;
M-money interoperability launched;
Regulator to replace 2G licenses with unified access licenses in 2019;
Merger of networks of Tigo Ghana and Airtel Ghana nears completion;
Afriwave Telecom licensed to operate as an Interconnect Clearing House for mobile calls;
Regulator's fines on MNOs for QoS issues stimulate additional investments;
Report update includes the regulator's market data to September 2018, telcos' operating data to Q4 2018, Telecom Maturity Index tables, charts and analyses, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

AirtelTigo (Tigo Ghana, Airtel Ghana), MTN Ghana, Vodafone Ghana (Ghana Telecom, OneTouch), Expresso Telecom (Sudatel, Kasapa), Globacom (Glo Mobile), Thuraya.


  • Synopsis
  • Market analysis
  • Mobile statistics
    • GENERAL STATISTICS
      • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
      • Table Mobile voice subscribers – 2010 – 2018
      • Table Mobile voice subscribers by operator – 2011 – 2018
      • Table Mobile voice subscriber market share by operator – 2011 – 2018
      • Table Overview of mobile network launch dates
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Mobile broadband subscribers by operator – 2013 – 2018
      • Table Mobile broadband subscriber share by operator – 2015 – 2018
      • Table Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2018
    • SMS
    • FORECASTS – MOBILE SUBSCRIBERS – 2019; 2021; 2023
      • Table Forecast mobile subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
  • Regulatory issues
    • QUALITY OF SERVICE (QOS)
    • LICENSING
    • SPECTRUM
    • ROAMING
    • MOBILE TERMINATION RATES (MTRS)
    • MOBILE NUMBER PORTABILITY (MNP)
    • NETWORK SHARING
    • TAXATION
    • SIM CARD REGISTRATION
  • Mobile infrastructure
    • ANALOGUE NETWORKS
    • DIGITAL NETWORKS
      • 4G (LTE)
        • Table LTE subscribers by operator – 2016 – 2018
      • 3G
      • GSM
    • OTHER INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENTS
      • Satellite mobile
  • Major mobile operators
    • VODAFONE GHANA (GHANA TELECOM, ONETOUCH)
      • Table Vodafone Ghana subscribers – 2008 – 2018
    • MTN GHANA (FORMERLY SCANCOM, SPACEFON AREEBA)
      • Table MTN Ghana financial data – 2011 – 2018
      • Table MTN Ghana revenue by type – 2015 – 2018
      • Table MTN Ghana mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2018
      • Table MTN Ghana ARPU – 2002 – 2018
    • TIGO GHANA (MILLICOM GHANA, MOBITEL)
      • Table Tigo Ghana mobile subscribers (regulator data) –2013 – 2017
      • Table Tigo Ghana mobile subscribers (company data) –2010 – 2017
      • Merger with Airtel Ghana
    • EXPRESSO
      • Table Espresso Ghana mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2017
    • AIRTEL GHANA (ZAIN/CELTEL, WESTEL)
      • Table Airtel Ghana (Airtel Tigo) mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2018
    • GLO MOBILE
      • Table Glo Mobile subscribers – 2013 – 2018
    • MOBILE VIRTUAL NETWORK OPERATORS (MVNOS)
    • M2M
  • Mobile content and applications
    • M-BANKING
    • M-HEALTH
  • Related reports

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