Ghana - Mobile Infrastructure, Operators and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

Ghana - Mobile Infrastructure, Operators and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Ghana has one of the most vibrant mobile markets in Africa, with competing operators including the regional heavyweights MTN Ghana, Vodafone Ghana and AirtelTigo, formed from the merger of Airtel Ghana and Tigo Ghana. Although subscriber growth has remained strong in recent years, with the exception of a dip in 2017 resulting from a redefinition of active subscribers from one of the operators, competition has resulted in lower Average Revenue Per User (ARPU) and pressure on revenue. The country ranks high in BuddeComm's Telecom Maturity Index, a testament to ongoing developments in network upgrades among operators as well as efforts by the government and regulator to expand services to underserved rural areas.

There remains enormous potential in mobile broadband services, both in terms of subscriber additions and in mobile data ARPU. Mobile internet connections already account for the vast majority of all internet accesses in the country. The launch of LTE services by MTN Ghana in mid-2016 has added to the vibrancy of this sector, and although the other providers have held back from securing LTE licences, claiming that the cost is too high, the regulator has encouraged them to refarm 2G spectrum for 3G use in a bid to improve internet access in rural and remote areas.

Key developments:

Regulator to replace 2G licenses with unified access licenses in 2019, announces plan to auction LTE spectrum in June 2018; Tigo Ghana and Airtel Ghana complete merger; government re-imposes mobile phone tax; Afriwave Telecom licensed to operate as an Interconnect Clearing House for mobile calls; m-money interoperability delayed to May 2018; MTN Ghana secures one of two blocks of spectrum in the 800MHz band, expands the reach of LTE services; Vodafone Ghana launches M-PESA service, expands the reach of 3G to an additional 25 rural communities; Expresso sold to Kludjeson International; regulator informs Expresso of its intention to revoke its licence; strong increase in mobile number portings; Surfline Communications and Blu Telecoms launch LTE services; regulator's fines on MNOs for QoS issues stimulate additional investments; report update includes the regulator's market data to September 2017, telcos' operating data to Q4 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

AirtelTigo (Tigo Ghana, Airtel Ghana), MTN Ghana, Vodafone Ghana (Ghana Telecom, OneTouch), Expresso Telecom (Sudatel, Kasapa), Globacom (Glo Mobile), Thuraya.

1. Synopsis
2. Market analysis
3. Regional African Market Comparison
4. Mobile statistics
4.1 General statistics
4.2 Mobile broadband
4.2.1 SMS
4.3 Forecasts mobile subscribers 2019; 2021; 2023
5. Mobile regulatory issues
5.1 Quality of Service (QoS)
5.2 Licensing
5.3 Spectrum
5.4 Roaming
5.5 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
5.6 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
5.7 Network sharing
5.8 Taxation
5.9 Registration of subscriber details
6. Mobile infrastructure
6.1 Analogue networks
6.2 Digital networks
6.2.1 GSM
6.2.2 UMTS (3G)
6.2.3 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
7. Satellite mobile
8. Major mobile operators
8.1 Vodafone Ghana (Ghana Telecom, OneTouch)
8.2 MTN Ghana (formerly ScanCom, Spacefon Areeba)
8.3 Tigo Ghana (Millicom Ghana, Mobitel)
8.3.1 Merger with Airtel Ghana
8.4 Expresso
8.5 Airtel Ghana (Zain/Celtel, Westel)
8.6 Glo Mobile
8.7 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
8.8 M2M
9. Mobile content and applications
9.1 M-banking
9.2 M-health
10. Related reports
Table 1 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1999 - 2009
Table 2 Mobile voice subscribers 2010 - 2018
Table 3 Mobile voice subscribers by operator 2011 - 2017
Table 4 Mobile voice subscriber market share by operator 2011 - 2017
Table 5 Overview of mobile network launch dates
Table 6 Mobile broadband subscribers by operator 2013 - 2017
Table 7 Mobile broadband subscriber share by operator 2015 - 2017
Table 8 Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2009 - 2018
Table 9 Forecast mobile subscribers 2019; 2021; 2023
Table 10 LTE subscribers by operator 2016 - 2017
Table 11 Vodafone Ghana subscribers 2008 - 2017
Table 12 MTN Ghana financial data 2011 - 2017
Table 13 MTN Ghana revenue by type 2015 - 2017
Table 14 MTN Ghana mobile subscribers (regulator data) 2012 - 2017
Table 15 MTN Ghana ARPU 2002 2017
Table 16 Tigo Ghana mobile subscribers (regulator data) 2013 - 2017
Table 17 Tigo Ghana mobile subscribers (company data) 2010 - 2017
Table 18 Espresso Ghana mobile subscribers 2013 - 2017
Table 19 Airtel Ghana mobile subscribers 2013 - 2017
Table 20 Glo Mobile subscribers 2013 - 2017
Chart 1 Africa Top-tier Telecoms Maturity Index (Market Leaders) - 2017
Chart 2 West Africa Telecoms Maturity Index by country - 2017
Chart 3 West Africa mobile subscriber penetration versus mobile broadband penetration - 2017
Chart 4 West Africa fixed and mobile penetration rates - 2017
Chart 5 - Mobile voice subscribers and penetration rate 2005 - 2018
Chart 6 Mobile voice subscribers by operator 2011 2017
Chart 7 MTN Ghana financial data 2011 2017
Exhibit 1 West Africa - Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country
Exhibit 2 Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
Exhibit 3 SMS as a weapon against drug counterfeiting

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