Germany - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Germany - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Germany has one of Europe’s largest telecom markets, as befits a country with a population approaching 83 million. Both the fixed network and broadband markets are dominated by Telekom Deutschland, though other notable players include freenet, Vodafone Germany and Telefónica Germany. These altnets have gained market share as the incumbent continues to struggle against regulated network access conditions and market competition, both of which have led to declining revenue during the last few years though revenue growth was evident in 2019.

The German mobile market is being driven by mobile data, with the number of mobile broadband subscribers having increased rapidly in recent years on the back of the near universally available LTE infrastructure. Looking forward, considerable progress is expected in the reach and availability of services based on 5G. The regulator concluded a multi-spectrum auction in mid-2019 and although licensees have complained that the cost of their licenses could retard network build in coming years, the first commercial services have been launched.

Germany also has one of the largest broadband markets in Europe, supported by a progressive pursuit of DOCSIS3.1 and G.fast technologies. The dominant DSL platform is led by Telekom Deutschland, which continues to invest in network upgrades with a focus on a hybrid fibre and vectoring VDSL solution. This strategy is aimed at competing with competitors including Vodafone Germany which has a wide DSL and cable footprint following its recent acquisition of Unitymedia. Network upgrades, in conjunction with 5G deployments, are required to reach the government’s target of providing a gigabit service nationally by 2025.

This report introduces the key aspects of the German telecom market, providing data on the country’s fixed network infrastructure as well as key regulatory developments including the status of interconnection, local loop unbundling, number portability, and carrier preselection. The report also covers the mobile voice and data sectors, including an overview of the main operators and their strategies for dealing with competition and emerging technologies, as also an assessment of recent regulatory developments and spectrum auctions. In addition, the report analyses the fixed and wireless broadband markets, together with subscriber forecasts and an assessment of developments with related technologies such as FttP, DOCSIS3.1 and powerline broadband.

Key developments:

Regulator approves four-year termination rates to 2023, sets reduced MTRs through to 2022;
Telekom Deutschland launches 5G in five cities;
Additional security measures applied to 5G network components;
Telefónica Germany expands mobile banking service;
Telefónica Germany reports 98% LTE coverage;
Vodafone Germany to extend its 1Gb/s service to 25 million premises by 2022;
NetCologne rolls out 1Gb/s service in Cologne;
EWE to invest more than €1 billion in fibre-based infrastructure to 2026;
Report update includes the regulator’s market data for 2018, VATM market data updates for 2019, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q3 2019, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telekom Deutschland, Freenet, BT Global Services, Tele2 Germany, Telefónica Germany, Vodafone Germany, E-Plus, CallMobile, QSC, Kabel BW, Kabel Deutschland, Unitymedia, PrimaCom, The Cloud, Energie Baden-Wurttemberg.


  • Executive Summary
  • Key statistics
    • Table Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Germany – 2019 (e)
  • Telecommunications market
    • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
      • Table Growth in fixed-line investment: Telekom and altnets – 2010 – 2019
      • Table New entrants' market share of revenue, investment – 2008 – 2018
      • Table New entrants' market share of subscribers by sector – 2008 – 2018
      • Table Change in telecom market revenue: Telekom and altnets – 2010 – 2018
      • Table Telecom market revenue by sector (VATM data) – 2006 – 2019
      • Table Change in telecom revenue by sector – 2015 – 2018
      • Table Development of voice traffic by sector – 2007 – 2019
      • Table Change in fixed voice traffic by main provider – 2014 – 2018
    • REGIONAL EUROPEAN MARKET COMPARISON
      • Europe Telecom Maturity Index by tier
      • TMI versus GDP
      • Mobile and mobile broadband penetration
      • Fixed versus mobile broadband penetration
  • Regulatory environment
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION
      • Privatisation
    • INTERCONNECT
    • ACCESS
      • Table Change in the number of Telekom Deutschland wholesale lines – 2008 – 2019
    • NUMBER PORTABILITY (NP)
    • CARRIER PRESELECTION (CPS)
      • Table Decline in annual traffic by alternative accesses – 2013 – 2018
  • Fixed network operators
    • MARKET OVERVIEW
    • TELEKOM DEUTSCHLAND (TELEKOM)
      • Table Development of Telekom Deutschland's domestic revenue – 2009 – 2019
      • Table Change in the number of Telekom Deutschland's domestic subscribers by sector – 2008 – 2019
      • Table Development of Deutsche Telekom Group's financial data – 2005 – 2019
    • VODAFONE GERMANY
      • Table Development of Vodafone Germany's fixed-line revenue – 2005 – 2019
      • Table Growth in the number of Vodafone Germany's fixed-line subscribers – 2013 – 2019
    • FREENET
      • Table Change in Freenet's financial data by segment – 2005 – 2019
    • TELE2
      • Table Change in the number of Tele2 Germany's subscribers by sector – 2007 – 2019
      • Table Development of Tele2 Germany's revenue by sector – 2007 – 2019
    • TELEFÓNICA GERMANY
      • Table Change in Telefónica Germany's subscriber base by sector – 2007 – 2019
      • Table Development of Telefónica Germany's financial data – 2007 – 2019
  • Telecommunications infrastructure
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Decline in the number of fixed lines and teledensity – 2009 – 2024
      • Table Change in the number of fixed line connections – 2013 – 2018
      • Table Fixed line connections by type – 2005 – 2018
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Terrestrial
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
        • Table International internet bandwidth – 2009 – 2017
    • SMART INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Smart cities
  • Broadband market
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
      • Market analysis
      • Government support
      • Government Broadband Strategy
        • Table Change in the number of Telekom Deutschland's direct, resale and LLU broadband lines – 2006 – 2019
        • Table Growth in fixed broadband traffic, by year and average per connection – 2009 – 2019
        • Table Change in market share of broadband subscribers by major provider – 2012 – 2019
        • Table Market share of broadband subscribers by minor provider – 2012 – 2019
        • Table Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2024
        • Table Change in market share of broadband subscribers by platform – 2016 – 2019
        • Table Increase in fixed broadband penetration by platform – 2007 – 2018
        • Table Change in the number of broadband lines by data rates – 2014 – 2019
        • Table Change in the proportion of fixed broadband lines by data rates – 2014 – 2019
        • Table Change in the share of fixed broadband lines by Telekom and altnets – 2009 – 2018
    • HYBRID FIBRE COAX (HFC) NETWORKS
      • Table Growth in the number of cable broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2019
      • Table Growth in the number of DOCSIS3.1 cable connections – 2018 – 2019
      • Cable market consolidation
      • Unitymedia
        • Table Growth in the number of Unitymedia broadband and telephony subscribers – 2006 – 2019
        • Table Development of Unitymedia's financial data – 2006 – 2019
    • DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL) NETWORKS
      • Table Change in the proportion of DSL connections by provider – 2009 – 2018
      • Table Growth in the number of DSL broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2019
      • Table Change in the number of DSL connections by type – 2007 – 2019
      • VDSL
        • Table Growth in the number of VDSL broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2018
      • Providers
        • Table Growth in the number of Telekom Deutschland's wholesale and resale lines – 2009 – 2019
        • Table Development of United Internet's financial data – 2007 – 2019
        • Table Growth in the number of United Internet's subscribers by type– 2010 – 2019
        • Table Growth in the number of Vodafone Germany's fixed broadband subscribers – 2010 – 2019
        • Table Growth in the number of Telefónica Germany's fixed broadband subscribers – 2007 – 2019
        • Table QSC financial data – 2006 – 2019
      • G.fast
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISES (FTTP) NETWORKS
      • Table Growth in the number of households passed with fibre – 2007 – 2019
      • Table Annual net additions in FttP/B households passed and connected – 2011 – 2019
      • Table Growth in the number of active FttP/B connections by provider – 2012 – 2019
      • Table Change in the share of FttP/B connections by provider – 2011 – 2019
      • Telekom Deutschland
        • Table Growth in the number of Telekom Deutschland's fibre subscribers – 2015 – 2019
      • Other developments
    • OTHER FIXED BROADBAND SERVICES
      • Broadband Powerline (BPL)
      • Fixed wireless
  • Mobile communications
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
        • Table Development of mobile market revenue by type – 2010 – 2018
        • Table Change in the proportion of mobile market revenue share by type – 2012 – 2018
        • Table Change in mobile revenue by MNOs and MVNOs – 2006 – 2018
        • Table Average use per SIM card by service– 2011 – 2018
        • Table Decline in prepaid customer share of mobile subscriber base – 2009 – 2018
      • Operator market shares
        • Table Mobile operator share of retail revenue – 2011 – 2019
        • Table Change in mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 – 2019
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • 5G
      • 4G (LTE)
        • Table LTE base stations in service – 2015 – 2018
        • Table Increase in the number of LTE subscribers – 2015 – 2019
        • Table Telefónica Deutschland LTE subscribers and penetration – 2014 – 2019
      • 3G
      • Other infrastructure developments
        • Table Growth in the number of M2M connections – 2015 – 2018
        • Table Growth in the number of Telefónica Germany's M2M connections – 2014 – 2019
      • Mobile voice/VoLTE
        • Table Change in fixed and mobile daily traffic – 2009 – 2019
        • Table Growth in mobile voice traffic – 2011 – 2018
      • Mobile data services
        • Table Growth in mobile data traffic – 2005 – 2019
        • Table Change in SMS annual message traffic – 2010 - 2018
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Increase in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2024
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Regulatory authority
      • Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
      • Roaming
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Telekom Deutschland
        • Table Development of Telekom Deutschland's mobile revenue – 2009 – 2019
        • Table Change in Telekom Deutschland's quarterly mobile revenue – 2015 - 2019
        • Table Development of Telekom Deutschland's subscriber base by type – 2009 – 2019
        • Table Change in Telekom Deutschland's average consumer monthly churn – 2009 – 2019
        • Table Telekom Deutschland mobile ARPU (Germany) – 2015 – 2019
      • Vodafone Germany
        • Table Development of Vodafone Germany's mobile ARPU – 2008 – 2019
        • Table Change in Vodafone Germany's customer churn – 2007 – 2019
        • Table Vodafone Germany – voice and data usage – 2005 – 2019
        • Table Change in Vodafone Germany's mobile subscriber base – 2006 – 2019
        • Table Change in Vodafone Germany's mobile service revenue – 2010 – 2019
        • Table Vodafone mobile customer cost – 2007 – 2019
      • Telefónica Germany
        • Table Change in Telefónica Germany's mobile subscriber base by type – 2005 - 2019
        • Table Decline in Telefónica Germany's monthly ARPU – 2006 – 2019
        • Table Development of Telefónica Germany's mobile revenue – 2006 – 2019
        • Table Telefónica Germany mobile revenue by type – 2011 – 2019
        • Table Telefónica Germany quarterly mobile revenue by type – 2015 – 2019
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
        • Table Unitymedia mobile subscribers – 2016 – 2019
        • Table Increase in the number of Drillisch's mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2019
        • Table Development of Freenet Group's mobile subscriber base – 2007 – 2019
        • Table Development of Freenet Group's mobile ARPU – 2007 – 2019
        • Table Freenet (mobile) financial data – 2007 – 2019
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Mobile banking
      • M-payments
      • Mobile Cloud
  • Appendix – Historic data
    • Table Historic - Telecom market revenue: Telekom and altnets – 1998 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Fixed-line investment: Telekom and altnets – 1998 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Freenet financial data – 2005 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Fixed lines in service by type – 2002 – 2009
    • Table Historic - CPS, Call by Call and direct call traffic – 2008 – 2015
    • Table Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2002 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Fixed-telecom traffic, DT and altnets – 2005 – 2012
    • Table Historic - Fixed-line market revenue – 1998 – 2012
    • Table Historic - Fixed number portings – 2009 – 2013
    • Table Historic - Freenet fixed network subscribers by sector – 2005 – 2009
    • Table Historic - International internet bandwidth – 2002 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Telekom Deutschland wholesale and resale lines – 2004 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Broadband lines by data rates (old format) – 2005 – 2013
    • Table Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 – 2015
    • Table Historic – Fixed broadband traffic, by year and average per connection – 2005 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Cable broadband subscribers – 2000 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Proportion of DSL connections by provider – 2001 – 2009
    • Table Historic - DSL broadband subscribers – 2001 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Proportion of broadband lines by data rates (old format) – 2005 – 2017
    • Table Historic - Share of fixed broadband lines by Telekom and altnets – 2003 – 2009
    • Table Historic - KDG financial data – 2007 – 2018
    • Table Historic - KDG internet and telephony RGUs – 2007 – 2018
    • Table Historic - KDG blended ARPU – 2007 – 2018
    • Table Historic - DSL lines by data rates – 2012 – 2016
    • Table Historic - Proportion of DSL lines by data rates – 2012 – 2016
    • Table Historic - Mobile market revenue – 1998 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2000 – 2009
    • Table Historic – Active mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Telekom Deutschland mobile subscribers – 2001 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Vodafone Germany's financial data – 2003 – 2013
    • Table Historic - Mobile number portings – 2009 – 2013
    • Table Historic - Prepaid customer share of all subscribers – 2000 – 2009
    • Table Historic - SMS annual message traffic – 1998 – 2009
    • Table Historic - SMS sent per day – 2005 – 2015
    • Table Historic - Mobile termination tariffs by operator – 2007 – 2013
    • Table Historic - Telecom traffic, fixed and mobile (per day) – 1998 – 2009

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