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Germany - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Germany - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Germany makes progress for a gigabit society by 2025Germany has one of Europe’s largest telecom markets, as befits a country with a population of more than 82 million. Penetration in the broadband and mobile sectors is about average for the region. The fixed network and broadband markets are dominated by Telekom Deutschland though other notable players include freenet, Vodafone Germany and Telefónica Germany. These altnets have gained market share as the incumbent continues to struggle against regulated network access conditions and market competition, both of which have led to declining revenue during the last few years.

The country also has one of the largest broadband markets in Europe and also one of the more progressive in the pursuit of DOCSIS3.1 and G.fast deployments. The dominant DSL platform is led by Telekom Deutschland, which continues to invest in network upgrades with a focus on a hybrid fibre and vectoring VDSL solution. This strategy is aimed at competing with cablcos which are upgrading their networks with services based on the DOCSIS3.1 standard, as also at reaching broadband targets by 2020 and the more ambitious aim of creating a gigabit Germany by 2025, as also at reaching broadband targets by 2020 and the more ambitious aim of creating a gigabit Germany by 2025.

The FttP segment has been slow to develop given Telekom’s emphasis on vectoring DSL, though since early 2018 the company has also increased its efforts to extend the reach of FttP beyond business parks and new estates. Investment in fibre backhaul has also been a consideration to support operators’ 5G plans.

The mobile market is dominated by the three MNOs Telefónica Germany, Telekom and Vodafone Germany, though there is effective competition from a large number of resellers and MVNOs. This has placed pressure on voice and data tariffs, resulting in lower ARPU. Regulatory pressure on roaming charges and mobile termination rates have also eroded operator revenue and encouraged them to step-up their development of data applications to improve profits. Looking forward, there is also increasing activity in 5G, with Telekom intending to provide 5G across its networks from 2020, and Telefónica Germany also active in deploying a 5G-antenna solution.

This report introduces the key aspects of the German telecom market, providing data on the country’s fixed network infrastructure as well as key regulatory developments including the status of interconnection, local loop unbundling, number portability, and carrier preselection. It also profiles the major operators and details the development of Next Generation Networks and issues relating to NGN access. The report also reviews the fixed-line and fixed-wireless broadband segments, together with subscriber forecasts and an analysis of developments with related technologies such as FttP, DOCSIS3.1 and powerline broadband. In addition the report assesses the mobile voice and data market, including an overview of the main operators and their strategies for dealing with competition and emerging technologies in coming years, as also an assessment of recent regulatory developments and spectrum auctions.

Key developments:

Vodafone Germany to extend its 1Gb/s service to 25 million premises by 2025;
NetCologne invests €100 million in G.fast and FttP;
Telekom Deutschland expands vectoring VDSL;
Unitymedia sold to Vodafone Group
Regulator delays 5G spectrum auction to early 2019;
Telekom Deutschland launches NB-IoT network, sets up 5G NR antennae in Berlin;
Report update includes the regulator’s market data for 2017, VATM’s 2017 market data, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q3 2018, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telekom Deutschland, Vodafone Germany, E-Plus, Telefónica Germany, Freenet, CallMobile, United Internet, Tiscali, QSC, Kabel BW, Kabel Deutschland, Unitymedia, PrimaCom, The Cloud, Energie Baden-Wurttemberg


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Germany - 2018 (e)
    • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
      • Table Historic - Fixed-line investment: Telekom and altnets - 1998 - 2009
      • Table Fixed-line investment: Telekom and altnets - 2010 - 2018
      • Table New entrants' market share of revenue, investment - 2008 - 2017
      • Table New entrants' market share of subscribers by sector - 2008 - 2017
      • Table Telecom market revenue by sector (VATM data) - 2006 - 2018
      • Table Historic - Telecom market revenue: Telekom and altnets - 1998 - 2009
      • Table Telecom market revenue: Telekom and altnets - 2010 - 2018
      • Table Revenue by sector - 2015 - 2018
      • Table Voice traffic by sector - 2007 - 2018
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION
      • Privatisation
    • INTERCONNECT
    • ACCESS
      • Table Telekom Deutschland unbundled lines - 2008 - 2018
    • NUMBER PORTABILITY (NP)
      • Table Fixed number portings - 2009 - 2013
      • Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
        • Table CPS, Call by Call and direct call traffic - 2008 - 2016
        • Table Annual traffic by alternative access - 2013 - 2017
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • MARKET OVERVIEW
      • Table Historic - Fixed-line market revenue - 1998 - 2012
      • Table Historic - Fixed-telecom traffic, DT and altnets - 2005 - 2012
    • TELEKOM DEUTSCHLAND (TELEKOM, TD)
      • Table Telekom Deutschland domestic revenue - 2009 - 2018
      • Table Telekom Deutschland domestic subscribers by sector - 2008 - 2018
      • Table Deutsche Telekom Group financial data - 2005 - 2018
    • VODAFONE GERMANY
      • Table Vodafone fixed-line revenue - 2005 - 2019
      • Table Vodafone fixed-line subscribers - 2016 - 2018
    • FREENET
      • Table Freenet fixed network subscribers by sector - 2005 - 2018
      • Table Freenet financial data by segment - 2005 - 2018
    • TELE2
      • Table Tele2 subscriber statistics by sector - 2007 - 2018
      • Table Tele2 revenue by sector - 2007 - 2018
    • TELEFÓNICA GERMANY
      • Table Telefónica Germany subscribers by sector - 2007 - 2018
      • Table Telefónica Germany financial data - 2007 - 2018
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Fixed lines in service by type - 2002 - 2018
      • Table Fixed lines in service by type - 2005 - 2017
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Terrestrial
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
        • Table International internet bandwidth - 2002 - 2016
    • SMART INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Smart cities
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
      • Market analysis
      • Government support
      • Government Broadband Strategy
        • Table Historic - Internet users and penetration rate - 1999 - 2009
        • Table Internet users and penetration rate - 2010 - 2018
        • Table Broadband subscriber lines by type - 2006 - 2018
        • Table Broadband traffic, by year and average per connection - 2005 - 2018
        • Table Market share of broadband subscribers by major provider - 2012 - 2018
        • Table Market share of broadband subscribers by minor provider - 2012 - 2018
        • Table Broadband penetration - 2001 - 2018
        • Table Broadband penetration by sector - 2007 - 2017
        • Table Broadband lines by data rates - 2005 - 2018
        • Table Proportion of broadband lines by data rates (VATM data) - 2005 - 2018
        • Table Share of overall fixed broadband lines by provider - 2003 - 2018
      • Forecasts - fixed broadband subscribers - 2019; 2021; 2023
        • Table Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers - 2019; 2021; 2023
    • HYBRID FIBRE COAX (HFC) NETWORKS
      • Table Cable broadband subscribers - 2000 - 2018
      • Cable market consolidation
      • Kabel Deutschland (Vodafone Germany)
        • Table Vodafone KDG financial data - 2007 - 2018
        • Table Vodafone KDG internet and telephony RGUs - 2007 - 2018
        • Table Vodafone KDG blended ARPU - 2007 - 2018
      • Unitymedia
        • Table Unitymedia broadband and telephony subscribers - 2006 - 2018
        • Table Unitymedia financial data - 2006 - 2018
    • DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL) NETWORKS
      • Table Proportion of DSL connections by provider - 2001 - 2018
      • Table DSL broadband subscribers - 2001 - 2018
      • Table DSL lines by data rates - 2012 - 2017
      • Table Proportion of DSL lines by data rates - 2012 - 2017
      • Table DSL connections by type - 2007 - 2017
      • VDSL
      • Providers
        • Table Telekom Deutschland wholesale and resale lines - 2004 - 2018
        • Table United Internet financial data - 2007 - 2018
        • Table United Internet subscribers by type- 2010 - 2018
        • Table Vodafone fixed broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2018
        • Table Telefónica Germany broadband subscribers - 2007 - 2018
        • Table QSC financial data - 2006 - 2018
      • G.fast
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISES (FTTP) NETWORKS
      • Table Households passed with fibre - 2007 - 2018
      • Table Annual net additions in FttP/B households passed and connected - 2011 - 2018
      • Table FttP/B connections by provider - 2012 - 2018
      • Table FttP/B share of connections by provider - 2011 - 2018
      • Telekom Deutschland
        • Table Telekom Deutschland fibre subscribers - 2015 - 2018
      • Other developments
    • OTHER FIXED BROADBAND SERVICES
      • Broadband Powerline (BPL)
      • Fixed wireless
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Historic - Active mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2009
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2018
        • Table Historic - Mobile market revenue - 1998 - 2009
        • Table Mobile market revenue - 2010 - 2018
        • Table Mobile market revenue share by type - 2012 - 2018
        • Table Mobile revenue; MNOs and MVNOs - 2006 - 2017
        • Table Telecom traffic, fixed and mobile (per day) - 1998 - 2018
        • Table Mobile voice traffic - 2011 - 2018
        • Table Average use per SIM card by service- 2011 - 2017
        • Table Prepaid customer share of all subscribers - 2000 - 2017
      • Operator market shares
        • Table Mobile operator share of retail revenue - 2011 - 2018
        • Table Mobile market share of subscribers by operator - 2000 - 2018
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • 5G
      • 4G (LTE)
        • Table LTE subscribers - 2015 - 2018
        • Table Telefónica Deutschland LTE subscribers - 2014 - 2018
      • 3G
      • Other infrastructure developments
        • Table Telefónica Germany M2M connections - 2014 - 2018
      • Mobile voice/VoLTE
      • Mobile data services
        • Table Mobile data sent - 2005 - 2018
        • Table Telefónica Germany mobile data traffic - 2013 - 2018
        • Table Historic - SMS annual message traffic - 1998 - 2009
        • Table SMS annual message traffic - 2010 - 2017
        • Table SMS sent per day - 2005 - 2015
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Mobile 3G/LTE data users - 2009 - 2018
        • Table Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration - 2007 - 2018
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Regulatory authority
      • Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
      • Roaming
        • Table European roaming charges - 2007 - 2016
        • Table European data roaming charges - 2014 - 2017
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Mobile number portings - 2009 - 2013
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
        • Table Mobile termination tariffs by operator - 2007 - 2013
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Telekom Deutschland
        • Table Telekom Deutschland mobile financial data (Germany) - 2005 - 2018
        • Table Telekom Deutschland quarterly mobile financial data (Germany) - 2015 - 2018
        • Table Telekom Deutschland subscribers - 2001 - 2018
        • Table Telekom Deutschland average consumer monthly churn (Germany) - 2009 - 2018
        • Table Telekom Deutschland mobile ARPU (Germany) - 2015 - 2018
      • Vodafone Germany
        • Table Vodafone Germany ARPU - 2008 - 2018
        • Table Vodafone Germany customer churn - 2007 - 2018
        • Table Vodafone Germany - voice and data usage - 2005 - 2018
        • Table Vodafone Germany mobile subscribers - 2006 - 2018
        • Table Vodafone Germany - financial data - 2003 - 2019
        • Table Vodafone mobile customer cost - 2007 - 2019
      • Telefónica Germany
        • Table Telefónica Germany subscribers - contract and prepaid - 2005 - 2018
        • Table Telefónica Germany monthly ARPU - 2006 - 2018
        • Table Telefónica Germany mobile revenue - 2006 - 2018
        • Table Telefónica Germany mobile revenue by type - 2011 - 2018
        • Table Telefónica Germany quarterly mobile revenue by type - 2015 - 2018
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
        • Table Unitymedia mobile subscribers - 2016 - 2018
        • Table Drillisch financial data - 2011 - 2018
        • Table Drillisch mobile subscribers - 2012 - 2018
        • Table Freenet Group subscribers - 2007 - 2018
        • Table Freenet Group ARPU - 2007 - 2018
        • Table Freenet (mobile) financial data - 2007 - 2018
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Mobile banking
      • M-payments
      • Mobile Cloud

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