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Germany - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Germany - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Germany’s mobile network operators commit to 5G by 2020

Germany has one of Europe’s largest telecom markets, with penetration in the broadband and mobile sectors about average for the region. Both the fixed network and broadband markets are dominated by Telekom Deutschland, though other notable players include freenet, Vodafone and Telefónica.

The mobile market is also the largest in Europe. In common with most developed markets, the main driver for growth is in mobile data, with the number of mobile broadband subscribers having increased rapidly in recent years on the back of universally available 3G infrastructure and an extensive reach of LTE networks. Operators have invested in MIMO and carrier aggregation technologies to provide improved data rates on their networks. Looking forward, there is also increasing activity in 5G, with Telekom intending to provide 5G across its networks from 2020, and Telefónica Germany also active in deploying a 5G-antenna solution.

Although the mobile market is dominated by the three MNOs Telefónica Germany, Telekom and Vodafone Germany, there is effective competition from a large number of resellers and MVNOs. This has placed pressure on voice and data tariffs, resulting in lower ARPU. Regulatory pressure on roaming charges and mobile termination rates have also eroded operator revenue, and encouraged them to step-up their development of data applications to improve profits.

Germany’s broadband market has been among the more progressive in the pursuit of FttP and G.fast deployments. The dominant DSL platform is led by Telekom Deutschland, which continues to invest in network upgrades with a focus on fibre and vectoring VDSL. This strategy is aimed at competing with cablcos which are themselves investing in DOCSIS3.1 technology, as also at reaching broadband targets by 2020 and the more ambitious aim of creating a gigabit Germany by 2025.

This report examines key aspects of the German telecom market, providing data on the major operators, the fixed network infrastructure and regulatory developments including the status of interconnection, local loop unbundling, number portability, and carrier preselection. The report also assesses the mobile voice and data segments, including an overview of the main operators and their strategies for dealing with competition and emerging technologies in coming years. In addition the report covers the fixed and wireless broadband markets, including subscriber forecasts and an analysis of developments in technologies such as FttP, powerline broadband and wireless broadband.

Key developments:

Regulator decides on future bitstream access requirements;

EC calls on the regulator to reduce fixed termination rates;

Telekom Deutschland launches NB-IoT network;

Vodafone Germany increases LTE speeds to 500Mb/s;

Deutsche Telekom commits to 5G across its network footprint;

Vodafone Germany offering a 1Gb/s FttP service;

NetCologne invests €100 million in G.fast and FttP;

Tele Columbus begins rebrand as PYUR;

Telekom launches 1Gb/s FttP service;

EWE to invest more than €1 billion in fibre-based infrastructure to 2026;

Industry pressure to develop a gigabit society by 2025;

Unitymedia to launch 1Gb/s service based on the DOCSIS3.1 standard in early 2018;

Report update includes the regulator’s market data for 2016, VATM’s market data for 2017, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q3 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telekom Deutschland, freenet, BT Global Services, Tele2 Germany, Telefónica Germany, Vodafone Germany, E-Plus, CallMobile, United Internet, Tiscali, QSC, Kabel BW, Kabel Deutschland, Unitymedia, PrimaCom, The Cloud, Energie Baden-Wurttemberg.


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table Telecom revenue and investment statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table Telephone network statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table Internet user statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table Broadband statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table Mobile statistics – 2017 (e)
    • Table National telecommunications authority
    • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
      • Table Historic - Fixed-line investment: Telekom and altnets – 1998 - 2009
      • Table Fixed-line investment: Telekom and altnets – 2009 - 2017
      • Table New entrants' market share of revenue, investment – 2008 - 2017
      • Table New entrants' market share of subscribers by sector – 2008 - 2016
      • Table Telecom market revenue by sector (VATM data) –2009 - 2017
      • Table Historic - Telecom market revenue: Telekom and altnets – 1998 - 2009
      • Table Telecom market revenue: Telekom and altnets – 2010 - 2016
      • Table Voice traffic by sector – 2007 - 2016
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION
      • Privatisation
    • INTERCONNECT
    • ACCESS
      • Table Telekom Deutschland unbundled lines – 2008 – 2017
    • NUMBER PORTABILITY (NP)
      • Table Fixed number portings – 2009 - 2013
    • CARRIER PRESELECTION (CPS)
      • Table CPS, Call by Call and direct call traffic – 2008 - 2016
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • MARKET OVERVIEW
      • Table Historic - Fixed-line market revenue – 1998 - 2012
      • Table Historic - Fixed-telecom traffic, DT and altnets – 1998 - 2012
    • TELEKOM DEUTSCHLAND (TELEKOM, TD)
      • Table Telekom Deutschland domestic revenue – 2009 - 2017
      • Table Telekom Deutschland domestic subscribers by sector – 2008 - 2017
      • Table Deutsche Telekom Group financial data – 2005 - 2017
    • VODAFONE GERMANY
      • Table Vodafone fixed-line revenue – 2005 - 2018
    • FREENET
      • Table Freenet fixed network subscribers by sector – 2005 - 2017
      • Table Freenet financial data by segment – 2005 - 2017
    • TELE2
      • Table Tele2 subscriber statistics by sector – 2007 - 2016
      • Table Tele2 revenue by sector – 2007 - 2017
    • TELEFÓNICA GERMANY
      • Table O2 Germany subscribers by sector – 2007 - 2017
      • Table O2 Germany financial data – 2007 - 2017
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Fixed lines in service by type – 2002 - 2018
      • Table Fixed lines in service by type – 2005 - 2016
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Terrestrial
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
        • Table International internet bandwidth – 2025 - 2016
    • SMART INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Smart cities
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
      • Market analysis
      • Government support
      • Government Broadband Strategy
      • Broadband statistics
        • Table Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 - 2009
        • Table Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
        • Table Broadband subscriber lines by type – 2006 - 2017
        • Table Broadband traffic, by year and average per connection – 2005 - 2017
        • Table Market share of broadband subscribers by major provider – 2012 - 2017
        • Table Market share of broadband subscribers by minor provider – 2012 - 2017
        • Table Broadband penetration – 2001 - 2018
        • Table Broadband penetration by sector – 2007 - 2016
        • Table Broadband lines by data rates – 2005 - 2017
        • Table Proportion of broadband lines by data rates (VATM data) –2007 - 2017
        • Table Share of overall fixed broadband lines by provider – 2003 - 2016
      • Forecasts – fixed broadband subscribers – 2018; 2020; 2022
        • Table Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2018; 2020; 2022
    • HYBRID FIBRE COAX (HFC) NETWORKS
      • Table Cable broadband subscribers – 2000 - 2017
      • Cable market consolidation
      • Kabel Deutschland (KDG)
        • Table Vodafone KDG financial data – 2008 - 2017
        • Table Vodafone KDG internet and telephony RGUs – 2007 - 2017
        • Table Vodafone KDG blended ARPU – 2007 - 2017
      • Unitymedia (Kabel BW)
        • Table Unitymedia broadband and telephony subscribers – 2006 - 2017
        • Table Unitymedia financial data – 2006 - 2017
    • DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL) NETWORKS
      • Table Proportion of DSL connections by provider – 2001 - 2016
      • Table DSL broadband subscribers – 2001 - 2018
      • Table DSL lines by data rates – 2012 - 2017
      • Table Proportion of DSL lines by data rates – 2012 - 2017
      • VDSL
      • Providers
        • Table Telekom Deutschland wholesale and resale lines – 2004 - 2017
        • Table United Internet financial data – 2007 - 2017
        • Table United Internet subscribers by type– 2010 - 2017
        • Table Vodafone fixed broadband subscribers – 2010 - 2017
        • Table Telefónica Germany broadband subscribers – 2007 – 2017
        • Table QSC financial data – 2006 - 2017
      • G.fast
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISES (FTTP) NETWORKS
      • Table Households passed with fibre – 2007 - 2017
      • Table Annual net additions in FttP/B households passed and connected – 2011 - 2017
      • Table FttP/B connections by provider – 2011 - 2017
      • Table FttP/B share of connections by provider – 2007 - 2017
      • Telekom Deutschland
        • Table Telekom Deutschland fibre subscribers – 2015 - 2017
      • Other developments
    • OTHER FIXED BROADBAND SERVICES
      • Broadband Powerline (BPL)
      • Fixed wireless
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Historic – Active mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 - 2009
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
        • Table Historic - Mobile market revenue – 1998 – 2009
        • Table Mobile market revenue – 2010 – 2017
        • Table Mobile revenue; MNOs and MVNOs – 2010 - 2017
        • Table Telecom traffic, fixed and mobile (per day) –1998 – 2018
        • Table Average use per SIM card by service– 2011 - 2016
        • Table Prepaid customer share of all subscribers – 2000 - 2016
      • Operator market shares
        • Table Mobile operator share of retail revenue – 2008 - 2017
        • Table Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2000 - 2017
      • Mobile voice
      • Mobile data services
        • Table Mobile data sent – 2005 - 2017
        • Table Historic - SMS annual message traffic – 1998 - 2009
        • Table SMS annual message traffic – 2010 - 2017
        • Table SMS sent per day – 2005 - 2015
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Mobile 3G/LTE data users – 2009 - 2018
        • Table Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2007 – 2017
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Regulatory authority
      • Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
      • Roaming
        • Table European roaming charges – 2007 - 2016
        • Table European data roaming charges – 2014 - 2017
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Mobile number portings – 2009 - 2013
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
        • Table Mobile termination tariffs by operator – 2007 - 2013
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Third Generation (3G) mobile
      • Long-term Evolution (LTE)
        • Table Telefónica Deutschland LTE subscribers – 2014 - 2017
      • 5G developments
      • Internet of Things (IoT)
      • Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
        • Table O2 Germany M2M connections – 2014 - 2017
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Telekom Deutschland
        • Table Telekom Deutschland mobile financial data (Germany) –2005 - 2017
        • Table Telekom Deutschland subscribers – 2001 - 2017
        • Table Telekom Deutschland average consumer monthly churn (Germany) –2009 - 2017
      • Vodafone Germany
        • Table Vodafone Germany ARPU – 2008 - 2017
        • Table Vodafone Germany customer churn – 2007 - 2017
        • Table Vodafone Germany – voice and data usage – 2005 - 2017
        • Table Vodafone Germany mobile subscribers – 2006 - 2017
        • Table Vodafone Germany – financial data – 2003 - 2018
        • Table Vodafone mobile customer cost – 2007 - 2017
      • Telefónica Germany
        • Table O2 subscribers – contract and prepaid – 2005 - 2017
        • Table O2 monthly ARPU – 2006 - 2017
        • Table O2 mobile revenue – 2006 - 2017
        • Table O2 mobile revenue by type – 2011 - 2017
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
        • Table Drillisch financial data – 2011 - 2017
        • Table Drillisch mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2017
        • Table Freenet Group subscribers – 2007 - 2017
        • Table Freenet Group ARPU – 2007 - 2017
        • Table Freenet (mobile) financial data – 2007 - 2017
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Mobile banking
      • M-payments
      • Mobile Cloud

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