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Germany - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Germany - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

German telecom sector ambitious for gigabit society by 2025

Germany has one of Europe’s largest telecom markets, as befits a country with a population of more than 82 million. Penetration in the broadband and mobile sectors is about average for the region. Both the fixed network and broadband markets are dominated by Telekom Deutschland, though other notable players including freenet, Vodafone and Telefónica. These altnets have gained market share as the incumbent continues to struggle against regulated network access conditions and market competition, both of which have led to declining revenue during the last few years.

The number of mobile subscribers approaches 114 million. In common with most developed markets, the main driver for growth is in mobile data, with the number of mobile broadband subscribers having increased rapidly in recent years on the back of universally available 3G infrastructure and the extensive reach of LTE networks. Operators have invested in MIMO and carrier aggregation technologies to provide improved data rates. Looking forward, there is also increasing activity in 5G, with Deutsche Telekom in February 2017 announcing its intention to provide 5G across its networks from 2020.

The mobile market is dominated by a triopoly of MNOs, led by Telefónica Germany and followed by Telekom Deutschland (Deutsche Telekom’s domestic unit) and Vodafone Germany. Telefónica’s acquisition of E-Plus created an operator which by early 2017 had more than 44 million subscribers, while Telekom Deutschland had almost 42 million and Vodafone some 30 million. There is also healthy competition from an increasing number of resellers. This has placed pressure on voice and data tariffs, resulting in lower ARPU. Regulatory pressure on roaming charges and mobile termination rates have also eroded operator revenue, and encouraged them to step-up their development of data applications to improve profits.

Germany’s digital media market has grown strongly on the back of DSL, cable and fibre infrastructure, all of which are continuing to undergo upgrades with new technologies. The capacity for consumers to make use of videostreaming services will increase considerably during the next few years as cable operators begin to roll out services based on the DOCSIS3.1 standard across their footprints, complementing the expansion of Telekom Deutschland’s FttP network and the implementation of vectoring VDSL and G.fast technologies. Together, the deployment of these technologies is helping the country reach broadband targets set for 2020, as well as the more ambitious aim of creating a gigabit Germany by 2025.

This report introduces the key aspects of the German telecom market, providing data on the country’s fixed network infrastructure as well as key regulatory developments including the status of interconnection, local loop unbundling, number portability, and carrier preselection. It also profiles the major operators, and details the development of Next Generation Networks and issues relating to NGN access.

The report also covers the mobile voice, data and broadband markets, including an overview of regulatory developments and an evaluation of the main operators and their strategies for dealing with competition and emerging technologies in coming years. In addition the report profiles Germany’s fixed and wireless broadband markets, together with forecasts to 2021 and an analysis of developments with related technologies such as FttP, powerline broadband, wireless broadband, Wi-Fi and internet via satellite.

Key developments:

Regulator decides on future bitstream access requirements;
Telecom market revenue showing continued decline;
EWE to invest more than €1 billion in fibre-based infrastructure to 2026;
Industry pressure to develop a gigabit society by 2025;
Government progresses with Digital Agenda 2014 - 2017 program to expand broadband services nationally by 2018;
Telekom Deutschland expands vectoring VDSL;
Unitymedia to launch 1Gb/s service based on the DOCSIS3.1 later in 2017;
Vodafone Germany launches cloud-based GigaTV service;
Unitymedia makes Netflix available as an app on its Horizon TV platform;
Unitymedia to shut down analogue TV services in June 2017;
Telekom Deutschland launches NB-IoT network;
Vodafone Germany increases LTE speeds to 500Mb/s;
O2 reports having over 12 million LTE customers;
Deutsche Telekom commits to 5G across its network footprint;
Report update includes the regulator’s market data for 2015, VATM’s 2016 market data, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q4 2016, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telekom Deutschland, Deutsche Telekom, freenet, Tele2 Germany, Telefónica Germany (O2 Germany), Vodafone Germany, E-Plus, CallMobile, United Internet, Tiscali, QSC, Kabel BW, Kabel Deutschland, Unitymedia, PrimaCom, The Cloud, Energie Baden-Wurttemberg, Sky Deutschland.


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics – 2016 (e)
    • Table Telecom revenue and investment statistics – 2016 (e)
    • Table Telephone network statistics – 2016 (e)
    • Table Internet user statistics – 2016 (e)
    • Table Broadband statistics – 2016 (e)
    • Table Mobile statistics – 2016 (e)
    • Table National telecommunications authority
    • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
      • Table Historic - Fixed-line investment: Telekom and altnets – 1998 - 2009
      • Table Fixed-line investment: Telekom and altnets – 2010 - 2016
      • Table New entrants' market share of revenue, investment – 2008 - 2012
      • Table New entrants' market share of subscribers by sector – 2008 - 2012
      • Table Telecom market revenue by sector (VATM data) –2009 - 2016
      • Table Historic - Telecom market revenue: Telekom and altnets – 1998 - 2009
      • Table Telecom market revenue: Telekom and altnets – 2010 - 2016
      • Table Telecom market investment: fixed and mobile (regulator data) –1998 - 2013
      • Table Voice traffic by sector – 2007 - 2016
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
      • EU regulatory framework
      • Revised NFR
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION
      • Privatisation
    • INTERCONNECT
    • ACCESS
      • Table Telekom Deutschland unbundled lines – 2008 – 2016
      • ATM bitstream access
      • Access and NGNs
    • NUMBER PORTABILITY (NP)
      • Table Fixed number portings – 2009 - 2013
    • CARRIER PRESELECTION (CPS)
      • Table CPS, Call by Call and direct call traffic – 2007 - 2016
      • Table Altnet fixed voice traffic by type – 2009 - 2013
    • WHOLESALE LINE RENTAL (WLR)
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • MARKET OVERVIEW
      • Table Fixed-line market revenue – 1998 - 2012
      • Table Fixed-telecom traffic, DT and altnets – 1998 - 2012
      • Table Fixed-telephony channels by type (VATM data) –2006 - 2015
      • Table Competitor share of telephone channels (VATM data) –1998 - 2012
      • Table Proportion of voice lines by sector – 2010 - 2013
    • TELEKOM DEUTSCHLAND (TELEKOM, TD)
      • Table Telekom Deutschland domestic revenue – 2009 - 2016
      • Table Telekom Deutschland domestic subscribers by sector – 2008 - 2016
      • Table Deutsche Telekom Group financial data – 2005 - 2016
      • Sales and acquisitions
    • VODAFONE
      • Table Vodafone fixed-line revenue – 2005 - 2017
    • FREENET
      • Table Freenet fixed network subscribers by sector – 2005 - 2016
      • Table Freenet financial data by segment – 2005 - 2016
    • TELE2
      • Table Tele2 subscriber statistics by sector – 2007 - 2016
      • Table Tele2 revenue by sector – 2007 - 2016
    • TELEFÓNICA GERMANY
      • Table O2 Germany subscribers by sector – 2007 - 2016
      • Table O2 Germany financial data – 2007 - 2016
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Fixed lines in service by type – 2002 - 2017
      • Table Fixed lines in service by type – 2005 - 2013
    • NEXT GENERATION NETWORKS (NGNS)
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Terrestrial
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
        • Table International internet bandwidth – 2025 - 2015
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Wholesaling
    • SMART INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Smart cities
      • Cloud developments
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
      • Market analysis
      • Government support
      • Government Broadband Strategy
      • Gigabit society
      • Broadband statistics
        • Table Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1999 - 2009
        • Table Internet users and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
        • Table Broadband subscriber lines by type – 2006 - 2016
        • Table Narrowband internet traffic in minutes – 1999 - 2009
        • Table Broadband traffic, by year and average per connection – 2005 - 2016
        • Table Market share of broadband subscribers by provider – 2012 - 2016
        • Table Broadband penetration – 2001 - 2018
        • Table Broadband penetration by sector – 2007 - 2016
        • Table Broadband lines by data rates – 2005 - 2016
        • Table Proportion of broadband lines by data rates (VATM data) –2007 - 2015
        • Table Share of overall fixed broadband lines by provider – 2003 - 2016
      • Forecasts – fixed broadband subscribers – 2016; 2018; 2021
        • Table Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2016; 2018; 2021
    • HYBRID FIBRE COAX (HFC) NETWORKS
      • Table Cable broadband subscribers – 2000 - 2017
      • Cable market consolidation
      • Kabel BW
        • Table Kabel BW broadband and telephony subscribers (historic) –2010 - 2011
        • Table Kabel BW financial data (historic) –2006 - 2012
      • Kabel Deutschland (KDG)
        • Table Kabel Deutschland financial data – 2008 - 2016
        • Table Kabel Deutschland internet and telephony RGUs – 2007 - 2016
        • Table Kabel Deutschland blended ARPU – 2007 - 2016
      • Unitymedia (Kabel BW)
        • Table Unitymedia Kabel BW broadband and telephony subscribers – 2006 - 2016
        • Table Unitymedia financial data – 2006 - 2016
      • PrimaCom
        • Table PrimaCom financial data – 2013 - 2014
    • DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL) NETWORKS
      • Table Proportion of DSL connections by provider – 2001 - 2014
      • Table DSL broadband subscribers – 2001 - 2017
      • ADSL2+
      • VDSL
      • Vectoring DSL
      • Providers
        • Table Telekom Deutschland wholesale and resale lines – 2004 - 2016
        • Table Versatel financial data (historic) –2008 - 2011
        • Table Versatel mass market subscribers (historic) –2008 - 2011
        • Table United Internet financial data – 2007 - 2016
        • Table United Internet subscribers by type– 2010 - 2016
        • Table Vodafone fixed broadband subscribers – 2010 - 2016
        • Table Historic - Freenet subscribers by sector – 2005 - 2016
        • Table Historic - Freenet financial data by segment – 2005 - 2016
        • Table Telefónica (O2) broadband subscribers – 2007 – 2016
        • Table QSC financial data – 2006 - 2016
      • G.fast
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISES (FTTP) NETWORKS
      • Table Households passed with fibre – 2007 - 2016
      • Table Annual net additions in FttP/B households passed and connected – 2011 - 2016
      • Table FttP/B connections by provider – 2011 - 2016
      • Table FttP/B share of connections by provider – 2007 - 2016
      • Regulating fibre access
      • Telekom Deutschland
        • Table Telekom Deutschland fibre s – 2015 - 2016
      • Other developments
    • OTHER FIXED BROADBAND SERVICES
      • Broadband Powerline (BPL)
      • Fixed wireless
        • Table Satellite broadband subscribers – 2004 - 2015
  • DIGITAL MEDIA
    • BUSINESS MODELS
      • Operators
      • Bundled services
    • KEY DIGITAL MEDIA PLAYERS
      • Table Cable TV revenue – 1998 - 2016
      • Table Services based on cable TV connections – 2008 - 2013
      • Vodafone Kabel Deutschland
        • Table Kabel Deutschland subscribers by sector – 2007 – 2016
        • Table Kabel Deutschland RGUs by sector – 2007 - 2016
        • Table Kabel Deutschland blended ARPU – 2007 - 2016
        • Table Kabel Deutschland financial data – 2008 - 2016
      • Kabel Baden-Württemberg (Kabel BW)
        • Table Historic - Kabel BW financial data – 2006 - 2011
        • Table Historic - Kabel BW cable TV subscribers – 2010 - 2011
      • Tele Columbus
        • Table Tele Columbus financial data – 2013 - 2016
        • Table Tele Columbus connected households – 2013 - 2016
        • Table Tele Columbus RGUs – 2013 - 2016
      • Unitymedia
        • Table Unitymedia Kabel BW TV subscribers – 2006 - 2016
        • Table Unitymedia financial data – 2006 - 2016
    • DIGITAL TERRESTRIAL TV (DTTV)
      • Table DTTV penetration – 2002 - 2015
      • DVB-T2
      • Analogue switch-off
    • VIDEOSTREAMING
      • Telekom Deutschland
        • Table Deutsche Telekom TV subscribers – 2007 - 2016
      • Telefónica Germany
        • Table O2 Germany subscribers by type – 2009 - 2016
      • Vodafone
      • Sky Deutschland
      • Other developments
    • COMMUNICATIONS
      • Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
        • Table VoIP lines by type – 2010 - 2014
    • SATELLITE TV
      • Table Satellite pay-TV subscribers and penetration rate – 2000 - 2011; 2015
      • Sky Deutschland
        • Table Sky financial data (old style) –2006 - 2013
        • Table Sky financial data – 2014 - 2017
        • Table Sky subscribers – 2007 - 2015
        • Table Sky subscribers by type (Germany and Austria) –2013 - 2016
        • Table Sky ARPU – 2008 - 2016
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Historic – Active mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 - 2009
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2017
        • Table Historic - Mobile market revenue – 1998 – 2004
        • Table Mobile market revenue – 2005 – 2016
        • Table Telecom traffic, fixed and mobile (per day) –1998 – 2018
        • Table Mobile network investment – 1998 - 2010
        • Table Average use per SIM card by service– 2011 - 2014
        • Table Prepaid customer share of all subscribers – 2000 - 2016
      • Operator market shares
        • Table Mobile operator share of retail revenue – 2008 - 2016
        • Table Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2000 - 2016
      • Mobile voice
      • Mobile data services
        • Table Mobile data sent – 2005 - 2016
        • Table Mobile data traffic subscribers by volume band (data per month) –2013 - 2015
        • Table Proportion of mobile data traffic by volume band (data per month) –2013 – 2015
        • Table Annual mobile data revenue – 2008 - 2014
        • Table Historic - SMS annual message traffic – 1998 - 2009
        • Table SMS annual message traffic – 2010 - 2017
        • Table SMS sent per day – 2005 - 2015
        • Table MMS traffic – 2002 - 2012
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Mobile 3G/LTE data users – 2009 - 2017
        • Table Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2007 – 2017
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Regulatory authority
      • Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
        • Table Germany's 3G auction results – August 2000
        • Table Spectrum allocation overview – 2011
        • Table Spectrum auction results (800MHz, 1.8GHz, 2GHz and 2.6GHz) –May 2010
        • Table Spectrum auction block allocations (800MHz, 1.8GHz, 2GHz and 2.6GHz) –May 2010
        • Table Spectrum auction assignments by operator (800MHz) –May 2010
        • Table Spectrum auction results (700MHz, 900MHz, 1.5GHz, 1.8GHz) –June 2015
      • Roaming
        • Table European roaming charges – 2007 - 2016
        • Table European data roaming charges – 2012 - 2016
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Mobile number portings – 2009 - 2013
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
        • Table Mobile termination tariffs by operator – 2007 - 2013
      • Network sharing
        • Table German 3G network sharing agreements
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
        • Table O2 Deutschland LTE subscribers – 2014 - 2016
      • Other infrastructure developments
      • Internet of Things (IoT)
      • Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
        • Table O2 Germany M2M connections – 2014 - 2015
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Telekom Deutschland
        • Table Telekom Deutschland mobile financial data (Germany) –2005 - 2016
        • Table Telekom Deutschland subscribers – 2001 - 2016
        • Table Telekom Deutschland average consumer monthly churn (Germany) –2009 - 2016
      • Vodafone
        • Table Vodafone Germany ARPU – 2008 - 2016
        • Table Vodafone Germany customer churn – 2007 - 2016
        • Table Vodafone Germany – voice and data usage – 2005 - 2016
        • Table Vodafone Germany mobile subscribers – 2006 - 2016
        • Table Vodafone Germany – financial data – 2003 - 2016
        • Table Vodafone Germany – financial data (new format) –2015 - 2017
        • Table Vodafone mobile customer cost – 2007 - 2016
      • O2 Germany
        • Table O2 subscribers – contract and prepaid – 2005 - 2016
        • Table O2 monthly ARPU – 2006 - 2016
        • Table O2 mobile revenue – 2006 - 2016
        • Table O2 mobile revenue by type – 2011 - 2016
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
        • Table Drillisch financial data – 2011 - 2015
        • Table Drillisch mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2016
        • Table Freenet Group subscribers – 2007 - 2016
        • Table Freenet (mobile) financial data – 2007 - 2016
        • Table Freenet Group ARPU – 2007 - 2016
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Mobile banking
      • M-payments
      • Mobile Cloud
      • Mobile TV

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