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Germany - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

Telekom Deutschland looks to DSL vectoring to meet broadband targets

BuddeComm’s annual publication, Germany - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts, provides a comprehensive overview of the trends and developments in the telecommunications and digital media markets in one of Europe’s largest countries. The report includes the regulator’s market data for 2011, VATM market data for 2011, telcos’ operating and financial data to September 2012, and market developments to December 2012.

Telecom market overview

Germany’s telecom market is supported by one of the largest and more affluent populations in Europe. Although the VATM expected total turnover to fall slightly in 2012, BITKOM forecasted a 2.8% growth in IT and telecoms in the year, falling to 1.6% in 2013. The market has been propped up by broadband and mobile data services while revenue from mobile voice services will continue to fall steadily.

Mobile market

The mobile sector will be a key growth area in coming years, with MNOs keen to develop their mobile data revenue to offset declining voice revenue. LTE networks are being built out rapidly to accommodate consumer needs for quality data and services, while MNOs since the end of 2012 have been able to utilize the 800MHz band for LTE in urban as well as rural areas.

Germany – Key telecom parameters – 2010; 2012
Sector | 2010 | 2012 (e)
Subscribers to telecoms services (million):
Fixed-line telephony | 31.8 | 29.9
Fixed broadband subscribers | 26.9 | 30.7
SIM cards in service | 111.0 | 115.2
Telecom penetration by service:
Fixed-line telephony | 38% | 36%
Fixed broadband penetration rate | 30% | 38%
SIM penetration (population) | 133% | 140%
(Source: BuddeComm)

Market Highlights

Telekom Deutschland is looking to DL vectoring to meet the government’s broadband targets, so extending the capacity of copper while delaying higher investment in fibre networks. Regulatory approval is still required since vectoring affects altnets which rely on copper access.

The excellent broadband infrastructure in Germany has helped maintain the country as one of the more mature in the region. Although DSL accounts for most connections, consolidation within the cable sector has established a small number of significant players able to take advantage of scale to invest in network upgrades. The merger of Liberty Global’s Unity with Kabel BW in mid-2012 brought together Germany’s second and third largest cablecos.

The number of homes passed with fibre has been slower than expected, largely due to economic restraints on telcos.

The volume of mobile data traffic has grown sharply since 2006, brought on by the expanded network coverage, steadily improving transmission rates, the growing availability of data-intensive applications, and the prevalence of more capable devices. In addition, the reduced rates for mobile data services and the introduction of transparent tariff models for data use will further encourage data use among subscribers during the next few years.

MNOs have invested in LTE in a range of frequencies, while they are now free to utilize the 800MHz band in urban areas across all 13 Länder having fulfilled their rural coverage obligations

This report is essential reading for those needing high level strategic information and objective analysis on the telecom sector in Germany. It provides further information on:

Market liberalisation and regulatory issues;
The impact of the global economic crisis;
Telecoms operators – privatisation, acquisitions, new licences;
Mobile data market developments in coming years in light of spectrum auctions and new license awards;
3G/4G developments, regulatory issues and technologies including HSPA and LTE;
Broadband migration to an FttH architecture;
Historical and current subscriber statistics and forecasts;
ARPU statistics and forecasts.

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics - 2012 (e)
    • Table Telecom revenue and investment statistics - 2012 (e)
    • Table Telephone network statistics - 2012 (e)
    • Table Internet user statistics - 2012 (e)
    • Table Broadband statistics - 2012 (e)
    • Table Mobile statistics - 2012 (e)
    • Table National telecommunications authority
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • OVERVIEW OF GERMANY'S TELECOM MARKET
      • Table Fixed-line investments, Telekom and altnets - 1998 - 2012
      • Table New entrants' market share, select sectors - 2008 - 2011
      • Table Telecom service by type; annual change - 2009 - 2011
      • Table Telecom market revenue by sector - 2009 - 2012
      • Table Telecom market revenue: Telekom and altnets (regulator data) - 1998 - 2012
      • Table Telecom market investment: Telekom and altnets (regulator data) - 1998 - 2012
      • Table Telecom market investment: fixed and mobile (regulator data) - 1998 - 2011
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Table IT revenue - 2008 - 2012
      • Table Daily telecom traffic, fixed and mobile - 1998 - 2012
      • Table Telecom traffic, DT and altnets - 1998 - 2012
      • Table Competitor market share of services by type - 2009- 2011
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • HISTORY
      • EU regulatory framework
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
      • Federal Network Agency (BNetzA)
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION IN GERMANY
      • Privatisation of Deutsche Telekom
      • Interconnect
      • Access
        • Table Unbundled loops and access lines - 2003 - 2011
        • Table Telekom Deutschland unbundled lines - 2008 - 2012
    • NUMBER PORTABILITY (NP)
      • Table Annual fixed-line portings - 2004 - 2012
    • CARRIER PRESELECTION (CPS)
      • Table CPS, Call by Call and direct call traffic - 2005 - 2011
      • Table PreSelection lines - 1999 - 2011
    • WHOLESALE LINE RENTAL (WLR)
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • MARKET OVERVIEW
      • Table Fixed-line market revenue - 1998 - 2011
      • Table Fixed-telephony channels by type (VATM data) - 2006 - 2012
      • Table Competitor share of telephone channels (VATM data) - 1998 - 2011
      • Table Market share of altnet telephone channels by type - 2006 - 2011
      • Table Proportion of voice traffic by sector - 2005 - 2011
      • Table Altnet fixed-lines by type - 2005 - 2011
    • TELEKOM DEUTSCHLAND
      • Operator overview and statistics
        • Table Telekom Deutschland domestic revenue - 2009 - 2012
        • Table Telekom Deutschland domestic subscribers by sector - 2008 - 2012
        • Table Deutsche Telekom Group financial data - 2005 - 2012
      • Structural review
      • Performance in 2012
      • Strategy
      • Sales and acquisitions
    • VODAFONE
      • Operator overview and statistics
        • Table Vodafone fixed-line revenue - 2005 - 2012
    • FREENET
      • Operator overview and statistics
        • Table Freenet fixed network subscribers by sector - 2005 - 2012
        • Table Freenet financial data by segment - 2005 - 2012
    • DEBITEL
      • Operator overview and statistics
        • Table Debitel subscribers data (historic) - 2004 - 2007
        • Table Debitel financial data (historic) - 2004 - 2007
    • BT GLOBAL SERVICES
      • Operator overview
    • TELE2
      • Operator overview and statistics
        • Table Tele2 subscriber statistics by sector - 2007 - 2012
        • Table Tele2 revenue by sector - 2007 - 2012
    • TELEFÓNICA
      • Operator overview and statistics
        • Table O2 Germany subscribers by sector - 2007 - 2012
        • Table O2 Germany financial data - 2007 - 2012
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Fixed lines in service by type - 2005 - 2012
      • Table Market share of fixed lines by type - 2006 - 2012
    • NEXT GENERATION NETWORKS (NGNS)
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Wholesaling
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • OVERVIEW
    • GOVERNMENT SUPPORT
    • GOVERNMENT BROADBAND STRATEGY
    • BROADBAND DEVELOPMENTS
      • Table Internet users and penetration rate - 1999 - 2012
      • Broadband statistics
        • Table Broadband subscriber lines by type - 2006 - 2012
        • Table Broadband subscribers by platform - 2001 - 2012
        • Table Narrowband internet traffic in minutes - 1999 - 2012
        • Table Growth in broadband traffic, by month and year - 2006 - 2013
        • Table Proportion of DSL subscribers by provider - 2001 - 2013
        • Table Broadband penetration - 2001 - 2013
        • Table Broadband penetration by sector - 2007 - 2011
        • Table Broadband lines by data rates - 2005 - 2011
        • Table Broadband market share by data rates (regulator data) - 2010 - 2011
        • Table Proportion of broadband connections by data rates - 2005 - 2011
        • Table Broadband subscribers and market share by operators - 2010
    • CABLE MODEMS
      • Table Cable subscribers - 2000 - 2013
    • CABLE MARKET CONSOLIDATION
    • REGULATING CABLE ACCESS
    • CABLE PLAYERS
      • Kabel BW
        • Table Kabel BW broadband and telephony subscribers - 2010 - 2011
        • Table Kabel BW financial data - 2006 - 2011
      • Kabel Deutschland (KDG)
        • Table Kabel Deutschland financial data - 2008 - 2012
        • Table Kabel Deutschland subscribers by sector - 2007 - 2012
        • Table Kabel Deutschland RGUs by sector - 2007 - 2012
        • Table Kabel Deutschland blended ARPU - 2007 - 2012
      • Unitymedia Kabel BW
        • Table Unitymedia Kabel BW broadband and telephony subscribers - 2006 - 2012
        • Table Unitymedia Kabel BW financial data - 2006 - 2012
      • PrimaCom
    • ASYMMETRICAL DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (ADSL)
      • Table Proportion of DSL connections by provider - 2001 - 2013
      • Table DSL connections by provider - 2001 - 2012
      • Table DSL household penetration rate - 2005 - 2013
    • TELEKOM DEUTSCHLAND
      • Table Telekom Deutschland wholesale and resale lines - 2004 - 2012
    • OTHER SERVICE PROVIDERS
      • Versatel
        • Table Versatel financial data - 2008 - 2011
        • Table Versatel mass market subscribers - 2008 - 2011
      • United Internet
        • Table United Internet financial data - 2007 - 2012
        • Table United Internet internet subscribers by type- 2010 - 2012
      • Vodafone
      • Tiscali
      • Freenet
        • Table Freenet fixed network subscribers by sector - 2005 - 2012
        • Table Freenet financial data by segment - 2005 - 2012
      • Telefónica
        • Table Telefónica (O2) broadband subscribers - 2007 - 2012
      • QSC
        • Table QSC financial data - 2006 - 2012
    • ADSL2+
    • VDSL
    • VECTORING DSL
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-HOME (FTTH) NETWORKS
      • Table Households passed with fibre - 2007 - 2012
    • REGULATING FIBRE ACCESS
    • TELEKOM DEUTSCHLAND
    • OTHER DEVELOPMENTS
      • Cologne
      • Hamburg
      • Schwerte
      • Munich
      • Hanau
      • Essen
      • Leipzig FTTH network launches
      • Other operators
    • BROADBAND POWERLINE (BPL)
    • ENERGIE BADEN-WURTTEMBERG
    • VYPE (MANNHEIM)
    • POWER PLUS COMMUNICATIONS (PPC)
    • DREWAG (DRESDEN)
    • WIRELESS BROADBAND
      • WIRELESS LOCAL LOOP (WLL)
    • WIMAX/WIFI
    • OPERATORS
      • Deutsche Bahn trials
    • WIRELESS LANS
      • The Cloud
      • Vodafone
      • O2
      • T-Com
    • BROADBAND WIRELESS ACCESS (BWA)
    • PAMR
    • INTERNET VIA SATELLITE
      • Table Satellite broadband subscribers - 2004 - 2013
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Mobile broadband revenue, annual growth - 2004 - 2013
      • Table Mobile 3G data users - 2009 - 2012
  • DIGITAL MEDIA
    • OVERVIEW
    • KEY GENERAL TRENDS
    • BUSINESS MODELS
      • Bundled services
        • Table Telekom Deutschland bundled service subscribers - 2010 - 2012
        • Table Subscribers to bundled services - 2006 - 2012
    • REGULATOR ISSUES
      • Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
      • Fragmented legal framework
      • Digital TV
      • Cable TV
    • DIGITAL TV
      • Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
        • Table End user access to TV - 2006 - 2011
        • Table Proportion of households with access to DTV - 2001 - 2012
        • Table DTTV penetration - 2002 - 2013
      • Free-to-Air (FTA) broadcasting
      • Public broadcasters
        • Table RTL Group financial data - 2005 - 2011
        • Table ProSiebenSat.1 Group financial data - 2005 - 2012
      • TV-over-DSL (IPTV)
        • Table Deutsche Telekom Entertain IPTV subscribers - 2007 - 2012
        • Table HanseNet financial data (historic) - 2007 - 2009
        • Table O2 subscribers by type - 2009 - 2012
      • Video-on-Demand (VoD)
      • Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
        • Table VoIP traffic in minutes - 2005 - 2013
        • Table VoIP connections - 2006 - 2013
        • Table VoIP traffic as proportion to all voice traffic - 2005 - 2013
      • Voice over Digital Subscriber Line (VoDSL)
      • Voice over Cable
        • Table VoIP connections over cable - 2005 - 2012
      • Personal Video Recorders (PVRs)
      • Cable TV
        • Table Cable TV revenue - 1998 - 2012
        • Table Cable TV investment - 2003 - 2012
        • Table Services based on cable TV connections - 2009 - 2011
        • Table Cable-TV subscribers - 2000 - 2011; 2015
        • Table Kabel Deutschland subscribers by sector - 2007 - 2012
        • Table Kabel Deutschland RGUs by sector - 2007 - 2012
        • Table Kabel Deutschland blended ARPU - 2007 - 2012
        • Table Kabel Deutschland financial data - 2008 - 2012
        • Table Kabel BW financial data - 2006 - 2011
        • Table Kabel BW cable TV subscribers - 2010 - 2011
        • Table Unitymedia Kabel BW TV subscribers - 2006 - 2012
        • Table Unitymedia Kabel BW financial data - 2006 - 2012
      • Digital cable TV
        • Table Digital cable-TV penetration rate - 2002 - 2013
        • Table Digital multichannel households (Germany, Austria) - 2004 - 2011
      • Satellite TV
        • Table Satellite pay-TV subscribers and penetration rate - 2000 - 2011; 2015
        • Table Sky financial data - 2006 - 2012
        • Table Sky subscribers - 2007 - 2012
        • Table Sky ARPU - 2008 - 2012
        • Table arena satellite pay-TV financial data by sector (historic) - 2006 - 2009
        • Table arena satellite pay-TV subscribers (historic) - 2006 - 2010
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • OVERVIEW
      • Table Mobile market revenue - 1998 - 2012=3
      • Table Mobile network traffic - 2005 - 2013
      • Table Telecom traffic, fixed and mobile (per day) - 1998 - 2012
      • Table Mobile traffic in minutes (annual) - 1999 - 2012
      • Table Mobile network investment - 1998 - 2012
      • Mobile statistics
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2013
        • Table Mobile subscribers by operator - 1995 - 2012
      • Operator market shares
        • Table Mobile operator share of retail revenue - 2008 - 2011
        • Table Mobile operator revenue and market share - 2011
        • Table Mobile market share of subscribers by operator - 2000 - 2011
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Regulatory authority
      • Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
        • Table Spectrum allocation overview - 2011
        • Table Spectrum auction results (800MHz, 1.8GHz, 2GHz and 2.6GHz) - May 2010
        • Table Spectrum auction assignments (800MHz) - May 2010
      • Roaming
        • Table European roaming charges - 2007 - 2012
      • Number portability
        • Table Cumulative mobile numbers ported - 2002 - 2009
      • Fixed-to-mobile call charges
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
        • Table Mobile termination tariffs by operator - 2007 - 2013
      • Network sharing
    • MOBILE TECHNOLOGIES
      • Digital
      • Fixed-mobile convergence
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Telekom Deutschland
        • Table Telekom Deutschland mobile financial data (Germany) - 2005 - 2012
        • Table Telekom Deutschland subscribers - 2001 - 2012
        • Table Telekom Deutschland average consumer monthly churn (Germany) - 2009 - 2012
      • Vodafone
        • Table Vodafone Germany ARPU - 2008 - 2012
        • Table Vodafone Germany customer churn - 2007 - 2012
        • Table Vodafone Germany mobile subscribers - 2006 - 2012
        • Table Vodafone Germany - financial data - 2003 - 2012
        • Table Vodafone mobile customer cost - 2007 - 2012
        • Table Vodafone Germany - voice and data usage - 2005 - 2012
      • E-Plus
        • Table E-Plus - revenue and traffic - 2006 - 2012
        • Table E-Plus subscribers by sector - 2006 - 2012
        • Table E-Plus ARPU by sector - 2006 - 2012
        • Table E-Plus net adds: prepaid/contract - 2006 - 2012
        • Table E-Plus annualised customer churn - 2008 - 2012
        • Table E-Plus - mobile market share - 2007 - 2012
      • O2
        • Table O2 subscribers - contract and prepaid - 2005 - 2012
        • Table O2 monthly ARPU - 2006 - 2012
        • Table O2 revenue - 2006 - 2012
        • Table O2 mobile revenue by type - 2011 - 2012
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
        • Table Mobile service provider share of subscribers - 2006 - 2012
        • Table Freenet Group subscribers - 2007 - 2012
        • Table Freenet Group ARPU - 2007 - 2012
        • Table Freenet (mobile) financial data - 2007 - 2012
      • Regional operators
    • MOBILE VOICE SERVICES
      • Prepaid cards
        • Table Prepaid customer share of all subscribers - 2000 - 2012
      • Mobile VoIP
    • OVERVIEW OF GERMANY'S MOBILE DATA SERVICES MARKET
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
        • Table Germany's 3G auction winners - August 2000
      • 800MHz-2.6GHz
        • Table Spectrum auction block allocations (800MHz, 1.8GHz, 2GHz and 2.6GHz) - May 2010
    • MOBILE TECHNOLOGIES
      • Third Generation (3G) mobile
        • Table German 3G network sharing agreements
        • Table Number of regular 3G subscribers - 2005 - 2013
      • Mobile Messaging
        • Table SMS annual message traffic - 1998 - 2012
        • Table SMS sent per day - 2005 - 2012
        • Table MMS traffic - 2002 - 2012
        • Table Selected MMS launches by operator in Germany
      • Mobile data services
        • Table Mobile data sent - 2005 - 2013
        • Table Annual mobile data revenue - 2004 - 2012
        • Table Mobile data as proportion to mobile revenue, by type - 2005 - 2011
        • Table Broadband-capable handset sales - 2006; 2010; 2015
  • FORECASTS
    • FORECASTS - BROADBAND SUBSCRIBERS 2010-2012; 2020
      • higher growth broadband subscriber growth
        • Table Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers - higher growth scenario - 2010 - 2012; 2020
        • Table Forecast fixed-line broadband penetration - higher growth scenario - 2010 - 2012; 2020
      • lower growth broadband subscriber growth
        • Table Forecast broadband subscribers - lower growth scenario - 2010 - 2012; 2020
        • Table Forecast broadband penetration - lower growth scenario - 2010 - 2012; 2020
    • FORECASTS - MOBILE MARKET - 2010; 2012 - 2015
      • Mobile ARPU forecasts
        • Table Forecast mobile ARPU - 2005 - 2010; 2012 - 2015
      • UMTS forecasts
        • Table Forecast UMTS subscribers - 2006 - 2010; 2012 - 2015
  • GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS

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