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Germany - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

This annual report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Germany’s telecommunications market. The report analyses trends and developments in telecommunications, mobile, Internet, broadband, digital TV and converging media including VoIP, VoD and IPTV developments.

 Subjects include:

  • Key statistics;
  • Market and industry overviews;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Major players (fixed, mobile and broadband);
  • Mobile voice and data markets;
  • Internet and broadband development;
  • Convergence (voice/data, fixed/wireless/mobile);
  • Telecom market forecasts for selective years to 2015 or 2019.


BuddeComm’s annual publication, Germany - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts, provides a comprehensive overview of the trends and developments in the telecommunications and digital media markets in Europe’s largest telecom market.

Germany’s broadband and mobile penetration are on a par with the EU average. Growth in the number of mobile subscribers (at more than 108 million, giving a penetration rate of about 130%) is chiefly attributable to the increased use of SIM cards for mobile Internet access. The substantial customer base is also the prop supporting the enormous growth in mobile data: operators report 45% annual growth in the volume of data transported on upgraded networks, though stiff competition between the MNOs, together with regulated roaming and interconnection tariffs, has meant that revenue growth is considerably lower. T-Mobile and Vodafone have both tested Long-term evolution technology, while the government has specifically pushed for frequencies in the 800MHz band, freed from the switch to digital broadcasting, to be made available for mobile broadband in its bid to guarantee 1Mb/s broadband to all households by the end of 2010.

In the broadband market, Deutsche Telekom remains dominant in DSL sector, though other notable players including freenet, Vodafone and Telefónica have gained market share: the top six providers account for about 90% of DSL subscriptions. The co-operation between players in the extension of VDSL networks will have substantial repercussions in the next few years as higher bandwidth services become available to a greater number of subscribers. This will include a wider choice of HD channels, as well as emerging 3D formats. Nevertheless, DSL remains a poor cousin to cable in transmission bandwidth: although the cable operators’ broadband market share remains relatively low - at about 10% - a number of cablecos now provide services at up to 120Mb/s, based on the EuroDOCSIS 3.0 standard. These will become more extensively available during 2011 as the main players KDG, Unitymedia and Kabel BW continue to invest in their networks. In 2009 alone, cablecos collectively invested an estimated €700 million in network upgrades to extend bundled services provision.

Digital terrestrial TV has progressed swiftly, and all broadcasters should end their analogue transmissions by April 2012. By mid-2010 about 80% of all satellite TV households watched digital DTH, while 55% of all households had access to digital TV. The regulator in April 2010 auctioned the first tranche of digital dividend spectrum for use by other services.

Germany - key telecom parameters - 2009; 2011
Sector 2009 2011 (e)
Broadband:
Fixed broadband subscribers (million) 25.3 29.1
Fixed broadband penetration rate 28% 34%
Mobile broadband subscribers (million) 5.2 8.1
Subscribers to telecoms services:
Fixed-line telephony (million) 49.0 46.0
SIM cards in service (million) 108.3 112.3
SIM penetration (population) 130% 143%
(Source: BuddeComm)

Market highlights:

In common with other European markets, telecom investment in 2010 and 2011 will be focussed on the broadband and mobile sectors as operators continue to upgrade networks and compete for subscribers. Telecom revenue fell sharply in 2009 in the wake of the economic crisis, but should recover marginally during 2010 and more strongly thereafter, largely bolstered by consumer spending on mobile data and broadband.Mobile broadband should make significant progress by the end of 2010 as the first LTE-based networks come on-stream for consumers. This may significantly alter consumer use of mobile data offers, with a greater emphasis on mobile broadband as a substitute for fixed-line access.Germany’s fibre sector can expect to see considerable development in 2010 and 2011 as DT pushes its revamped strategy, moving beyond the current focus on VDSL to FttH. The company planned to invest more than €10 billion in a new fibre access network to 2013, providing GPON FttH to four million households, or 10% of all German households, by 2012.With analogue switch-off on schedule, mobile broadband stands to be the major beneficiary after 2012 from auctioned sub-GHz spectrum.For those needing high level strategic information and objective analysis on the telecommunications sector in Germany, this report is essential reading and gives further information on:

Developments in the digital broadcast market, IPTV and VoD;
Market liberalisation and regulatory issues;
The impact of the global economic crisis;
Telecoms operators - privatisation, acquisitions, new licences;
Internet and broadband development and growth;
VoIP, IPTV, VoD, digital TV and DTTV;
Historical and current subscriber statistics;
Average Revenue per User (ARPU) statistics and forecasts.Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

1. Key Statistics
2. Telecommunications Market
2.1 Overview of Germany’s telecom market
2.2 Market analysis
3. Regulatory Environment
3.1 History
3.1.1 EU regulatory framework
3.2 Regulatory authority
3.2.1 Federal Network Agency (BNetzA)
3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Germany
3.3.1 Privatisation of Deutsche Telekom
3.3.2 Interconnect
3.3.3 Access
3.4 Number Portability (NP)
3.5 Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
3.6 Wholesale Line Rental (WLR)
4. Fixed Network Market
4.1 Market overview
4.2 Deutsche Telekom
4.2.1 Operator overview and statistics
4.2.2 Structural review
4.2.3 Going into 2010
4.2.4 Sales and acquisitions
4.3 Vodafone
4.3.1 Operator overview and statistics
4.4 freenet
4.4.1 Operator overview and statistics
4.4.2 debitel
4.5 BT Global Services
4.5.1 Operator overview
4.6 Tele2
4.6.1 Operator overview and statistics
4.7 Telefónica
4.7.1 Operator overview and statstics
5. Telecommunications Infrastructure
5.1 National telecom network
5.2 Next Generation Network (NGN)
5.3 International infrastructure
5.3.1 Submarine cable networks
5.3.2 Satellite networks
5.4 Regulatory issues
5.4.1 Wholesaling
6. Broadband Market
6.1 Overview
6.1.1 Government support
6.1.2 Government Broadband Strategy
6.1.3 Broadband developments
6.2 Cable modems
6.2.1 Cable market consolidation
6.2.2 Regulating cable access
6.2.3 Cable players
6.3 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
6.3.1 T-Home
6.3.2 Other service providers
6.3.3 ADSL2+
6.3.4 VDSL
6.4 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
6.4.1 Regulating fibre access
6.4.2 Deutsche Telekom
6.4.3 Other developments
6.5 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
6.5.1 Energie Baden-Wurttemberg
6.5.2 Vype (Mannheim)
6.5.3 Power Plus Communications (PPC. AG)
6.5.4 DREWAG (Dresden)
6.6 Wireless broadband
6.6.1 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
6.6.2 WiMAX/WiFi
6.6.3 Operators
6.6.4 Wireless LANS
6.6.5 Broadband Wireless Access (BWA)
6.6.6 PAMR
6.6.7 Internet via satellite
6.6.8 Mobile broadband
7. Digital Media
7.1 Convergence
7.1.1 Key general trends
7.1.2 Business models and bundled services
7.1.3 Regulator issues
7.2 Digital TV
7.2.1 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
7.2.2 Free-to-Air (FTA) broadcasting
7.2.3 Public broadcasters
7.2.4 TV-over-DSL (IPTV)
7.2.5 Video-on-Demand (VoD)
7.2.6 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
7.2.7 Voice over Digital Subscriber Line (VoDSL)
7.2.8 Voice over Cable
7.2.9 Personal Video Recorders (PVRs)
7.2.10 Cable TV
7.2.11 Digital cable TV
7.2.12 Satellite TV
8. Mobile Communications
8.1 Overview of Germany’s mobile market
8.1.1 Mobile statistics
8.1.2 Operator market shares
8.2 Regulatory issues
8.2.1 Regulatory authority
8.2.2 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
8.2.3 Roaming
8.2.4 Number portability
8.2.5 Fixed-to-mobile call charges
8.2.6 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
8.3 Mobile technologies
8.3.1 Digital
8.3.2 Fixed-mobile convergence
8.3.3 Third Generation (3G) mobile
8.4 Major mobile operators
8.4.1 T-Mobile
8.4.2 Vodafone
8.4.3 E-Plus
8.4.4 O2
8.4.5 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
8.4.6 Regional operators
8.5 Mobile voice services
8.5.1 Prepaid cards
8.5.2 Mobile VoIP
8.6 Mobile messaging
8.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
8.6.2 Multimedia Messaging Services (MMS)
8.7 Mobile data services
8.7.1 Overview of Germany’s mobile data services market
8.7.2 General Packet Radio Services (GPRS)
8.7.3 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
8.7.4 High-Speed Packet Access (HSPA)
8.7.5 Evolved HSPA (HSPA+)
8.7.6 High-Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA)
8.7.7 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
8.8 Mobile content and applications
8.8.1 Video over mobile
8.8.2 i-mode
8.8.3 iPhones
8.8.4 Android
8.8.5 BlackBerry
8.8.6 Vodafone live!
8.8.7 Femtocells
8.8.8 Mobile VoIP
8.8.9 Mobile TV
8.8.10 TETRA (TErrestrial Trunked RAdio)
8.8.11 Mobile content and applications
9. Forecasts
9.1 Forecasts - broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2012; 2020
9.2 Forecasts - mobile market - 2010; 2012 - 2015
9.2.1 Mobile ARPU forecasts
9.2.2 UMTS forecasts
10. Glossary of Abbreviations
Table 1 - Country statistics Germany - 2009
Table 2 - Telecom revenue and investment statistics - 2009
Table 3 - Telephone network statistics - 2009
Table 4 - Internet user statistics - 2009
Table 5 - Broadband statistics - January 2010
Table 6 - Mobile statistics - 2009
Table 7 - National telecommunications authority
Table 8 - New entrants’ market share, select sectors - 2007 - 2010
Table 9 - Telecom market revenue - 1998 - 2010
Table 10 - Competitor telephone lines - 2004 - 2007
Table 11 - Voice lines by technology - 2000 - 2008
Table 12 - Telecom market investment Deutsche Telekom and competitors - 2000 - 2009
Table 13 - Fixed-network termination charge - 2005 - 2008
Table 14 - Unbundled loops and access lines - 2004 - 2009
Table 15 - LLU, shared access price - connection and monthly rental - 2005 - 2008
Table 16 - Deutsche Telekom unbundled lines - 2008 - 2009
Table 17 - Annual fixed-line portings - 2004 - 2007
Table 18 - Fixed network call minutes: Deutsch Telekom/competitors - 2001 - 2008
Table 19 - Fixed-network call minutes by type - 2000 - 2008
Table 20 - PreSelection lines - 1999 - 2010
Table 21 - Alternative operator share of call market (traffic) - 2005 - 2007
Table 22 - Telephone channels by operator (VATM data) - 1998 - 2008
Table 23 - Voice traffic in minutes by sector - 2000 - 2007
Table 24 - Proportion of voice traffic by sector - 2000 - 2009
Table 25 - Deutsche Telekom domestic revenue and annual change - 2008 - 2009
Table 26 - Deutsche Telekom domestic subscribers by sector - 2008 - 2009
Table 27 - Deutsche Telekom Group financial data - 2005 - 2009
Table 28 - Vodafone fixed-line revenue - 2005 - 2009
Table 29 - Vodafone fixed-line and broadband subscribers by sector - 2006 - 2008
Table 30 - freenet fixed-network subscribers by sector - 2005 - 2009
Table 31 - freenet revenue by segment - 2005 - 2009
Table 32 - debitel financial data and subscribers (historic) - 2004 - 2007
Table 33 - Tele2 subscriber statistics by sector - 2007 - 2009
Table 34 - Tele2 financial data by sector - 2007 - 2009
Table 35 - Telefónica (O2) subscribers - 2007 - 2009
Table 36 - Telefónica (O2) financial data - 2007 - 2009
Table 37 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2000 - 2009
Table 38 - Internet users and penetration rate - 1999 - 2011
Table 39 - Broadband subscribers by access type and market penetration - 2001 - 2009
Table 40 - Broadband subscribers by access type (regulator data) - 2007 - 2009
Table 41 - Broadband subscribers by provider and type - 2006 - 2009
Table 42 - Narrowband Internet traffic in minutes - 1999 - 2011
Table 43 - Broadband Internet traffic in gigabytes - 2001 - 2011
Table 44 - Proportion of DSL subscribers by provider - 2001 - 2011
Table 45 - Broadband penetration by sector - 2007 - 2009
Table 46 - Cable subscribers - 2000 - 2011
Table 47 - Kabel BW broadband subscribers; homes passed - 2006 - 2009
Table 48 - Kabel BW financial data - 2006 - 2009
Table 49 - Kabel Deutschland financial data - 2008 - 2009
Table 50 - Kabel Deutschland revenue by sector - 2008 - 2009
Table 51 - Kabel Deutschland operating data - 2008 - 2010
Table 52 - Unitymedia subscribers - 2006 - 2009
Table 53 - Unitymedia financial data - 2006 - 2009
Table 54 - DSL broadband subscribers by provider - 2001 - 2009
Table 55 - Proportion of DSL connections by provider - 2001 - 2009
Table 56 - DSL household penetration rate - 2005 - 2011
Table 57 - DT wholesale and resale lines - 2004 - 2009
Table 58 - Versatel financial data and annual change - 2008 - 2009
Table 59 - Versatel residential subscribers by sector - 2008 - 2009
Table 60 - United Internet financial data - 2007 - 2009
Table 61 - United Internet subscriber data by technology - 2007 - 2009
Table 62 - Vodafone broadband subscribers - 2006 - 2008
Table 63 - Vodafone fixed-line revenue - 2008 - 2009
Table 64 - freenet fixed network subscribers by sector - 2005 - 2009
Table 65 - freenet revenue by segment - 2005 - 2009
Table 66 - Telefónica (O2) broadband subscribers - 2007 - 2009
Table 67 - QSC financial data - 2006 - 2009
Table 68 - Satellite broadband subscribers - 2005 - 2011
Table 69 - Subscribers to bundled services - 2007 - 2009
Table 70 - DT bundles service subscribers - 2008 - 2009
Table 71 - End-user access to TV - 2006 - 2009
Table 72 - Proportion of households with access to DTV - 2001 - 2010
Table 73 - DTTV penetration - 2002 - 2011
Table 74 - RTL Group financial data - 2005 - 2009
Table 75 - ProSiebenSat.1 Group financial data - 2005 - 2009
Table 76 - Deutsche Telekom Entertain IPTV subscribers - 2007 - 2009
Table 77 - HanseNet financial data - 2007 - 2009
Table 78 - Vodafone fixed-line revenue - 2005 - 2009
Table 79 - Vodafone subscribers by sector - 2006 - 2009
Table 80 - VoIP traffic in minutes - 2005 - 2011
Table 81 - VoIP connections - 2006 - 2011
Table 82 - VoIP traffic as proportion to all voice traffic - 2005 - 2009
Table 83 - Cable TV investment - 1998 - 2009
Table 84 - Cable TV subscribers and penetration rate - 1991 - 2011
Table 85 - Kabel Deutschland subscribers by sector - 2005 - 2009
Table 86 - Kabel Deutschland: TV, Internet and telephony, monthly ARPU - 2005 - 2009
Table 87 - Kabel Deutschland financial data - 2007 - 2009
Table 88 - Digital cable TV penetration rate - 2001 - 2011
Table 89 - Digital multichannel households (Germany, Austria) - 2004 - 2011
Table 90 - Unitymedia subscribers - 2006 - 2009
Table 91 - Unitymedia financial data - 2006 - 2009
Table 92 - Unitymedia ARPU by sector - 2006 - 2009
Table 93 - Satellite pay TV subscribers and penetration rate - 1993 - 2011
Table 94 - Sky financial data - 2006 - 2009
Table 95 - Sky subscribers - 2007 - 2009
Table 96 - arena satellite pay TV financial data by sector - 2006 - 2009
Table 97 - arena satellite pay TV subscribers and monthly ARPU - 2006 - 2009
Table 98 - Mobile market revenue - 2007 - 2011
Table 99 - Mobile operator share of revenue - 2008 - 2009
Table 100 - Mobile traffic in minutes - 1999 - 2010
Table 101 - Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change - 2009
Table 102 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2011
Table 103 - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator - 2000 - 2009
Table 104 - European roaming charges - 2007 - 2012
Table 105 - Cumulative mobile numbers ported - 2002 - 2008
Table 106 - Mobile termination tariffs by operator - 2007 - 2010
Table 107 - T-Mobile financial data (Germany) - 2005 - 2009
Table 108 - Deutsche Telekom domestic revenue and annual change - 2008 - 2009
Table 109 - T-Mobile subscribers in selected European countries - 2001 - 2009
Table 110 - T-Mobile revenue in selected European countries - 2008 - 2009
Table 111 - T-Mobile monthly ARPU (Germany) - 2005 - 2007
Table 112 - Vodafone Germany mobile subscriber statistics - 2002 - 2009
Table 113 - Vodafone Germany - mobile financial data - 2003 - 2009
Table 114 - Vodafone mobile customer cost - 2007 - 2009
Table 115 - E-Plus - mobile operating and financial data - 2005 - 2009
Table 116 - E-Plus net adds: prepaid/contract - 2006 - 2009
Table 117 - O2 subscribers - contract and prepaid - 2005 - 2009
Table 118 - O2 revenue and monthly ARPU - 2006 - 2009
Table 119 - Mobile service provider share of subscribers - 2006 - 2011
Table 120 - freenet Group subscribers - 2007 - 2009
Table 121 - freenet Group ARPU - 2007 - 2009
Table 122 - freenet (mobile) financial data - 2007 - 2009
Table 123 - Prepaid customer share of all subscribers - 2000 - 2009
Table 124 - SMS annual message traffic - 1998 - 2011
Table 125 - Annual MMS traffic - 2002 - 2011
Table 126 - Mobile data sent - 2005 - 2011
Table 127 - Annual mobile data value - 2004 - 2011
Table 128 - Broadband-capable handset market - 2006; 2010; 2015
Table 129 - E-Plus i-mode subscribers (historic) - 2002 - 2005
Table 130 - Vodafone i-mode subscribers (historic) - 2005 - 2006
Table 131 - T-Mobile - smartphone share of new contract subscribers - 2008 - 2009
Table 132 - Vodafone live! customers (historic) - 2002 - 2007
Table 133 - Forecast broadband subscribers - higher growth scenario - 2010 - 2012; 2020
Table 134 - Forecast broadband subscribers - lower growth scenario - 2010 - 2012; 2020
Table 135 - Forecast mobile ARPU - 2005 - 2010; 2012 - 2015
Table 136 - Forecast UMTS subscribers - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Exhibit 1 - EU - The New Regulatory Framework (NRF)
Exhibit 3 - Number portability defined
Exhibit 4 - Overview of media convergence
Exhibit 5 - Germany’s 3G auction winners - August 2000
Exhibit 6 - German 3G network sharing agreements

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