Germany - Mobile Infrastructure, Broadband, Operators - Statistics and Analyses

Germany - Mobile Infrastructure, Broadband, Operators - Statistics and Analyses

The German mobile market is the largest in Europe, with the number of active subscribers at about 107.5 million as of early 2019. In common with most developed markets, the main driver for growth is in mobile data, with the number of mobile broadband subscribers having increased rapidly in recent years on the back of the near universally available LTE infrastructure. Operators have invested in MIMO and carrier aggregation technologies to provide improved data rates on their networks. Looking forward, considerable progress is expected in the reach and availability of services based on 5G. The regulator concluded a multi-spectrum auction in mid-2019 and although licensees have complained that the cost of their licenses could retard network build in coming years, the first commercial services have been launched.

The mobile market is dominated by the three MNOs Telefónica Germany, Telekom Deutschland and Vodafone Germany, though there is effective competition from a large number of resellers and MVNOs which together command about a quarter of the market. This has placed pressure on voice and data tariffs, which in combination with regulated termination rates and roaming charges has resulted in lower ARPU.

This report provides key statistics and analyses on the mobile market, including an overview of the main operators and their strategies for dealing with competition and emerging technologies in coming years, as also an assessment of recent regulatory developments and spectrum auctions.

Key developments:

Regulator sets reduced MTRs through to 2022;
Telekom Deutschland launches 5G in five cities;
Additional security measures applied to 5G network components;
Telefónica Germany expands mobile banking service;
Universal broadband dependant on licence conditions concerned with rural areas;
Telefónica Germany reports 98% LTE coverage;
Report update includes the regulator's market data for 2018, VATM's 2019 market data, telcos' operating and financial data to Q3 2019, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telekom Deutschland, Vodafone Germany, E-Plus, Telefónica Germany, Freenet, CallMobile


  • Synopsis
  • Market analysis
  • Mobile statistics
    • GENERAL STATISTICS
      • Table Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
      • Table Development of mobile market revenue by type – 2010 – 2018
      • Table Change in the proportion of mobile market revenue share by type – 2012 – 2018
      • Table Change in mobile revenue by MNOs and MVNOs – 2006 – 2018
      • Table Average use per SIM card by service– 2011 – 2018
      • Table Decline in prepaid customer share of mobile subscriber base – 2009 – 2018
    • OPERATOR MARKET SHARES
      • Table Mobile operator share of retail revenue – 2011 – 2019
      • Table Change in mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 – 2019
  • Mobile infrastructure
    • 5G
    • 4G (LTE)
      • Table LTE base stations in service – 2015 – 2018
      • Table Increase in the number of LTE subscribers – 2015 – 2019
      • Table Telefónica Deutschland LTE subscribers and penetration – 2014 – 2019
    • 3G
    • OTHER INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENTS
      • Internet of Things (IoT)
      • Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
        • Table Growth in the number of M2M connections – 2015 – 2018
        • Table Growth in the number of Telefónica Germany's M2M connections – 2014 – 2019
    • MOBILE VOICE/VOLTE
      • Table Change in fixed and mobile daily traffic – 2009 – 2019
      • Table Growth in mobile voice traffic – 2011 – 2018
    • MOBILE DATA SERVICES
      • Table Growth in mobile data traffic – 2005 – 2019
      • Short Message Service (SMS)
        • Table Change in SMS annual message traffic – 2010 - 2018
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Increase in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2024
  • Regulatory issues
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    • SPECTRUM REGULATIONS AND SPECTRUM AUCTIONS
      • 3G
      • 2.6GHz
      • Multi-spectrum auction - 2015
      • 800MHz-2.6GHz
      • 2.1GHz and 3.6GHz
    • ROAMING
    • MOBILE NUMBER PORTABILITY (MNP)
    • MOBILE TERMINATION RATES (MTRS)
  • Major mobile operators
    • TELEKOM DEUTSCHLAND
      • Table Development of Telekom Deutschland's mobile revenue – 2009 – 2019
      • Table Change in Telekom Deutschland's quarterly mobile revenue – 2015 - 2019
      • Table Development of Telekom Deutschland's subscriber base by type – 2009 – 2019
      • Table Change in Telekom Deutschland's average consumer monthly churn – 2009 – 2019
      • Table Telekom Deutschland mobile ARPU (Germany) – 2015 – 2019
    • VODAFONE GERMANY
      • Table Development of Vodafone Germany's mobile ARPU – 2008 – 2019
      • Table Change in Vodafone Germany's customer churn – 2007 – 2019
      • Table Vodafone Germany – voice and data usage – 2005 – 2019
      • Table Change in Vodafone Germany's mobile subscriber base – 2006 – 2019
      • Table Change in Vodafone Germany's mobile service revenue – 2010 – 2019
      • Table Vodafone mobile customer cost – 2007 – 2019
    • TELEFÓNICA GERMANY
      • Table Change in Telefónica Germany's mobile subscriber base by type – 2005 - 2019
      • Table Decline in Telefónica Germany's monthly ARPU – 2006 – 2019
      • Table Development of Telefónica Germany's mobile revenue – 2006 – 2019
      • Table Telefónica Germany mobile revenue by type – 2011 – 2019
      • Table Telefónica Germany quarterly mobile revenue by type – 2015 – 2019
    • MOBILE VIRTUAL NETWORK OPERATORS (MVNOS)
      • Table Unitymedia mobile subscribers – 2016 – 2019
      • Drillisch
        • Table Increase in the number of Drillisch's mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2019
      • Freenet
        • Table Development of Freenet Group's mobile subscriber base – 2007 – 2019
        • Table Development of Freenet Group's mobile ARPU – 2007 – 2019
        • Table Freenet (mobile) financial data – 2007 – 2019
  • Mobile content and applications
    • MOBILE BANKING
    • M-PAYMENTS
    • MOBILE CLOUD
  • Appendix – Historic data
    • Table Historic - Mobile market revenue – 1998 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2000 – 2009
    • Table Historic – Active mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Telekom Deutschland mobile subscribers – 2001 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Vodafone Germany's financial data – 2003 – 2013
    • Table Historic - Mobile number portings – 2009 – 2013
    • Table Historic - Prepaid customer share of all subscribers – 2000 – 2009
    • Table Historic - SMS annual message traffic – 1998 – 2009
    • Table Historic - SMS sent per day – 2005 – 2015
    • Table Historic - Mobile termination tariffs by operator – 2007 – 2013
    • Table Historic - Telecom traffic, fixed and mobile (per day) – 1998 – 2009
  • Related reports

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