Gabon - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses


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Gabon - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Gabon remains one of the wealthiest nations in Africa in terms of GDP per capita, with the economy largely buttressed by oil revenue.The telecom market was liberalised in 1999 when the government awarded three mobile telephony licences and two Internet Service Provider (ISP) licences and established an independent regulatory authority. Gabon Telecom was privatised in 2007 when Maroc Telecom bought a 51% stake in the operator. In June 2016 Maroc Telecom merged Gabon Telecom with Moov Gabon, thereby reducing the number of mobile network operators from four to three.The 2009 entry of USAN (operated by Bintel Group under the brand name Azur) into a competitive market with high penetration triggered a price war that saw falling revenue and profits, forcing the operators to streamline their businesses and to look for new income streams. Following more than a year of delays, a licence to offer 3G mobile broadband services was awarded in late 2011. Azur failed to weather competition and ceased trading in late 2017, encumbered by debts and fined by the regulator for failing to observe its quality of service obligations.Both Airtel Gabon and Gabon Telecom Mobile (Libertis) have launched LTE services in a bid to develop revenue from mobile broadband and data services.In contrast with the mobile market, Gabon's fixed-line and internet sectors have remained underdeveloped due to a lack of competition and high prices. The country has sufficient international bandwidth on the SAT-3/WASC/SAFE submarine cable but this facility is monopolised by Gabon Telecom. The arrival of the ACE submarine cable, combined with progressing work on the CAB cable, has increased backhaul capacity supporting mobile data traffic.BuddeComm notes that the outbreak of the Coronavirus in 2020 is having a significant impact on production and supply chains globally. During the coming year the telecoms sector to various degrees is likely to experience a downturn in mobile device production, while it may also be difficult for network operators to manage workflows when maintaining and upgrading existing infrastructure. Overall progress towards 5G may be postponed or slowed down in some countries.On the consumer side, spending on telecoms services and devices is under pressure from the financial effect of large-scale job losses and the consequent restriction on disposable incomes. However, the crucial nature of telecom services, both for general communication as well as a tool for home-working, will offset such pressures. In many markets the net effect should be a steady though reduced increased in subscriber growth.Although it is challenging to predict and interpret the long-term impacts of the crisis as it develops, these have been acknowledged in the industry forecasts contained in this report.The report also covers the responses of the telecom operators as well as government agencies and regulators as they react to the crisis to ensure that citizens can continue to make optimum use of telecom services. This can be reflected in subsidy schemes and the promotion of tele-health and tele-education, among other solutions.

Key developments:

Gabon Telecom announces plans to trial 5G in Libreville;Gabon Telecom and Airtel Gabon renew mobile licences for ten years;Government commits XAF150 billion in backbone infrastructure work through to 2020;Gabon and Congo sign deal to end roaming charges;Universal service project gets underway, aiming to deliver telecom services to 2,700 villages;Korea Telecom secures XAF6 billion contract to build two fibre segments as part of the Central African Backbone project;New legal and regulatory framework comes into play;Gabon Telecom reduces cost of connecting to its fibre network by up to 90%;Maroc Telecom merges Gabon Telecom and Moov Gabon;E-Gabon project launched to improve e-health services;Axione contracted to extend and maintain national telecoms infrastructure;MNOs register SIM cards to comply with new regulations;Airtel Gabon opens submarine link between Libreville and Port-Gentil;Report update includes the regulator's market data to Q2 2018, operator data to Q3 2018, assessment of the global impact of COVID-19 on the telecoms sector, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Gabon Telecom (Maroc Telecom, Libertis); Bharti Airtel (Zain); Moov (Telecel Gabon); Bintel (USAN, Azur); Internet Gabon; Solsi; IBN Corporate.


  • Executive Summary
  • Key statistics
    • Table Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Gabon - 2020 (e)
  • COVID-19 and its impact on the telecom sector
    • ECONOMIC CONSIDERATIONS AND RESPONSES
    • MOBILE DEVICES
    • SUBSCRIBERS
    • INFRASTRUCTURE
  • Telecommunications market
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
  • Regulatory environment
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION
    • INTERCONNECTION
    • MOBILE ROAMING
  • Fixed network operator
    • GABON TELECOM
      • Table Gabon Telecom fixed-line revenue (FCFA) - 2014 - 2018
      • Table Gabon Telecom fixed-line subscribers - 2014 - 2019
  • Telecommunications infrastructure
    • OVERVIEW OF THE NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1999 - 2009
      • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2010 - 2018
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Table International bandwidth - 2002 - 2016
      • Submarine
      • Terrestrial fibre
  • Fixed-line broadband market
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Table Market share of internet subscribers - 2013 - 2018
    • BROADBAND STATISTICS
      • Table Fixed internet users and penetration - 2000 - 2018
      • Table Fixed-line and mobile internet subscribers and penetration rate - 2002 - 2018
      • Table Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration - 2003 - 2018
      • Table Gabon Telecom internet subscribers - 2007 - 2019
    • FIXED-LINE BROADBAND TECHNOLOGIES
      • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
      • Other fixed broadband services
  • Digital economy
    • E-HEALTH
    • E-LEARNING
  • Mobile market
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1999 - 2009
      • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2018
      • Table Mobile market share by operator - 2011 - 2018
      • Table Mobile market share by operator - 2011 – 2018
      • Table Mobile services revenue - 2010 - 2018
      • Table Mobile ARPU - 2014 - 2018
    • MOBILE DATA
      • SMS
        • Table Mobile SMS sent - 2014 - 2018
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Active mobile broadband subscribers - 2014 - 2018
      • Table Mobile broadband subscribers by operator - 2014 - 2018
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • 5G
      • 4G (LTE)
      • 3G
      • 2G
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Airtel Gabon (formerly Zain, Celtel)
        • Table Airtel Gabon subscribers - 2002 - 2018
      • Libertis (Gabon Telecom)
        • Table Libertis subscribers - 2007 - 2019
        • Table Libertis mobile revenue - 2011 - 2014
        • Table Libertis annualised mobile ARPU - 2013 - 2015
      • Moov (Télécel Gabon)
        • Table Historic - Moov subscribers - 2010 - 2015
        • Table Historic - Moov mobile ARPU - 2014 - 2015
      • Azur (USAN, BinTel)
        • Table Azur subscribers - 2010 - 2017
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Mobile payments
  • Glossary of abbreviations
  • Related reports

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