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Gabon - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Gabon - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Gabon's Universal Service program gets off the ground

Gabon remains one of the wealthiest nations in Africa in terms of GDP per capita, with the economy largely buttressed by oil revenue.

The telecom market was liberalised in 1999 when the government awarded three mobile telephony licences and two Internet Service Provider (ISP) licences, and established an independent regulatory authority. Gabon Telecom was privatised in 2007 when Maroc Telecom bought a 51% stake in the operator. In June 2016 Maroc Telecom merged Gabon Telecom with Moov Gabon, thereby reducing the number of mobile network operators from four to three.

The 2009 entry of USAN (operated by Bintel under the brand name Azur) into a competitive market with high penetration triggered a price war that saw falling revenue and profits, forcing the operators to streamline their businesses and to look for new income streams. Following more than a year of delays, a licence to offer 3G mobile broadband services was awarded in late 2011. Both Airtel Gabon and Libertis have launched LTE services.

In contrast with the mobile market, Gabon's fixed-line and internet sectors have remained underdeveloped due to a lack of competition and high prices. The country has sufficient international bandwidth on the SAT-3/WASC/SAFE submarine cable but this facility is monopolised by Gabon Telecom. The recent arrival of the ACE submarine cable, combined with progressing work on the CAB cable, has increased backhaul capacity supporting mobile data traffic.

Key developments:

Gabon Telecom and Airtel Gabon renew mobile licences for ten years;

Universal service project gets underway, aiming to deliver telecom services to 2,700 villages;

Korea Telecom secures XAF6 billion contract to build two fibre segments as part of the Central African Backbone project;

Azur faces liquidation;

New legal and regulatory framework comes into play;

Gabon Telecom reduces cost of connecting to its fibre network by up to 90%;

Maroc Telecom merges Gabon Telecom and Moov Gabon;

E-Gabon project launched to improve e-health services;

Regulator promotes MVNO market to maintain competition;

Axione contracted to extend and maintain national telecoms infrastructure;

MNOs register SIM cards to comply with new regulations;

Airtel Gabon opens submarine link between Libreville and Port-Gentil;

Airtel Money service made available to BGFI Bank customers;

Report update includes the regulator's market data to Q2 2017, operator data to Q3 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Gabon Telecom (Maroc Telecom, Libertis); Bharti Airtel (Zain); Moov (Telecel Gabon); Bintel (USAN, Azur); Internet Gabon; Solsi; IBN Corporate.


1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
3. Telecommunications market
3.1 Market analysis
4. Regulatory environment
4.1 Historical overview
4.2 Regulatory authority
4.3 Telecom sector liberalisation
4.4 Interconnection
5. Fixed network operator
5.1 Gabon Telecom
6. Telecommunications infrastructure
6.1 Overview of the national telecom network
6.2 International infrastructure
6.2.1 Submarine
6.2.2 Terrestrial fibre
7. Fixed-line broadband market
7.1 Introduction and statistical overview
7.2 Market analysis
7.3 Broadband statistics
7.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies
7.4.1 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
7.4.2 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
7.4.3 Other fixed broadband services
8. Digitel economy
8.1 e-health
8.2 e-learning
9. Mobile market
9.1 Market analysis
9.2 Mobile statistics
9.3 Mobile data
9.3.1 SMS
9.4 Mobile broadband
9.5 Mobile infrastructure
9.5.1 High-Speed Packet Access (HSPA)
9.5.2 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
9.5.3 Mobile satellite services
9.6 Major mobile operators
9.6.1 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel)
9.6.2 Libertis (Gabon Telecom)
9.6.3 Moov (Télécel Gabon)
9.6.4 Azur (USAN, BinTel)
9.7 Mobile content and applications
9.7.1 Mobile payments
10. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics Gabon 2017 (e)
Table 2 Fixed-line network statistics 2016 (e)
Table 3 Internet provider statistics 2017
Table 4 Internet and social media user statistics 2017 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2017 (e)
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Gabon Telecom fixed-line/internet vs. mobile revenue (MAD) 2008 - 2015
Table 8 Gabon Telecom fixed-line revenue (FCFA) 2008 - 2017
Table 9 Gabon Telecom fixed-line subscribers 2014 - 2017
Table 10 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1999 - 2009
Table 11 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2010 - 2018
Table 12 International bandwidth 2002 - 2016
Table 13 Market share of internet subscribers 2013 - 2016
Table 14 Fixed internet users and penetration 2002 - 2018
Table 15 Fixed-line and mobile internet subscribers and penetration rate 2002 - 2017
Table 16 Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2003 - 2018
Table 17 Gabon Telecom internet subscribers 2007 - 2017
Table 18 DSL subscribers and penetration 2003 - 2017
Table 19 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1999 - 2009
Table 20 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2010 - 2018
Table 21 Mobile market share by operator 2011 - 2017
Table 22 Mobile services revenue 2010 - 2017
Table 23 Mobile ARPU 2014 - 2017
Table 24 Mobile SMS sent 2014 - 2017
Table 25 Mobile broadband subscribers 2012 - 2017
Table 26 Mobile broadband subscribers by operator 2014 - 2017
Table 27 Airtel Gabon subscribers 2002 - 2017
Table 28 Libertis subscribers 2007 - 2017
Table 29 Libertis mobile revenue 2011 - 2014
Table 30 Libertis annualised mobile ARPU 2013 - 2015
Table 31 Historic - Moov subscribers 2010 - 2015
Table 32 Historic - Moov mobile ARPU 2014 - 2015
Table 33 Azur subscribers 2010 - 2017
Chart 1 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2002 2018
Chart 2 Fixed internet users and penetration 2002 2018
Chart 3 Mobile subscribers in Gabon 2005 - 2018

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