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France - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

France - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

France begins closing down PSTN network

France has the third largest telecoms market in Europe, worth about €31 billion annually. The incumbent telco Orange Group is one of the world’s major players with interests in markNoooets across Europe, the Middle East and Africa. Despite market liberalisation, the company still dominates all sectors though increasing competition from a number of major players (notably Altice and Iliad) has gradually eroded this lead, prompting it to respond with a range of innovative offers and wide-ranging strategies to meet future customer needs. It is also investing in a national fibre network, largely in response to the activities of smaller players.

The mobile sector is dominated by the four providers Orange, SFR Group, Bouygues Telecom and Free Mobile, complemented by an increasing number of MVNOs which together have a market share of around 11% of subscribers. The network operators have invested in network infrastructure and technologies in recent years. LTE-A providing data at above 300Mb/s has extensive coverage, while operators have undertaken 5G trials. The development of 5G has also been supported by the regulator which intends to auction spectrum for 5G use in early 2019 in anticipation of services coming into commercial use later in the year.

France has one of the largest broadband subscriber bases in Europe. Growth in recent years has been bolstered by demand for high bandwidth services, which has prompted considerable investment in fibre infrastructure among telcos and regional governments. This has been supported by regulatory measures which have promoted access to Orange’s copper and fibre infrastructure for new entrants, as well as a national broadband program which involves an investment of more than €20 billion. Progress in deployment has been rapid, while the take-up rate among consumers has also increased substantially.

DSL still dominates the broadband market in terms of access lines, though the number of DSL lines is falling as customers are migrated to fibre infrastructure. Fibre deployments have grown substantially in recent years, with all of the major ISPs concentrating their investments in the platform with a view to promoting 1Gb/s services. By June 2018 there were almost four million fibre connections, and fibre accounted for half of all superfast broadband connections nationally.

This report introduces the key aspects of France’s telecom market, providing statistics on the country’s fixed network, an analysis of operator strategies, and a review of the key regulatory issues including the status of number portability, wholesaling and carrier preselection. The report also covers the mobile voice and data markets, assessing recent developments related to spectrum licensing and regulatory issues, and profiling the major players and MVNOs. In addition the report reviews France’s fixed broadband market, focussing on cable, DSL and the fast-developing FttP/C sectors. It considers the strategies of the principal providers such as Orange, Iliad and Altice (SFR Group), and considers the regulatory status of LLU and access to fibre infrastructure

Key developments:

Orange stops promoting PSTN products;
Bouygues Telecom sets up Objenious subsidiary dedicated to the Internet of Things;
Orange sets up Orange Horizons subsidiary to exploit potential in new markets;
Regulator institutes revised spectrum coverage obligations;
Orange partners with Ericsson and Nokia to develop a path to 5G, launches national LTE-M service;
Regulator progresses with 2.6GHz and 3.5GHz spectrum use for 5G;
Government proposes new measures to fill gaps in broadband availability;
Altice increases footprint of its 1Gb/s FttP service;
Success of fibre co-investment deals among operators;
Report update includes the regulator’s market data updates to June 2018, operator data to Q3 2018, recent market development.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Orange, Iliad (Free, Free Mobile), Altice (SFR Group), Numéricable, Bouygues Telecom, Virgin Mobile, Omea Telecom, Bouygues Telecom


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - France - 2018 (e)
    • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Table Telecom service investment - 2002 - 2017
      • Table End-user traffic volume in minutes by sector - 2002 - 2018
      • Table End-user traffic growth by sector - 2002 - 2017
      • Table Telecom market revenue by sector - 2008 - 2018
      • Table End-user fixed-line market value - 2003 - 2018
      • Table Proportion of telecom revenue by sector - 2009 - 2018
      • Table End-user telecom market value annual change - 2004 - 2017
      • Table Telecom market revenue by sector - 2008 - 2018
      • Table End-user monthly bill by service - 2010 - 2017
      • Table Fixed lines subscriptions by type - 2003 - 2018
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • HISTORY
    • NATIONAL LEGAL FRAMEWORK
    • FRANCE NUMERIQUE 2012
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
      • Communications and Postal Regulatory Authority (ARCEP)
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION
      • Privatisation of Orange Group
      • Interconnect
        • Table Interconnect revenue - 2007 - 2016
        • Table Interconnect traffic - 2007 - 2016
      • Access
        • Table Unbundled and bitstream lines - 2002 - 2018
        • Table Orange wholesale broadband lines - 2006 - 2018
      • Number Portability (NP)
        • Table Fixed numbers ported annually - 2005 - 2018
      • Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
        • Table Indirect connections - 2006 - 2016
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • ORANGE GROUP
      • Table Orange customers by sector (France) - 2006 - 2018
      • Table Orange retail voice lines - 2007 - 2018
      • Table Orange Group financial data by sector - 2008 - 2018
      • Table Orange (domestic) financial data - 2007 - 2018
      • Table Orange (domestic) telecom capex - 2008 - 2018
      • Table Orange retail and wholesale lines - 2006 - 2018
      • Essentials 2020
    • ALTICE FRANCE
      • Table SFR Group subscribers - 2006 - 2018
      • Table SFR Group financial data - 2005 - 2018
      • Table SFR Group telecom capex - 2008 - 2018
    • FREE (ILIAD)
      • Table Free revenue by business line - 2006 - 2018
      • Table Free DSL, LLU subscribers - 2005 - 2014
      • Table Free subscribers by sector - 2009 - 2018
    • BOUYGUES TELECOM
      • Table Bouygues Telecom subscribers by sector - 2005- 2018
      • Table Bouygues Telecom financial data - 2005 - 2018
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Fixed-lines in service - 2011 - 2018
      • Table Proportion of fixed lines by technology - 2004 - 2017
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Submarine cable networks
        • Table International internet bandwidth - 2000 - 2016
      • Satellite networks
      • Cloud services
    • SMART INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Internet of Things (IoT)
      • Smart Cities
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
      • Market analysis
      • Broadband statistics
        • Table Dial-up internet subscribers - 2005 - 2015
        • Table Dial-up internet traffic - 2004 - 2014
        • Table Broadband subscribers by platform - 2000 - 2018
        • Table Superfast broadband connections - 2011 - 2018
        • Table Proportion of premises covered by superfast broadband networks - 2012 - 2017
        • Table Superfast broadband connections by platform - 2011 - 2018
        • Table Broadband penetration by technology - 2007 - 2017
        • Table Historic - Internet users and penetration rate - 1995 - 2009
        • Table Internet users and penetration rate - 2010 - 2018
        • Table Internet subscribers - 2008 - 2018
        • Table Historic - Percentage of households with internet access - 1997 - 2009
        • Table Percentage of households with internet access - 2010 - 2018
      • Forecasts - broadband subscribers - 2019; 2021; 2023
        • Table Forecast broadband subscribers -- 2019; 2021; 2023
      • Regulatory issues
    • HYBRID FIBRE COAX (HFC) NETWORKS
      • Table Cable modem subscribers - 2000 - 2018
    • DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL) NETWORKS
      • Table DSL subscribers - 2000 - 2018
      • Table Orange DSL subscribers - 2005 - 2018
      • Table Free broadband revenue - 2006 - 2018
      • Table Free broadband subscribers - 2005 - 2018
      • Table Free broadband subscriber ARPU - 2013 - 2018
      • Table SFR broadband subscribers by type - 2013 - 2017
      • Table SFR broadband homes passed - 2009 - 2017
      • Table SFR revenue - 2005 - 2017
      • Table SFR annualised ARPU by broadband service - 2013 - 2017
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISES (FTTP) NETWORKS
      • Introduction
      • Statistics
        • Table FttP equipped and passed buildings - 2008 - 2018
        • Table FttP subscribers - 2011 - 2018
      • Orange
        • Table Orange fibre subscribers - 2006 - 2018
      • Iliad (Free)
        • Table Free fibre subscribers - 2015 - 2018
      • SFR Group
      • Bouygues Telecom
        • Table Bouygues Telecom broadband subscribers - 2010- 2018
      • Municipal projects
      • Fibre network sharing
        • Table FttP subscriptions - 2015 - 2018
    • OTHER FIXED BROADBAND SERVICES
      • Broadband Powerline (BPL)
      • Fixed wireless (Wi-Fi and WiMAX)
      • WiMAX
      • WLAN/Wi-Fi
        • Table Orange satellite broadband subscribers - 2008 - 2017
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Table Mobile sector investment - 2007 - 2017
      • Table Investment in 3G and LTE infrastructure - 2013 - 2017
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Mobile retail revenue - 1998 - 2018
        • Table Average monthly bill, ARPU - 2006 - 2017
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers (national, old format incl. M2M) and penetration rate - 1999 - 2014
        • Table Mobile subscribers (national) and penetration rate - 2011 - 2019
        • Table Mobile services traffic in minutes - 1998 - 2018
        • Table Mobile voice traffic in minutes by type (quarterly) - 2006 - 2018
        • Table Annual mobile voice traffic by type - 2008 - 2018
        • Table Mobile operator market share - 2005 - 2016
        • Table Prepaid and contract subscribers (old format national, incl. M2M) - 2005 - 2014
        • Table Prepaid and contract subscribers (national, excl. M2M) - 2011 - 2018
        • Table Proportion of prepaid versus contract subscribers - 1999 - 2018
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • 5G
      • 4G (LTE)
        • Table Active LTE subscribers - 2014 - 2018
        • Table Free Mobile LTE subscribers - 2014 - 2018
        • Table Free Mobile average LTE data use - 2015 - 2018
      • 3G
        • Table 3G base stations in service by operator - November 2017
        • Table Active 3G subscribers - 2007 - 2018
      • GSM
        • Table 2G base stations in service by operator - November 2017
    • MACHINE-TO-MACHINE (M2M)
      • Table M2M cards in use - 2011 - 2018
      • Table Revenue from M2M cards - 2009 - 2018
    • MOBILE VOICE
      • Voice-over-LTE (VoLTE)
    • MOBILE DATA
      • Table Data market revenue by type (historic) - 2002 - 2012
      • Table Mobile data traffic (TB) - 2008 - 2018
      • Table Average mobile data traffic per 3G/LTE subscriber - 2011 - 2017
      • Table Mobile data traffic from LTE networks - 2016 - 2018
      • Table Average mobile data traffic per mobile subscriber - 2011 - 2017
      • Short Message Service (SMS)
        • Table SMS traffic volume (national) - 2004 - 2018
        • Table Annual SMS volume (national) - 2003 - 2018
      • Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
        • Table Annual MMS volume - 2003 - 2018
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Active mobile broadband subscribers - 2007 - 2018
      • Table Dedicated mobile broadband subscribers - 2007 - 2018
    • FORECASTS - MOBILE SUBSCRIBERS - 2019; 2021; 2023
      • Table Forecast - mobile subscribers - 2019; 2021; 2023
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
        • Table 2.6GHz spectrum results - Sep 2011
      • Network sharing
      • Mobile termination rates (MTRs)
        • Table Mobile termination charges - 2005 - 2013
        • Table Mobile interconnection revenue - 2003 - 2017
      • Roaming
        • Table European roaming charges - 2007 - 2016
        • Table Mobile roaming out voice traffic - 2003 - 2018
        • Table European data roaming charges - 2014 - 2017
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Annual mobile numbers ported - 2004 - 2018
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Orange
        • Table Orange mobile subscribers (France) - 2005 - 2018
        • Table Orange blended, contract, prepaid ARPU (Q4) - 2005 - 2017
        • Table Orange blended, contract, prepaid ARPO (Q4) - 2017 - 2018
        • Table Orange mobile revenue by type - 2011 - 2017
        • Table Orange mobile-only revenue (new style) - 2016 - 2018
        • Table Orange mobile customer churn - 2003 - 2018
        • Table Orange mobile customer acquisition costs - 2007 - 2016
      • Altice France
        • Table SFR mobile annualised ARPU - 2005 - 2018
        • Table SFR revenue (historic) - 2004 - 2013
        • Table SFR mobile revenue (under Altice) - 2015 - 2018
        • Table SFR subscribers - 2006 - 2018
      • Free Mobile
        • Table Free Mobile mobile subscribers - 2012 - 2018
        • Table Free Mobile mobile revenue - 2012 - 2018
      • Bouygues Telecom
        • Table Bouygues Telecom subscribers - 2005 - 2018
        • Table Bouygues Telecom mobile ARPU - 2007 - 2018
        • Table Bouygues Telecom financial data by type - 2005 - 2018
      • MVNOs
        • Table MNO and MVNO subscribers (metropolitan) - 2005 - 2018
        • Table MVNO market share (metropolitan) - 2005 - 2018
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • m-payments
      • m-banking

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