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France - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts

France - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts

Mobile market price competition leads to further consolidation

France has one of the largest telecoms market in Europe, supported by a population of around 63 million. The incumbent, France Telecom/Orange, is one of the world’s major players with interests in markets across Europe, the Middle East and francophone Africa. The telco’s market dominance has been eroded through increasing competition from a number of major players, in turn encouraging it to invest in a national fibre network to improve its network capabilities and consumer offerings.

France has the third largest broadband subscriber base in Europe. DSL dominates broadband access, and though the cable footprint only reaches about 40% of the population the main cableco Numéricable has upgraded its network to compete with DSL, and has itself entered the DSL market through the acquisition of DSL-based market players. Fibre deployment has developed a significant and growing market presence in recent years, supported by an effective regulatory and legislative regime which promotes fibre network sharing and optimises operators’ investment strategies.

France is also one of Europe’s key markets for telecom convergence and bundled services, and has Europe’s largest IPTV sector. The success of service bundles largely rests on fierce competition which has reduced the cost of bundles while raising the quantity and quality of services offered.

The mobile phone market, worth some €15 billion in 2013, has undergone significant changes in recent years. The regulator was keen to promote the entry of a new player, and the subsequent efforts of Free Mobile resulted in price competition between the MNOs Orange, SFR and Bouygues Telecom. SFR became the main casualty of this process, with the operator being sold to Numéricable in early 2014. The deal will go far to introducing further market consolidation and to encouraging operators to provide a full range of services to customers to secure a competitive edge.

Key developments:

SRF and Bouygues Telecom sign network sharing deal; auction for 700MHz anticipated later in 2014; 4G available nationally; Vivendi sells SFR to Altice Group; Bouygues Telecom joins the Telefónica Partners Program; Virgin Mobile launches quad-play service; Bouygues Telecom buy’s KPN’s MVNO Simyo; Vivendi acquires 20% stake in Canal+ France held by Lagardère Group; DVB-T2 standard may be adopted by end-2015; Orange TV migrates to single access platform; regulator consults on FttDP architecture; Free launches 1Gb/s service; Orange invests €2 billion to provide 15 million households with FttP by 2015; regulator consults on 3.5GHs spectrum for broadband use; government promotes €20 billion investment for national FttP network by 2023; Orange signs joint network deals with Iliad, SFR and Bouygues to expand FttP in rural areas; regulator’s market data to December 2013; telcos’ operating data to Q1 2014; market developments to May 2014; regulator’s market data updates to December 2013; operator data to Q1 2014; market developments to May 2014.

Companies and subsidiaries covered in this report include:

France Telecom/Orange, SFR, Free Mobile, Bouygues Telecom, Canal+, Iliad, Numéricable, Vivendi, TPS, AB Group, TNTSat, Canal+.

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics - 2013 (e)
    • Table Telecom revenue and investment statistics - 2013
    • Table Telephone network statistics - 2013
    • Table Internet user statistics - 2012
    • Table Broadband statistics - 2013
    • Table Mobile statistics - 2013
    • Table National telecommunications authorities
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • OVERVIEW OF FRANCE'S TELECOM MARKET
      • Table Telecom service investment - 2002 - 2012
      • Table End-user traffic volume in minutes by sector - 2002 - 2013
      • Table End-user traffic growth by sector - 2002 - 2013
      • Table Proportion of telecom revenue by sector - 2009 - 2013
      • Table End-user telecom market value by sector - 2003 - 2013
      • Table End-user telecom market value annual change - 2003 - 2013
      • Table Fixed lines subscriptions by type - 2003 - 2013
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • HISTORY
      • Revised NFR
    • NATIONAL LEGAL FRAMEWORK
    • FRANCE NUMERIQUE 2012
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
      • Communications and Postal Regulatory Authority (ARCEP)
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION IN FRANCE
      • Privatisation of France Telecom
      • Interconnect
        • Table Fixed-call termination charges - 2008 - 2013
        • Table Interconnect revenue - 2007 - 2013
        • Table Interconnect traffic - 2007 - 2013
      • Access
        • Table Access lines, LLU and bitstream (regulator data) - 2008 - 2013
      • Number Portability (NP)
        • Table Fixed numbers ported annually - 2006 - 2013
      • Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
        • Table Indirect connections - 2005 - 2013
        • Table Annual change in carrier preselection usage - 2002 - 2012
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • MARKET OVERVIEW
    • ORANGE (FRANCE TELECOM)
      • Table Orange customers by sector (France) - 2006 - 2014
      • Table Orange retail PSTN lines - 2007 - 2014
      • Performance into 2014
        • Table Orange Group financial data by sector - 2008 - 2014
        • Table Orange (domestic) financial data - 2007 - 2014
        • Table France Telecom (domestic) telecom capex - 2008 - 2013
        • Table France Telecom retail and wholesale lines - 2006 - 2014
      • Difficulties ahead
      • International strategies
      • 2015 Action Plan
      • Rebranding
    • SFR
      • Table SFR subscribers - 2006 - 2013
      • Table SFR financial data - 2005 - 2013
      • Table SFR telecom capex - 2008 - 2013
      • Acquisition of neuf Cegetel
        • Table neuf Cegetel financial data (historic) - 2006 - 2007
        • Table neuf Cegetel subscribers (historic) - 2006 - 2008
      • Buyout of Vodafone
    • FREE (ILIAD)
      • Table Free financial data and annual change - 2006 - 2013
      • Table Free telecom capex - 2007 - 2013
      • Table Free DSL, LLU subscribers - 2005 - 2013
      • Table Free subscribers by sector - 2011 - 2013
    • BOUYGUES TELECOM
      • Table Bouygues Telecom subscribers by sector - 2005- 2013
      • Table Bouygues Telecom financial data - 2005 - 2013
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Fixed-line revenue (outbound) - 2004 - 2013
      • Table Fixed-lines in service - 2011 - 2013
      • Table Proportion of fixed lines by technology - 2004 - 2012
    • NEXT GENERATION NETWORKS (NGNS)
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
      • Wholesaling
        • Table France Telecom wholesale broadband lines - 2005 - 2014
      • Cloud services
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • OVERVIEW
      • Table Historic - Internet users and penetration rate - 1995 - 2004
      • Table Internet users and penetration rate - 2005 - 2014
      • Table Historic - Percentage of households with internet access - 1997 - 2004
      • Table Percentage of households with internet access - 2005 - 2014
      • Local Loop Unbundling (LLU)
        • Table Access lines, LLU and bitstream (regulator data) - 2008 - 2013
      • Wholesale access
      • Bitstream access
      • Regulatory issues
      • Leased line market
    • BROADBAND STATISTICS
      • Table Internet revenue by access type - 1998 - 2013
      • Table Dial-up internet subscribers - 2005 - 2014
      • Table Dial-up internet traffic - 2005 - 2014
      • Table Broadband subscribers by type and penetration - 2000 - 2014
      • Table Broadband penetration - 2000 - 2014
      • Table Broadband penetration by technology - 2007 - 2013
    • CABLE MODEMS
      • Table Cable modem subscribers - 2000 - 2013
      • Cable network agreements
      • Cable consolidation
      • Numéricable
        • Table Numéricable financial data - 2008 - 2013
        • Table Numéricable revenue by segment - 2010 - 2013
        • Table Numéricable RGUs by service - 2009 - 2013
    • ASYMMETRICAL DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (ADSL)
      • Table DSL subscribers - 2000 - 2014
      • Providers
        • Table Orange DSL subscribers - 2005 - 2014
        • Table Free financial data and annual change - 2006 - 2013
        • Table Free broadband subscribers - 2005 - 2013
        • Table Free proportion unbundled subscribers - 2005 - 2013
        • Table SFR broadband subscribers - 2004 - 2013
        • Table SFR revenue - 2005 - 2013
        • Table Bouygues Telecom broadband subscribers - 2010- 2012
      • ADSL2+
      • READSL2
      • Very High Data Rate Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL)
      • Symmetric Digital Subscriber Lines (SDSL)
      • Vectored DSL
    • BROADBAND POWERLINE (BPL)
    • FIBRE MARKET
      • Overview
      • Regulatory issues
        • Table FttP premises through network sharing - 2010 - 2013
      • Regional support
      • Local authorities
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISE (FTTP) NETWORKS
      • Statistics
        • Table High-speed broadband lines, by data rate - 2008 - 2013
        • Table FttP equipped and passed buildings - 2008 - 2013
      • Orange
        • Table Orange fibre subscribers - 2006 - 2014
      • Iliad (Free)
        • Table Free projections - Paris fibre - 2006; 2008; 2010; 2012; 2014
      • SFR
      • Numéricable
      • Bouygues Telecom
      • British Telecom (BT)
      • Municipal projects
      • Fibre network sharing
        • Table Fibre network sharing subscriptions and homes passed - 2009 - 2013
    • WIRELESS BROADBAND
      • Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
      • WiMAX players
      • WLAN/WiFi
      • Free
      • Public Analogue Mobile Radio (PAMR)
      • Internet via satellite
        • Table Orange satellite broadband subscribers - 2008 - 2014
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Orange mobile broadband subscribers - 2004 - 2011
  • DIGITAL MEDIA
    • OVERVIEW
    • KEY GENERAL TRENDS
    • BUSINESS MODELS
      • Bundled services
      • Numéricable
    • REGULATOR ISSUES
      • VoIP
    • DIGITAL TV
      • Overview
      • Broadband TV (IPTV)
        • Table IPTV subscribers, proportion of DSL base - 2004 - 2013
        • Table Orange IPTV/satellite subscribers - 2005 - 2014
        • Table Orange Cinéma Séries' and Sport subscribers (historic) - 2009 - 2011
        • Table Free broadband subscribers - 2005 - 2011
      • Video-on-Demand (VoD)
        • Table VoD market value - 2008 - 2014
      • VoIP
        • Table VoIP lines and traffic in minutes - 2004 - 2013
        • Table VoIP traffic as proportion to all traffic - 2004 - 2013
        • Table Orange VoIP and Livebox subscribers - 2005 - 2014
      • Interactive TV (iTV)
      • Cable TV (CATV)
        • Table Cable pay TV subscribers and penetration - 1997 - 2011; 2015
      • Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
        • Table Satellite pay TV subscribers and penetration - 1997 - 2011; 2015
        • Table Canal+ Group revenue - 2005 - 2013
        • Table Canal + subscribers - 2006 - 2013
        • Table Orange pay-TV subscribers - 2007 - 2011
      • Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
      • Free-to-Air (FTA)
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • OVERVIEW OF FRANCE'S MOBILE MARKET
      • Table Mobile sector investment - 2007 - 2014
      • Mobile statistics
        • Table Total mobile revenue - 2006 - 2014
        • Table Average monthly bill, ARPU - 2012
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers (national) and penetration rate - 1999 - 2004
        • Table Mobile subscribers (national) and penetration rate - 2005 - 2014
        • Table Mobile services revenue - 1998 - 2014
        • Table Mobile service revenue by type; annual change - 2011 - 2013
        • Table Mobile service revenue annual change - 2011 - 2013
        • Table Data as proportion of mobile service revenue - 2004 - 2014
        • Table Mobile services traffic in minutes - 1998 - 2014
        • Table Mobile voice traffic in minutes - 2006 - 2013
      • Operator market shares
        • Table Mobile operator market share - 2005 - 2012
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
      • Mobile termination rates (MTR)
        • Table Mobile termination charges - 2005 - 2013
        • Table Mobile interconnection revenue - 2003 - 2012
      • SMS interconnection
      • Roaming
        • Table European roaming charges - 2007 - 2014
        • Table Mobile roaming in revenue and traffic in minutes - 2003 - 2013
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Annual mobile numbers ported - 2004 - 2013
      • Fixed-Mobile Convergence (FMC)
    • MOBILE TECHNOLOGIES
      • Digital
      • Third Generation (3G) mobile
        • Table Active 3G subscribers and annual change - 2007 - 2013
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Orange
        • Table Orange mobile subscribers (France) - 2005 - 2014
        • Table Orange voice and data ARPU (Q4) - 2005 - 2012
        • Table Orange blended, contract, prepaid ARPU (Q4) - 2005 - 2014
        • Table Orange mobile consumer revenue - 2005 - 2014
        • Table Orange mobile customer churn - 2003 - 2014
        • Table Orange mobile customer acquisition costs - 2007 - 2013
      • SFR
        • Table SFR mobile annualised ARPU - 2005 - 2013
        • Table SFR revenue - 2004 - 2013
        • Table SFR subscribers - 2006 - 2013
      • Free Mobile
        • Table Free Mobile mobile subscribers - 2012 - 2013
        • Table Free Mobile mobile revenue - 2012 - 2013
      • Bouygues Telecom
        • Table Bouygues Telecom subscribers - 2005 - 2013
        • Table Bouygues Telecom mobile ARPU - 2007 - 2013
        • Table Bouygues Telecom financial data - 2005 - 2013
      • MVNOs
        • Table MNO and MVNO subscribers (metropolitan) - 2005 - 2013
        • Table MVNO market share (metropolitan) - 2005 - 2013
    • MOBILE VOICE SERVICES
      • Prepaid
        • Table Prepaid and contract subscribers (national) - 2005 - 2013
        • Table Percentage of prepaid versus contract subscribers - 1999 - 2013
    • OVERVIEW OF FRANCE'S MOBILE DATA SERVICES MARKET
      • Table Data market revenue - 2002 - 2014
      • Table Data as proportion of mobile service revenue - 2004 - 2013
      • Table Mobile services revenues by sector - 2007 - 2012
    • MOBILE TECHNOLOGIES
      • Third Generation (3G) mobile
        • Table Active 3G subscribers and annual change - 2007 - 2013
        • Table Annual growth of active 3G subscribers - 2007 - 2014
      • 700MHz
      • Spectrum allocations
      • 900MHz
      • 1800MHz
      • 2.6GHz
        • Table 2.6GHz spectrum results - Sep 2011
    • MOBILE MESSAGING
      • Short Message Service (SMS)
        • Table SMS traffic volume (national) - 2004 - 2013
        • Table Annual SMS volume (national) - 2003 - 2014
        • Table SMS user market growth (national) - 2002 - 2012
      • Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
        • Table Mobile multimedia users (metropolitan) - 2004 - 2014
        • Table Annual MMS volume - 2000 - 2014
    • MOBILE DATA SERVICES
      • General Packet Radio Services (GPRS)
        • Table Mobile data traffic - 2008 - 2014
      • High-Speed Packet Access (HSPA)
        • Table Orange mobile broadband subscribers - 2004 - 2011
        • Table Orange mobile subscribers (France) - 2005 - 2014
        • Table Orange voice and data ARPU (Q4) - 2005 - 2012
        • Table Orange data revenue as % of total - 2005 - 2012
        • Table Orange mobile consumer revenue - 2005 - 2014
        • Table SFR revenue - 2004 - 2013
        • Table SFR annualised mobile ARPU - 2005 - 2013
        • Table SFR subscribers - 2006 - 2013
      • High-Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA)
      • Long-term Evolution (LTE)
        • Table LTE base stations in service by operator - April 2014
      • Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
      • Vodafone 360
      • Application stores
      • Femtocells
      • Mobile TV
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Location based services
      • Near Field Communication (NFC)
      • Mobile satellite services
      • Mobile VoIP
      • Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
        • Table M2M cards in use - 2010 - 2013
  • FORECASTS
    • FORECASTS - BROADBAND SUBSCRIBERS - 2009 - 2012; 2020
      • higher growth broadband subscriber growth
        • Table Forecast broadband subscribers - higher market growth scenario - 2007 - 2012; 2020
        • Table Forecast broadband penetration - higher market growth scenario - 2007 - 2012; 2020
      • lower broadband subscriber growth
        • Table Forecast broadband subscribers - lower market growth scenario - 2007 - 2012; 2020
        • Table Forecast broadband penetration - lower market growth scenario - 2007 - 2012; 2020
    • FORECASTS - MOBILE ARPU - 2009-2015
      • Table Forecast mobile ARPU - 2011 - 2015
    • FORECASTS -UMTS SUBSCRIBERS TO 2015
      • Table Forecast UMTS subscriber growth - 2010 - 2015
    • FORECASTS-MOBILE TV SUBSCRIBERS TO 2015
      • Table Forecast mobile TV subscribers - 2010 - 2015

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