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France - Telecoms IP Networks Digital Media and Forecasts


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

This annual report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in France’s telecommunications market. The report analyses trends and developments in telecommunications, mobile, Internet, broadband, digital TV and converging media including VoIP, VoD and IPTV developments.

Subjects include:

  • Key statistics;
  • Market and industry overviews;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Major players (fixed, mobile and broadband);
  • Mobile voice and data markets;
  • Internet and broadband development;
  • Convergence (voice/data, fixed/wireless/mobile);
  • Telecom market forecasts for selective years to 2015 or 2019. 


BuddeComm’s annual publication, France - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts, provides a comprehensive overview of the trends and developments in the telecommunications and digital media markets in France. 

France retains the third largest telecom market in Europe. Revenue from the fixed market has been propped up by the broadband sector while fixed-telephony continues to suffer from a combination of price competition and the migration to VoIP and mobile-only solutions. Investment in the telecom sector, having shown a slight increase to €6.5 billion in 2008, is evenly divided between the fixed-line and mobile sectors. Investment is expected to have fallen by about 2-3% in 2009, with only marginal recovery in 2010 and 2011 as a result of the economic downturn and a consumer slowdown in discretionary spend. Nevertheless, this is likely to be restricted to the high-end market.

 Although competition is strong, since 2005 the market has been affected by considerable consolidation through mergers and acquisitions among a number of major players. This has led to the creation of an oligopoly composed of a few major players, which benefit from having a reach and size enabling them to invest in network upgrades and promote some of Europe’s most sophisticated bundled service offers.

 In the fibre sector, France remains one of the few countries in Europe with extensive fibre deployment and competition. By early 2010 there were some six million homes passed by fibre. In coming years the sector will benefit from the regulator having been an early initiator of rules to aid deployment through providing access to ducts. 

Mobile broadband services available on HSPA will in 2010 be complemented by emerging LTE deployments. France enjoys some of the cheapest mobile broadband plans in the world. The government’s Digital France 2012 plan includes the allocation of the 790-862MHz band for mobile broadband services to help extend the service to rural communities, and so realise plans for broadband to be a universal service accessible by all citizens by 2012. 

France - key telecom parameters - 2008; 2010

 Sector 2008 2010 (e)
Broadband:
      Fixed broadband subscribers (million) 17.7 21.7
  Fixed broadband penetration rate 27% 31%
  Subscribers to telecoms services:    
  Fixed-line telephony (million) 40.6 39.8
  SIM cards in service (million) 58.0 61.8
  SIM penetration (population) 91% 99%
  (Source: BuddeComm) 

Key highlights:

  • Telecom market investment will be focussed on the broadband and mobile sectors in 2010 as operators upgrade networks and compete for subscribers. Overall telecom sector revenue which performed better than most other European markets in 2008 and 2009 should thereby expect healthy growth in 2010.
  • The fixed-line sector will continue to contract in revenue and subscriber numbers during the next few years as consumers migrate to mobile services and, significantly, to VoIP included in the multitude of widely available bundled offers.
  • France will expect considerable growth in the fibre sector in coming years as a result of operator investment combined with an effective regulatory regime to guarantee competitor access to networks. Although fibre uptake has been far outstripped by the growing number of homes passed by fibre networks, the gap should start to close during 2010 as consumers respond to the price benefits of faster IP-delivered bundled services.
  • Broadband infrastructure by 2020 should provide 70% of the population with a 100Mb/s service resulting from a multi-billion Euro investment commitment by the government from 2010. The stimulus will propel the country to the forefront of Europe’s digital economy, enabling the wider distribution and uptake of rich digital media offers.
 For those needing high level strategic information and objective analysis on the telecommunications sector in France, this report is essential reading and gives further information on:
  • Developments in the digital broadcast market, IPTV and VoD;
  • Market liberalisation and regulatory issues;
  • The impact of the global economic crisis;
  • Telecoms operators - privatisation, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Internet and broadband development and growth;
  • VoIP, IPTV, VoD, digital TV and DTTV;
  • Historical and current subscriber statistics;
  • Average Revenue per User (ARPU) statistics and forecasts.
 Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

1. Key statistics
2. Telecommunications market
2.1 Overview of France’s telecom market
3. Regulatory environment
3.1 History
3.2 National legal framework - 2009
3.3 France NumErique 2012
3.4 Regulatory authority
3.4.1 Communications and Postal Regulatory Authority (ARCEP)
3.5 Telecom sector liberalisation in France
3.5.1 Privatisation of France Telecom
3.5.2 Interconnect
3.5.3 Access
3.5.4 Number portability (NP)
3.5.5 Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
4. Fixed network market
4.1 Market overview
4.2 Fixed-line statistics
4.3 France Telecom
4.3.1 Going into 2010
4.3.2 Difficulties ahead
4.3.3 Future strategies
4.3.4 Rebranding
4.4 SFR
4.4.1 Acquisition of neuf Cegetel
4.5 Free (Iliad)
5. Telecommunications infrastructure
5.1 National telecom network
5.2 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
5.3 International infrastructure
5.3.1 Submarine cable networks
5.3.2 Satellite networks
5.3.3 Wholesaling
6. Internet market
6.1 Overview
6.2 Statistics
7. Broadband market
7.1 Overview
7.1.1 Broadband statistics
7.2 Regulatory issues
7.2.1 Regulating copper access
7.2.2 Regulating fibre access
7.3 Cable modems
7.3.1 Cable network agreements
7.3.2 Cable consolidation
7.3.3 Numéricable
7.4 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
7.4.1 Providers
7.4.2 ADSL2+
7.4.3 READSL2
7.4.4 Very High Data Rate Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL)
7.4.5 Symmetric Digital Subscriber Lines (SDSL)
7.5 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
7.6 Fibre market
7.6.1 Overview
7.7 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
7.7.1 Market overview
7.7.2 France Telecom
7.7.3 Iliad (Free)
7.7.4 SFR
7.7.5 Numéricable
7.7.6 Municipal drive - Paris
7.7.7 Other municipal projects
7.7.8 The Pau Project
7.7.9 Fibre network sharing
7.8 Wireless broadband
7.8.1 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
7.8.2 WiMAX players
7.8.3 WLAN/WiFi
7.8.4 Free
7.8.5 Public Analogue Mobile Radio (PAMR)
7.8.6 Internet via satellite
7.8.7 Mobile broadband
8. Digital media
8.1 Convergence
8.1.1 Key general trends
8.1.2 Business models
8.1.3 Regulator issues
8.2 Digital TV
8.2.1 Overview
8.2.2 Broadband TV (IPTV)
8.2.3 Video-on-Demand (VoD)
8.2.4 VoIP
8.2.5 Interactive TV (iTV)
8.2.6 Cable TV (CATV)
8.2.7 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
8.2.8 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
8.2.9 Free-to-Air (FTA)
9. Mobile communications
9.1 Overview of France’s mobile market
9.1.1 Mobile statistics
9.1.2 Operator market shares
9.2 Regulatory issues
9.2.1 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
9.2.2 Mobile termination rates (MTR)
9.2.3 SMS interconnection
9.2.4 Roaming
9.2.5 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
9.2.6 Fixed-Mobile Convergence (FMC)
9.3 Mobile technologies
9.3.1 Digital
9.3.2 Third Generation (3G) mobile
9.3.3 Mobile handsets
9.4 Major mobile operators
9.4.1 Orange
9.4.2 SFR
9.4.3 Bouygues Telecom
9.4.4 MVNOs
9.5 Mobile voice services
9.5.1 Prepaid
9.6 Mobile data services
9.6.1 Overview
9.7 Mobile technologies
9.7.1 Third Generation (3G) mobile
9.7.2 Spectrum allocations
9.7.3 790-862MHz
9.7.4 900MHz
9.7.5 Network sharing
9.8 Mobile data services
9.8.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
9.8.2 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
9.8.3 General Packet Radio Services (GPRS)
9.8.4 High-Speed Packet Access (HSPA)
9.8.5 High-Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA)
9.8.6 Long-term evolution (LTE)
9.8.7 iPhone
9.8.8 Android
9.8.9 BlackBerry
9.8.10 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
9.8.11 i-mode
9.8.12 Vodafone live!
9.8.13 Application stores
9.8.14 Femtocells
9.8.15 Mobile TV
9.9 Mobile content and applications
9.9.1 Location based services
9.9.2 PC convergence
9.9.3 Near Field Communication (NFC)
9.9.4 Mobile satellite services
10. Forecasts
10.1 Forecasts - broadband subscribers - 2009 - 2012; 2019
10.1.1 Scenario 1 - higher growth broadband subscriber growth
10.1.2 Scenario 2 - lower broadband subscriber growth
10.2 Forecasts - mobile ARPU - 2009 - 2015
10.3 Forecasts - UMTS subscribers - 2009 - 2015
10.4 Forecasts - Mobile TV subscribers - 2009 - 2015
11. Glossary of Abbreviations
List of Tables and Exhibits
Table 1 - Country statistics France - 2009
Table 2 - Telecom revenue and investment statistics - March 2009
Table 3 - Telephone network statistics - 2008
Table 4 - Internet user statistics - September 2009
Table 5 - Broadband statistics - January 2009
Table 6 - Mobile statistics - September 2009
Table 7 - National telecommunications authorities
Table 8 - Graph showing telecom investment by sector- € billion - 1998 - 2008
Table 9 - Telecom service investment and annual change - 2003 - 2008
Table 10 - Telecom services revenue by sector and annual change - 2007 - 2008
Table 11 - Graph showing telephony and Internet service revenue by type - 1998 - 2008
Table 12 - Chart showing telecom service end-user revenue by type - 2008
Table 13 - End user traffic volume in minutes by sector - 2002 - 2008
Table 14 - End user traffic growth by sector - 2002 - 2008
Table 15 - ARPU by sector - 2005 - 2008
Table 16 - Proportion of telecom market value by sector - 2006 - 2008
Table 17 - Proportion of fixed-lines by technology - 2004 - 2008
Table 18 - Internet market value - 2006 - 2008
Table 19 - End-user telecom market value - 2003 - 2008
Table 20 - End-user telecom market value annual change - 2003 - 2008
Table 21 - Fixed lines subscriptions by type - 2003 - 2008
Table 22 - Fixed-call termination charges - 2008 - 2010
Table 23 - Interconnect revenue and annual change - 2007 - 2008
Table 24 - Interconnect volume in minutes and annual change - 2007 - 2008
Table 25 - France Telecom wholesale broadband lines - 2005 - 2009
Table 26 - LLU, shared access price - connection, monthly rental - 2005 - 2008
Table 27 - Access lines, LLU and bitstream (regulator data) - 2006 - 2009
Table 28 - Graph showing access lines by type - 2002 - 2008
Table 29 - Fixed numbers ported - 2003 - 2007
Table 30 - Fixed numbers ported (regulator data) - 2006 - 2008
Table 31 - Indirect connections - 2006 - 2008
Table 32 - Graph of CPS lines - 2000 - 2008
Table 33 - Annual change in carrier preselection usage - 2002 - 2008
Table 34 - CPS as % total subscriptions (excluding cable) - 2000 - 2008
Table 35 - Fixed-line revenue (outbound) - 2004 - 2008
Table 36 - Graph of subscriptions to fixed telephony services by type - 1998 - 2008
Table 37 - Graph of proportion fixed-telephony revenue by calls and access - 1998 - 2008
Table 38 - Fixed-telephony revenue by calls and services - 2004 - 2008
Table 39 - Graph of fixed-telephony call volumes; PSTN and IP - 1998 - 2008
Table 40 - France Telecom customers by sector (France) - 2006 - 2009
Table 41 - France Telecom PSTN lines - 2007 - 2009
Table 42 - France Telecom financial data - 2007 - 2009
Table 43 - France Telecom (France) financial data - 2007 - 2009
Table 44 - France Telecom fixed-line, LLU, DSL subscribers - 2005 - 2009
Table 45 - SFR subscribers - September 2008
Table 46 - neuf Cegetel financial data (historic) - 2006 - 2007
Table 47 - neuf Cegetel subscribers (historic) - 2006 - 2008
Table 48 - France Telecom wholesale DSL, naked ADSL, WLR - 2006 - 2009
Table 49 - Internet users and penetration rate - 1995 - 2009
Table 50 - Percentage of households with Internet access - 1997 - 2009
Table 51 - Internet user ARPU, dial-up and broadband - 2004 - 2008
Table 52 - Internet revenue by access type - 1998 - 2008
Table 53 - Dial-up Internet subscribers - 2005 - 2008
Table 54 - Dial-up Internet traffic - 2005 - 2008
Table 55 - Broadband subscribers by type and penetration - 2000 - 2009
Table 56 - Broadband penetration by technology - 2007 - 2008
Table 57 - Broadband subscribers by type - incumbent or other provider - 2006 - 2008
Table 58 - Graph of Internet subscribers, broadband and dial-up - 1998 - 2008
Table 59 - Broadband market share by provider - 2005 - 2006; 2008
Table 60 - Average monthly broadband and dial-up subscription cost - 2002 - 2008
Table 61 - Cable modem subscribers - 2000 - 2009
Table 62 - Numéricable subscribers by type - 2007 - 2009
Table 63 - ADSL subscribers - 2000 - 2009
Table 64 - France Telecom Internet subscribers - 2005 - 2009
Table 65 - Free financial data and annual change - 2006 - 2009
Table 66 - Free DSL, LLU subscribers - 2005 - 2009
Table 67 - SFR broadband subscribers - 2004 - 2009
Table 68 - SFR financial data - 2005 - 2009
Table 69 - Fibre-based broadband statistics - 2008 - 2009
Table 70 - France Telecom fibre subscribers - 2006 - 2009
Table 71 - Free projections - Paris fibre - 2006; 2008; 2010; 2012; 2014
Table 72 - WiMAX operators and deployments 3.4-3.8GHz band - 2008
Table 73 - WiMAX licences by operator - 2009 - 2010
Table 74 - Graph showing TV households (thousands) by broadcasting medium - 2007 - 2008
Table 75 - IPTV subscribers; proportion of DSL base - 2004 - 2008
Table 76 - France Telecom IPTV subscribers - 2005 - 2009
Table 77 - France Telecom pay TV subscribers - 2007 - 2009
Table 78 - Free broadband subscribers - 2005 - 2009
Table 79 - VoIP traffic as proportion to all traffic - 2004 - 2008
Table 80 - VoIP lines and traffic in minutes - 2004 - 2008
Table 81 - VoIP subscription revenue - 2006 - 2007
Table 82 - France Telecom VoIP and Livebox subscribers - 2005 - 2009
Table 83 - Cable pay TV subscribers and penetration - 1997 - 2009
Table 84 - Satellite pay TV subscribers and penetration - 1997 - 2009
Table 85 - Canal Group revenue - 2005 - 2009
Table 86 - Canal Group subscribers - 2006 - 2009
Table 87 - CanalSat subscribers - 2007 - 2009
Table 88 - Orange TV subscribers - 2007 - 2009
Table 89 - Total mobile revenue by prepaid and contract sectors - 2006 - 2008
Table 90 - Average mobile monthly ARPU - 2006 - 2008
Table 91 - Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change - June 2009
Table 92 - Mobile subscribers (national) and penetration rate - 1999 - 2009
Table 93 - Mobile services revenue (voice) and traffic in minutes - 1998 - 2008
Table 94 - Graph showing mobile retail revenue by type - 2000 - 2008
Table 95 - Data as proportion of mobile service revenue - 2004 - 2008
Table 96 - Mobile voice traffic in minutes - 2005 - 2008
Table 97 - Mobile operator market share - 2005 - 2009
Table 98 - Mobile operator share of net adds - 2005 - 2008
Table 99 - Mobile termination charges - 2005 - 2010
Table 100 - Mobile interconnection revenue - 2003 - 2008
Table 101 - European roaming charges - 2007 - 2011
Table 102 - Mobile roaming revenue and traffic in minutes - 2003 - 2008
Table 103 - Cumulative mobile numbers ported - 2004 - 2009
Table 104 - Active 3G subscribers and annual change - 2007 - 2008
Table 105 - Orange mobile subscribers (France) - 2005 - 2009
Table 106 - Orange annualised ARPU - 2005 - 2009
Table 107 - Orange mobile consumer revenue - 2005 - 2009
Table 108 - SFR mobile revenue and ARPU - 2004 - 2009
Table 109 - SFR subscribers - 2006 - 2009
Table 110 - Bouygues Telecom subscribers - 2005 - 2009
Table 111 - Bouygues Telecom financial data - 2005 - 2009
Table 112 - MNO, MVNO subscribers and MVNO market share (metropolitan) - 2005 - 2009
Table 113 - Prepaid and contract subscribers (national) - 2005 - 2009
Table 114 - Percentage of prepaid versus contract subscribers - 1999 - 2009
Table 115 - Data market revenue - 2002 - 2008
Table 116 - Annual SMS/MMS volume - 2000 - 2009
Table 117 - Mobile services revenues by sector - 2005 - 2008
Table 118 - Orange data revenue as % of total - 2005 - 2009
Table 119 - Active 3G subscribers and annual change - 2007 - 2008
Table 120 - SMS traffic volume (national) - 2004 - 2009
Table 121 - SMS user market growth - 2002 - 2009
Table 122 - Value added services revenue and volume (mobile networks) - 2003 - 2008
Table 123 - Mobile multimedia users and annual change (metropolitan) - 2004 - 2009
Table 124 - MMS messages sent - 2005 - 2008
Table 125 - Orange mobile broadband subscribers - 2004 - 2009
Table 126 - Orange mobile subscribers (France) - 2005 - 2009
Table 127 - SFR mobile data revenue (non-messaging) - 2007 - 2008
Table 128 - SFR subscribers - 2006 - 2008
Table 129 - Forecast broadband subscribers - higher market growth scenario - 2007 - 2012; 2019
Table 130 - Forecast broadband subscribers - lower market growth scenario - 2007 - 2012; 2019
Table 131 - Forecast mobile ARPU - 2005 - 2015
Table 132 - Forecast UMTS subscribers - 2006 - 2015
Table 133 - Mobile TV subscribers - 2008 - 2015
Exhibit 1 - EU - The New Regulatory Framework (NRF)
Exhibit 2 - Access and the local loop
Exhibit 3 - Orange and SFR WiFi plans compared
Exhibit 4 - Overview of media convergence
Exhibit 5 - 3G beauty contest winners
Exhibit 6 - Operating MVNOs launch dates and network provider - 2001 - 2009
Exhibit 7 - Premium SMS market overview - 2008

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