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Finland - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

Half the population now accessing 100Mb/s broadbandBuddeComm’s annual publication, Finland - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts, provides a comprehensive overview of the trends and developments in the telecommunications and digital media sectors of one of Europe’s markets. The report includes the regulator’s 2012 market data report, telcos’ financial and operating data to Q1 2013 and market developments to mid-2013.

Telecom market overview

Finland’s telecom sector revenue fell steadily from 2006 to 2009, affected by the poor domestic and regional economic climate. Since 2009 the sector has stabilised, showing slight growth tempered by the effects of competition and regulatory measures and encouraged by the slight growth in GDP which is expected to continue at about 1% into 2014. Almost half of total turnover is derived from the mobile sector, while a third is from fixed network operations.

Finland’s unique telecom sector pits the main players DNA, Elisa and TeliaSonera against a group of regional co-operatively incumbents operating as the Finnet Group. The geographically fragmented fixed-line market has made it difficult for alternative operators to establish and run their businesses nationally. Early deregulation has resulted in one of the highest levels of internet use in Europe. The mobile sector is equally vibrant, with penetration above the EU average. In common with other European countries, Finland has also taken steps to develop a national fibre network to future-proof the country’s requirements for telecom and IP-delivered services.

Broadband market

On a national level, the government and regulator have targeted a national fibre or cable network enabling 100Mb/s connections across the country by the end of 2015. The regulator is aiming for 99% of the population to be within 2kms of a 100Mb/s connection. Public funding in fixed-networks has helped finance smaller operators. Fixed-broadband is being supplemented by mobile broadband based on LTE, which is now widely available.

Key telecom penetration parameters – 2010; 2013
Penetration by sector: | 2010 | 2013 (e)
Fixed broadband | 29% | 32%
Mobile | 141% | 151%
Fixed-line | 20% | 195
(Source: BuddeComm)

Market Highlights

The government has distributed about €9.3 million for 25 broadband projects as part of the Broadband 2015 plan, boosting availability in sparsely populated areas. State aid applications worth about €50.9 million are pending.
The largest cabelco DNA Welho has redefined basic broadband as 50Mb/s, indicative of the high quality of networks and consumer expectations.
Elisa’s LTE network covers more than 50 locations. Mobile broadband via LTE and DC-HSPA+ is available in around 200 locations across the country.
In a boost to DTTV, the government planned in 2014 to allocate terrestrial TV network licences which will hat enter into force in 2017.
The Broadband 2015 plan for more than 99% of the population to have access to a fibre or cable network connection has been made practicable by amendments to legislation regarding broadband construction aid, allowing state aid to be paid to applicants before networks have been built.
In mid-2013 DNA hired Swiss financial services company UBS to lead the sale or listing of its shares. A number of investment houses have progressed to a second stage of the sale process.

This report is essential reading for those needing high level strategic information and objective analysis on the telecom sector in Finland.

It provides further information on:

Market liberalisation and regulatory issues;
The impact of the global economic crisis;
Telecoms operators – privatisation, acquisitions, new licences;
Mobile data market developments in coming years in light of spectrum auctions and new license awards;
3G developments, regulatory issues and technologies including HSPA and LTE;
Broadband migration to an FttH architecture;
Historical and current subscriber statistics and forecasts;
ARPU statistics and forecasts.

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics - 2012 (e)
    • Table Telecom revenue and investment statistics - 2012 (e)
    • Table Telephone network statistics - 2012
    • Table Internet user statistics - 2012
    • Table Broadband statistics - 2012
    • Table Mobile statistics - 2012
    • Table National telecommunications authorities
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • OVERVIEW OF FINLAND'S TELECOM MARKET
      • Table Telecom revenue - 2003 - 2013
      • Table Telecom revenue, fixed-line and mobile - 2006 - 2012
      • Table Price differential for data and voice services - 2007 - 2009
      • Table Household penetration rate of select telecom services - 2009 - 2012
      • Table Telecom investment by sector - 2009 - 2012
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • HISTORY
      • New Regulatory Framework (NRF)
      • Revised NFR
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITIES
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION IN FINLAND
      • Privatisation of Telecom Finland
      • Interconnect
      • Access
        • Table TeliaSonera LLU accesses - 2006 - 2013
      • Number portability (NP)
      • Carrier preselection
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • OVERVIEW AND STATISTICS
      • Table Fixed-line operators' market share - 2005 - 2012
      • Table Fixed-line traffic in minutes - 2006 - 2014
    • TELIASONERA
      • Table TeliaSonera (Finland) mobile and broadband revenue - 2006 - 2013
      • Table TeliaSonera (Finland) subscribers by sector - 2002 - 2013
    • FINNET GROUP
    • DNA
      • Table DNA financial data - 2008 - 2013
      • Table DNA revenue (consumer and business) - 2008 - 2013
      • Table DNA subscribers by sector - 2007 - 2013
    • ELISA CORPORATION
      • Table Elisa fixed network subscribers by sector - 2004 - 2013
      • Table Elisa revenue by sector - 2004 - 2013
      • Table Elisa Group financial data - 2008 - 2013
    • TDC FINLAND
      • Table TDC Finland financial data - 2007 - 2013
    • TELE2
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2000 - 2014
    • NEXT GENERATION NETWORKS
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • OVERVIEW
      • Table Broadband market share by operator - 2006 - 2012
      • Table Broadband market share by sector - 2009 - 2012
      • National Broadband Strategy
      • Universal Service
      • Broadband statistics
        • Table Historic - Internet users and penetration rate - 1995 - 2004
        • Table Internet users and penetration rate - 2005 - 2014
        • Table Broadband subscribers by platform; cable, DSL - 2000 - 2014
        • Table Housing corporation broadband subscribers (regulator data) - 2006 - 2014
        • Table Broadband penetration by technology - 2004 - 2012
        • Table Broadband residential adoption by type of connection - 2010 - 2012
        • Table Fixed-line broadband speed by rate (market share) - 2009 - 2012
        • Table Proportion of broadband connections by data rate (%) - 2009 - 2012
        • Table Broadband connections by data rate (%) - 2009 - 2012
        • Table Demographic profile of broadband penetration by type - 2011
        • Table NGA-based broadband subscribers by platform - June 2012
        • Table Broadband subscriber market share by operator - 2011 - 2012
    • CABLE MODEMS
      • DNA
        • Table DNA broadband subscribers - 2007 - 2013
    • ASYMMETRICAL DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (ADSL)
      • Table Elisa broadband subscribers - 2007 - 2013
      • Table TeliaSonera internet and broadband subscribers - 2002 - 2013
      • Table TeliaSonera broadband ARPU - 2006 - 2013
      • Very High-Speed Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL)
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-HOME (FTTH) NETWORKS
      • Table Forecast broadband delivery by technology - 2015
      • Table Fibre broadband subscribers - 2009 - 2014
    • BROADBAND POWERLINE (BPL)
      • Table BPL subscribers - 2004 – 2012
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Mobile broadband subscribers - 2007 - 2013
      • Table Demographic profile of mobile broadband penetration - 2010 - 2012
    • WIRELESS BROADBAND
      • Wireless LANS
        • Table WLAN subscribers - 2004 - 2014
      • WiMAX/WiFi
      • Fixed Wireless Access (FWA)
  • DIGITAL MEDIA
    • KEY GENERAL TRENDS
    • BUSINESS MODELS - BUNDLED SERVICES
    • DIGITAL TV
      • Overview
        • Table Digital TV subscribers and penetration rate - 2003 - 2013
        • Table Digital TV reception by technology - 2008 - 2012
        • Table TV and radio revenue - 2003 - 2013
      • National licences
      • Regional licences
      • Digital dividend
      • Broadband (IPTV)
      • Cable TV
        • Table Historic - Cable TV subscribers and penetration - 1995 - 2004
        • Table Cable TV subscribers and penetration - 2005 - 2013
        • Table Sonera Cable TV subscribers - 2008 - 2013
        • Table Elisa cable TV subscribers - 2005 - 2013
        • Table DNA cable TV subscribers - 2005 - 2013
      • Satellite-based digital pay-TV developments
        • Table Historic - Satellite TV subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2004
        • Table Satellite TV subscribers and penetration rate - 2005 - 2012
      • Free-to-Air (FTA) TV
      • Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
      • VoIP
      • Interactive TV (iTV)
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • OVERVIEW OF FINLAND'S MOBILE MARKET
      • Table Mobile revenue as proportion of total telecom revenue - 1998 - 2012
      • Table Mobile network revenue - 2006 - 2013
      • Mobile statistics
        • Table Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change - Jun 2012
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2013
        • Table Calls and call minutes originating in mobile networks - 2006 - 2013
        • Table Mobile operators - monthly ARPU - 2004 - 2012
      • Operator market shares
        • Table Mobile market share by operator (regulator data) - 2006 - 2011
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
        • Table 2.6GHz auction results – 2009
      • Roaming
        • Table European roaming charges - 2007 - 2011
        • Table European roaming call charges (€cents) - 2012 - 2014
        • Table European SMS roaming charges (€cents) - 2012 - 2014
        • Table European data roaming charges (€cents) - 2012 - 2014
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Annual mobile numbers ported - 2003 - 2011
      • Mobile termination rates (MTRs)
        • Table MTRs by operator - 2006 - 2012
    • MOBILE TECHNOLOGIES
      • Digital
      • Third Generation (3G) mobile
        • Table Sample 3G infrastructure suppliers in Finland
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • TeliaSonera
        • Table TeliaSonera Finland mobile financial data - 2005 - 2012
        • Table TeliaSonera Finland blended ARPU - 2003 - 2012
        • Table TeliaSonera Finland mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2012
      • DNA
        • Table DNA financial data - 2008 - 2012
        • Table DNA annualised monthly ARPU - 2007 - 2012
        • Table DNA mobile subscribers - 2007 - 2012
      • Elisa
        • Table Elisa mobile financial data - 2004 - 2012
        • Table Elisa mobile subscribers in Finland and Estonia - 2004 - 2012
        • Table Elisa mobile operating statistics - 2008 - 2012
        • Table Elisa annualised ARPU - 2008 - 2012
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • MOBILE VOICE SERVICES
      • Prepaid cards
    • MOBILE MESSAGING
      • Short Message Service (SMS)
        • Table SMS messages sent and annual change - 1999 - 2013
        • Table Premium SMS market overview – 2005
      • Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
        • Table MMS messages sent and annual change - 2003 - 2013
    • MOBILE DATA SERVICES
      • Overview
        • Table Mobile data sent - 2006 - 2014
        • Table Proportion of mobile subscribers by data rate - 2011
        • Table Annual growth in mobile data sent - 2009 - 2014
      • General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
      • High-Speed Packet Access (HSPA)
      • High-Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA)
      • Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
      • Long-term Evolution (LTE)
      • Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex Access (OFDMA)
      • Unlicensed Mobile Access (UMA)
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Location based services
      • Mobile TV
      • M2M
  • FORECASTS
    • FORECASTS - FIXED-LINE BROADBAND SUBSCRIBERS - 2009 - 2012; 2020
      • higher broadband subscriber growth
        • Table Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers - higher market growth scenario 2010 - 2012; 2020
        • Table Forecast fixed-line broadband penetration - higher market growth scenario - 2010 - 2012; 2020
      • lower broadband subscriber growth
        • Table Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers - lower market growth scenario 2010 - 2012; 2020
        • Table Forecast fixed-line broadband penetration - lower market growth scenario 2010 - 2012; 2020
    • FORECASTS -MOBILE ARPU - 2009 - 2010; 2015
      • Table Forecast mobile ARPU - 2005 - 2010; 2015
    • FORECASTS -UMTS SUBSCRIBERS - 2009 - 2010; 2015
      • Table Forecast UMTS subscribers - 2006 - 2010; 2015

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