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Fiji - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

Broadband expansion to drive new economic reforms

With elections for a new demographic government due in 2014, the current government has made a number of fundamental changes that aims to bring stronger growth to the country over the next couple of years. Policies encouraging e-participation through greater broadband usage are likely to bring economic benefit to the whole country as has happened in other countries around the world.

The national broadband policy aims to have 95% of the population with internet speeds of a minimum of 2MB/s by 2016. This is an exponential increase on the 1% of the population that have this speed in 2012. Other measures to use e-services across a range of sectors will also increase e-participation in the community.

But like many Pacific countries that rely on the valuable contribution that the tourism dollar brings, tourism is also seasonal depending on unexpected weather conditions and also economic conditions. Yet in 2011 overall tourism numbers increased by just under 7% to 674,000 visitors so the government aim to increase arrivals to 6 million by 2020 is still some way off. Enabling tourism through the use of information technology will certainly see some tourists further encouraged to visit.

Mobile broadband participation increased over the last two years from less than 1% penetration to more than 17% partially as a result of the decreased in tax on dongles. But usage would also increase if pricing was affordable and available. The plan to set up tele-centres across some communities will initially increase internet knowledge among users and then uptake in the longer term.

The availability of the Southern Cross submarine cable that links New Zealand, Australia and the US will see Tonga connected to this network in 2013. Working together these two countries now will have the opportunity to adopt e-polices allowing greater global trading by these nations. Fiji has implemented a number of fiscal policies to collect revenue that will be used to update and expand the infrastructure that will also enable increases in internet penetration.

Key e-indicators of Fiji - 2012
Sector | 2012 | Annual change
Estimates of subscribers to telecom services (thousand):
Mobile subscribers | 650 | 1%
Mobile broadband | 160 | 7%
Fixed broadband | 20 | 8%
Fixed lines | 130 | 0%
Facebook users | 165 | 35%
Internet users | 135 | 15% (Source: BuddeComm)


1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
2.1 Country overview
3. Telecommunications market
3.1 Overview of Fiji’s telecom market
4. Regulatory environment
4.1 Background
4.2 Regulatory authorities
4.3 The Radisson Accord and Deeds of Settlement
4.4 Telecom sector liberalisation in Fiji
4.5 Telecommunication services price regulation
4.5.1 Background
4.5.2 Network termination rates
4.5.3 Telecommunications Levy
4.6 Compulsory Registration of Customers for Telephone Services Decree 2010
4.7 Spectrum management
5. Telecommunications infrastructure
5.1 National telecom network
5.1.1 Next Generation Network (NGN)
5.1.2 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
5.1.3 Very Small Aperture Terminals (VSATs)
5.2 International infrastructure
5.2.1 Overview
5.2.2 Southern Cross Cable Network (SCCN)
5.2.3 Tonga to connect to Southern Cross cable
5.3 Fixed Network operator
5.3.1 Amalgamated Telecom Holdings Ltd (ATH)
5.3.2 Financial statistical information
5.3.3 Telecom Fiji Ltd (TFL)
5.3.4 Fiji International Telecommunications Ltd (Fintel)
5.3.5 Pacific Emerging Technologies Limited (PET)
6. Internet market
6.1 Overview
6.1.1 Internet statistics
6.1.2 Bandwidth price reductions imposed – 2010/11
6.1.3 Fiji Internet Exchange (FIX)
6.2 Internet Service Providers
6.2.1 Overview of the ISP market
6.2.2 Connect
6.2.3 Fintel Internet Services Ltd (Kidanet)
6.2.4 Unwired Fiji
6.2.5 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
7. Broadband access market
7.1 Fixed broadband
7.1.1 Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
7.2 Wireless broadband
7.2.1 WiFi
7.2.2 WiMAX
7.2.3 Internet via satellite
8. Digital economy
8.1 National broadband policy
8.1.1 Overview
8.1.2 Tele-centre project – to bridge the digital divide
8.2 E-government
8.2.1 Electronic voting
8.3 E-money
8.4 E-payments – Customer preferred Currency (CPC)
9. Digital media
9.1 Radio overview
9.1.1 Fiji Broadcasting Limited
9.1.2 Communications Fiji Ltd (CFM),
9.2 FTA TV
9.2.1 FBC TV
9.2.2 Fiji TV
9.2.3 MAI TV
9.3 Pay TV
9.3.1 SKY Pacific
10. Mobile communications
10.1 Overview of Fiji’s mobile market
10.1.1 Mobile statistics
10.1.2 Second mobile licence
10.1.3 Third generation (3G) mobile
10.2 Mobile regulatory environment
10.2.1 Opt-in for mobile messaging.
10.3 Major mobile operators
10.3.1 Vodafone Fiji Ltd (VFL)
10.3.2 Digicel Fiji Ltd
10.3.3 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
10.4 Mobile broadband (access)
10.4.1 Statistics
10.4.2 Mobile broadband
10.5 Mobile content and applications
10.5.1 M-commerce (micropayments)
10.5.2 SMS banking
10.5.3 Mobile TV
10.5.4 Facebook
11. Related reports
List of Tabels, Charts and Exhibits
Table 1 – Country statistics – 2012
Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – 2012
Table 3 – Internet statistics – 2012
Table 4 – Broadband statistics – 2012
Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2012
Table 6 – National telecommunications authorities
Table 7 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1994 - 2013
Table 8 – Price comparison of VSAT packages in outer islands – June 2012
Table 9 – ATH key performance financial data – 2007 - 2012
Table 10 – Internet users and internet penetration rate – 1996 - 2012
Table 11 – Internet subscribers, annual change and penetration rate – 2000 - 2012
Table 12 – Broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2004 - 2012
Table 13 – Mobile subscribers, annual change and penetration rate – 2000 - 2013
Table 14 – Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2008 - 2012
Chart 1 – Overview of fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 - 2013
Chart 2 – Overview of ATH key performance financial figures – 2007 - 2012
Chart 3 – Overview of internet users and internet household penetration – 2002 - 2012
Chart 4 – Overview of internet subscribers and annual change – 2002 - 2012
Chart 5 – Overview of broadband subscribers and annual change – 2004 - 2012
Chart 6 – Overview of mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2004 - 2013
Exhibit 1 – Regulatory and telecoms background – a brief overview – 1895 - 2007
Exhibit 2 – Subscriber details are required for phone registration
Exhibit 3 – Analysis of proposed undersea and satellite networks which may arrive in 2012-2013
Exhibit 4 – An overview of University of the South Pacific, AARNet and Japan-Pacific ICT
Exhibit 5 – An overview of mobile money in Fiji

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