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2008 European - Wireless Broadband Market

This report covers developments in Europe’s wireless broadband market, assessing the relative strengths of the principal delivery platforms. It presents regional and national statistics and analyses on the market conditions which will affect how the sector is likely to progress in coming years.

The countries covered in this report include: Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia (FYROM), Malta, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine and United Kingdom.


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

This report covers developments in Europe’s wireless broadband market, assessing the relative strengths of the principal delivery platforms. It presents regional and national statistics and analyses the market conditions which will affect how the sector is likely to progress in coming years. The increasing demand for broadband access among consumers, the regulatory emphasis on deregulation and competition, and the general move within Europe for broadband to be a universal service has focused greater attention on wireless solutions to complement fixed-line networks.

Despite continuing upgrades to cable and DSL networks, and the near-ubiquity of broadband in urban areas, there remain pockets within Europe where broadband is poor or unavailable. In these areas, WiMAX continues to provide a realistic alternative platform, while mobile broadband, based largely on HSPA technology and, from 2010, on LTE networks, will be able to compete with the fastest copper fixed-line offers now available. The EC and national regulators have also placed greater emphasis on releasing digital dividend spectrum for wireless broadband as it becomes available in individual markets during the next few years.

The European Commission has encouraged the development of wireless broadband as part of its i2010 Plan. In most countries, WiMAX services operate in licences-exempt frequency bands. To make access to the Internet more widespread, the EC opened substantial radio spectrum throughout the EU for wireless broadband. Access to spectrum aimed to make equipment cheaper and alleviate the overloading of spectrum already used for this purpose.

The countries covered in this report include: Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia (FYROM), Malta, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine and United Kingdom.

Key highlights:

France


Since 2000 the French government has implemented policies to boost investment in wireless network alternatives to France Telecom’s local loop. Following the first round of licences, in 2000, the platform largely failed as a result of a low demand for wireless services and the ill-prepared business plans of the operators. By 2008 a second round of licences had been awarded to 14 municipalities and five telcos. About 70% of transmission sites must be in non-urban zones, thus addressing ‘dead’ zones with no DSL coverage. The French government received €125 million in licensing fees, and it will also collect annual fees from the operators for the provision and use of frequencies. Although the new licenses gave credence to the renewed momentum in wireless broadband and of the regulator’s adaption of spectrum management methods, operators have made little headway in physical deployments, prompting the regulator to set a number of targets for December 2010.

Germany

Germany provided licensed WLL services as early as 1999, though despite early promise the platform did not take off, inhibited by costly hardware and poor marketing strategies among operators. In 2002 a number of failed enterprises had return their licenses, but by 2004 renewed interest enabled the regulator to proceed with awarding three licences in the 3.5GHz band, primarily for subscriber access. The licensees were given strict coverage targets, incorporating 25% of communes by 2011.

The UK

Spectrum is a major asset to the UK, and the anticipated availability of spectrum in the lower frequency band from 2012, following the switch-off of analogue TV, will provide an opportunity for operators to deliver broadband services to both remote and urban areas currently underserved by fixed-line infrastructure. This would also go some way to meeting the government’s Digital Britain target of providing a service of at least 2Mb/s for every household by 2010. Demand from commercial operators for certain frequencies already exceeds availability. Since 2004 the regulator has aimed at removing specific licence requirements from defined frequency allocations and allowed the market to determine which services were offered. It has also hoped to address the dearth of spectrum by auctioning spectrum in several bands, including spectrum in the 10GHz, 28GHz, 32GHz and 40GHz frequencies on a technology and application-neutral basis (except for licences for 10GHz frequencies which will be restricted to fixed systems and wireless cameras).

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

1. EUROPE’S WIRELESS BROADBAND MARKET
1.1 Overview
1.2 Regulatory and government support
1.3 Mobile competition
1.4 Spectrum management
1.4.1 900MHz
1.4.2 450MHz
1.4.3 2.6GHz
1.4.4 Other spectrum
1.5 LTE in Europe
1.6 Mobile broadband
1.6.1 Mobile broadband technologies
1.6.2 New business models needed
1.6.3 Cross-platform integration
1.6.4 Merging mobile and fixed broadband
1.7 WiFi
1.8 WiMAX
1.8.1 WiMAX developments
1.9 Vendors
1.10 Internet via satellite
1.11 Local Multipoint Distribution Service (LMDS)
2. ALBANIA
2.1 Overview
3. AUSTRIA
3.1 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
3.2 450MHz frequency band
3.3 Wireless LANs/WiFi
3.3.1 Metronet/T-Mobile Austria
3.3.2 Orange
3.4 WiMAX
3.5 Internet via satellite
4. BELARUS
4.1 Overview
5. BELGIUM
5.1 Fixed Wireless Access (FWA)
5.2 WLAN/WiFi
5.3 WiMAX
6. BULGARIA
6.1 Overview
6.2 WiMAX
6.2.1 Carrier.BG
6.2.2 Nexcom
6.2.3 Max Telecom
6.2.4 MTel
6.2.5 TransTelecom/One
7. CROATIA
7.1 Overview
7.2 WiFi
7.3 WiMAX
8. CYPRUS
8.1 Overview
9. CZECH REPUBLIC
9.1 Overview
9.2 WiFi
9.3 WLL
9.4 Internet via satellite
9.5 WiMAX
10. DENMARK
10.1 Overview
10.2 WiMAX
10.3 Fixed Wireless Access (FWA)
10.4 Satellite
11. ESTONIA
11.1 Overview
11.2 WiFi
11.3 WiMAX
12. FINLAND
12.1 Wireless LANS
12.1.1 Radionet
12.1.2 TeliaSonera
12.1.3 Municipalities
12.2 WiMAX/WiFi
12.3 Fixed Wireless Access (FWA)
13. FRANCE
13.1 WLL
13.2 First round
13.3 Second round
13.4 WiMAX players
13.5 WLAN/WiFi
13.5.1 SFR/neuf Cegetel
13.5.2 Orange
13.5.3 Boingo
13.6 Public Analogue Mobile Radio (PAMR)
13.7 Internet via satellite
14. GERMANY
14.1 WLL
14.2 WiMAX/WiFi
14.3 Operators
14.3.1 Deutsche Bahn trials
14.4 Wireless LANS
14.4.1 The Cloud
14.4.2 Vodafone
14.4.3 O
14.4.4 T-Com
14.5 Broadband Wireless Access (BWA)
14.6 PAMR
14.7 Internet via satellite
15. GREECE
15.1 Overview
15.2 WiFi
15.3 WiMAX
16. HUNGARY
16.1 WiFi
16.2 Internet via satellite
17. ICELAND
17.1 Local Multipoint Distribution Services (LMDS)
17.2 WiFi/WiMAX
18. IRELAND
18.1 Overview
18.2 1.7GHz band
18.3 10.5GHz band
18.4 Digiweb
18.5 National Fixed Wireless Point to Multipoint Licences (FWPMA)
18.5.1 26GHz band
18.5.2 3.5GHz band
18.6 Other developments
18.7 Other bands
18.8 WiFi
18.9 WiMAX
18.10 WiFibre
18.11 Internet via satellite
18.11.1 SchoolSat
19. ITALY
19.1 WLL
19.2 Wireless LANs/WiFi
19.2.1 AFT-Linkem
19.2.2 Telecom Italia
19.3 WiMAX
19.3.1 Auction for 3.5GHz licences
19.4 Internet via satellite
20. LATVIA
20.1 Overview
20.2 WiMAX
20.3 WiFi
21. LITHUANIA
21.1 Overview
21.2 WiFi
21.3 WiMAX
22. LUXEMBOURG
22.1 WLL
22.2 WLAN/WiFi/WiMAX
22.3 Internet via satellite
23. MACEDONIA (FYROM)
23.1 WiFi
23.2 WiMAX
24. MALTA
24.1 WiFi
24.2 WiMAX
25. MONTENEGRO
25.1 Overview
26. NETHERLANDS
26.1 ‘Peoples’ network
26.2 WLL
26.3 Wireless LANs/WiFi
26.3.1 Dutch rail
26.4 WiMAX
26.5 Internet via satellite
26.5.1 New Skies Satellites
27. NORWAY
27.1 2.3GHz band
27.2 Wireless LANs
27.3 WiFi
27.4 WiMAX
27.5 Fixed Wireless Access (FWA)
27.6 Internet via satellite
28. POLAND
28.1 WiFi
28.2 WiMAX
28.3 Internet via satellite
29. PORTUGAL
29.1 WLL
29.2 WiFi
30. ROMANIA
30.1 WLL
30.2 WiFi
31. RUSSIA
31.1 Overview
31.2 WiFi
31.3 WiMAX
31.3.1 Start Telecom
31.3.2 Synterra Telecom
31.3.3 Enforta/Prestige Internet
31.3.4 MetroMAX
31.3.5 Summa Telecom
31.3.6 Virgin
31.3.7 Comstar-UTS
31.3.8 Other ISPs
31.4 Internet via satellite
32. SERBIA
32.1 WiMAX
32.2 WiFi
32.3 Kosovo
33. SLOVAKIA
33.1 Overview
33.2 WiFi
33.3 WiMAX
34. SLOVENIA
34.1 Overview
35. SPAIN
35.1 Overview
35.2 WLL
35.3 WiFi
35.4 WiMAX
35.5 Internet via satellite
36. SWEDEN
36.1 Overview
36.2 Fixed Wireless Access (FWA)
36.2.1 Licences
36.2.2 3.6-3.8GHz
36.2.3 Other developments
36.3 Wireless LANS
36.3.1 TeliaSonera
36.4 WiFi/WiMAX
36.5 Satellite
37. SWITZERLAND
37.1 Overview
37.2 Wireless LANS
37.2.1 WiMAX/WiFi
37.2.2 Hospitality services
37.2.3 Swisscom Mobile
37.2.4 Cablecom
37.3 Satellite
38. UKRAINE
38.1 WiFi
38.2 WiMAX
38.2.1 Alternet
38.2.2 Golden Telecom
38.2.3 Technological Systems
38.2.4 PAN Wireless
38.3 Internet via satellite
39. UNITED KINGDOM
39.1 Regulatory environment
39.2 Spectrum 900/1800MHz
39.3 Spectrum 1452/1492MHz
39.4 Spectrum 2.6GHz
39.5 Spectrum 3.4GHz
39.6 Spectrum 5.8GHz
39.7 Spectrum 10GHz
39.8 Spectrum 28GHz
39.9 Spectrum 71-86GHz
39.10 Other spectrum awards
39.11 Digital dividend spectrum
39.12 WLAN/WiFi
39.12.1 Overview
39.12.2 Major players
39.12.2.1 The Cloud
39.12.2.2 British Telecom
39.12.2.3 Hospitality Services
39.12.2.4 T-Mobile
39.12.2.5 Broadreach Networks
39.12.2.6 Inspired Broadcast Networks
39.12.2.7 Interoute
39.12.2.8 O
39.13 WiMAX
39.13.1 BT
39.13.2 UK Broadband
39.13.3 Freedom
39.13.4 Libera
39.13.4.1 On-Communications
39.13.5 Metropolitan WiMAX
39.13.5.1 Brighton
39.13.5.2 London
39.13.5.3 Bristol
39.13.5.4 Canterbury
39.13.5.5 Manchester
39.13.5.6 Other projects
39.14 Internet via satellite
39.14.1 Overview
39.14.2 One-way
39.14.3 Two-way
39.14.4 Ultra-Wideband (UWB) devices
39.14.4.1 Radiation and 3G interference
40. GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS


LIST OF TABLES


Table 1 - WLL connections in select European countries - 2007 - 2008
Table 2 - WLAN hotspots by population - 2008
Table 3 - Main broadband satellite markets - 2006 - 2008
Table 4 - Fixed-line wireless broadband subscribers in Austria - 2007 - 2008
Table 5 - WLL broadband subscribers in Belgium - 2005 - 2008
Table 6 - Max Telecom financial data - 2006 - 2007
Table 7 - WiMAX subscribers by operator in Denmark - 2006 - 2007
Table 8 - WLAN subscribers in Finland - 2004 - 2008
Table 9 - WiMAX operators and deployments 3.4-3.8GHz band in France − September 2008
Table 10 - WiMAX licensees by operator in France
Table 11 - Satellite broadband subscribers in Germany - 2005 - 2008
Table 12 - Wireless broadband subscribers in Iceland - 2004 - 2007
Table 13 - Wireless broadband subscribers in Ireland - 2005 - 2008
Table 14 - Wireless hotspots and access points in Ireland − 2007 - 2008
Table 15 - Wireless broadband subscribers by platform in Lithuania - September 2008
Table 16 - Forecast WiMAX network national coverage timetable, by operator in Malta - 2007 - 2009
Table 17 - WiMAX subscribers in Malta - 2007 - 2008
Table 18 - WiFi hotspots by major players in the Netherlands - May 2008
Table 19 - WLAN subscribers in Norway - 2000 - 2007
Table 20 - WiFi hotspots in operation in Spain - 2005 - 2007
Table 21 - Mobile broadband subscribers in Sweden - 2006 - 2008
Table 22 - Tele2 mobile broadband subscribers and ARPU - 2007 - 2008
Table 23 - Broadband satellite connections (historic) in Switzerland - 2002 - 2004
Table 24 - WiFi hotspots by operator in the UK - June 2008
Table 25 - Freedom4 financial data - 2006 - 2008


LIST OF TABLES


Table 1 - WLL connections in select European countries - 2007 - 2008
Table 2 - WLAN hotspots by population - 2008
Table 3 - Main broadband satellite markets - 2006 - 2008
Table 4 - Fixed-line wireless broadband subscribers in Austria - 2007 - 2008
Table 5 - WLL broadband subscribers in Belgium - 2005 - 2008
Table 6 - Max Telecom financial data - 2006 - 2007
Table 7 - WiMAX subscribers by operator in Denmark - 2006 - 2007
Table 8 - WLAN subscribers in Finland - 2004 - 2008
Table 9 - WiMAX operators and deployments 3.4-3.8GHz band in France − September 2008
Table 10 - WiMAX licensees by operator in France
Table 11 - Satellite broadband subscribers in Germany - 2005 - 2008
Table 12 - Wireless broadband subscribers in Iceland - 2004 - 2007
Table 13 - Wireless broadband subscribers in Ireland - 2005 - 2008
Table 14 - Wireless hotspots and access points in Ireland − 2007 - 2008
Table 15 - Wireless broadband subscribers by platform in Lithuania - September 2008
Table 16 - Forecast WiMAX network national coverage timetable, by operator in Malta - 2007 - 2009
Table 17 - WiMAX subscribers in Malta - 2007 - 2008
Table 18 - WiFi hotspots by major players in the Netherlands - May 2008
Table 19 - WLAN subscribers in Norway - 2000 - 2007
Table 20 - WiFi hotspots in operation in Spain - 2005 - 2007
Table 21 - Mobile broadband subscribers in Sweden - 2006 - 2008
Table 22 - Tele2 mobile broadband subscribers and ARPU - 2007 - 2008
Table 23 - Broadband satellite connections (historic) in Switzerland - 2002 - 2004
Table 24 - WiFi hotspots by operator in the UK - June 2008
Table 25 - Freedom4 financial data - 2006 - 2008


LIST OF EXHIBITS


Exhibit 1 - Regional WLL licences in 3.5GHz spectrum by operator in Austria - 2004
Exhibit 2 - 450MHz frequency allocation procedure in Austria - 2006
Exhibit 3 - WiMAX spectrum licences in Belgium - 2001 - 2005
Exhibit 4 - Orange and SFR WiFi plans compared in France
Exhibit 5 - WiMAX licensees in Italy - March 2008
Exhibit 6 - Narrowband and broadband wireless licensees in Spain - 2000
Exhibit 7 - Wireless opportunities using technology and frequencies in the UK
Exhibit 8 - Spectrum auction results 10GHz in the UK − February 2008
Exhibit 9 - WLAN operator business models in the UK − 2008

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