Market Research Logo

European Telecommunications Infrastructure and NGNs

The countries covered in this report include:

Albania
Austria
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia-Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Kosovo
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macedonia
Malta
Moldova
Montenegro
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russia
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Ukraine
United Kingdom.


Europe on track for comprehensive fibre-based NGNs by 2020During the last few years all countries in the European Union have made considerable progress towards building Next Generation Networks based on fibre infrastructure. The timetable for this exercise differs between countries, but most will have completed the migration from legacy copper networks to an All-IP architecture by 2020. The importance of this development has been made more evident since the global economic crash began in late 2008 - since then, a number of European governments undertook large financial commitments to underwrite investment in telecom infrastructure under the guise of various stimulus packages. Governments thus acknowledged that socio-economic welfare and prosperity, as well as securing advantages in an increasingly globalised employment market, depended on reliable telecom services and a fast delivery platform, both fixed and mobile.

An additional pressure on telecoms infrastructure during the next decade will emerge from national requirements to reduce carbon emissions, requiring more intelligent electricity grids managed through upgraded telecom networks. European governments are committed to generating at least 20% of electricity from renewable energy sources by 2020 (though countries such as Germany have aimed at 30%). In conjunction with the energy sector, the concept of trans-sector synergies will also come into play; governments will be among the principal beneficiaries by utilising telecoms infrastructure to deliver - more cheaply and more efficiently - the services under their remit. Principally, these include various health, education and transport services, as well as a wide range of socially-inclusive enterprises. Governments recognise telecoms as the key driver for extending such services and thereby closing the gap between well-served urban areas and under-served rural communities.

Revenue from the traditional markets such as fixed and mobile voice will come under increasing pressure in coming years, the former resulting from the VoIP and mobile phone sectors as well as from cable operators who generally include voice services within their bundled offers, and the latter from competition among mobile operators as well as regulated tariffs on termination rates. In conjunction with this declining revenue, consumer demand for high-end data applications and services is continually taxing network capabilities. This has led to the fixed-line broadband and mobile data sectors being the key drivers for telecom investment, a scenario which will be reinforced during the next decade.

Fibre networks are being built across the region by a growing number of municipally-driven programmes, as well as by a variety of alternative telcos such as Fastweb and Iliad. At the same time, many incumbent operators have shifted their network construction and upgrade programmes from FttC to FttH architectures - this requires considerably higher investment yet in the long-term is considered the only viable solution to deliver sufficient bandwidth to meet consumer demand. In the mobile data sector, most EU governments have sought to increase spectrum allocation in a bid to secure mobile broadband connectivity in areas deemed uncommercial or impractical for fixed-line operators, and so fulfil the EC’s objective of providing reliable broadband to all EU citizens by 2013. To this end, several governments have already auctioned 2.6GHz spectrum, and have allowed 2G spectrum in the 900MHz and 1800MHz bands to be refarmed for 3G services. Most licensees plan to utilise this spectrum for mobile broadband based on LTE technology - Europe’s first commercial services in Sweden and Norway at the end of 2009 will be joined by a proliferation of similar services in 2011, while analogue switchover in 2012 will enable operators to use sub-GHz digital dividend spectrum for mobile broadband as well.

The changing landscape for Europe’s telecom infrastructure during the next decade is thus based on fibre-centred fixed networks complemented by mobile networks centred on newly-released spectrum and focussed on mobile data applications and services. Investments in these areas will be crucial for Europe’s telecoms sector to prosper. The sector was worth an estimated €351 billion in both 2008 and 2009, accounting for about half of the ICT sector overall, and may be worth €360 billion in 2011. By then, perhaps 41% of sector revenues will be driven by fixed voice telephony and broadband, and 49% by mobile voice and data services, with the remainder mainly from pay TV.

1. Albania
1.1 National telecom network
1.2 International infrastructure
2. Austria
2.1 National telecom network
2.2 Next Generation Network (NGN)
2.3 Structural separation
2.4 Wholesaling
2.5 International infrastructure
2.5.1 Submarine cable networks
2.5.2 Satellite networks
3. Belarus
3.1 National telecom network
3.2 International infrastructure
4. Belgium
4.1 National telecom network
4.1.1 Fixed-line statistics
4.2 Next Generation Network (NGN)
4.3 International infrastructure
5. Bosnia-Herzegovina
5.1 National telecom network
6. Bulgaria
6.1 National telecom network
6.2 Telecoms & IT
7. Croatia
7.1 National and international infrastructure
7.2 Telecoms & IT
7.3 Wholesaling
8. Cyprus
8.1 National telecom network
8.2 International infrastructure
8.2.1 Submarine cable networks
8.2.2 Satellite networks
8.3 Telecoms & IT
8.4 Wholesaling
9. Czech Republic
9.1 National and international infrastructure
9.2 Telefónica O2 CR
9.3 Alternative operators
9.4 Telecoms & IT
9.5 Wholesaling
10. Denmark
10.1 National telecom network
10.2 Alternative networks
10.3 International
10.3.1 Submarine cable networks
10.3.2 Satellite networks
10.4 Infrastructure developments
10.4.1 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH)
11. Estonia
11.1 National telecom network
11.1.1 Elion
11.1.2 Alternative operators
11.2 Telecoms & IT
11.3 Wholesaling
12. Finland
12.1 National telecom network
12.2 Next Generation Network
12.3 International infrastructure
13. France
13.1 National telecom network
13.2 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
13.3 International infrastructure
13.3.1 Submarine cable networks
13.3.2 Satellite networks
13.3.3 Wholesaling
14. Germany
14.1 National telecom network
14.2 Next Generation Network (NGN)
14.3 International infrastructure
14.3.1 Submarine cable networks
14.3.2 Satellite networks
14.4 Regulatory issues
14.4.1 Wholesaling
15. Greece
15.1 National telecom network
15.1.1 OTE
15.1.2 Alternative operators
15.1.3 Satellite networks
15.1.4 Submarine cables
15.2 Wholesaling
15.3 Unbundled services - LLU
15.4 Bitstream access
15.5 Telecoms & IT
16. Hungary
16.1 National telecom network
16.1.1 Magyar Telekom
16.1.2 Alternative operators
16.2 International infrastructure
16.3 Telecoms and IT
16.3.1 Overview
16.4 Wholesaling
16.4.1 Overview
17. Iceland
17.1 National telecom network
17.2 International infrastructure
18. Ireland
18.1 National telecom network
18.2 Structural separation issues
18.3 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
18.4 International infrastructure
18.4.1 Submarine cable networks
18.4.2 Satellite networks
19. Italy
19.1 National telecom network
19.2 International infrastructure
19.2.1 Submarine cable networks
19.2.2 Satellite networks
19.3 Infrastructure developments
19.3.1 Next Generation Network (NGN)
20. Kosovo
20.1 National telecom infrastructure
21. Latvia
21.1 National telecom network
21.2 Telecoms & IT
22. Lithuania
22.1 National telecom network
22.1.1 TEO
22.1.2 Alternative operators
22.2 International infrastructure
22.3 Telecoms & IT
22.4 Wholesaling
23. Luxembourg
23.1 National telecom network
24. Macedonia
24.1 National and international infrastructure
25. Malta
25.1 National telecom network
25.2 International infrastructure
26. Moldova
26.1 National telecom network
26.2 International infrastructure
27. Montenegro
27.1 National telecom network
28. Netherlands
28.1 National telecom network
28.2 International infrastructure
28.3 Regulatory issues
28.3.1 Wholesaling
28.3.2 Wholesale Line Rental (WLR)
29. Norway
29.1 National telecom network
29.2 Leased lines
29.3 IP migration
29.4 International infrastructure
29.4.1 Submarine cable networks
29.4.2 Satellite networks
29.5 Wholesaling
30. Poland
30.1 National telecom network
30.1.1 Fixed-line statistics
30.1.2 TPSA
30.1.3 Alternative operators
30.2 Telecoms & IT
30.2.1 Overview
30.3 Wholesaling
31. Portugal
31.1 National telecom network
31.1.1 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
31.2 International infrastructure
32. Romania
32.1 National telecom network
32.1.1 RomTelecom
32.1.2 Alternative operators
32.2 International infrastructure
32.3 Telecoms & IT
33. Russia
33.1 Overview of telecoms infrastructure in Russia
33.2 Local infrastructure
33.2.1 Svyazinvest regional operators
33.2.2 Central Telegraph
33.2.3 Comstar/MGTS
33.2.4 Golden Telecom
33.2.5 PeterStar
33.3 National infrastrucure
33.3.1 Golden Telecom
33.3.2 Rostelecom
33.3.3 TransTeleCom
33.4 Satellite networks
33.5 Telecoms and IT
34. Serbia
34.1 National telecom network
34.2 International infrastructure
34.3 Telecoms and IT
35. Slovakia
35.1 National telecom network
35.1.1 Alternative operators
35.2 Wholesaling
35.2.1 Overview
36. Slovenia
36.1 National telecom network
36.2 Telekom Slovenije
36.3 Alternative operators
36.4 Wholesaling
37. Spain
37.1 National telecom network
37.2 International infrastructure
37.2.1 Satellite networks
37.2.2 Submarine cable
37.3 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
38. Sweden
38.1 National telecom network
38.2 International infrastructure
38.2.1 Submarine cable networks
38.2.2 Satellite networks
39. Switzerland
39.1 National telecom network
40. Ukraine
40.1 National telecom network
40.1.1 Ukrtelecom
40.1.2 Datagroup
40.1.3 Eurotranstelecom
40.1.4 Beeline Ukraine
40.1.5 Vega
40.2 International infrastructure
40.3 Telecoms and IT
41. United Kingdom
41.1 National telecom network
41.2 Next Generation Networks
41.2.1 BT’s 21CN
41.3 International infrastructure
41.3.1 Submarine cable networks
41.3.2 Satellite networks
42. Glossary of Abbreviations
List of Tables and Exgibits
Table 1 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Albania - 1999 - 2011
Table 2 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Austria - 1999 - 2010
Table 3 - Telekom Austria broadband wholesale and LLU lines - 2006 - 2010
Table 4 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Belarus - 1999 - 2011
Table 5 - Total international Internet bandwidth in Belarus - 2000 - 2010
Table 6 - Fixed-line telephony connections by type in Belgium - 2004 - 2008
Table 7 - Fixed-line telephony revenue in Belgium - 2002 - 2011
Table 8 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Belgium - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2011
Table 9 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Bosnia-Herzegovina - 1999 - 2009
Table 10 - Fixed lines in service per incumbent operator in Bosnia-Herzegovina - 2001 - 2008
Table 11 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Bulgaria - 1998 - 2009
Table 12 - IT market revenue in Bulgaria - 2004 - 2008
Table 13 - ICT usage by businesses in Bulgaria - 2006 - 2009
Table 14 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Croatia - 1995 - 2009
Table 15 - Workplace network usage by network type in Croatia - 2008 - 2009
Table 16 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Cyprus - 1995 - 2009
Table 17 - Household access to ICT devices in Cyprus - 2005 - 2008
Table 18 - Workplace network usage by network type in Cyprus - 2004 - 2008
Table 19 - Wholesale lines by type in Cyprus - January 2009
Table 20 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in the Czech Republic - 1995 - 2011
Table 21 - Workplace network usage by network type in the Czech Republic - 2006 - 2011
Table 22 - Wholesale lines by type in the Czech Republic - 2008 - 2009
Table 23 - Cost of local loop unbundling and share access in the Czech Republic - 2006 - 2009
Table 24 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Denmark - 1999 - 2009
Table 25 - Fibre broadband subscribers in Denmark - 2005 - 2011
Table 26 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Estonia - 1995 - 2010
Table 27 - Elion PSTN/ISDN subscribers and outgoing call minutes - 2002 - 2010
Table 28 - Elion VoIP subscribers - 2007 - 2009
Table 29 - Workplace network usage by network type in Estonia - 2006 - 2009
Table 30 - Wholesale lines by type in Estonia - September 2009
Table 31 - Elion wholesale broadband subscribers - 2004 - 2009
Table 32 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Finland - 2000 - 2011
Table 33 - France Telecom wholesale DSL, naked ADSL, WLR - 2006 - 2009
Table 34 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Germany - 2000 - 2009
Table 35 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Greece - 2000 - 2011
Table 36 - OTE fixed lines in service - 2005 - 2009
Table 37 - Wholesale lines by type in Greece - January 2009
Table 38 - Cost of local loop unbundling and share access in Greece - 2006 - 2008
Table 39 - OTE combined unbundled & shared lines - 2005 - 2009
Table 40 - Collocation availability and uptake in Greece - 2007 - 2008
Table 41 - ICT market revenue in Greece - 2006 - 2010
Table 42 - Workplace network usage by network type in Greece - 2009
Table 43 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Hungary - 2000 - 2011
Table 44 - Total international Internet bandwidth in Hungary - 2000 - 2009
Table 45 - Workplace network usage by network type in Hungary - 2004 - 2010
Table 46 - Cost of local loop unbundling and shared access in Hungary - 2006 - 2009
Table 47 - Fixed-line access channels in Iceland: PSTN and ISDN - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2009
Table 48 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Ireland - 1995; 1997; 1999; 2000 - 2010
Table 49 - Direct/indirect access paths in Ireland - 2005 - 2009
Table 50 - Fixed telephony and broadband market forecasts for Italy - 2006 - 2011
Table 51 - Telecom Italia access lines - 2008 - 2009
Table 52 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Kosovo - 2004 - 2011
Table 53 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Latvia - 1999 - 2010
Table 54 - Workplace network usage by network type in Latvia - 2006 - 2009
Table 55 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Lithuania - 1995 - 2010
Table 56 - TEO - fixed-line subscribers & outgoing call minutes - 2005 - 2010
Table 57 - Total international Internet bandwidth in Lithuania - 2000 - 2010
Table 58 - Workplace network usage by network type in Lithuania - 2006 - 2010
Table 59 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Luxembourg - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2009
Table 60 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Macedonia - 1995 - 2011
Table 61 - Fixed lines in service and penetration rate in Malta - 2001 - 2011
Table 62 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Moldova - 2000 - 2011
Table 63 - Total international Internet bandwidth in Moldova - 2000 - 2009
Table 64 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Montenegro - 2004 - 2011
Table 65 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Netherlands - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2011
Table 66 - Fixed lines in service and penetration in Norway - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2011
Table 67 - Fixed subscriptions in Norway - VoIP, cable - 2001 - 2008
Table 68 - Fixed subscriptions in Norway - PSTN / ISDN - 2000 - 2008
Table 69 - Leased line revenue by capacity in Norway - 2005 - 2008
Table 70 - Leased lines by capacity in Norway - 2005 - 2008
Table 71 - Telenor wholesale lines - PSTN, ISDN, DSL, LLU - 2004 - 2007
Table 72 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Poland - 1995; 1997; 1999; 2000 - 2009
Table 73 - IT market revenue in Poland - 2004 - 2008
Table 74 - Workplace network usage by network type in Poland - 2006 - 2009
Table 75 - Wholesale lines by type in Poland - January 2009
Table 76 - Cost of local loop unbundling and share access in Poland - 2006 - 2008
Table 77 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Portugal - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2009
Table 78 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Romania - 2000 - 2011
Table 79 - Total international Internet bandwidth in Romania - 2000 - 2009
Table 80 - Retail data transmission connections by service type in Romania - 2006 - 2008
Table 81 - Workplace network usage by network type in Romania - 2009
Table 82 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Russia - 1998 - 2010
Table 83 - Rostelecom long distance voice data - 2003 - 2010
Table 84 - Russian IT market revenue - 2005 - 2010
Table 85 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Serbia - 2004 - 2011
Table 86 - Total international Internet bandwidth in Serbia - 2004 - 2009
Table 87 - Workplace network usage by network type in Serbia - 2006 - 2011
Table 88 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Slovakia - 2000 - 2011
Table 89 - Total international Internet bandwidth in Slovakia - 2000 - 2009
Table 90 - Cost of local loop unbundling and share access in Slovakia - 2006 - 2009
Table 91 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Slovenia - 1995 - 2010
Table 92 - Cost of local loop unbundling and shared access in Slovenia - 2006 - 2009
Table 93 - Telkom Slovenije wholesale connections - 2006 - 2009
Table 94 - Fixed lines in service and penetration in Spain - 1999 - 2010
Table 95 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Sweden - 1995 - 2011
Table 96 - ISDN channels in Sweden - 2000 - 2009
Table 97 - Fixed lines in service, teledensity and traffic in minutes in Switzerland - 1997; 1999 - 2011
Table 98 - ISDN subscribers in Switzerland - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2009
Table 99 - Fixed lines in service in Ukraine - 1995 - 2010
Table 100 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in the UK - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2011
Table 101 - Forecast NGA coverage in the UK - 2009 - 2012
Exhibit 1 - Principal backbone providers in Italy - 2010

Download our eBook: How to Succeed Using Market Research

Learn how to effectively navigate the market research process to help guide your organization on the journey to success.

Download eBook

Share this report