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2008 European - Telecommunications Infrastructure and NGNs


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

This market report provides a comprehensive overview of Europe’s telecommunications infrastructure. It also includes developments in Next Generation Networks across the region as well as regulatory policies to ensure competitor access to these networks through Next Generation Access measures.

The countries covered in this report include: Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia (FYROM), Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine and United Kingdom.


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

This market report provides a comprehensive overview of Europe’s telecommunications infrastructure. It also includes developments in Next Generation Networks across the region as well as regulatory policies to ensure competitor access to these networks through Next Generation Access measures.

During the next few years, competition among operators as well as demand for new services will be the main drivers for network upgrades, increasing overall network bandwidth to respond to growing broadband usage while maintaining the quality of service requirements associated with IPTV and VoIP services. These demands are transforming the entire network from legacy copper, and pushing fibre beyond the core and backhaul into the last mile. This change is more visible in the more competitive markets, such as those within EU.

The most important regulatory issue will remain network access for the incumbents’ competitors. Bitstream access and local loop unbundling have been effective in most markets following diligent regulatory control, but NGNs will require radically new policies as the copper networks on which these access regimes are based are retired. NGNs involve a substantial redesign of network architectures, and thus effective monitoring from national regulators will be required to prevent incumbents from developing new monopolies. In addition, in coming years regulators will be pressed to develop policies which encourage network investment, including guaranteed returns and generous wholesale pricing. The success of these measures, and of effective competition, will help determine the success of NGNs as a conduit for future media services.

The countries covered in this report include: Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia (FYROM), Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine and United Kingdom.

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

The following notes provide some background to our scenario forecasting methodology:

  • This report includes what we term scenario forecasts. By describing long-range scenarios we identify a band within which we expect market growth to occur. The associated text describes what we see as the most likely growth trend within this band.
  • The projections shown in the tables in this report are based on our own historical information, as well as on telecommunication sector statistics from official and non-official, national and international sources. We assume a possible deviation of 15-20% around this data.
  • All statistics for GDP, revenue, etc are shown in US$, in order to maintain consistency within and between markets. At the same time we acknowledge that this can introduce some irregularities.

1. INFRASTRUCTURE & NGNS OVERVIEW
1.1 Regulatory environment
1.1.1 Regulating Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
1.1.2 Regulating Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH)
1.1.2.1 Municipal involvement
1.1.2.2 Incumbents
1.2 FttH
1.2.1 The European picture in
1.2.1.1 Forecast FTTx growth
1.2.1.2 Arguments for fibre
1.2.1.3 Last mile alternatives
1.2.1.3.1 DSL
1.2.1.3.2 Cable
1.2.1.4 Government support
1.2.1.5 Different models
1.2.1.6 Fibre technologies
1.2.1.6.1 Point-to-point
1.2.1.6.2 Passive Optical Networks (PONs)
1.2.1.6.3 Home run
1.2.2 Austria
1.2.3 The Netherlands
1.2.4 Italy
1.2.5 UK
1.2.5.1 Fibre access and Community Broadband Access networks
1.2.6 Denmark
1.2.7 France
1.2.7.1 Municipal drive
1.2.8 Norway
1.2.9 Spain
1.2.10 Sweden
1.2.11 Germany
1.2.12 Eastern European developments
1.3 Next Generation Networks
1.3.1 NGNs in Europe
1.3.2 The UK
1.3.3 The Netherlands
1.3.4 Germany
1.3.5 France
1.3.6 Italy
1.3.7 Greece
1.3.8 Portugal
2. ALBANIA
2.1 National telecom network
2.2 International infrastructure
3. AUSTRIA
3.1 National telecom network
3.2 Structural separation issues
3.3 Wholesaling
3.4 International infrastructure
3.4.1 Submarine cable networks
3.4.2 Satellite networks
4. BELARUS
4.1 National telecom network
4.2 International infrastructure
4.3 Infrastructure developments
4.4 Telecoms & IT
5. BELGIUM
5.1 National telecom network
5.2 NGN
5.3 International infrastructure
6. BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA
6.1 National telecom network
7. BULGARIA
7.1 National telecom network
7.2 International infrastructure
7.2.1 Submarine cable networks
7.3 Telecoms & IT
8. CROATIA
8.1 Overview
8.2 Telecoms & IT
9. CYPRUS
9.1 National telecom network
9.2 International infrastructure
9.2.1 Submarine cable networks
9.2.2 Satellite networks
9.3 Telecoms & IT
9.4 Wholesaling
10. CZECH REPUBLIC
10.1 National telecom network
10.1.1 Telefónica O2 CR
10.1.2 Alternative operators
10.1.3 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
10.2 Telecoms & IT
10.3 Wholesaling
10.3.1 Overview
11. DENMARK
11.1 National telecom network
11.2 Structural separation
11.3 Alternative networks
11.4 International
11.4.1 Submarine cable networks
11.4.2 Satellite networks
11.5 Infrastructure developments
11.5.1 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH)
12. ESTONIA
12.1 National telecom network
12.2 International infrastructure
12.2.1 Submarine cable networks
12.2.2 Satellite networks
13. FINLAND
13.1 National telecom network
13.2 International infrastructure
14. FRANCE
14.1 National telecom network
14.1.1 Statistics
14.2 International infrastructure
14.2.1 Submarine cable networks
14.2.2 Satellite networks
14.2.3 Wholesaling
14.2.3.1 Naked DSL
15. GERMANY
15.1 National telecom network
15.2 NGN
15.3 International infrastructure
15.3.1 Submarine cable networks
15.3.2 Satellite networks
15.4 Regulatory issues
15.4.1 Wholesaling
16. GREECE
16.1 National telecom network
16.1.1 OTE
16.1.2 Alternative operators
16.1.2.1 Tellas
16.1.2.2 FORTHnet
16.1.2.3 On Telecoms
16.1.3 Satellite networks
16.1.4 Submarine cables
16.2 Telecoms & IT
17. HUNGARY
17.1 National telecom network
17.1.1 Magyar Telekom
17.1.2 Alternative operators
17.1.3 Fixed wireless
17.2 International infrastructure
17.3 Telecoms & IT
17.3.1 Overview
17.4 Wholesaling
17.4.1 Overview
18. ICELAND
18.1 National telecom network
18.2 International infrastructure
19. IRELAND
19.1 National telecom network
19.2 Structural separation issues
19.3 NGNs
19.4 International
19.4.1 Submarine cable networks
19.4.2 Satellite networks
20. ITALY
20.1 National telecom network
20.2 International
20.2.1 Submarine cable networks
20.2.2 Satellite networks
20.3 Infrastructure developments
20.3.1 NGN
20.3.1.1 Financial crisis
20.3.1.2 Major network contracts
21. LATVIA
21.1 National telecom network
21.2 Telecoms & IT
22. LITHUANIA
22.1 National telecom network
22.1.1 TEO
22.1.2 Alternative operators
22.2 International infrastructure
22.3 Telecoms & IT
23. LUXEMBOURG
23.1 National telecom network
24. MACEDONIA (FYROM)
24.1 National telecom network
24.2 International infrastructure
24.3 Telecoms & IT
25. MALTA
25.1 National telecom network
25.2 International infrastructure
26. MOLDOVA
26.1 National telecom network
26.2 International infrastructure
27. MONTENEGRO
27.1 National telecom network
27.2 International infrastructure
28. NETHERLANDS
28.1 National telecom network
28.2 International infrastructure
28.3 Regulatory issues
28.4 Wholesaling
28.4.1 Wholesale Line Rent (WLR)
29. NORWAY
29.1 National telecom network
29.2 Leased lines
29.3 IP migration
29.4 International infrastructure
29.4.1 Submarine cable networks
29.4.2 Satellite networks
30. POLAND
30.1 National telecom network
30.1.1 TPSA
30.1.2 Alternative operators
30.2 International infrastructure
30.3 Telecoms & IT
30.3.1 Overview
30.4 Wholesaling
31. PORTUGAL
31.1 National telecom network
31.1.1 NGNs
31.2 International infrastructure
32. ROMANIA
32.1 National telecom network
32.1.1 RomTelecom
32.1.2 Alternative operators
32.2 International infrastructure
32.3 Telecoms & IT
33. RUSSIA
33.1 Introduction
33.2 Local networks
33.2.1 Svyazinvest regional operators
33.2.2 Central Telegraph
33.2.3 Comstar-UTS/MGTS
33.2.4 Golden Telecom
33.2.5 PeterStar
33.3 National networks
33.3.1 Golden Telecom
33.3.2 Rostelecom
33.3.3 TransTeleCom
33.3.4 Orange Business Services
33.4 International infrastructure
33.4.1 Satellite networks
33.5 Telecoms and IT
34. SERBIA
34.1 National telecom network
34.1.1 Kosovo
34.2 International infrastructure
34.2.1 Satellite networks
34.3 Telecoms & IT
35. SLOVAKIA
35.1 National telecom network
35.1.1 Alternative operators
35.2 Telecoms & IT
35.3 Wholesaling
36. SLOVENIA
36.1 National telecom network
36.1.1 Telekom Sloveije
36.1.2 Alternative operators
36.2 Telecoms & IT
36.3 Wholesaling
37. SPAIN
37.1 National telecom network
37.2 NGNs
37.3 International infrastructure
37.3.1 Satellite networks
37.3.2 Submarine cable
38. SWEDEN
38.1 National telecom network
38.2 International infrastructure
38.2.1 Submarine cable networks
38.2.2 Satellite networks
39. SWITZERLAND
39.1 National telecom network
40. UKRAINE
40.1 National telecom network
40.1.1 Ukrtelecom
40.1.2 Datagroup
40.1.3 Eurotranstelecom
40.1.4 Golden Telecom
40.1.5 Farlep
40.1.6 Comstar-UTS
40.2 International infrastructure
40.3 Telecoms and IT
41. UNITED KINGDOM
41.1 National telecom network
41.2 NGNs
41.2.1 Cable & Wireless
41.2.2 COLT
41.2.3 BT’s 21CN
41.2.3.1 Web21CN
41.2.4 Cable telephony
41.2.5 Fibernet
41.3 International
41.3.1 Submarine cable networks
41.3.2 Satellite networks
42. GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS
LIST OF TABLES
Table 1 - Fibre penetration per home passed in selected European countries - January 2009
Table 2 - Proportion of fibre subscribers per home passed in selected European countries - January 2009
Table 3 - FTTx subscribers and homes passed - 2007 - 2008
Table 4 - FTTx deployments by model - 2006; 2008
Table 5 - Main European FttH deployments by operator - January 2009
Table 6 - FTTx deployments by country and model - January 2009
Table 7 - FttH/B households forecast - 2007 - 2014
Table 8 - FttH/B household penetration forecast in selected European countries - 2013
Table 9 - Fibre as proportion of total broadband connections in selected world countries - 2007
Table 10 - Fibre broadband access lines in selected European countries - 2007 - 2008
Table 11 - Fibre penetration in top European FttH markets - April 2008
Table 12 - Percentage of homes connected to FttH in selected European countries - June 2008
Table 13 - DSL and fibre data comparison
Table 14 - Fibre prices per household by penetration rate - 2008
Table 15 - FttH connections and subscribers in the Netherlands - 2006 - 2008
Table 16 - Planned FttH connections in the Netherlands - 2008 - 2011
Table 17 - Fibre accesses in Italy - 2004 - 2008
Table 18 - Telecom Italia fibre accesses - 2007 - 2010
Table 19 - Telecom Italia fibre cabinet network - 2008 - 2010
Table 20 - Free Paris fibre market projections - 2006; 2008; 2010; 2012; 2014
Table 21 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Albania - 2000 - 2007
Table 22 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Austria - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2007
Table 23 - Fixed-line retail revenue in Austria - 1997 - 2007
Table 24 - Telekom Austria Naked DSL and LLU lines - 2006 - 2007
Table 25 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Belarus - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2007
Table 26 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Belgium - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2007
Table 27 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Bosnia-Herzegovina - 1999 - 2007
Table 28 - ISDN subscribers by fixed-line incumbent in Bosnia-Herzegovina - 2000 - 2007
Table 29 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Bulgaria - 1995 - 1996; 1998 - 2008
Table 30 - Workplace PC usage by employer size and industry type in Bulgaria - 2004 - 2007
Table 31 - Workplace network usage by network type - 2004 - 2007
Table 32 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Croatia - 1995 - 2008
Table 33 - T-HT PSTN, BRA & PRA ISDN connections - 2005 - 2007
Table 34 - T-HT data services lines - 2005 - 2007
Table 35 - Proportion of business employees utilising PCs in Croatia - 2007
Table 36 - Proportion of businesses utilising networks in Croatia - 2007
Table 37 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Cyprus - 1995 - 2007
Table 38 - Workplace PC usage by employer size and industry type in Cyprus - 2004 - 2007
Table 39 - Workplace network usage by network type in Cyprus - 2004 - 2007
Table 40 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in the Czech Republic - 1995 - 2007
Table 41 - Workplace PC usage by employer size and industry type, Czech Republic - 2004 - 2007
Table 42 - Workplace network usage by network type in the Czech Republic - 2004 - 2007
Table 43 - Access agreements with Telefónica O2 by type - 2006 - 2008
Table 44 - Cost of LLU and share access in the Czech Republic - 2006 - 2007
Table 45 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Denmark - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2007
Table 46 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Estonia - 1995 - 2007
Table 47 - ISDN channels in Estonia - 2000 - 2007
Table 48 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Finland - 2000 - 2008
Table 49 - Fixed-line subscriptions by type in France - 2003 - 2008
Table 50 - France Telecom wholesale broadband offers by type in France - 2005 - 2008
Table 51 - LLU, shared access price - connection, monthly rental in France - 2004 - 2007
Table 52 - Unbundled loops and access lines in France - 2004 - 2006; 2008
Table 53 - Access lines, LLU and bitstream (regulator data) in France - 2006 - 2008
Table 54 - France Telecom wholesale DSL, naked ADSL, WLR - 2006 - 2008
Table 55 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Germany - 2000 - 2007
Table 56 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Greece - 2000 - 2007
Table 57 - OTE fixed-lines in service - 2005 - 2007
Table 58 - Workplace PC usage by employer size and industry type in Greece - 2004 - 2007
Table 59 - Workplace network usage by network type in Greece - 2004 - 2007
Table 60 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Hungary - 1995 - 2007
Table 61 - Workplace PC usage by employer size and industry type in Hungary - 2004 - 2007
Table 62 - Workplace Network usage by network type in Hungary - 2004 - 2007
Table 63 - Access agreements with Magyar Telekom by type - 2006 - 2008
Table 64 - Cost of LLU and shared access in Hungary - 2006 - 2007
Table 65 - Access channels in the fixed network in Iceland - 2000 - 2007
Table 66 - Fixed lines in Iceland - 1997; 1999 - 2007
Table 67 - Access channels: PSTN, ISDN and DSL in Iceland - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2007
Table 68 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Ireland - 1995 - 2007
Table 69 - Direct / indirect access paths in Ireland - 2005 - 2008
Table 70 - Telecom Italia network distances - June 2008
Table 71 - Telecom Italia unbundled lines - 2005 - 2007
Table 72 - Unbundled loops and access lines in Italy - 2004 - 2008
Table 73 - LLU, shared access price - connection, monthly rental in Italy - 2004 - 2007
Table 74 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Latvia - 2000 - 2007
Table 75 - Lattelecom PSTN/ISDN subscribers & network digitalisation rate - 2002 - 2007
Table 76 - Workplace PC usage by employer size and industry type in Latvia - 2004 - 2007
Table 77 - Workplace network usage by network type in Latvia - 2004 - 2007
Table 78 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Lithuania - 1995 - 2007
Table 79 - TEO fixed-line subscribers & outgoing call minutes - 2005 - 2007
Table 80 - Workplace network usage by network type in Lithuania - 2004 - 2007
Table 81 - Workplace PC usage by employer size and industry type in Lithuania - 2004 - 2007
Table 82 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Luxembourg - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2007
Table 83 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Macedonia - 1995 - 2007
Table 84 - Fixed lines in service and penetration in Malta - 2001 - 2008
Table 85 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Moldova - 2000 - 2007
Table 86 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Montenegro - 2001 - 2007
Table 87 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in the Netherlands - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2007
Table 88 - KPN wholesale operating statistics - 2007 - 2008
Table 89 - Fixed lines in service and penetration in Norway - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2007
Table 90 - Fixed subscriptions - VoIP, cable in Norway - 2001 - 2007
Table 91 - Fixed subscriptions - PSTN/ISDN in Norway - 2000 - 2007
Table 92 - Leased line revenue by capacity in Norway - 2005 - 2007
Table 93 - Leased lines by capacity in Norway - 2005 - 2007
Table 94 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Poland - 1995 - 2007
Table 95 - IT market revenue in Poland - 2004 - 2008
Table 96 - Workplace PC usage by employer size and industry type in Poland - 2004 - 2007
Table 97 - Workplace network usage by network type in Poland - 2004 - 2007
Table 98 - Cost of LLU and share access in Poland - 2006 - 2007
Table 99 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Portugal - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2007
Table 100 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Romania - 1995 - 2007
Table 101 - Fixed-line capacity of alternative operators in Romania - 2004 - 2007
Table 102 - Workplace PC usage by employer size and industry type in Romania - 2004 - 2007
Table 103 - Workplace network usage by network type in Romania - 2004 - 2007
Table 104 - Data transmission connections by service type in Romania - 2006 - 2007
Table 105 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Russia - 1995 - 2007
Table 106 - Svyazinvest fixed-line traffic and annual change - 2007
Table 107 - Teledensity levels per Svyazinvest operator - 2005 - 2007
Table 108 - Urban and rural digitisation per Svyazinvest operator - 2006 - 2007
Table 109 - North-West Telecom network data - 2005 - 2007
Table 110 - Centertelecom network data - 2005 - 2007
Table 111 - VolgaTelecom network data - 2005 - 2007
Table 112 - Southern Telecom Company network data - 2005 - 2007
Table 113 - Uralsvyazinform network data - 2005 - 2007
Table 114 - Sibirtelecom network data - 2005 - 2007
Table 115 - Dalsvyaz network data - 2005 - 2007
Table 116 - Central Telegraph network data - 2005 - 2007
Table 117 - MGTS network statistics - 2005 - 2007
Table 118 - Russian IT market revenue - 2001 - 2007
Table 119 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Serbia - 2001 - 2008
Table 120 - Workplace PC usage by employer size and industry type in Serbia - 2007
Table 121 - Workplace network usage by network type in Serbia - 2007
Table 122 - Fixed lines in service, digitalisation and teledensity in Slovakia - 1995 - 2007
Table 123 - Workplace PC usage by employer size and industry type in Slovakia - 2004 - 2007
Table 124 - Workplace network usage by network type in Slovakia - 2004 - 2007
Table 125 - Cost of LLU and shared access in Slovakia - 2006 - 2007
Table 126 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Slovenia - 1995 - 2007
Table 127 - Workplace PC usage by employer size and industry type in Slovenia - 2004 - 2007
Table 128 - Workplace Network usage by network type in Slovenia - 2004 - 2007
Table 129 - Cost of LLU and shared access in Slovenia - 2006 - 2007
Table 130 - Telkom Slovenije wholesale connections - 2006 - 2007
Table 131 - Access agreements with Telekom Slovenije by type - 2006 - 2008
Table 132 - Telecom network length in Spain - 2007
Table 133 - Fixed lines in service and penetration in Spain - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2008
Table 134 - Installed accesses by operator/technology - in Spain 2007
Table 135 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Sweden - 1995 - 2007
Table 136 - ISDN channels in Sweden - 2000 - 2007
Table 137 - Fixed lines in service, teledensity and traffic in minutes in Switzerland - 1997 - 2006
Table 138 - ISDN subscribers in Switzerland - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2007
Table 139 - Swisscom network infrastructure - 2004 - 2006
Table 140 - Fixed lines in service in Ukraine - 1995 - 2007
Table 141 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity in the UK - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2007
Table 142 - BT retail PSTN and ISDN lines - 2004 - 2008
Table 143 - BT Openreach wholesale PSTN and ISDN lines - 2004 - 2008
LIST OF EXHIBITS
Exhibit 1 - Estimated cost of fibre by deployment in the UK - 2009
Exhibit 2 - Principal backbone providers in Italy - 2008
Exhibit 3 - Principal submarine cables from the UK - 2008

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