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2006-2007 Europe - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband in Central Europe


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

This report profiles the five countries of the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia. While all five are in the same region, they vary significantly in terms of population and GDP per capita, with Slovenia’s GDP per capita more than double of Poland’s and Poland’s population almost 20 times that of Slovenia. Subjects include:

Market and industry analyses, trends and developments
Facts, figures and statistics
Industry issues and regulatory
Research, Marketing, Benchmarking
Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, Prepaid
Network Operators, Wholesalers and Retailers, Utilities Projects


BuddeComm’s latest Annual Publication ‘2006-2007 Europe - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband in Central Europe’ profiles the five countries of the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia. While all five are in the same region, they vary significantly in terms of population and GDP per capita, with Slovenia’s GDP per capita more than double of Poland’s and Poland’s population almost 20 times that of Slovenia.

All five are settling into their positions as fully-fledged EU nations and are a snapshot of markets in transition; the benefits of liberalised communications markets are becoming increasingly evident as alternative operators gather strength, broadband penetration increases and consumers are being offered more choice.

This report presents a concise overview of the Central Eastern European region, presenting regulatory developments, major players in the fixed-line, convergence and mobile markets, the development of new product offerings for the aforementioned markets, whilst offering essential broadband and mobile operator statistics highlighting sector development, and the emergence of convergence and triple play in Central Eastern Europe.

Key Highlights
Liberalised markets in the region are undergoing consolidation, as alternative telecoms operators are not as successful as initially anticipated. The number of significant alternative operators is decreasing, although the growing size of the emerging survivors is giving them scale to more effectively compete against the fixed-line incumbent.

Converging telecom and broadcasting markets are most evident in the competition between the fixed-line incumbents and cable operators. Cable operators and now fixed-line incumbents have launched triple play services, bringing the two once-distinct groups into direct competition in the Czech Republic and Poland.

The effects of unbundling are now being seen, with unbundled lines being taken up by the public, particularly in Hungary, which has experienced the most success out of the five countries with IP bitstream access. Slovenia is also seeing the beginnings of access-based competition, with unbundled, shared access and bitstream access lines numbering in the thousands as at March 2006.

The developing broadband market is becoming increasingly sophisticated, with ADSL2+ services launched in Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovenia.

Scenario-based broadband forecasts for all five CEE nations is provided, providing a guide as to where broadband penetration is headed.

IPTV services have been launched in the Czech Republic and in Poland, giving telecoms operators their much anticipated triple play services. Polish incumbent’s triple play offering is based on the Livebox device from France Telecom.

The satellite-based digital pay TV market is becoming increasingly crowded as a Romanian digital pay TV operator has commenced offering services in Slovakia, Hungary and the Czech Republic, recording strong growth in subscriber levels. A new satellite platform was launched in Poland, shaking up the previous duopoly, with satellite-based HDTV services.

WiMAX services have been available in Slovakia since November 2005, a Polish alternative operator is expected to launch commercial services in 2007 while alternative operators in other countries are either planning or considering services.

The Czech Republic now has the highest mobile penetration out of the five CEE countries, a position once long-held by Slovenia.

As mobile penetration in all five countries is at or near saturation, operators are now looking to improve ARPU levels by migrating users to postpaid tariffs and 3G services. However 3G is not all it has shaped up to be, with Vodafone Czech Republic halting the rollout of its 3G network, as expected benefits do not justify costs.

1. CZECH REPUBLIC
1.1 Key statistics
1.2 Telecommunications market
1.2.1 Overview of the Czech Republic’s telecom market
1.3 Regulatory environment
1.3.1 Background
1.3.2 Regulatory authority
1.3.3 Privatisation
1.3.4 Telecom sector liberalisation in the Czech Republic
1.3.5 Interconnection
1.3.6 Carrier PreSelection / Carrier Selection
1.3.7 Number Portability
1.3.8 Access
1.3.9 New regulatory developments
1.4 Fixed network operators in the Czech Republic
1.4.1 Overview of operators
1.4.2 Telefónica O2 Czech Republic
1.4.3 Broadnet
1.4.4 Star 21
1.4.5 Ceske Radiokomunikace (CRa)
1.4.6 GTS Novera
1.4.7 CD-Telematika
1.4.8 VOLNÝ
1.4.9 ETel
1.5 Telecommunications infrastructure
1.5.1 National telecom network
1.5.2 Infrastructure developments
1.6 Internet market
1.6.1 Overview
1.6.2 ISP market
1.7 Broadband market
1.7.1 Overview
1.7.2 Government support
1.7.3 Broadband forecasts to 2015
1.7.4 Cable modems
1.7.5 Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
1.7.6 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
1.7.7 Wireless broadband
1.8 Convergence
1.8.1 Triple play models
1.8.2 Overview of broadcasting market
1.8.3 Regulatory issues
1.8.4 Digital TV
1.9 Mobile communications
1.9.1 Overview of the Czech Republic’s mobile market
1.9.2 Regulatory issues
1.9.3 Mobile technologies
1.9.4 Major mobile operators
1.9.5 Mobile voice services
1.9.6 Mobile data services
1.9.7 Mobile content and applications
2. HUNGARY
2.1 Key statistics
2.2 Telecommunications market
2.2.1 Overview of Hungary’s telecom market
2.3 Regulatory environment
2.3.1 Background
2.3.2 Regulatory authority
2.3.3 Privatisation
2.3.4 Telecom sector liberalisation in Hungary
2.3.5 Interconnect
2.3.6 Access
2.3.7 Number portability
2.3.8 Carrier PreSelection (CPS) / Carrier Selection
2.3.9 Universal service
2.4 Fixed network operators in Hungary
2.4.1 Magyar Telekom (Matáv)
2.4.2 Invitel
2.4.3 Hungarotel Co
2.4.4 Tele2
2.4.5 Monortel
2.4.6 Emitel
2.4.7 GTS-Datanet
2.4.8 Antenna Hungária
2.5 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.5.1 National telecom network
2.5.2 International infrastructure
2.5.3 Infrastructure developments
2.6 Telecoms & IT
2.7 Wholesaling
2.8 Internet market
2.8.1 Overview
2.8.2 ISP market
2.9 Broadband market
2.9.1 Overview
2.9.2 Broadband forecasts to 2015
2.9.3 Cable modems
2.9.4 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
2.9.5 Wireless broadband
2.10 Convergence
2.10.1 Triple play models
2.10.2 Overview of broadcasting market
2.10.3 Free-to-Air (FTA) TV
2.10.4 Digital TV (DTV)
2.11 Mobile communications
2.11.1 Overview of Hungary’s mobile market
2.11.2 Regulatory issues
2.11.3 Mobile technologies
2.11.4 Major mobile operators
2.11.5 Mobile voice services
2.11.6 Mobile data services
2.11.7 Mobile content and applications
3. POLAND
3.1 Key statistics
3.2 Telecommunications market
3.2.1 Overview of Poland’s telecom market
3.3 Regulatory environment
3.3.1 History
3.3.2 Regulatory authority
3.3.3 Privatisation
3.3.4 Telecom sector liberalisation in Poland
3.3.5 Interconnection
3.3.6 Carrier PreSelection (CPS) / Carrier Selection
3.3.7 Access
3.3.8 Number portability
3.3.9 New regulatory developments
3.4 Fixed network operators in Poland
3.4.1 Overview of operators
3.4.2 Telekomunikacja Polska (TPSA)
3.4.3 Netia
3.4.4 Telefonia Dialog
3.4.5 Telekomunikacja Kolejowa
3.4.6 GTS Polska
3.4.7 Tele2 Polska
3.4.8 Elektrim Telekomunikacja
3.4.9 Niezalezny Operator Miedzystrefowy (NOM)
3.4.10 Exatel
3.5 Telecommunications infrastructure
3.5.1 National telecom network
3.5.2 International infrastructure
3.5.3 Infrastructure developments
3.6 Internet market
3.6.1 Overview
3.6.2 ISP market
3.7 Broadband market
3.7.1 Overview
3.7.2 Broadband forecasts to 2015
3.7.3 Cable modems
3.7.4 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
3.7.5 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
3.7.6 Wireless broadband
3.8 Convergence
3.8.1 Triple Play
3.8.2 Overview of broadcasting market
3.8.3 Regulatory issues
3.8.4 Digital TV (DTV)
3.9 Mobile communications
3.9.1 Overview of Poland’s mobile market
3.9.2 Regulatory issues
3.9.3 Mobile technologies
3.9.4 Major mobile operators
3.9.5 Mobile voice services
3.9.6 Mobile data services
3.9.7 Mobile content and applications
4. SLOVAKIA
4.1 Key statistics
4.2 Telecommunications market
4.2.1 Overview of Slovakia’s telecom market
4.3 Regulatory environment
4.3.1 Background
4.3.2 Regulatory authority
4.3.3 Privatisation
4.3.4 Telecom sector liberalisation in Slovakia
4.3.5 Interconnect
4.3.6 Access
4.3.7 Number Portability
4.3.8 Carrier Preselection / Carrier Selection
4.3.9 Regulatory developments
4.4 Fixed network operators in Slovakia
4.4.1 Slovak Telecom
4.4.2 GTS Nextra
4.4.3 Fixed Wireless Access network operators
4.5 Telecommunications infrastructure
4.5.1 National telecom network
4.5.2 Infrastructure developments
4.6 Internet market
4.6.1 Overview
4.6.2 ISP market
4.7 Broadband market
4.7.1 Broadband forecasts to 2015
4.7.2 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Link (ADSL)
4.7.3 Cable modems
4.7.4 Wireless broadband
4.8 Convergence
4.8.1 Triple play models
4.8.2 Overview of broadcasting market
4.8.3 Digital TV (DTV)
4.9 Mobile communications
4.9.1 Overview of Slovakia’s mobile market
4.9.2 Regulatory issues
4.9.3 Mobile technologies
4.9.4 Major mobile operators
4.9.5 Mobile voice services
4.9.6 Mobile data services
4.9.7 Mobile content and applications
5. SLOVENIA
5.1 Key statistics
5.2 Telecommunications market
5.2.1 Overview of Slovenia’s telecom market
5.3 Regulatory environment
5.3.1 Background
5.3.2 Regulatory authority
5.3.3 Privatisation
5.3.4 Telecom sector liberalisation in Slovenia
5.3.5 Interconnection
5.3.6 Access
5.3.7 Number Portability
5.3.8 Carrier Selection (CS) / Carrier Preselection (CPS)
5.4 Fixed network opertors in Slovenia
5.4.1 Overview of operators
5.4.2 Telekom Slovenije
5.4.3 Elektro-Slovenija (ELES)
5.5 Telecommunications infrastructure
5.5.1 National telecom network
5.5.2 International infrastructure
5.6 Internet market
5.6.1 Overview
5.6.2 ISP market
5.7 Broadband market
5.7.1 Overview
5.7.2 Broadband forecasts to 2015
5.7.3 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
5.7.4 Cable modems
5.7.5 Wireless
5.8 Convergence
5.8.1 Triple play models
5.8.2 Overview of broadcasting market
5.8.3 Regulatory environment
5.8.4 Digital TV
5.9 Mobile communications
5.9.1 Overview of Slovenia’s mobile market
5.9.2 Regulatory issues
5.9.3 Mobile technologies
5.9.4 Major mobile operators
5.9.5 Mobile voice services
5.9.6 Mobile data services
5.9.7 Mobile content and applications
6. GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS
Exhibit 1 - 2G spectrum awarded Czech Republic
Exhibit 2 - 2G spectrum awarded Hungary
Exhibit 3 - 2G spectrum awarded Poland
Exhibit 4 - 2G spectrum awarded Slovakia
Exhibit 5 - 2G spectrum awarded Slovenia


Table 1 - Country statistics Czech Republic - 2005*
Table 2 - Telephone network statistics - 2006*
Table 3 - Internet provider statistics - 2004
Table 4 - Internet user statistics - 2005
Table 5 - Broadband statistics - March 2006
Table 6 - Mobile statistics - June 2006
Table 7 - National telecommunications authority
Table 8 - Number of agreements for different types of access - 2003 - 2005
Table 9 - Unbundled loops and access lines - October 2005
Table 10 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2006
Table 11 - Internet user growth and penetration - 1998 - 2005
Table 12 - Internet host computer growth - 1994 - 2004
Table 13 - Broadband subscribers by access technology used - October 2005
Table 14 - Broadband subscribers by access technology used - March 2006
Table 15 - Broadband penetration growth - 2001 - 2005
Table 16 - Broadband subscriber growth - stronger market growth scenario - 2005 - 2010; 2015
Table 17 - Broadband subscriber growth - weaker market growth scenario - 2005 - 2010; 2015
Table 18 - Telefónica O2 CR ADSL subscribers - 2003 - 2006
Table 19 -Retail and wholesale customers for Telefónica O2 CR’s ADSL service - 2005
Table 20 - UPC operational data - 2003 - 2005
Table 21 - Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change - June 2006
Table 22 - Mobile subscribers and penetration - 1995 - 2006
Table 23 - Telefónica O2 operational data - January - June 2006
Table 24 - T-Mobile operational data - 2003 - 2005
Table 25 - Vodafone CR ARPU breakdown by quarter - 2004 - 2005
Table 26 - Telefónica O2 CR prepaid subscribers - 2004 - 2006
Table 27 - SMS usage by mobile phone users - January - March 2005
Table 28 - SMS information usage by mobile phone users - January - March 2005
Table 29 - Average number of SMS messages sent per week - January - March 2005
Table 30 - MMS usage by mobile phone users - January - March 2005
Table 31 - WAP usage by mobile phone users - January - March 2005
Table 32 - Mobile banking usage by GSM mobile phone users - January - March 2005
Table 33 - Mobile users engaged in purchasing goods & services - January - March 2005
Table 34 - Country statistics Hungary - 2005*
Table 35 - Telephone network statistics - March 2006
Table 36 - Internet user statistics - 2005
Table 37 - Broadband statistics - March 2006
Table 38 - Mobile statistics - June 2006
Table 39 - National telecommunications authority
Table 40 - Number of agreements for different types of access - 2003 - 2005
Table 41 - Unbundled loops and access lines - October 2005
Table 42 - Unbundled loops and access lines - March 2006
Table 43 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2006
Table 44 - Magyar ISDN lines in service - 1997 - 2006
Table 45 - Internet user growth and penetration - 1995 - 2005
Table 46 - Total Internet subscribers - 2001 - 2005
Table 47 - Dial-up Internet subscribers - 2001 - 2005
Table 48 - Internet host computer growth - 1994 - 2004
Table 49 - T-Online Internet & dial-up subscribers - 2000 - 2006
Table 50 - Total broadband subscribers - 2001 - 2006
Table 51 - Broadband penetration growth - 2001 - 2005
Table 52 - Broadband subscriptions by access type - 2001 - 2006
Table 53 - Net income from broadband subscriptions by access type (HUF millions) - 2004 - 2006
Table 54 - Broadband subscriber growth - stronger market growth scenario - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 55 - Broadband subscriber growth - weaker market growth scenario - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 56 - Total and UPC cable modem subscribers - 2001 - 2005
Table 57 - xDSL subscribers - 2001 - 2006
Table 58 - UPC operational data - 2003 - 2005
Table 59 - T-Kabel cable subscribers - 2002 - 2006
Table 60 - Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change - June 2006
Table 61 - Mobile subscribers and penetration - 1990 - 2006
Table 62 - T-Mobile postpaid & prepaid ARPU - 2003 - 2006
Table 63 - T-Mobile postpaid & prepaid churn rate - 2003 - 2006
Table 64 - T-Mobile MOU - 2003 - 2006
Table 65 - Pannon ARPU - 2004 - 2006
Table 66 - Prepaid users in Hungary - 2004 - 2006
Table 67 - T-Mobile Prepaid subscribers - 2003 - 2006
Table 68 - Pannon GSM Prepaid subscribers - 2002 - 2006
Table 69 - Vodafone Prepaid subscribers - 2004 - 2006
Table 70 - T-Mobile mobile data services ARPU - 2003 - 2006
Table 71 - Country statistics Poland - 2005*
Table 72 - Telephone network statistics - 2005*
Table 73 - Internet provider statistics - 2004
Table 74 - Internet user statistics - 2005
Table 75 - Broadband statistics - March 2006
Table 76 - Mobile statistics - June 2006
Table 77 - National telecommunications authorities
Table 78 - Interconnection rates - July 2006 RIO
Table 79 - Market share of fixed-line operators by percentage - 2001 - 2005
Table 80 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2005
Table 81 - Internet users and penetration - 1996 - 2005
Table 82 - Internet host computers - 1994 - 2004
Table 83 - Internet access technologies used by households - 2004 - 2005
Table 84 - Broadband subscribers by access technology used - October 2005
Table 85 - Broadband subscribers by access technology used - March 2006
Table 86 - Broadband penetration growth - 2001 - 2005
Table 87 - Broadband subscriber growth - stronger market growth scenario - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 88 - Broadband subscriber growth - weaker market growth scenario - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 89 - Cable modem subscribers by operator and market share - June 2005
Table 90 - TPSA ADSL subscribers - 2003 - 2006
Table 91 - Nationwide audience share by broadcaster - Q3 2006
Table 92 - UPC operational data - 2003 - 2005
Table 93 - Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change - June 2006
Table 94 - Mobile subscriber growth and penetration - 1995 - 2006
Table 95 - PTK Centertel Prepaid subscribers - 2003 - 2006
Table 96 - Country statistics Slovakia - 2005*
Table 97 - Telephone network statistics - 2005
Table 98 - Internet user statistics - 2005
Table 99 - Broadband statistics - March 2006
Table 100 - Mobile statistics - June 2006
Table 101 - Communications market revenue - 2000 - 2006
Table 102 - Communications market revenue by operator - 2004 - 2005
Table 103 - National telecommunications authority
Table 104 - Number of agreements for different types of access - 2003 - 2005
Table 105 - Slovak Telekom - financial information (SKK millions) - 2000 - 2005
Table 106 - Fixed lines in service, digitalisation rate & teledensity - 1995 - 2005
Table 107 - Residential and Non-residential Subscribers - 1995 - 2005
Table 108 - Internet users and penetration - 1995 - 2005
Table 109 - Internet host computers - 1994 - 2004
Table 110 - Broadband subscribers by access technology used - March 2006
Table 111 - Broadband penetration growth - 2002 - 2006
Table 112 - Broadband subscriber growth - stronger market growth scenario - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 113 - Broadband subscriber growth - weaker market growth scenario - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 114 - Slovak Telekom ADSL lines by retail & wholesale - 2005 - 2006
Table 115 - Registered TV sets- 1991 - 2005
Table 116 - Cable subscribers and annual change - 2001 - 2005
Table 117 - UPC operational data - 2003 - 2005
Table 118 - Mobile subscribers by operator - June 2006
Table 119 - Mobile subscribers and penetration - 1995 - 2006
Table 120 - T-Mobile Slovensko revenue and net profit - 2003 - 2005
Table 121 - T-Mobile ARPU and average churn - 2004 - 2005
Table 122 - T-Mobile Slovensko GSM subscriber growth - 1998 - 2006
Table 123 - Orange Slovensko Revenue & Net Profit - 2003 - 2005
Table 124 - Orange Slovensko revenue breakdown - 2005
Table 125 - Orange Slovensko monthly ARPU - 2003 - 2005
Table 126 - Orange subscriber growth - 1998 - 2005
Table 127 - T-Mobile Slovenkso prepaid subscribers - 2004 - 2006
Table 128 - Country statistics Slovenia - 2005
Table 129 - Telephone network statistics - 2005
Table 130 - Internet provider statistics - 2005
Table 131 - Internet user statistics - 2005
Table 132 - Broadband statistics - March 2006
Table 133 - Mobile statistics - June 2006
Table 134 - National telecommunications authority
Table 135 - Number of access agreements - 2003 - 2005
Table 136 - Unbundled loops and access lines - March 2006
Table 137 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2005
Table 138 - Telekom Slovenije’s fixed-line subscriptions and annual change - 2004 - 2005
Table 139 - Internet users and penetration - 1998 - 2005
Table 140 - Internet host computers - 1994 - 2005
Table 141 - Household PC penetration - 2001 - 2005
Table 142 - Household access to ISDN - 2001 - 2005
Table 143 - E-commerce and E-banking usage among Internet users- 2001 - 2005
Table 144 - Broadband subscribers by access technology used - March 2006
Table 145 - Broadband subscriber growth - stronger market growth scenario - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 146 - Broadband subscriber growth - weaker market growth scenario - 2006 - 2010; 2015
Table 147 - Household access to ADSL - 2002 - 2005
Table 148 - Telekom Slovenije ADSL subscribers - 2001 - 2005
Table 149 - UPC operational data - 2005
Table 150 - Mobile subscribers by operator - June 2006
Table 151 - Mobile subscriber growth and penetration - 1995 - 2006
Table 152 - Prepaid subscribers and penetration - 2003 - 2005

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