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Europe - Telecommunications Infrastructure and NGNs

Europe’s fibre infrastructure gaining pace through investment stimuli

During the last few years Europe has made considerable progress towards building national Next Generation Networks based on fibre infrastructure. The timetable for this exercise differs between countries, but most will have completed the migration from legacy copper networks to an All-IP architecture by 2020.

There are a number of stimuli which have encouraged investments in NGNs. The European Union’s programme that member states provide 30Mb/s broadband to all citizens by 2013, and 50Mb/s services by 2020, has provided the impetus and momentum for regional infrastructure upgrades. It has also given the impetus for the numerous spectrum auctions, in several bands, which are needed to realise the 2020 targets. These auctions may generate up to €20 billion for European governments to 2015.

In addition, all operators have been encouraged to build out networks through encouragement from governments keen to exploit the internet as a vehicle for socio-economic development, while competitive pressure from altnets has pushed some incumbents to invest in their networks at a faster pace than they may otherwise have chosen.

Regulatory aspects will also prove crucial to the sector’s development in coming years. The global economic crash which began in late 2008 and has since morphed into an ongoing regional Eurozone crisis looks set to continue into 2015 at least. The GFC initially encouraged governments to undertake considerable public investments in telecom infrastructure under the guise of stimulus packages. Yet existing constraints on public finances have now placed greater emphasis on the private sector for future infrastructure development. To this end, the onus has shifted to regulators’ abilities to develop measures which encourage investment while providing unhindered and fair access to new fibre networks. As such, much attention has been focussed on issues relating to access (for FttX as well as VDSL networks), RoI and maintaining competition,

An additional pressure on telecoms infrastructure during the next decade will emerge from national requirements to reduce carbon emissions, requiring more intelligent electricity grids managed through upgraded telecom networks: governments are committed to generating at least 20% of electricity from renewable energy sources by 2020. In conjunction with the energy sector, the concept of trans-sector synergies have also come into play, with governments being among the principal beneficiaries by utilising telecoms infrastructure to deliver services. Principally, these include various health, education and transport services, as well as a wide range of socially-inclusive enterprises.

NGNs are also addressing the continuing decline in revenue from traditional fixed telephony and mobile voice services. This decline will continue inexorable as a greater proportion of calls are made through VoIP and mobile VoIP. In addition, revenue basic from SMS services are being affected by online and alternative messaging services fostered by community portals and emerging platforms. Given these pressures, future revenue growth will come from high-end data services which require more capable networks offering higher bandwidth. Most mobile data is sent through fixed-line IP backhaul from the work or home environments, further enforcing the need for network upgrades as operators concentrate on their mobile divisions.

Investments in fibre networks are migrating from FttC to FttH in most markets, though a number of operators, particularly Belgacom and Telekom Deutschland, are exploiting the potential of copper technologies such as VDSL vectoring to deliver sufficient services to meet their governments’ broadband targets. However, these are short-term solutions which are not a substitute FttH, which will require subsequent investment: the timeline among different operators is largely determined by the capex potential based on declining revenue and by concerns for shareholder compliance. These considerations partly explain a slow initial take-up in some markets, though more rapid take-up is expected during the next few years, with the result that the DSL sector, which has already begun to decline in some of the more fibred countries, will wither further as customers are migrated to new FttH networks.

The cable sector, which is expected to be consolidated further in 2013, is likely to hold its own during the next few years as customers begin to be provided with services of up to 200Mb/s or higher. However, some small players are beginning to build FttH networks directly rather than investing in further DOCSIS3.0 upgrades or in the potential of DOCSIS3.1

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • NATIONAL COMPARISONS
    • OVERVIEW
    • FIXED LINE OPERATIONS
      • Table Fixed lines in service in selected European countries - 2008 - 2012
      • Table Fixed line teledensity in selected European countries - 2008 - 2012
  • ALBANIA
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Albania - Fixed-line and mobile traffic - 2002 - 2012
      • Table Albania - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1999 - 2013
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
  • AUSTRIA
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Austria - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1999 - 2013
    • NEXT GENERATION NETWORK (NGN)
    • STRUCTURAL SEPARATION
    • WHOLESALING
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
  • BELARUS
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Belarus - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1999 - 2013
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Table Belarus - Total international internet bandwidth - 2000 - 2012
  • BELGIUM
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Belgium - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2012
      • Table Belgium - Fixed lines by type - 2006 - 2012
      • Table Belgium - Altnet fixed lines - 2000 - 2012
    • NEXT GENERATION NETWORK (NGN)
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
  • BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Bosnia-Herzegovina - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1999 - 2012
      • Table Bosnia-Herzegovina - Fixed lines in service per incumbent operator - 2001 - 2010
  • BULGARIA
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Table Bulgaria - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2000 - 2012
  • CROATIA
    • OVERVIEW
      • Table Croatia - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2000 - 2013
    • TELECOMS AND IT
    • WHOLESALING
      • Overview
        • Table Croatia - T-HT unbundled lines - 2006 - 2012
  • CYPRUS
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Cyprus - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2000 - 2011
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
  • CZECH REPUBLIC
    • TELEFÓNICA O2 CR
    • ALTERNATIVE OPERATORS
    • TELECOMS &IT
      • Table Czech Republic - Workplace network usage by network type - 2006 - 2011
    • WHOLESALING
      • Overview
        • Table Czech Republic - Telefónica naked DSL lines - 2009 - 2012
        • Table Czech Republic - Wholesale lines by type - 2008 - 2009
        • Table Czech Republic - Cost of local loop unbundling and share access - 2006 - 2009
  • DENMARK
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Denmark - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1999 - 2013
    • ALTERNATIVE NETWORKS
    • INTERNATIONAL
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
  • ESTONIA
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Estonia - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2012
      • Elion
        • Table Estonia - Elion PSTN/ISDN outgoing call minutes - 2006 - 2010
        • Table Estonia - Elion PSTN/ISDN subscribers - 2002 - 2010
      • Alternative operators
    • TELECOMS AND IT
      • Table Estonia - Workplace network usage by network type - 2006 - 2011
    • WHOLESALING
      • Table Estonia - Elion wholesale broadband subscribers - 2004 - 2011
  • FINLAND
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Finland - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2000 - 2012
    • NEXT GENERATION NETWORK
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
  • FRANCE
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
    • NEXT GENERATION NETWORKS (NGNS)
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
      • Wholesaling
        • Table France Telecom wholesale broadband lines - 2005 - 2011
  • GERMANY
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Germany - Fixed lines in service by type - 2005 - 2012
      • Table Germany - Market share of fixed lines by type - 2006 - 2012
    • NEXT GENERATION NETWORKS (NGNS)
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Wholesaling
  • GREECE
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Greece - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2000 - 2013
      • OTE
        • Table Greece - OTE PSTN lines in service - 2005 - 2012
      • NGN
      • Alternative operators
      • Satellite networks
      • Submarine cables
  • HUNGARY
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Hungary - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2000 - 2013
      • Magyar Telekom
      • Alternative operators
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Table Hungary - Total international internet bandwidth - 2000 - 2012
    • WHOLESALING
      • Overview
  • ICELAND
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Iceland - Fixed-line access channels: PSTN and ISDN - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2013
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
  • IRELAND
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Ireland - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995; 1997; 1999; 2000 - 2012
    • STRUCTURAL SEPARATION ISSUES
    • NEXT GENERATION NETWORKS (NGNS)
    • INTERNATIONAL
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
  • ITALY
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Italy - Fixed-line accesses (Telecom Italia and altnets) - 2008 - 2012
      • Table Italy - Fixed-line access market share by operator - 2010 - 2012
      • Table Italy - Altnet fixed-line accesses by type - 2010 - 2012
    • INTERNATIONAL
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
    • INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENTS
      • Next Generation Network (NGN)
  • KOSOVO
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Table Kosovo - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2004 - 2012
  • LATVIA
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Latvia - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1999 - 2013
    • TELECOMS AND IT
  • LITHUANIA
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Lithuania - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2013
      • Table Lithuania - VoIP subscribers - 2010 - 2011
      • TEO
        • Table Lithuania - TEO - fixed-line subscribers - 2005 - 2012
      • Alternative operators
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Table Lithuania - Total international internet bandwidth - 2000 - 2012
    • WHOLESALING
      • Overview
        • Table Lithuania - Dark fibre lines - 2008 - 2010
  • LUXEMBOURG
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Luxembourg - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2012
    • INTERNATIONAL NETWORK
  • MACEDONIA
    • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Table Macedonia - Telephony-lines by type -2009 - 2012
      • Table Macedonia - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2013
      • Table Macedonia - Wholesale leased lines in service, by type - 2010 - 2012
  • MALTA
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Malta - Fixed lines in service and penetration rate - 2001 - 2012
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
  • MOLDOVA
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Moldova - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2000 - 2013
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Table Moldova - Total international internet bandwidth - 2000 - 2012
  • MONTENEGRO
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Montenegro - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2004 - 2013
  • NETHERLANDS
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Netherlands - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1999 - 2013
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • WHOLESALING
      • Wholesale Line Rental (WLR)
  • NORWAY
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Norway - Fixed lines in service and penetration - 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2013
      • Table Norway - Fixed subscriptions - VoIP, cable - 2001 - 2012
      • Table Norway - Fixed lines - PSTN/ISDN - 2000 - 2011
    • IP MIGRATION
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
    • SMART GRIDS
    • WHOLESALING
      • Table Norway - Telenor wholesale lines - PSTN, DSL, LLU - 2004 - 2012
  • POLAND
    • FIXED-LINE STATISTICS
      • Table Poland - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2000 - 2013
    • ORANGE POLAND
    • ALTERNATIVE OPERATORS
    • WHOLESALING
      • Overview
        • Table Poland - Cost of local loop unbundling and shared access - 2006 - 2009
        • Table Poland - Wholesale lines by type - 2009 - 2010
  • PORTUGAL
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Portugal - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1999 - 2013
      • Table Portugal - Fibre infrastructure - 2007 - 2011
      • Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
  • ROMANIA
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Romania - Fixed lines in service and teledensity (by population) - 2000 - 2012
      • Table Romania - Fixed-line teledensity (by household) - 2006 - 2012
      • RomTelecom
      • Alternative operators
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Table Romania - Total international Internet bandwidth - 2000 - 2011
  • RUSSIA
    • INTRODUCTION
      • Table Russia - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1998 - 2012
    • LOCAL
      • Central Telegraph
      • MTS
      • Golden Telecom
      • PeterStar
    • NATIONAL
      • Golden Telecom
      • Rostelecom
      • TransTeleCom
      • ER Telecom
    • SATELLITE NETWORKS
    • TELECOMS AND IT
      • Table Russian IT market revenue - 2005 - 2012
  • SERBIA
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Electric Energy Transmission and Transmission System Control (EMS)
      • EPS network
        • Table Serbia - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2004 - 2013
        • Table Serbia - Annual requests for new fixed lines - 2004 - 2012
        • Table Serbia - VoIP users and traffic - 2010 - 2012
        • Table Serbia - Fixed line traffic - 2004 - 2012
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Table Serbia - Total international internet bandwidth - 2004 - 2010
    • TELECOMS AND IT
      • Table Serbia - Workplace network usage by network type - 2006 - 2011
  • SLOVAKIA
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Slovakia - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2000 - 2013
      • Table Slovakia - VoIP lines - 2000 - 2013
      • Table Slovakia - Total international internet bandwidth - 2000 - 2011
      • Alternative operators
    • WHOLESALING
      • Overview
        • Table Slovakia - Cost of local loop unbundling and share access - 2006 - 2009
  • SLOVENIA
    • TELEKOM SLOVENIJE
    • ALTERNATIVE OPERATORS
    • WHOLESALING
      • Table Slovenia - Wholesale access lines by type - 2009 - 2011
  • SPAIN
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Spain - Fixed lines in service and penetration - 2003 - 2012
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Satellite networks
      • Submarine cable
    • NEXT GENERATION NETWORKS (NGN)
  • SWEDEN
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Sweden - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2013
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
  • SWITZERLAND
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Switzerland - Fixed lines in service, teledensity and traffic in minutes - 1997; 1999 - 2012
      • Table Switzerland - ISDN subscribers - 1999 - 2010
  • UKRAINE
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Ukraine - Fixed lines in service - 1995 - 2013
      • Ukrtelecom
      • Datagroup
      • Eurotranstelecom
      • Beeline Ukraine
      • Vega
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
    • TELECOMS AND IT
  • UNITED KINGDOM
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table United Kingdom - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1999 - 2012
    • NEXT GENERATION NETWORKS
      • Table United Kingdom - Forecast NGA coverage - 2009 - 2012
      • BT's 21CN
    • INTERNATIONAL
      • Submarine cable networks
        • Table Principal submarine cables from the UK
      • Satellite networks

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