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Ethiopia - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Ethiopia - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Ethio Telecom reports steady climb in subscriber base

Ethiopia is one of the last countries in Africa to allow its national telco a monopoly on all telecom services including fixed, mobile, internet and data communications. For many years Ethio Telecom's monopolistic control stifled innovation, restricted network expansion and limited the scope of services on offer. However, a management contract with Orange Group has dramatically improved the company's performance, though there remain weaknesses in quality of service. Although the contract was considered a first step towards sector privatisation and the introduction of competition, the government has rejected calls to progress along these lines, citing the need for higher profits from the company to subsidise unrelated projects.

Although there is considerable investment in telecoms services some $3.1 billion has been invested in telecom infrastructure and service expansion projects over the last decade the sector is heavily regulated and the government has complete control over networks, with virtually unlimited access to the call records of all phone users and to logs of internet traffic. Most of the technologies deployed have been provided by ZTE and Huawei, which have often been favoured for offering vendor financing.

Despite major vendor contracts aimed at improving the reach and capabilities of mobile networks, the country's mobile penetration remains among the lowest in the world. Nevertheless, growth is strong and considerable growth potential remains. Policies have been guided by the government's Growth and Transformation Plan.

The countrys broadband market is also set to develop further following substantial increases in international bandwidth, improvements in national fibre backbone infrastructure and the growing availability of mobile broadband services via 3G and LTE networks. After years of low uptake due to prohibitive pricing, retail prices are now comparable to other more developed markets in the region.

Key developments:

Viettel considering business case for entering Ethiopia's telecoms sector;
Safaricom considers licensing M-Pesa mobile money platform in Ethiopia;
Ethio Telecom partners with Gulf2Africa cable construction;
Government launches mobile apps as part of the e-Government Directorate;
Major changes anticipated in the second Growth and Development Plan to 2020;
VAS licences issued;
Ethio Telecom expands LTE reach, considers charging for OTT services, reports strong profit growth for FY2017;
Cloned mobile phones to be disconnected from Ethio Telecom's network;
International internet bandwidth increased 56% in 2016 to reach 35Gb/s;
Significant improvements in broadband affordability;
Huawei and ZTE share a $1.6 billion contract to develop mobile infrastructure;
MetEC begins delivery of smart meters to Ethiopian Electric Utility.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Ethio Telecom (formerly Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation, ETC), EthioNet, Ethio Mobile, Orange Group, Tecno Telecom, Smadl, Tana Communication, Thuraya.

1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Market analysis
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Regulatory authority
5.2 Telecom service licences
5.3 Telecom sector liberalisation
5.4 Privatisation
6. Fixed network operator
6.1.1 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
6.1.2 Leased lines, data services
6.1.3 VSAT
6.1.4 Orange Group management contract
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.2 Overview of the national telecom network
7.3 Rural area network
7.4 National backbone network
7.5 Next Generation Network (NGN)
7.6 Network development plan 2007-2012
7.7 Growth and development Plans I and II
7.8 International infrastructure
8. Smart infrastructure
9. Fixed-line broadband market
9.1 Introduction and statistical overview
9.2 Broadband statistics
9.2.1 Forecast broadband subscribers 2019; 2021; 2023
9.3 Public internet access locations
9.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies
9.4.1 Fixed wireless
10. Digital economy
10.1 E-government
10.2 E-learning
11. Mobile market
11.1 Market analysis
11.2 Mobile statistics
11.2.1 General statistics
11.2.2 Mobile data
11.3 Mobile broadband
11.4 Forecast mobile subscribers 2018; 2020; 2022
11.5 Mobile operator
11.5.1 Ethio Mobile
11.6 Mobile infrastructure
11.6.1 Digital networks
11.6.2 Other infrastructure developments
11.7 Mobile content and applications
11.7.1 m-banking
11.8 Mobile handsets
11.8.1 Local handset manufacturing
12. Related reports
Table 1 Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities- Ethiopia 2017
Table 2 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1995 - 2009
Table 3 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2010 - 2019
Table 4 Growth development Plan I and II objectives 2015; 2020
Table 5 International internet bandwidth 2000 - 2016
Table 6 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate 1996 - 2009
Table 7 Internet users and penetration rate 2010 - 2018
Table 9 Historic - Internet subscribers 1997 - 2009
Table 10 Broadband subscribers 2003 - 2018
Table 11 Forecast broadband subscribers 2019; 2021; 2023
Table 12 Ethio Telecom DSL subscribers 2011 - 2018
Table 13 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1999 - 2009
Table 14 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2010 - 2019
Table 15 SMS messages sent 2010 - 2017
Table 16 Active mobile broadband subscribers 2009 - 2018
Table 17 Forecast mobile subscribers 2018; 2020; 2022
Chart 1 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 2019
Chart 2 Internet users and penetration rate 2005 2018
Chart 3 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005 - 2019

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