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Ethiopia - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Forecasts

Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

Privatisation of incumbent ETC stalled again

This annual report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Ethiopia's telecommunications market.

Subjects covered include:

Key statistics;
Market and industry overviews;
Detailed profile of the monopoly telecom provider in the country;
Plans for privatisation and market liberalisation;
Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
Regulatory environment;
Infrastructure development;
Convergence (voice/data, fixed/wireless/mobile).
Internet and broadband development and pricing trends;
Mobile data services;
3G mobile broadband services and pricing;
Average Revenue per User (ARPU);
Local mobile phone manufacturing, including smartphones.

Ethiopia is one of the last countries in Africa allowing its national telco, Ethio-Telecom (ETC) a monopoly on all telecom services including fixed, mobile, internet and data communications. This monopolistic control has stifled innovation and retarded expansion. A recently expired management contract with France Telecom dramatically improved performance for ETC though there remain weaknesses in quality of service. Although the contract was considered a first step towards privatisation and the introduction of competition, the government in 2013 again rejected calls to privatise the incumbent and allow market competition, citing the need for higher profits from the company to subsidise an unrelated railway project.

With a population of almost 90 million, Ethiopia is Africa's second most populous country. Although a number of major contracts have been signed with Chinese vendors since into 2013, the country's mobile penetration remains one of the lowest in the world. Nevertheless, growth is strong and enormous growth potential remains. Albeit from a low base, mobile penetration is rising and the sector continues to benefit from the poor fixed-line infrastructure which has promoted mobile alternatives as the only viable, or robust, telecoms option in many areas.

The countrys broadband market is also set for a boom following massive improvements in international bandwidth, national fibre backbone infrastructure and 3G mobile broadband services. After years of low uptake due to prohibitive pricing, retail prices are now comparable to other markets in the region that are already more developed.

Market highlights:

Value-added services (VAS) licences issued;
Ethio-Telecom transforms under management contract with France Telecom;
Strong revenue growth despite drastic price cuts;
The fastest growing mobile market in Africa;
Local handset manufacturing, including smartphones;
International internet bandwidth has increased more than six-fold in two years;
Significant improvements in broadband affordability;
Broadband pricing comparison: ADSL, EV-DO, GPRS, HSDPA;
Forecasts for mobile and internet market to 2014 and 2017.

Estimated market penetration rates in Ethiopia's telecoms sector end-2013
Market | Penetration rate
Mobile | 25%
Fixed | 0.9%
Internet | 1.2%
(Source: BuddeComm based on various sources)

Companies covered in this report:

Ethio-Telecom (Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation, ETC); EthioNet (ETC); Ethio-Mobile (ETC); France Telecom, Tecno Telecom, Smadl, Tana Communication, Thuraya

1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
3. Overview of Ethiopia's telecom market
4. Regulatory environment
4.1 Regulatory authority
4.1.1 Ethiopian Telecommunications Agency (ETA)
4.2 Telecom service licences
4.3 Telecom sector liberalisation
5. Fixed network operator
5.1 Ethio-Telecom (ETC)
5.1.1 Fixed-line statistics
5.1.2 Fixed-line infrastructure
5.1.3 Rural area network
5.1.4 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
5.1.5 Leased lines, data services
5.1.6 VSAT
5.1.7 National backbone network
5.1.8 Next Generation Network (NGN)
5.1.9 International infrastructure
5.1.10 US$4 billion network development plan 2007-2012
5.1.11 Privatisation
5.1.12 France Telecom management contract
5.1.13 Financial results 2010/11
6. Internet market
6.1 Overview
6.2 Internet statistics
6.3 National connectivity
6.4 Public internet access locations
6.5 VoIP grey market
6.6 E-government
6.7 E-learning
6.8 ISP market
6.8.1 EthioNet
6.8.2 Wholesale
7. Broadband market
7.1 ADSL
7.2 EV-DO
7.3 WiMAX
7.4 Broadband via satellite
8. Mobile communications
8.1 Overview of Ethiopia's mobile market
8.1.1 Mobile statistics
8.2 Mobile operator
8.2.1 Ethio-Mobile
8.3 Mobile data services
8.4 Third generation (3G)
8.5 Mobile banking
8.6 Satellite mobile
8.7 Local handset manufacturing
8.8 Smartphones
9. Forecasts
9.1 Forecast mobile subscribers 2014; 2017
9.2 Forecast Internet users 2014; 2017
9.3 Notes on scenario forecasts
10. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics Ethiopia 2013 (e)
Table 2 Fixed-line network statistics 2013 (e)
Table 3 Internet provider statistics 2013
Table 4 Internet and social media user statistics 2013
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2013 (e)
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1995 - 2004
Table 8 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 - 2014
Table 9 Ethiopia's international internet bandwidth 2000 - 2012
Table 10 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate 1996 - 2004
Table 11 Internet users and penetration rate 2005 - 2014
Table 12 Historic - Internet subscribers 1997 - 2004
Table 13 Internet subscribers 2005 - 2014
Table 14 Ethio-Telecom capped ADSL pricing September 2013
Table 15 Fixed-line broadband subscribers 2008 - 2013
Table 16 Ethio-Telecom EV-DO wireless broadband pricing August 2012
Table 17 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1999 - 2004
Table 18 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005 - 2014
Table 19 Ethio Telecom 3G pricing September 2013
Table 20 Forecast mobile subscribers 2014; 2017
Table 21 Forecast internet users 2014; 2017
Chart 1 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 2014
Chart 2 Internet users and penetration rate 2005 2014
Chart 3 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005 - 2014

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