Estonia - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Estonia - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Estonia's telecom market continues to benefit from a range of regulatory measures which have encouraged competition, enabling alternative operators to chip away at the fixed-line market share of the incumbent Telia. Fixed-line infrastructure upgrades have been geared to supporting bundled offerings, and this process has prompted Telia to stop services based on DSL by the end of 2020 and instead rely on infrastructure geared to VDSL, fibre and G.fast, supplemented by LTE in rural areas.

The country has one of the most advanced mobile markets in Europe, the result of considerable investment from the mobile network operators Telia, Elisa and Tele2. The market enjoys effective competition between these MNOs, although the MVNO sector remains underdeveloped. Operator investment in new technologies has supported the fast developing mobile broadband sector. Telia and its vendor partners launched a 5G testbed in January 2019 and the sector is expected to underpin revenue growth in coming years once services become commercially available from about 2020.

Progressive government policies on broadband infrastructure and an active regulatory regime have also contributed to Estonia having one of the highest broadband penetration rates in Europe. Broadband is available via a range of fixed-line and wireless technologies, with ADSL2+, FttP, cable, Wi-Fi, WiMAX and HSPA/LTE platforms widely available. Elisa's consolidation with the principal cableco Starman in April 2017 has enabled the operator to offer a more comprehensive suite of bundled services, and so compete more effectively with Telia.

This report provides an overview of Estonia's telecom market, the performance of the key operators, recent regulatory developments, and the status of fixed-line networks and the NGN. It also includes a range of operating and financial data. In addition the report reviews developments in the fixed and fixed-wireless broadband sectors, as also the mobile voice and data sectors including regulatory measures and operator strategies relating to 5G.

Key developments:

Telia Estonia, TalTech University and Ericsson launch testbed 5G network;
Regulator auctions spectrum in the 2.6GHz band for LTE and 5G services;
Elisa extending LTE-A services;
Tele2 launches platform to manage M2M connections;
Telia Estonia's Narrowband-IoT network providing national coverage;
Government commits 20 million to rural broadband program;
Telia Estonia planning to close DSL-based services by end-2020;
Report update includes operator data to Q4 2018, Statistics Estonia data to June 2018, the regulators market data updates and 2017 annual report, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telia Estonia, Tele2 Estonia, Elisa Telia Estonia, Elisa, Starman, STV, Viasat, Levira, Baltic Broadband


  • Executive Summary
  • Key statistics
    • Table Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Estonia - 2018 (e)
    • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
  • Telecommunications market
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
      • Table Telecom licenses by service - 2012 - 2016
      • Table Telecoms sector revenue (kroons and €) - 2008 - 2016
      • Table ICT financial statistics - 2009 - 2018
      • Table Telecoms sector revenue ($) - 2000 - 2016
      • Table Share of voice calls: mobile and fixed networks - 2008 - 2016
  • Regulatory environment
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITIES
    • TELECOMS SECTOR LIBERALISATION
    • PRIVATISATION
    • INTERCONNECT
    • ACCESS
      • Table Unbundled Local Loops - 2006 - 2014
    • CARRIER SELECTION AND CARRIER PRESELECTION (CPS)
    • NUMBER PORTABILITY (NP)
      • Table Fixed number portings - 2005 - 2016
  • Fixed network operators
    • OVERVIEW OF OPERATORS
      • Table Fixed-line subscribers by operator (TRA data) - 2009 - 2016
      • Table Fixed-lines in service by operator - 2011 - 2016
      • Table Fixed-line voice traffic - 2011 - 2016
    • TELIA ESTONIA
      • Table Telia Estonia revenue by service - 2005 - 2018
      • Table Telia Estonia financial data - 2014 - 2018
      • Table Telia Estonia subscribers by sector - 2009 - 2018
    • TELE2 ESTONIA
      • Table Tele2 financial data - 2008 - 2018
      • Table Tele2 Estonia financial data by sector - 2007 - 2018
      • Table Tele2 Estonia financial data - 2007 – 2018
      • Table Tele2 Estonia subscribers by sector - 2007 - 2018
    • ELISA
      • Table Elisa subscribers by sector - 2016 - 2018
  • Telecommunications infrastructure
    • OVERVIEW OF THE NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2009
      • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2010 - 2018
      • Table Fixed line voice subscribers - 2011 - 2018
      • Table Fixed line voice subscribers by operator - 2011 - 2016
      • Table Fixed line voice revenue - 2011 - 2016
      • Telia Estonia
        • Table Telia PSTN/ISDN subscribers - 2002 – 2016
      • Alternative operators
      • International networks
        • Table International bandwidth - 2000 – 2016
    • SMART INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Internet of Things (IoT)
    • WHOLESALE
  • Broadband market
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
      • Market analysis
      • Broadband statistics
        • Table Historic - Internet users and penetration rate - 1998 - 2009
        • Table Internet users and penetration rate - 2010 - 2018
        • Table Fixed-broadband lines and penetration - 2004 - 2018
        • Table Fixed-broadband subscribers by operator - 2011 - 2016
        • Table Dial-up internet subscribers - 2011 - 2016
        • Table Proportion of broadband connections by data speed - 2010 - 2016
        • Table Telia fixed-broadband subscribers - 2006 - 2018
        • Table Telia fixed-broadband ARPU - 2006 - 2018
        • Table Revenue from fixed and mobile broadband services - 2011 - 2016
      • Forecasts - broadband subscribers - 2019; 2021; 2023
        • Table Forecast broadband subscribers - 2019; 2021; 2023
    • HYBRID FIBRE COAX (HFC) NETWORKS
      • Table Cable broadband subscribers - 2003 - 2018
      • Table Elisa cable broadband subscribers - 2011 - 2018
    • DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL) NETWORKS
      • Table DSL subscribers - 2003 - 2018
      • Table STV broadband subscribers - 2011 - 2016
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISES (FTTP) NETWORKS
      • Table FttX broadband subscribers - 2007 - 2018
    • OTHER FIXED BROADBAND SERVICES
      • Table Fixed-wireless broadband subscribers - 2011 - 2018
      • Wi-Fi
      • Li-Fi
      • WiMAX
  • Digital economy
    • ESTONIAN INFORMATION SOCIETY STRATEGY
    • LEGISLATION
    • E-GOVERNMENT
      • Infrastructure
      • eID card
      • E-Residency
      • EEBone
    • E-COMMERCE
    • E-EDUCATION
    • E-HEALTH
  • Mobile communications
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1998 - 2009
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2018
        • Table Active prepaid and contract subscribers - 2010 - 2016
        • Table Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers - 2000 - 2016
        • Table Telia prepaid subscribers - 2002 - 2018
        • Table Mobile services revenue by type - 2011 - 2016
        • Table Mobile revenue (subscription, data) - 2014 - 2016
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • 5G
      • 4G (LTE)
      • 3G
      • Other infrastructure developments
        • Table M2M connections - 2011 - 2018
    • MOBILE VOICE
      • Table Mobile voice traffic - 2010 - 2018
    • MOBILE DATA
      • Table Mobile data traffic - 2011 - 2018
      • Short Message Service (SMS)
        • Table Total SMS messages sent - 2004 - 2018
      • Multimedia Message Service (MMS)
        • Table Total MMS messages sent - 2005 - 2018
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Mobile broadband subscribers by type - 2006 - 2016
      • Table Active mobile broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2018
      • Table Proportion of mobile broadband connections by data speed - 2013 - 2016
      • Table Mobile data revenue - 2011 - 2016
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Licensing
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Mobile number portings - 2005 - 2016
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MRTs)
      • Roaming
      • Coordination with Latvia
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Telia Estonia (Eesti Mobiltelefon, EMT)
        • Table Telia subscribers - 2005 - 2018
        • Table Telia blended ARPU - 2005 - 2018
        • Table Telia mobile financial data - 2009 - 2018
      • Elisa
        • Table Elisa financial data - 2008 - 2018
        • Table Elisa mobile subscribers - 2008 - 2018
        • Table Elisa mobile blended ARPU - 2016 - 2018
      • Tele2 Estonia
        • Table Tele2 mobile subscribers - 2007 - 2018
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Location-based services
      • M-commerce
      • Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
        • Table Telia M2M connections - 2014 - 2018

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